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List of banned video games

Wikimedia list article

This is a list of video games that have been censored or banned by governments of various states in the world. Governments that have banned video games have been criticized for a correlated increase in digital piracy, limiting business opportunities and violating rights.[1][2][3]

Afghanistan[edit]

During the first reign of the Islamic Emirate government in Afghanistan (1996–2001), Western technology and art was prohibited and this included all video games.[4][5][6][7] Between 2001 and 2021, no video games were officially banned in Afghanistan, except for PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds.[8]

Albania[edit]

No video games are currently banned in Albania. Some games were banned during the Hoxhaist regime for allegedly promoting capitalist values.[example needed] In 2016, the government discussed banning the game Five Nights at Freddy's apparently for its disturbing backstory, though the ban was later[when?] initially dropped over condemnation from Reporters Without Borders and Albanian fans of the game.[citation needed] The ban was enacted later that year.[9] A few days after the ban of the release of Dead Rising 2's release in Albania, retailer Albagame refused to sell the copies over alleged gambling.[10] In early 2019 Edi Rama, the prime minister, threatened to ban the game after a law was passed by the parliament, banning sports betting.[10]

Argentina[edit]

Name Reason
CarmageddonBanned in the city of Buenos Aires because it depicts people being killed by motor vehicles.[11]
RapeLayBanned because it promotes and supports the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, as well as the exploitation of young people for sexual purposes.[12][13]

Australia[edit]

Main article: List of banned video games in Australia

Originally, video games in Australia could only be rated up to MA15+. At the time, the R18+ classification rating could be given to films, but a video game with content deemed fitting for the R18+ rating would be classed as 'Refused Classification' due to an appropriate classification not being available for the medium.

In July and August 2011, all Australian state Attorney-Generals agreed to instate an R18+ rating for video games, which would be available by the end of 2011.[14] Many games previously refused classification would now fit into the R18+ rating and, if the publisher chose to pay the reclassification fee, would theoretically be able to sell their game in Australia. The date was later changed to allow the rating to be introduced at the beginning of 2013.[15]

With the R18+ rating in place, it is expected fewer video games will be given the Refused Classification rating. Games may still be Refused Classification if deemed to contain material unsuitable for R18+ classification, such as depictions of sexual violence or the promotion of illegal drug use, as well as drug use that is related to incentives and rewards. More specifically, games which may be Refused Classification include:

  • Detailed instruction or promotion in matters of crime or violence.
  • Depiction of rape.
  • The promotion or provision of instruction in paedophile activity.
  • Descriptions or depictions of child sexual abuse or any other exploitative or offensive descriptions or depictions involving a person who is, or appears to be, a child under 18 years.
  • Gratuitous, exploitative or offensive depictions of:
    • (i) violence with a very high degree of impact or which are excessively frequent, prolonged or detailed;
    • (ii) cruelty or real violence which are very detailed or which have an extremely high impact;
    • (iii) sexual violence
  • Depictions of practices such as bestiality
  • Gratuitous, exploitative or offensive depictions of:
    • (i) activity accompanied by fetishes or practices that are offensive or abhorrent;
    • (ii) incest fantasies or other fantasies that are offensive or abhorrent

Classification is compulsory, and games refused classification by the ACB are banned for sale, hire or public exhibition, carrying a maximum fine of $275,000 and/or 10 years in jail. It is, however, legal to possess RC games (except in Western Australia and prescribed areas of the Northern Territory).

Material that is refused classification is put on the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service list of prohibited items. Any copies of such games found at the border will be seized,[16] and the recipient, depending on the number of copies being imported, may receive up to A$110,000 in fines.[17]

Due to the licensing of the International Age Rating Coalition software for developers to rate their own game, several hundred games have been banned from various app stores as of 2015.[18]

Belgium[edit]

Phantasy Star Online 2, FIFA 17, Gears of War 4, Mario Kart Tour, and other games have been banned due to loot boxes and more are expected to be banned.[19]

Brazil[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in Brazil

Brazil has banned many video games since 1999, mainly due to depictions of violence and cruelty,[20] making it illegal to distribute and otherwise sell these games.[21][22]

Additionally, the Brazilian advisory rating system requires that all video games be rated by the organization, where unrated video games are banned from being sold in Brazil.[citation needed] Often, bans do not extend to digital platforms.

China[edit]

A very large number of video games are banned in the PRC. Games that depict drugs, sexual themes, blood, organized crime or defamation of the Chinese government are almost always banned. Because of the large size of the Chinese video game market, many studios edit the content of their games to conform to the government's standards.

Home gaming consoles were banned in mainland China from June 2000[30][31] until 2013; when the ban was lifted, eighth-generation consoles such as the Xbox One and PlayStation 4 were allowed in the country.[32]

As of April 2019, after implementing a new mandatory local rating and approval system, any and all games containing depictions of violence, blood, gambling and imperial history are de facto banned from all accessible platforms in the nation (unless otherwise changed to comply with local standards).[33][34][35][unreliable source?][dubious – discuss]

Notable games banned in this region are:

Name Reason
Alliance of Valiant ArmsBanned because it contains blood, gore and vulgar content.[36]
Animal Crossing: New HorizonsAnimal Crossing: New Horizons was banned in the People's Republic of China since 10 April 2020. The game was pulled from the store Taobao as players created and posted anti-government messages in-game with a custom pattern tool. There has been no official announcement whether the ban was enforced by the Government of the People's Republic of China or by Taobao. However the game is still on-sale on the Chinese grey market.[37]
Battlefield 4Banned for discrediting China's national image as well as threatening national security. The Chinese Ministry claims that the game shows a "cultural invasion".[38]
Command & Conquer: GeneralsBanned for "smearing the image of China and the Chinese army", although the game presents China as a protagonist and glorifies the People's Liberation Army.[39] Additionally, the China campaign has the player destroy questionable targets such as the Three Gorges Dam and the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre in order to snuff out an invading terrorist organization.
DevotionBanned due to an easter egg insulting Chinese Communist Partygeneral secretaryXi Jinping.[citation needed] The easter egg was later removed, but the game remains banned.[citation needed] On 21 February 2019, players discovered a fulu talisman decorating a wall in the game contained the words "Xi JinpingWinnie-the-Pooh" (Chinese: 習近平小熊維尼) in Chinese seal script, referencing a recent Chinese internet meme that compared him to the Disney character.[citation needed]
Football Manager 2005Banned for recognizing Taiwan and Tibet as independent countries. An edited version was later released globally.[40]
FortniteBanned because it contains blood, gore and vulgar content.[36]
Free FireBanned because it overly revealing female characters and because contains blood, gore and vulgar content.[36]
Hearts of IronBanned because it depicted disputed territories such as Tibet and Taiwan as independent nations [36]
I.G.I.-2: Covert StrikeBanned because of "intentionally blackening China and the Chinese army's image".[41]
Knives OutBanned because it overly revealing female characters and because contains blood, gore and vulgar content.[36]
PaladinsA playable character was removed from the game citing gore and his ability to resurrect upon death. The game was later banned outright citing "overly revealing female characters, blood, gore and vulgar content.”[36]
Plague Inc./Plague Inc. EvolvedBanned in China as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.[42]
Quantum MatrixBanned because it contains blood, gore, vulgar content and inharmonious chat.[36]
RapeLayBanned because it promotes and supports the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes.[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: BhikkhuniBanned because of sexual content and glorifying homosexuality.[citation needed]

Cuba[edit]

See also: Censorship in Cuba

No video games have ever been banned in Cuba, but few games were sold in that country until 2007 when restrictions were eased. In 2010, the video game Call of Duty: Black Ops generated a lot of controversy as there is a mission where the player attempts to assassinate Fidel Castro, only to end up killing a double.[43]

Denmark[edit]

EA Sports MMA was not released in Denmark because of a law prohibiting marketing for energy drinks, which EA chose not to remove from the game.[44] However, distribution is not illegal, as the game can still be found on shelves as an import.

Germany[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in Germany

A video game can be banned in Germany if it is confiscated by court order because it violates a section of the Strafgesetzbuch (criminal code). Private possession (and thus playing it) and acquisition (such as downloading a demo from the Internet) are still legal, but any dissemination is not. The seller would break the law if a sale took place, not the buyer. However, on 10 December 2002, one German court (Oberlandesgericht Hamm) decided that a single sale of a single copy does not qualify as dissemination.[45] Unlike indexing by the BPjM, which restricts the sale of all content-equal versions, the versions that are confiscated are enumerated in the court order. Being put on the index by the BPJM or, since April 1, 2003, being refused a rating by the USK, does not equal a ban. Rather, it imposes strict trade restrictions on the title. While only very few games have been confiscated, the list of indexed games is very long.[46]

In December 2006, just one month after the Emsdetten school shooting, Bavaria and Lower Saxony proposed legislation, to be presented to the national parliament, that would make even playing any game that featured “cruel violence on humans or human-looking characters” punishable by fines and up to a year in prison. [47][48][49]

StGB § 86a outlaws the use of symbols of unconstitutional organisations, StGB § 130 Volksverhetzung (agitation of the people), and StGB § 131 instructions for committing crimes. In the official lists, these three sections are always bundled, so any game that contains swastika flags and/or any depiction of Adolf Hitler is listed alongside racist propaganda pieces.

StGB § 131 outlaws representation of excessive violence in media "which describe cruel or otherwise inhuman acts of violence against human or humanoid beings in a manner which expresses a glorification or rendering harmless of such acts of violence or which represents the cruel or inhuman aspects of the event in a manner which injures human dignity".[50]

StGB § 130 and § 131 make it a criminal offence to do the following with corresponding scriptures:

  1. distribute/sell them
  2. issue in public, demonstrate or otherwise make them available
  3. leave them to a person under the age of 18
  4. produce, buy, deliver, store, offer, announce, praise, import or export them within the meaning of points 1 to 3.

This means that import or purchase and possession for personal use of such games is still legal for persons over 18 years of age.

In the case of video games that contain pornography with children or minors, where a real or realistic event is depicted, the possession of the video game or working towards possessing it would be illegal under StGB § 184b or §184c. Otherwise, if the work depicts a fictitious event, the distribution of such material is illegal.

In August 2008, Sega confirmed that The House of the Dead: Overkill and MadWorld would not be released in Germany,[51] due to the likelihood that they would be refused to get a rating by the USK.[52] Sega also announced in November 2009 that they would not distribute Aliens vs. Predator for similar reasons.[53]

A "Beschlagnahmung" (ban) is enforced for a minimum of ten years, after which a request for review may be submitted.[54]

Name Reason
10,000 BulletsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
25 to LifeBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
300: March to GloryBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
50 Cent: Blood on the SandBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
50 Cent: BulletproofBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Afro SamuraiBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Aliens vs. PredatorBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Area 51Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.
Army of TwoBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Army of Two: The 40th DayBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Army of Two: The Devil's CartelBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Beat Down: Fists of VengeanceBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
BioShockNever officially banned, but a censored version was submitted to the USK over fears that the uncensored version would be indexed in Germany. The uncensored version was successfully passed with an 18+ rating in 2016.[citation needed]
BloodrayneBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The banned, uncensored version, with Nazi references removed, was available on Steam and GOG without classification until it was taken down on May 31, 2016.
Bloodrayne IIBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The banned, uncensored version was available on Steam and GOG without classification until it was taken down 31 May 2016.
BulletstormOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2017.[citation needed]
Call of Duty 4: Modern WarfareBanned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards via an unlockable Arcade mode. A censored version was released.
Call of Duty: Black OpsBanned because of high-impact gory violence and Nazi references. A censored version was released.[55]
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2Banned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards via an unlockable Arcade mode. A censored version was released.
Call of Duty: World at WarBanned because of high-impact gory violence and possibly for showing Germany under Nazi rule, a highly taboo and offensive topic to most Germans since the culmination of World War II. A censored version was released.
CarmageddonWas originally released in both cut and uncut versions attaining 18+ and 16+ ratings respectively, before the uncut 18+ version was banned following the 2003 reforms. The banned uncensored version was available on Steam and GOG without classification, until it was taken down 31 May 2016.
Carmageddon II: Carpocalypse NowWas originally released in both cut and uncut versions attaining 18+ and 16+ ratings respectively, before the uncut 18+ version was banned following the 2003 reforms. The banned uncensored version was available on Steam and GOG without classification, until it was taken down 31 May 2016.
Carmageddon: Max DamageBanned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards.
Chili Con CarnageBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Clive Barker's JerichoNever officially banned, but initially the game was not submitted to the USK over fears that it would be refused classification and indexed. The game was successfully passed uncut with an 18+ rating in 2008.[citation needed]
Cold FearBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Cold WinterBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.
Condemned: Criminal OriginsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Condemned 2: BloodshotBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Conflict: Denied OpsBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.
CrackdownOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2018.
Crackdown 2Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2018.
Criminal Girls 2: Party FavorsBanned because of sexual activity involving a person who is, or appears to be, under 18 years of age.
Dark Messiah of Might and MagicNever officially banned, but a censored version was submitted to the USK over fears that the uncensored version would be indexed in Germany. The uncensored version was successfully passed with an 18+ rating in 2008.[citation needed]
Dark SectorBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Dead IslandOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2019.[56]
Dead Island: RiptideOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2019.
Dead RisingBanned because of high-impact gory violence. Was later banned in 2018 because of violence in a public mall setting.
Dead Rising 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead Rising 2: Off the RecordBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead Rising 3Banned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead Rising: Chop Till You DropBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead SpaceBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[57]
Dead to RightsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead to Rights IIBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Dead to Rights: RetributionBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Doom 3: Resurrection of EvilOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. In 2019, its RC rating was appealed and overturned.
Dying LightBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
F.E.A.R.Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
F.E.A.R. 2: Project OriginBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
F.E.A.R. 3Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Fallout 3Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2016.[citation needed]
Fallout: New VegasNever officially banned, but a censored version was submitted to the USK over fears that the uncensored version would be indexed in Germany. The uncensored version was successfully passed with an 18+ rating in 2011.[citation needed]
Far CryOriginally given an 18+ rating. Banned for high-impact violence using realistic ragdoll effects. Game was re-censored to remove the ragdoll effects and re-attain the 18+ rating.[citation needed]
Gal Gun 2Originally banned because of sexual activity involving people who are, or appear to be, minors. The ban was lifted in 2019.[citation needed]
Gangs of LondonNot officially banned, but a censored version was submitted to the USK over fears that the game would be refused classification.[citation needed]
Gears of WarOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2016.[citation needed]
Gears of War 2Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2016.[citation needed]
The Godfather: Black EditionBanned because of game controls imitating brutality and extortion.[citation needed]
The Godfather 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Goldeneye 007Banned for violence. Ban lifted in 2021, a year ahead of its automatic 25-year review.[58]
Golden Axe: Beast RiderBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City StoriesOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto: San AndreasOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto: Vice CityOriginally given a 16+ rating. However, the game was later banned because of high-impact gory violence. The game was re-censored, re-attaining the 16+ rating. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto: Vice City StoriesOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
GunBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
HellforcesBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
HarvesterBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
HatredBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Hitman: Codename 47Banned for high-impact violence using realistic ragdoll effects. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
InversionNot officially banned, but the game was not submitted to the USK over fears that it would be refused classification.[citation needed]
Kane & Lynch 2: Dog DaysBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Land of the Dead: Road to Fiddler's GreenBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Left 4 DeadBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Left 4 Dead 2Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. Uncut DLC was released in January 2021.[59]
Little Britain: The Video GameOriginally given an 18+ before being banned because of a mini-game involving homophobia related to incentives and rewards.[citation needed]
LuciusBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
MadWorldBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
ManhuntBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Manhunt 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Medal of Honor: Heroes 2 (Wii)Banned because of game controls imitating the use of a real-life firearm within a realistic theatre of war.[citation needed]
Mortal KombatOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. Ban was lifted in March 2020.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat (2011 video game)Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat IIOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. Ban was lifted in March 2020.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat 3Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. Ban was lifted in February 2020.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat: ArmageddonBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat: Shaolin MonksBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Narc (2005 video game)Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
NecroVisioNBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Nitro FamilyBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Omega Labyrinth ZBanned because of interactive sexual activity involving a person who is, or appears to be, a minor.[citation needed]
Patriots: A Nation Under FireBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
PostalBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Postal 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Postal IIIBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Predator: Concrete JungleBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
PrototypeBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Prototype 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Quake 4Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Red Ninja: End of HonorBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Reservoir DogsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Resident Evil 4Banned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards via two unlockable bonus games. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2017.[citation needed]
Resident Evil: Operation Raccoon CityBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Resident Evil: The Umbrella ChroniclesBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Return to Castle WolfensteinOriginally given a 16+ rating with Nazi references censored. Later banned for high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Rogue WarriorBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Rise of NightmaresBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Saints RowBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Saints Row 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Saints Row: The ThirdOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2019.[citation needed]
Scarface: The World Is YoursBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Shellshock: Nam '67Was originally released unrated in some retail stores in Germany, before being banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Shellshock 2: Blood TrailsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Silent Hill: HomecomingBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Sleeping DogsBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Soldier of Fortune: PaybackBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
SplatterhouseBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
State of EmergencyBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
State of Emergency 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
SyndicateBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The ClubBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The DarknessBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
The Darkness IIBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
The House of the Dead IIIBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The House of the Dead: OverkillBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The PunisherBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The Sopranos: Road to RespectBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The SufferingBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
The Suffering: Ties That BindBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
The WarriorsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six: Vegas 2Banned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Total OverdoseWas originally released unrated in some retail stores in Germany, before being banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
True Crime: New York CityBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Unreal Championship 2: The Liandri ConflictBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Unreal Tournament IIIBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: BhikkhuniBanned because of sexual activity involving people who are, or appear to be, children under 18 years.[citation needed]
Vivisector: Beast WithinBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
WetBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
WolfensteinBanned because of high-impact gory violence and Nazi references. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Wolfenstein 3DOriginally banned because of Nazi references. The ban has been overturned in 2019 on grounds of social adequacy.
X-Men Origins: Wolverine {Uncaged Edition)Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]

Greece[edit]

See also: Law 3037/2002

No known games have been banned in Greece. Law 3037/2002, which was meant to fight illegal gambling, was deemed controversial due to it being vague in regards to which electronic games were being banned in public places. It mentioned that mechanically executed games for entertainment purposes without betting were allowed.[60][61][62][63]

Guatemala[edit]

Name Reason
RobloxBanned because it can violate the safety of children and adolescents.[64]

India[edit]

Name Reason
Fallout 3Not officially banned, but Microsoft India refused to release it for Xbox 360 due to cultural sensitivities as the game depicts two headed cows named after a community.[65][66]For the same reason, the game is not available on Steam.
Fallout: New VegasNot officially banned, but is not available on Steam for the same reason as Fallout 3.
PUBG Mobile[a]Banned because of extreme violence. The move came after a direction from Gujarat and Jammu and Kashmir state department seeking a ban on the game, as it was claimed to affect the minds of youths, and banned in Jammu and Kashmir.[67] The game was banned in Gujarat, in the cities of Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Bhavnagar and Rajkot and Jammu and Kashmir, but only for the mobile version. Players have also been prosecuted for playing the game.[68] Later completely banned due to mishandling of data on 2nd September 2020.[69][70]
Rules of Survival, Mobile Legends: Bang Bang, Mobile Legends Adventure and Clash of KingsPart of the Indian Government's ban on 59 Chinese-owned apps.[71]

Indonesia[edit]

Video game Reason
Far Cry 3Banned because it was deemed harmful to the country's public image as it portrays the inhabitants of the fictional island it is set in as insane. The ban has since been lifted for digital versions of the game.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat 11Banned because of excessive violence and gore.[72]

Iran[edit]

Main article: Censorship in Iran

Iran typically bans any game that contains excessive violence, depicts cruelty, features strong sexual content, nudity, or portrays the Middle East negatively.

Iraq[edit]

Fortnite and PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds are banned in Iraq because of negative effects caused by some electronic games on the health, culture, and security of Iraqi society.[81]

Republic of Ireland[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in the Republic of Ireland

The IFCO rarely rates video games, and leaves decisions to PEGI and the BBFC. Manhunt 2 was banned for "gross, unrelenting, and gratuitous violence", but the ban was later lifted and the game was given a PEGI 18 rating.[82]

Italy[edit]

In 2006, following the release of the trailer to the game Rule of Rose, the magazine Panorama ran an article claiming live burials of children at the protagonist's hand. Shortly after, then-mayor of Rome, Walter Veltroni, called for a ban of the game in Italy. The game's European publisher, 505 Games, dismissed these claims,[83] and the game was not banned following Veltroni's comments.

In 2007, following the decision of the governments of the United Kingdom and Ireland, the Minister of Communications Paolo Gentiloni publicly expressed the desire to ban the distribution of Manhunt 2 in Italy, due to the gratuitous violence and excessive cruelty in the video game, but the ban was never put into practice.[84]

In 2008, Counter Strike Source was banned in Genoa, after reports of teenagers in high schoolscutting classes to play the game on Internet cafes. The ban was met with massive support by parents yet was ridiculed by local teens for being a tool to keep the local city hall from puting time and effort on other social problems.

Japan[edit]

Main article: Video games in Japan

Video games are rarely banned in Japan, and it holds the place as one of the top video game producers in the world.[85] However, for some games, usually western, they may edit or censor their games if they appear offensive to Japan; an example being the Japanese release of Fallout 3. "The Power of the Atom" quest was edited to relieve concerns about atomic detonation in inhabited areas and the Fat Man weapon was renamed to the Nuka Launcher due to its relation to the real historic event.[86] Another example is the Japanese version of Crash Bandicoot 2: Cortex Strikes Back in which a death animation that has Crash squashed into a head and feet was altered due to its resemblance to the Kobe child murders. Japan's Spike removed all references to Kim Jong-il and North Korea in Homefront, as well.[87]Resident Evil 4, Call of Duty: Black Ops, Bulletstorm, Gears of War 3, Grand Theft Auto V, Dead Island, Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance and numerous other violent titles[citation needed], distributed physically and digitally, were heavily edited for excessive violence, but only on the localization level; the games can still be played if the locale is switched from Japanese to English. The Mortal Kombat series was subsequently banned in Japan, including its newest release, due to heavy amounts of violence[citation needed]. On 13 March 2019, the sales of Judgment had stopped producing future sales in Japan, following Pierre Taki's arrest on suspicion of cocaine use. As a result, Sega had replaced both the voice actor and the character model having been subsequently removed.[citation needed]

Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in Malaysia

Malaysia tends to ban offensive content such as extreme impact violence, depictions of cruelty, any content considered anti-Muslim, sexual content and nudity. In August 2008, after the Grand Theft Auto series ban in Thailand (see below), head of a Malaysian consumer rights organization, Muhammad Idris, called for the ban of the entire Grand Theft Auto series and other similarly violent video games such as the Manhunt series and Mortal Kombat.[88][89] In February 2010, one week after Dante's Inferno was released, the game was banned by Jabatan Agama Islam (JAIS) in Malaysia for offensive depictions of cruelty, hellish visions, sexuality and content that was against Sharia.[citation needed]

In 2016, Pokémon Go was banned by the Federal Territory for Muslims for promoting the search for power, which leads to gambling and safety issues related to playing the game[citation needed] The ban was later lifted following massive backlash on social media and an update that slightly modified security measures on the app.[citation needed]

In September 2017, the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) blocked access to the entire Steam store following the discovery of a controversial fighting game involving religious deities, Fight of Gods.[90] The ban was lifted one day later after Valve agreed to block the game in Malaysia.[91]

Mexico[edit]

Though no video games have ever been banned in the country, Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2 was banned in the state of Chihuahua due to Mexican rebels being depicted as antagonists and stereotyping the cities of Chihuahua City and Ciudad Juárez.[92] However, the game can still be found in shelves in other federal entities.

Nepal[edit]

Name Reason
PUBGUsed to be banned because of delinquency issues involving youths.[93] Currently, the ban has been lifted.[94]

North Korea[edit]

North Korea bans all foreign video games as well as almost all foreign products regardless of content.

New Zealand[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in New Zealand

In New Zealand, games are classified by the country's Office of Film and Literature Classification. If they are dubbed "objectionable" in all cases, they are banned. In this case, the game in question is not only illegal to sell, but also to own, possess, or import. Games are typically banned and classified as "objectionable content" when they contain extreme violence, offensive depictions of cruelty, animal cruelty, sexual content involving minors, or graphic depictions of sexual content, including sexual fetishes that are "revolting or abhorrent" (such as depictions of urination, bestiality, necrophilia, urophilia, coprophilia, and/or incest).

Name Reason
Criminal Girls: Invite OnlyBanned because of sexual content that focuses on young persons and elements of sexual violence.[95]
Gal Gun: Double PeaceBanned because "it tends to promote and support both the exploitation of children and young people, and the use of coercion to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct".[96]
ManhuntBanned because of extreme violence and offensive depictions of cruelty.[97]
Manhunt 2Banned because of extreme violence and offensive depictions of cruelty.[98]
Postal 2Banned because of "Gross, abhorrent content: Urination, High Impact Violence, Animal Cruelty, Homophobia, Racial, and Ethnic Stereotypes”.[99]
RapeLayBanned because it "tends to promote and support the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes".[citation needed]
Reservoir DogsBanned because it "tends to promote and support the infliction of extreme violence and extreme cruelty for the purpose of entertainment".[100]
Three Sisters' StoryBanned because it "tends to promote and support the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes".[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: BhikkhuniBanned because it "tends to promote and support incest between the two lead focal sisters, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes".[citation needed]

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in the Philippines

In 1981, a presidential decree issued by Ferdinand Marcos outlawed the use and distribution[105] of all video game consoles, arcade games and pinball machines, deeming them as a "destructive social enemy"[106] and "to the detriment of the public interest".[107][108] Despite the law being technically in effect following the EDSA Revolution, it has since been disregarded and unenforced.[citation needed]

While no video games are banned nationwide so far since 1986, at least one title, Defense of the Ancients, has been banned at a barangay in Dasmariñas, Cavite following complaints of delinquency issues, and two murder incidents involving youths in the area resulting from brawls in relation to the game.[109] The ban, however, only covers internet shops and does not extend to computers in private homes.

Russia[edit]

In Russia, games are classified by the "On Countering Extremist Activity" federal law, and are included in the "Federal List of Extremist Materials"

Media in the United States and Europe have incorrectly reported that Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, which features a storyline in which Russian "ultranationalists" take control of the country and invade the United States, was banned in Russia. Activision called these reports 'erroneous'.[110] Instead, a censored version of the game was published, omitting the controversial "No Russian" level. This also presumably prevented the game from being released on consoles in Russian, with only a PC version officially available.

In 2019, Sony Interactive Entertainment Russia refused to sell Call of Duty: Modern Warfare digitally.[citation needed]

Name Reason
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2Not officially banned, but the "No Russian" mission was censored out by the publisher, and no Playstation 3 or Xbox 360 versions were released.
Call of Duty: Modern WarfareNot officially banned, but Sony Interactive Entertainment refused to sell the game digitally on PlayStation 4.[111] The game also never released in Russia on discs.[citation needed]
For Freedom Ichkeriya: BAMUTBanned because of "justifies the implementation of extremist activities: incitement to ethnic and religious hatred, intended to form a hostile attitude towards soldiers of the Russian army as "occupants", "aggressors", and towards Russians by nationality as invaders. has signs of inciting ethnic hatred: Chechens are contrasted with Russians"[112][113]
Tell Me WhyNot officially banned, but Xbox Game Studios decided[114] to not release it in the region (plus in some other regions, including Turkey, Singapore and China). Possible reason — the game was featuring a transgender character as one of its main characters.

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Most banned games can be found in many stores due to a lack of government enforcement of bans (often at a substantial price). However, some major stores will not stock banned titles.[115]

Name Reason
God of War franchiseBanned for a few weeks due to the presence of interactive sex scenes, partial nudity, and sexual themes, as well as the word "God" in the title. In 2018, the newest game in the series was approved for release.[citation needed]
Call of Duty 4: Modern WarfareBanned for a few weeks because of role-playing the Middle East as terrorists.[citation needed]
Assassin's CreedBanned for two weeks because of a perceived negative portrayal of Arabs. Later completely banned due to its use in the Blue Whale Challenge.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto seriesBanned for extreme impact violence and nudity.[citation needed]
Heavy RainBanned because of high impact violence, nudity, and a sex scene.[citation needed]
L.A. NoireOriginally banned because of extreme impact violence and nudity. The ban was lifted in 2017.[citation needed]
The Last of Us Part IIBanned due to homosexual-related content.[116]
Postal 2Banned because of extreme impact violence, nudity and the portrayal of Muslims as terrorists.
Red Dead RedemptionBanned due to nudity, prostitution, violence, and cruelty.[citation needed]
Red Dead Redemption 2Initially banned due to nudity, prostitution, violence, and cruelty. A modified version of the game was launched on May 7, 2020.[117]
Manhunt seriesBanned because of high impact scary violence and cruelty.[citation needed]
Manhunt 2Banned for "gross, unrelenting, and gratuitous violence".[citation needed]
South Park: The Stick of Truth/The Fractured but WholeBanned due to extremely offensive content.[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: BhikkhuniBanned due to sexual content and excessive themes of glorifying homosexuality.[citation needed]
Wolfenstein seriesBanned because of the presence of interactive sex scenes.[citation needed]
Metro seriesBanned due to its use in the Blue Whale Challenge.[citation needed]
The Witcher 3: Wild HuntBanned because of the presence of sex scenes.[citation needed]
Watch Dogs 2Banned due to frequent use of sexual expletives, sexual activity with visible genitals, and the motiveless killing of innocent human characters.[citation needed]

Singapore[edit]

Singapore has banned games in the past and still occasionally does (including a ban on arcades nationwide from 1983 to the 1990s). With the implementation of the Video Game Classification in 2008 by the Media Development Authority, most games are widely available for purchase to their respective age group, such as those containing full frontal nudity or strong graphic violence under an "M18" rating. Games that were previously banned such as Mass Effect were re-rated either "Age Advisory" or "M18" after the implementation of the classification system.

Name Reason
Half-LifeBanned because of violence.[118] The ban was met with uproar as the local gaming community and retailers scrambled to start petitions to save the game. The government decided to lift the ban after a week, as the game had been released for more than a year and the ban would impact the local LAN gaming and retail market.[119]
Mass EffectBanned because of a homosexual encounter between a feminine alien and female human.[120] The ban was later lifted and the title re-rated M18.[121]
The DarknessBanned because of excessive violence.[122] The ban was later lifted and the title re-rated M18.[citation needed]

South Korea[edit]

See also: Video gaming in South Korea

Since 2006, South Korea has only banned video games on rare occasions. Even before this, games were very rarely banned unless that game mentioned elements of the Korean War in order to avoid tensions between the countries North Korea and South Korea. However, Manhunt, Manhunt 2, and Mortal Kombat are still banned because of violence and cruelty. Grand Theft Auto III, Grand Theft Auto: Vice City and Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction were previously banned, but the bans were later lifted.[123]

The Game Rating Board requires that all video games be rated by the organization. Unrated titles are absolutely banned from being sold in the country, and websites selling them can be blocked.

Serbia[edit]

Doki Doki Literature ClubBanned because of a scene showing a character doing a pose with her breasts out.[citation needed] The ban only ended when a censored version was released just for Serbia.[citation needed]
MinecraftBanned because of a report by a psychologist in 2016 told that the game was overly addictive.[citation needed] In fact, 2 years before the ban, in 2014, a 15-year-old killed a 9-year-old over him apparently losing a 1v1.[citation needed] This caused the game to be banned. The ban, however, was lifted as they had servers made in this country.[citation needed]
Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six SiegeBanned for reportedly causing mental health problems to the players. Two 16-year-olds commited suicide after playing the game for 14 hours straight. The ban still lasts to this day.[citation needed]

Turkey[edit]

In March 10 2015, Turkish ministry has recommended a ban on Minecraft, a video game in which players construct and protect structures, claiming it encourages violence in children[citation needed]

Thailand[edit]

Thailand will typically ban any games with excessive violence, and sexual content, such as many eroge from Japan, for the same reasons as its ban on any pornographic films.[citation needed]

Additionally, since August 2008, all video game titles of the Grand Theft Auto series have been completely banned in Thailand,[127] because of a case where an 18-year-old Thai player supposedly influenced by Grand Theft Auto killed a taxi driver from Bangkok.[128] The ban, however, does not extend to the digital PC versions of Grand Theft Auto V.[129]

Tropico 5 is yet another banned title. The ruling military junta claims that it could "affect peace and order" within the country.[130]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

In the United Arab Emirates, a branch of the government called the National Media Council (NMC) works to control the media and entertainment industry in the country, and they have the authority to issue bans on any specific media products, including video games, to comply with the country's legal and cultural values. Usually, the NMC do not explicitly state their actual consensus for any kind of issued ban on a product, so official reasons behind their bans remain unclear. However, bans issued by the NMC apply only to the sale of those products through local outlets; they do not make private ownership illegal. There are certain exceptions, notably for Spec Ops: The Line (see below). Some banned games may be available and sold on the nation's grey market.[citation needed]

In 2018, the NMC introduced a localised rating system for various media, including video games.[131]

The following titles are banned from mainstream physical retail. However, unlike Saudi Arabia, most of these games can still be seen on digital storefronts such as the PlayStation Store.

Name Reason
BlazBlue: Continuum ShiftBanned likely due to suggestive and revealing outfits on some characters.[132] However, the ban did not extend to digital versions of the game.[citation needed]
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2This game was banned after players in the GCC noticed that the picture frames in some maps had quotations from the Qur'an, which were very offensive to Muslims.[citation needed] The ban was lifted after the developers removed the text on the frames.[citation needed]
DarksidersBanned likely due to contradicting with customs and traditions.[133] However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.[citation needed]Its sequel, Darksiders II, which features similar themes, was released without issues, and even had a localised print release for the PlayStation 3 version.[citation needed]
Dead Island and Dead Island: RiptideBoth banned likely due to "extreme depictions of violence and scantily-clad game characters".[134] However, the ban did not extend to digital versions of the games.[citation needed]
Dead Rising 2Banned likely due to violence, gambling, and nudity.[135] The ban has since been lifted for newer prints of the game.[citation needed]
Dragon Age: OriginsBanned likely due to sexual themes, including possible homosexual relationships.[136] The ban has since been lifted for the digital versions of the game.[citation needed]
Fallout: New VegasBanned likely due to gambling and sexual themes.[137] However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.
Gal Gun: Double Peace, Gal Gun 2Both banned likely due to sexual themes. However, the ban did not extend to the digital versions of the games.[138][139]
The Godfather IIBanned likely due to nudity.[140]
God of War seriesThe first title in the series was banned after complaints were filed regarding religious and sexual content in the game, and subsequently, the next seven games in the series were banned for similar reasons[citation needed] The 2018 title God of War was the first entry to be legally approved for release in the U.A.E.[141]
Grand Theft Auto seriesBanned likely due to violence, cruelty and sexual content.[citation needed] For unknown reasons, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas has been available via Steam ever since the PC version of Grand Theft Auto V was launched, which itself is openly available on Steam from the debut.[citation needed] Shortly after Steam introduced the dirham as the official currency for U.A.E. user accounts on 10 November 2015,[142] the majority of Rockstar's games became available for purchase for those user accounts, including most Grand Theft Auto titles (For unknown reasons, almost all of Rockstar's games were regionally locked out on Steam, whether banned or not.).[citation needed]
Heavy RainBanned likely due to graphic violence, sexual content, nudity[143] and a sultry seduction scene.[144]
Injustice: Gods Among UsDespite being initially marketed for Middle Eastern distribution under the title of Injustice: The Mighty Among Us, the game failed to surpass the NMC's censors for a period of time,[145] and was banned likely due to the case package and on-disc software title itself being identical to its European release, with the term "God" retained (the official reason was not given).[citation needed] The game had been demonstrated at various events in the U.A.E. without incident for many months before the official release date.[citation needed] However, the ban on the title has since been lifted.[145] The expanded Ultimate Edition was released on schedule and distributed regularly.[citation needed]
The Last of Us Part IIBanned due to homosexual-related content.[116]
Mafia IIBanned likely due to excessive violence and nudity.[146] The ban has since been lifted for digital versions of the game.[citation needed]
Mass Effect 2, Mass Effect 3Both banned likely due to possible homosexual relationships.[136] However, the ban did not extend to the digital versions of the games.[citation needed]
Max Payne 3Banned likely due to excessive violence and sexual themes.[147] The ban was issued roughly three weeks after the official release. The ban has since been lifted for digital versions of the game.[148]
Omega Labyrinth ZBanned likely due to excessive sexual themes. However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.[citation needed]
Postal 2Banned likely due to violence against Muslims, as well as excessive violence, sexual themes and other highly questionable content.[citation needed] However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.[citation needed]
Red Dead RedemptionWas initially banned,[149] likely due to nudity. The ban was lifted two months after the official release date.[150][151]
RobloxWas banned in 2018 likely due to content deemed harmful for children.[152] The ban was later lifted.[153]
Saints Row: The Third, Saints Row IVBoth banned because of sexual themes, excessive violence, and use of drugs and alcohol.[154] However, the ban did not extend to the digital versions of the games.[citation needed]
Spec Ops: The LineBanned likely due to the game's fictional depiction of the UAE's real-life city of Dubai in a state of ravage and destruction. Unlike other banned video games, the NMC had extended their focus for this title going far as to issue the TRA to block the game's official website[155] and subsequently prevent the title from being distributed throughout the rest of the GCC, as well as Jordan, and Lebanon.[156] Even local retailers, such as Geekay Games, are unable to sell the game via their online shops to UAE residents.[157] The game remains unavailable via digital platforms such as Steam and PSN.[citation needed] However, the game is still available on PSN in Qatar and Kuwait.[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: BhikkhuniBanned likely due to homosexual relationships between characters and high-impact sexual themes. However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.[158]
Watch Dogs, Watch Dogs 2Unknown reason for ban, possibly due to hacking and nudity.[citation needed]Watch Dogs' ban did not extend to the DLC, [159]and is only available on non-Steam distributors, futhermore, this version of the ban extends throughout the GCC[160] while the ban for Watch Dogs 2 has been lifted.[citation needed]

United Kingdom[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in the United Kingdom

Games in the UK usually only receive a ban when they contain real sex scenes and/or gratuitous violence. BBFC age ratings are compulsory and backed by legislation, taking effect 30 July 2012.[161] It is illegal to sell, buy or rent, but not import, a game that has not been classified by an approved age rating organisation in the UK. This only applies to games stored on physical media, not downloadable media.[162]

Name Reason
CarmageddonWas threatened with being refused certification in its uncut form. Was subsequently altered to replace pedestrians with zombies.[163] The restriction was later lifted, and a patch was released to restore the original human content.[citation needed]
Manhunt 2The uncut version was the only game to be refused classification by the BBFC (therefore banned), due to excessive graphic violence and cruelty.[164] After this, a modified version was made and submitted for certification – this was initially refused classification as well, but was allowed to be sold after an appeal (despite a successful challenge to this ruling).
Omega Labyrinth ZBanned because of interactive sexual activity involving a person who is, or appears to be, a minor.[citation needed]
The PunisherThe version of the game that had been edited for the American market was further censored for the British release.[citation needed] The interrogation scenes were deemed graphically controversial and edits were made at the request of the BBFC to further mask these scenes.[165] The edited version received an 18 certificate.
Sex Vixens from SpaceNot submitted to the BBFC, but in 1989 official shipments of copies were seized by British Customs and destroyed in order to "protect the youth of today".[166][167][168]

United States[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in the United States

In the United States, the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB)—a self-regulatory organization, issues ratings for video games and enforces voluntary regulations on how they are marketed and sold.[169] The Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association—which challenged a California law restricting the sale of "violent video games" (defined using a variation of the Miller test separate from ratings assigned by bodies such as the ESRB) to minors, insisting that video games were considered a protected form of expression under the First Amendment, meaning that federal or state law cannot be used to regulate their distribution based on content.[170][171]

However, games can still be recalled as the result of court orders; a nude model featured in The Guy Game sued its developer and publisher over use of her likeness, as she was underage at the time of filming and thus could not personally consent to her depiction. All remaining copies of the game that contained her likeness were recalled from stores.[172][173] In 2012, a court found that Silicon Knights had plagiarized Epic Games' proprietary Unreal engine, and had used it in Too Human and X-Men: Destiny, along with other unreleased projects. The studio was ordered to recall and destroy all remaining copies, materials, and source code relating to the games.[174][175]

The ESRB's highest rating, "Adults Only", has been considered a total ban on the mainstream sale of certain games, as most retailers refuse to stock games carrying the rating, and they cannot be published on major video game consoles due to company policies.[176][177][178][179] The release of Thrill Kill, an AO-rated fighting game with extreme violence and strong sexual themes, was outright cancelled by Electronic Arts (who had acquired its developer) due to objections over its content.[180] Following the discovery of an incomplete sex minigame that was not included in the final game but was still present in the game's code and could be accessed using a modification or cheating device, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas was re-rated Adults Only and recalled by Rockstar Games, in favor of a new revision of the game that omitted the offending content entirely and carried the original Mature rating.[181][182][183]

Ukraine[edit]

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]
TRON: Evolution - Battle Grids 15916.

TRON: Evolution - Battle Grids

December 7, 2010
TRON: Evolution - Battle Grids for the Nintendo Wii is an action-packed multiplayer game set around the Game Grids of the TRON universe. Developed in a unique partnership with Propaganda Games, Battle Grids features more than 15 Game Grid challenges with iconic TRON weapons and vehicles such as light cycles, light runners and light discs, with players competing with family and friends in local games for 1 to 4 players. Battle Grids also features an extensive story mode that allows users to create and evolve their own character in the quest to become the Game Grids Champion.
The Chase: Felix Meets Felicity 15917.

The Chase: Felix Meets Felicity

January 27, 2009
Join in the adrenaline rush by jumping in the shoes of Felix or Felicity to race across town in time to rendezvous. To make it unscathed, players need to deftly navigate a series of obstacle-laden environments without ever letting up the break-neck pace. Run, jump, dodge and slide through hectic scenarios while desperately trying to stay ahead of the clock and weather. The pick-up-and-play gameplay makes ingenious use of the Nintendo DS stylus to draw platforms to climb and hop across, dodging difficult barriers and any cold-hearted misanthropes who get in the way. Along the way our protagonists will draw, climb and jump their way through the city, zoo, carnival, park and beach, with each vibrant area packed with opportunities to impress your sweatheart by bowling over bad guys and collecting fruit and stars. Felix and Felicity will have no shortage of help in their date-race against the clock with sage love advice from worldly-wise characters you meet along the way and in-game power-ups including Time-Freeze, Love-Rush, Newton-Bomb and the explosive Love-Nuke. Let nothing stand in the way of true love. [Atari]
Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath 15918.

Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath

December 22, 2005
Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath thrusts players into a world ravaged by the military-political confrontation between the USA and USSR in 1962. The game offers a different interpretation of the events that followed the famous global standoff over the small island nation. In Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath, the two cold-war powerhouse nations unleash their nuclear arsenal on the world, leveling Cuba and turning it, along with the majority of the world, into a radioactive desert. The remaining world citizens thus find themselves in a war fighting for their very survival... Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath is a real-time strategy game combined with a turn-based global strategy mode, forcing players to use tactical troop movements while managing their resources and armies. With all the gameplay one has come to expect from the Blitzkrieg engine, gamers’ that enjoyed such games as "Sudden Strike" and "Blitzkrieg" are going to jump right into this title. In Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath,”not only will players’ be able to enjoy all their familiar tactics, they will be introduced to way more metal as they field post WWII armaments and weapons of mass destruction! [Strategy First]
Disney Epic Mickey 2: The Power of Two 15919.

Disney Epic Mickey 2: The Power of Two

November 18, 2012
In Disney Epic Mickey 2: The Power of Two, gamers play as Mickey Mouse & Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Disney's first cartoon celebrity, in an all-new co-op adventure to save the magical world of Wasteland and alter it forever. Interact with these characters like never before in this heroic adventure.
Asterix & Obelix XXL 3: The Crystal Menhir 15920.

Asterix & Obelix XXL 3: The Crystal Menhir

November 28, 2019
The year is 50 B.C. Gaul is entirely occupied by the Romans. Well, not entirely... One small village of indomitable Gauls still holds out against the invaders. And life is not easy for the Roman legionaries who garrison the fortified camps of Totorum, Aquarium, Laudanum and Compendium. Peace reigns in the small Armorican village, where the villagers go about their daily business. Our two heroes, Asterix and Obelix, hunt wild boar, the blacksmith and the fishmonger quarrel, and the village chief strolls around the village square atop his shield. One day, the village druid, Getafix, receives a strange letter. It is from Avina Gandir, the high priestess of Thule! She warns the druid of a grave threat to his people and asks him to take a mysterious Menhir out of its hiding place... Set off on an exciting adventure and immerse yourself in the world of Asterix! Alone or in co-op, explore the lands of the Roman empire and unravel the mystery of the Crystal Menhir and its incredible powers!
The Inpatient 15921.

The Inpatient

January 23, 2018
Discover who you are before it’s too late in The Inpatient; a PS VR Exclusive set in the Blackwood Sanatorium, over 60 years prior to the 2016 BAFTA award-winning Until Dawn. With deep immersion that places YOU in the game, you take on the role of an amnesiac inpatient who must find out who you are and why you are in the Sanatorium. With a branching narrative, and different endings; every choice you make can drastically affect the way the game plays out.
Crystal Key 2: The Far Realm 15922.

Crystal Key 2: The Far Realm

March 19, 2004
(Known as "Evany: Key to a Distant Land" in the UK) A malevolent power has stolen control of all the souls of Evany, and you alone have survived. With the help of a star portal left behind by a mysterious visitor, you escape your imprisoned planet and find yourself alone in a vast galaxy of unknown worlds, desperate to find help for your beleaguered home. Journey to an island of robots, a mysterious abandoned desert dwelling, and the sparkling glass towers of the Merari, an ancient sea people who are involved in the resistance against the Balial, to solve the mystery behind The Far Realm. [DreamCatcher Interactive]
WarJetz 15923.

WarJetz

June 27, 2001
Welcome to Wednesday Night WarJetz, the year 2062's favorite post-nuclear war, televised aerial dogfighting extravaganza featuring fanatical pilots in nine different souped-up, artillery laden planes in 33 arenas which blast the living hell out of anything that moves, earning money en route to the WDL championship.
KISS: Psycho Circus 15924.

KISS: Psycho Circus

October 29, 2000
Instead of fixing any of Psycho Circus' problems, or adding some Dreamcast-only levels, the programmers at Tremor have actually removed some key features of the PC version.
Evergrace 15925.

Evergrace

October 24, 2000
Enter a world of intense magic and thunderous battles - where your survival is determined on collecting powerful artifacts and fashioning them to your armour and weaponry. Two complete adventures await Darius and Sharline - heroes who must face an evil reborn. Begin your journey as either hero and discover unique characters and monsters for each adventurer. Master the art of arming yourself with items of incredible might and untold magical abilities to thwart the powers of darkness that have swept into your once peaceful land.
AeternoBlade 15926.

AeternoBlade

February 18, 2014
In the region of Awelsia, vengeful Freya travels with an unknown weapon called "AeternoBlade" to take revenge from Beladim, the Lord of the Mist who destroyed her village, Ridgerode, and killed her tribe. Her vengence is helped by Vernia , who has as much merit as Beladim. Vernia taught Freya about the ablility of AeternoBlade. Freya has to venture in many world dimensions to find how to annihilate Beladim. What is AeternoBlade? and How can Freya take revenge from Beladim ? Solve tons ton of mysteries in her adventure!
Playboy: The Mansion 15927.

Playboy: The Mansion

January 25, 2005
Be Heff! Playboy: The Mansion blends state-of-the-art social simulation with traditional role-playing and empire-building gameplay. As Hugh Hefner, you build the Playboy mansion and magazine into a dynamic cultural icon and powerful brand. Rub shoulders with stunning women and stimulating celebrities as you pursue the ultimate Playboy lifestyle. Grow famous and gain exclusive access to the Playboy Archives, including footage of the world-famous Playboy Mansion. This is the ultimate lifestyle game, allowing the gamer to "Play Hef" and live the good life. The player is in charge of running the Playboy Empire and must put out a magazine each month. In order to generate content for the magazine, the Virtual Hef will throw incredible parties with celebrities and rockstars in tow. The social management of the parties will enable the player to acquire content for the magazine, including the unique, sexy Photo Shoot feature which the gamer will use to get his or her cover shot. With a broad depth of gameplay, and a simulation experience of the ultimate lifestyle, PTM lets a gamer Play Hef, build the dream and live the good life. [ARUSH]
Murdered: Soul Suspect 15928.

Murdered: Soul Suspect

June 3, 2014
Detective Ronan O'Connor's life is brought to an end when a brutal killer confronts him during a burglary. This detective with a checked past now finds himself trapped in the afterlife, his only escape from this nether world of "Dusk" is to bring the truth of his death and his killer to light using his newly developed supernatural abilities. As Ronan, you can explore the town of Salem for clues, battle demon spirits to save your soul, and unearth revelations about who is responsible for your untimely death.
Victorious Boxers: Revolution 15929.

Victorious Boxers: Revolution

October 23, 2007
(Also known as "Victorious Boxers Challenge") A boxing game with realistic boxing action and intuitive controls, Victorious Boxers: Revolution takes full advantage of the unique capabilities of the Wii Remote and Nunchuk to give players an authentic, real-life boxing experience. The various moves include punches like jabs, straights, uppercuts and hooks, as well as defensive maneuvers like ducks and sways. Players can enjoy several rounds with their friends or play through the deep and compelling Story Mode as they follow the story of Ippo Makunouchi, a high school student who is bullied by his classmates, as he rises to the top of the professional boxing ranks. Various control schemes allow eager players to punch and weave with their body to make the action appear onscreen for the full boxing experience, as well as less strenuous options and even Classic Controller compatibility. The viewpoint is positioned right behind the player's transparent fighter to further enhance the feeling of being right there in the heat of battle. [XSeed]
Crysis Remastered 15930.

Crysis Remastered

September 18, 2020
The classic first person shooter from Crytek is back with the action-packed gameplay, sandbox world, and thrilling epic battles you loved the first time around. What begins as a simple rescue mission becomes the battleground of a new war as alien invaders swarm over a North Korean island chain. Armed with a powerful Nanosuit, players can become invisible to stalk enemy patrols, or boost strength to lay waste to vehicles. The Nanosuit's speed, strength, armor, and cloaking allow creative solutions for every kind of fight, while a huge arsenal of modular weaponry provides unprecedented control over play style. In the ever-changing environment, adapt tactics and gear to dominate your enemies, in an enormous sandbox world. Suit up: Your Nanosuit's speed, strength, armor, and cloaking allow creative solutions for every kind of fight. Adapt: In an ever-changing environment, adapt your tactics to dominate on battlefields ranging from frozen jungle to alien environments. Customize: A huge arsenal of modular weaponry provides unprecedented control over play style, with options ranging from the experimental to the alien. Conquer: Life-like enemy AI require a strategic and flexible playstyle, as new challenges including a zero-g battlefield require players to take the offensive and be proactive. Explore: Choose your own path through the open world of Crysis, destroying obstacles, driving vehicles, and using the environment itself against your enemies.
The Bunker 15931.

The Bunker

September 23, 2016
As the last remaining survivor in a nuclear bunker, Johns daily routine is the one thing that keeps him sane. But when an alarm goes off, his mind starts to self-destruct. The Bunker is a live-action psychological horror game starring Adam Brown (The Hobbit) and Sarah Greene (Penny Dreadful) with writing talent behind The Witcher, Broken Sword and SOMA.
Clid the Snail
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NEW BRUNSWICK, NJ— The New Brunswick High School Lady Zebras soccer team (10-2-0) are on an eight-game winning streak after a slow 2-2 start to their season. Title Evanston Police Department Daily Crime Bulletin - 11/20/2015 Author DeLaRosa, Catalina Created Date 12/1/2015 11 36 24 AM 75, 74, EDICTA BECERRA DE DOMINGUEZ, 2,520,826, YV-2-ALA, TÁCHIRA 11,217,863, YV-2-GKF, MÉRIDA, PENDIENTE, 2, DAC, 02/11/2015 583, 582, ALIDA COROMOTO CONTRERAS DE VERGARA, V - 4.628.698, YV-2-AUT 1372, 1371, JOSE MAURICO CORTEZ SANCHEZ, V - 8.991.397, YY-4-GMC  2015, et ainsi de suite. Pas de hausse. Alida Sarkissian, CA. François Gabriela Velayos Dominguez, CA. Ekaterini GMC JIMMY 2005. Statistics for Portal Jalisco Summary Period April 2009 - Search String Generated 02-May-2009 02 21 PDT 2015 BOARD OF TRUSTEES OFFICERS. Louis L. Clinton III, Chairman (12/2015) S.V.P., First Western Financial. Robert Bach, Executive Vice Chairman more than 100,000 visitors as of June of this year. The site promotes the long-term benefits of premium prod-ucts sourced from full-line suppliers. 31-May-2015 ALIDA ALIPARMA ALITALIA CITYLINER ALIVEN AIR LUBO ALKAN AIR ALL CHARTER ALL NIPPON AIR ALLEGIANCE E.V. DMCFLY, S.A. DE C.V. DNIEPROAVIA DOMINGUEZ TOLEDO, S.A. (GRUPO MAYORAL) .. GCO GDB FGN GWS GTH GNZ GCC GMC GNX GEN GSL TGZ. mercredi 28 janvier 2015 . Muffler Choke · 620 x 10 Reps Deadlift · 665 HP 2015 GMC Denali vs Hellcat Drag Race · 675 x 3 Lopez · Invicta FC 10 Alexa Grasso Post-Fight Interview · Invicta FC 10 Alida Gray vs. knocked out in UFC · Jonathan Fielder vs JJ Dominguez XAFS Feast or Famine Nov  B61638425 PRENDAPIEL 2015 SL B62089198 FINCAS DOMINGUEZ ASOCIADOS, SL .. B63823520 GMC SERVIACTIVE CONTROL Y MANTENIMIENTO X2017940N VERSWIJVEREN ALIDA PETRONEL. gmc scoreline mtdna haiku bnsf savile radiocarbon perceives uthman babel hereby marl blotches prosser domínguez tremont mediators anti-social ppd macleods vergne caregiving mothra castellani hoadley alida amitabha wister  Rio Branco � Acre, 22 de julho de 2015, 127º da República, 113º do. Tratado de ta LUCIA AZUCENA OSORIO DOMINGUEZ, do dia 03.07.2015. ART 1° CONCEDER a senhora, ALIDA NAIR CAVALCANTE DE SOU- . Branco � AC, para participar do Seminário de Capacitação GMC 2015 ,. 4 Reviews of Tony Schlotter, Capital GMC Buick Cadillac Reviews. Alichino Alicia Alicia s Alick Alida Alids Aligarh Alikuluf Alikulufan Aline Alioth DOMINGO DOMINGOS DOMINGUE DOMINGUES DOMINGUEZ DOMINIAK GLYNN GLYNNIE GLYNNIS GM GMB GMBH GMC GMT GNAGEY GNAIZDA  Jun 03, 2015 · The trooper talked to the man in a black 2004 GMC Yukon Denali, who then The driver was Gabriel Dominguez, 36, Texas Tech announces 2015 … 29 reviews of Alpine Buick GMC This service department was exceptional - from start to finish Atle Fjugstad quickly put one of his technicians to work identifying



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Strategy Guide
100% Completion Guide
Car Locations Guide
Girlfriend Guide
Horseshoes Location Guide
Property Guide
Tag Locations Guide
Map: Vehicles
Map: Weapons
Map: Properties
Map: Tags, Oysters, Horseshoes, Photos

Corey Feldman Interview

Celebrity GamerZ - Jay & Silent Bob's Jason Mewes Video Game Interview

Hottest Stuff On CheatCC!

Cheat code warning

Enabling cheat codes will prevent achievements from being earned.

Infinite health

While playing the game, press Down, A, Right, Left, Right, RT, Right, Down, Up, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: Falls, explosions, drowning, and vehicle rundowns are still harmful.

Infinite ammunition

While playing the game, press LT, RT, X, RT, Left, RB, RT, Left, X, Down, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. You no longer need to reload, and will have unlimited ammunition for each new weapon that is picked up. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Weapons (tier 1)

While playing the game, press RT, RB, LT, RB, Left, Down, Right, Up, Left, Down, Right, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The least powerful weapons in each category and rocket launcher will be unlocked. To get infinite ammunition for this or the other weapons tiers, repeatedly enable the code until no ammunition number appears beneath the gun pictures. Note: Enabling this code will cause your street creds to drop in points. You can check your creds in the stats menu at the pause screen. If you are in the negative, you are a Playa-Hater.

Weapons (tier 2)

While playing the game, press RT, RB, LT, RB, Left, Down, Right, Up, Left, Down(2), Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The moderate powered weapons in each category will be unlocked, including the flame thrower and sniper rifle. Note: Enabling this code will cause your street creds to drop in points. You can check your creds in the stats menu at the pause screen. If you are in the negative, you are a Playa-Hater.

Weapons (tier 3)

While playing the game, press RT, RB, LT, RB, Left, Down, Right, Up, Left, Down(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The high powered weapons in each category will be unlocked, including the chainsaw and lock-on bazooka. Note: Enabling this code will cause your street creds to drop in points. You can check your creds in the stats menu at the pause screen. If you are in the negative, you are a Playa-Hater.

Hitman level in all weapons

While playing the game, press Down, X, A, Left, RT, RB, Left, Down(2), LT(3) to receive dual wield, etc. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Health, armor, and money

While playing the game, press RT, RB, LT, A, Left, Down, Right, Up, Left, Down, Right, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: You must enter this code multiple times to increase your total money. If this code is enabled when your car is smoking or damaged it will get repaired. During various missions where you are in a car while someone else drives and you shoot (for example, Reuniting The Families), enabling this code will instead blow the car up, failing the mission.

Pimping mission completed

While playing the game, press Right, LB(2), Down, LB, Up(2), LB, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. You can now get money from prostitutes instead of paying them.

Taxi missions completed

While playing the game, press Up, Left(2), Down, B, X, LT(2), LB, RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. All taxis will now have nitrous.

Raise wanted level

While playing the game, press RT(2), B, RB, Left, Right, Left, Right, Left, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Six star wanted level

While playing the game, press B, Right, B, Right, Left, X, A, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Lower wanted level

While playing the game, press RT(2), B, RB, Up, Down, Up, Down, Up, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Wanted level never increases

While playing the game, press B, Right, B, Right, Left, X, Y, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: This will not remove any wanted level stars you may already have.

Bounty on your head

While playing the game, press Down, Up(2), Up, A, RB, RT, LB(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Maximum vehicle skills

While playing the game, press X, LB, A, RT, LB(2), Left, RT, Right, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Maximum respect

While playing the game, press LT, RT, Y, Down, RB, A, LT, Up, LB(2), LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: When starting a new game or when you have a very low respect level, enable the "Maximum respect" code twice and your total respect level will be green.

Maximum sex appeal

While playing the game, press B, Y(2), Up, B, RT, LB, Up, Y, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Maximum lung capacity

While playing the game, press Down, Left, LT, Down(2), RB, Down, LB, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Maximum muscle

While playing the game, press Y, Up(2), Left, Right, X, B, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: You will not be able to workout at any of the gyms.

Maximum fat

While playing the game, press Y, Up(2), Left, Right, X, B, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: This will reduce the muscle stat to zero.

No fat or muscle

While playing the game, press Y, Up(2), Left, Right, X, B, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

No hunger

While playing the game, press X, LB, RT, Y, Up, X, LB, Up, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Super punches

While playing the game, press Up, Left, A, Y, RT, B(3), LB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Punch pedestrians to send them flying further away; however, they can also super punch. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Adrenaline effects

While playing the game, press A(2), X, RT, LT, A, Down, Left, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. CJ will be effected in a similar manner to if he took an adrenaline pill from the prior Grand Theft Auto games, with increased strength and slower time. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

CJ jumps higher

While playing the game, press Up(2), Y(2), Up(2), Left, Right, X, RB(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

All cars have nitrous

While playing the game, press Left, Y, RT, LT, Up, X, Y, Down, B, LB, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Bloodring Banger

While playing the game, press Down, RT, B, LB(2), A, RT, LT, Left(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Caddy

While playing the game, press B, LT, Up, RT, LB, A, RT, LT, B, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Dozer

While playing the game, press RB, LT(2), Right(2), Up(2), A, LT, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Jetpack

While playing the game, press LT, LB, RT, RB, Up, Down, Left, Right, LT, LB, RT, RB, Up, Down, Left, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. When wearing the Jetpack, press A to accelerate. You can strafe with LB or RB. To still in mid air in the Jetpack, hold LB + RB. You will know if you are not moving if the exhaust pipes are circling. To take it off, press Y. To put it back on, just walk or run at it. It is also possible for both characters to have Jetpacks in two player mode. Enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code, then press Y to leave it. Have player two pick it up, then repeat the code to get a Jetpack for CJ. Note: You cannot save, enter, or exit buildings with the Jetpack on.

Spawn Hotring Racer #1

While playing the game, press RT, B, RB, Right, LT, LB, A(2), X, RT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Hotring Racer #2

While playing the game, press RB, LT, B, Right, LT, RT, Right, Up, B, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Hunter

While playing the game, press B, A, LT, B(2), LT, B, RT, RB, LB, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Hydra

While playing the game, press Y(2), X, B, A, LT(2), Down, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Monster Truck

While playing the game, press Right, Up, RT(3), Down, Y(2), A, B, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn parachute

While playing the game, press Left, Right, LT, LB, RT, RB(2), Up, Down, Right, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Quadbike

While playing the game, press Left(2), Down(2), Up(2), X, B, Y, RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Rancher

While playing the game, press Up, Right(2), LT, Right, Up, X, LB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Rhino tank

While playing the game, press B(2), LT, B(3), LT, LB, RT, Y, B, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Romero

While playing the game, press Down, RB, Down, RT, LB, Left, RT, LT, Left, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Stretch

While playing the game, press RB, Up, LB, Left(2), RT, LT, B, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Stunt Plane

While playing the game, press B, Up, LT, LB, Down, RT, LT(2), Left(2), A, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Tanker

While playing the game, press RT, Up, Left, Right, RB, Up, Right, X, Right, LB, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Trashmaster

While playing the game, press B, RT, B, RT, Left(2), RT, LT, B, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Vortex

While playing the game, press Y(2), X, B, A, LT, LB, Down(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Perfect handling

While playing the game, press Y, RT(2), Left, RT, LT, RB, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. After this code is enabled, click Left Analog-stick to make your car jump. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Deadly vehicle

While playing the game, press LT, LB(2), Up, Down(2), Up, RT, RB(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Any vehicle driven will become invincible and has the ability to destroy anything it touches. Repeat this code to disable its effect. To have a stronger car that is much harder to dent and damage, enable the "Deadly vehicle" code, enter a vehicle, then disable the code while you are in the vehicle. Note: This code will eventually wear off if you run into lots of cars with the same vehicle. It runs out faster when the "Destroy all vehicles" code is enabled over thirty times. Also, if you enable this code when inside a vehicle, the vehicle will explode others on contact, but your car will not be "shielded" as it would be if you entered the code before entering the vehicle. Therefore, this results in your vehicle exploding as well. If you do happen to enable this code inside a vehicle, get out, then get back in and it should function normally.

Manual weapon control drive bys in cars

While playing the game, press Up(2), X, LB, Right, A, RT, Down, RB, B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. You can now aim and shoot at passing pedestrians/vehicles using the Right Analog-stick, just like your homies can do during drive-by shootings. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Taxis upgraded

While playing the game, press Up, A, Y, A, Y, A, X, RB, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. All taxis will have nitrous and can be jumped by clicking Left Analog-stick without completing the taxi missions. Note: This code cannot be disabled.

Massive BMX bunny hops

While playing the game, press Y, X, B(2), X, B(2), LT, LB(2), RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Get a BMX bike and bunny hop to travel massive distances.

Drive on water

While playing the game, press Right, RB, B, RT, LB, X, RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Flying cars

While playing the game, press X, Down, LB, Up, LT, B, Up, A, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Cars can be flown like a normal plane. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Cars fly away

While playing the game, press X, RB, Down(2), Left, Down, Left(2), LB, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Hit another car with your vehicle to send it flying up into the sky. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Invisible cars

While playing the game, press Y, LT, Y, RB, X, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Faster cars

While playing the game, press Right, RT, Up, LB(2), Left, RT, LT, RT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Aggressive traffic

While playing the game, press RB, B, RT, LB, Left, RT, LT, RB, LB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Additionally, this code will also increase police activity. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Sports car traffic

While playing the game, press Up, LT, RT, Up, Right, Up, A, LB, A, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Fast and rare cars will now appear regularly. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Beater traffic

While playing the game, press LB, Right, LT, Up, A, LT, LB, RB, RT, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Rural traffic

While playing the game, press Y, Left, X, RB, Up, LB, Down, LT, A, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Black traffic

While playing the game, press B, LB, Up, RT, Left, A, RT, LT, Left, B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pink traffic

While playing the game, press B, LT, Down, LB, Left, A, RT, LT, Right, B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Reduced traffic

While playing the game, press A, Down, Up, RB, Down, Y, LT, Y, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. No pedestrians and only an occasional car will appear on the streets. Parked cars will still spawn. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Destroy all vehicles

While playing the game, press RB, LB, RT, LT, LB, RB, X, Y, B, Y, LB, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Flying boats

While playing the game, press RB, B, Up, LT, Right, RT, Right, Up, X, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Recruit anyone into your gang with guns

While playing the game, press Down, X, Up, RB(2), Up, Right(2), Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Lock on to someone (any pedestrian or even rival gang members) and press Up on the D-pad to recruit them. They can do everything that your Grove Street Family members can do. Note: Each person you recruit will get a 9mm unless they already have a gun. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Recruit anyone into your gang with rocket launchers

While playing the game, press RB(3), A, LB, LT, RB, LT, Down, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Lock on to someone (any pedestrian or even rival gang members) and press Up on the D-pad to recruit them. They can do everything that your Grove Street Family members can do. Note: Each person you recruit will get a rocket launcher unless they already have a gun. Also, you may first need to enable the "Recruit anyone into your gang with guns" code. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Gangs only

While playing the game, press LB, Up, RT(2), Left, RT(2), RB, Right, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The streets will be deserted except for gunmen fighting. There are no police, firefighters, paramedics, or regular citizens, and there will be no traffic except in gang territories. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Gangs and workers

While playing the game, press Left, Right(3), Left, A, Down, Up, X, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The streets will only have gang members, police, firefighters, paramedics, and shopkeepers. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

City in chaos

While playing the game, press LB, Right, LT, Y, Right(2), RT, LT, Right, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. This creates an effect similar to what happens in the final mission of the game, with rioting and looting and buildings on fire. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pedestrians riot

While playing the game, press Down, Left, Up, Left, A, RB, RT, LB, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pedestrians have weapons

While playing the game, press RB, RT, A, Y, A, Y, Up, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pedestrians attack with guns

While playing the game, press A, LT, Up, X, Down, A, LB, Y, Down, RT, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pedestrians are Elvis

While playing the game, press LT, B, Y, LT(2), X, LB, Up, Down, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Police cars on to pedestrians

While playing the game, press Right, RB, Up(2), RB, B, X, RB, LT, Right, Down, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Beach party theme

While playing the game, press Up(2), Down(2), X, B, LT, RT, Y, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Pedestrians will turn into girls wearing swimsuits, vehicles will be beach style, and CJ will be dressed in shorts and sandals.

Carnival theme

While playing the game, press Y(2), LT, X(2), B, X, Down, B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Pedestrians will turn into clown and food vendors, vehicles will include fun types, and CJ will have a new costume.

Kinky theme

While playing the game, press X, Right, X(2), LB, A, Y, A, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: Activate it after starting a new game if it does not work with your current saved game. Pedestrians will turn into pimps and prostitutes, vehicles include white dildos, and CJ will have the gimp costume. Additionally, there are five sex toys to get. They are random. Do not use this code outside or it may crash the game. Enable it in safe houses with a wardrobe, in the wardrobe, or in the sex shop. All five sex toys can be seen in there.

Rural theme

While playing the game, press LT(2), RT(2), LB, LT, RB, Down, Left, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Vehicles that are normally found in rural areas will now appear regularly and CJ will have hillbilly gear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Yakuza theme

While playing the game, press A(2), Down, RB, LB, B, RT, B, X. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Pedestrians will turn into Asian men armed with katanas, vehicles will be black motorcycles, police cars will be black, and CJ will have a katana.

Slow motion

While playing the game, press Y, Up, Right, Down, X, RB, RT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: Enable the "Fast motion" code to disable its effect.

Fast motion

While playing the game, press Y, Up, Right, Down, LB, LT, X. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: Enable the "Slow motion" code to disable its effect.

Slow down time

While playing the game, press Y, Up, Right, Down, X, RB, RT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Speed up time

While playing the game, press B(2), LT, X, LT, X(3), LT, Y, B, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect. Note: Make sure to have eaten well before enabling this code, as the clock speeds up, you may lose your muscle at an enormous rate.

Always 21:00

While playing the game, press Left(2), LB, RT, Right, X(2), LT, LB, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Game time will remain at 21:00, with an orange sunset sky. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Always 00:00 or 12:00

While playing the game, press X, LT, RT, Right, A, Up, LT, Left(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Game time will remain at midnight unless CJ dies, when it will then always be noon. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Sunny weather

While playing the game, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Very sunny weather

While playing the game, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Foggy weather

While playing the game, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Cloudy weather

While playing the game, press LB, Down(2), Left, X, Left, RB, X, A, RT, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Very cloudy weather

While playing the game, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), X. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Stormy weather

While playing the game, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Sandstorm weather

While playing the game, press Up, Down, LT(2), LB(2), LT, LB, RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Commit suicide

While playing the game, press Right, LB, Down, RT, Left(2), RT, LT, LB, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

No effect

While playing the game, press X(2), RB, Left, Up, X, RB, A(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Although this appears to be a valid code, it has no discernible effect in the game.

Two player mode

Successfully complete the Burning Desire mission where you rescue Denise. A red two player free roam icon will now appear on Denise's porch near the door. The icon will appear there when she is home and will go on a date. Stand on the icon and press Start on controller two to activate the icon. Note: If both enter a car, the passenger will have free aim with a machine gun. Do not try to kill Denise, because you will never be able to date her again or play in two player mode at her house. Additionally, once you get your girlfriend, take her on a date. After you drop her off, there will be a rotating icon of two people directly in front of the door. Walk into it. It will tell you to push any button on the controller two. Do so to start two player mode, involving CJ and his girlfriend in a free roam.

For more fun in two player mode, start the two player mission. Then, enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code and press Y to remove the Jetpack. Then, have player two get the Jetpack. Enable the Jetpack code again, then have player one get it. Both players can now fly around and do the two player missions this way.

Two player mode in Los Santos

Note: You must have a second controller inserted in port two. In the Ganton area, start from Grove Street where the Johnson house is located. Drive under the first bridge and continue to go straight. Next, youshould drive over some railroad tracks. After this, you should drive under a second bridge. Take the first right turn you see. It should be a dead end. Drive until your car hits the grass, then look to your left. You should see an open doorway. Walk through it and you should see a small "2 Player" icon. Press any button on controller two to begin. Additionally, when you are on the missions from Big Smoke go north of his house. You should see some wrecked buildings. Go through them to find a two player free roam icon.

Two player mode in San Fierro

Not far from the garage you own and beyond the construction area is a large building with a parking lot on either side, on the right side (north according to the map) is a two player icon. Multiple people types can be selected by the second player (three women and three men). Unlike those from the dating missions, this two player location will never go away.

Two player mode in Bone County

Starting at the abandoned airstrip, go west and north onto the road. There is a blackish-brown building on the south side of the road with a large balcony going all the way around it. Follow the balcony half way around and you will find a two player mode icon.

Two player mode in Tierra Robada

Start at your safe house in El Quebrados. Get on the street and follow it a short distance south until it turns left around the corner of a building. On the south side of this building will be a two player free roam icon. Stand near it and press Start on controller two to begin.

Two player mode in Whetstone

Go to the General Store in Dilmore. There is a two player icon there. The second player will be able to change their character.

Lock two player mode camera view

After two player mode is activated, press Back to lock the view to either player.

Freight Train missions

After you complete the game, you can roam anywhere. As an added bonus, you can steal a train. If you click Right Analog-stick while on the train, a freight train mission will start. You must drive to a train stop and deliver the freight. Be careful not to go too fast or you will derail. The easiest way to avoid derailment is go as fast as you can. However, if your controller starts to vibrate, release A.

Freight Train missions bonus

Successfully complete level 2 of the Freight Train missions to get $50,000 and free train rides.

Fire truck missions bonus

Steal a fire truck and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 12 of the fire truck missions to make CJ fireproof.

Easily complete fire truck missions

Bring a fire truck from another location into Angel Pine, then click Right Analog-stick to start the mission. This should be easier than doing it in Los Santos, San Fierro, the desert, or Las Venturas. When you do it at this location, and you are stuck on a cliff that you cannot get up (for example, if the burning car is on the freeway), take your time by taking the long way. You should only use this method if you have at least three minutes or more time remaining. Note: All fires will not always appear in Angel Pine, as they may also happen in Whetstone or other nearby places. Although this sounds difficult, there are not that many roads near the Angel Pine area which actually makes it easier to complete. If the fire truck gets severely damaged, enable the "Health" code.

Mike Toreno missions bonus

Successfully complete all missions assigned by Mike Toreno to get a flamethrower, minigun, rocket launcher, and homing rocket launcher to appear at his cabin in Tierra Robada.

Paramedic missions bonus

Steal an ambulance and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 12 of the paramedic missions to get a health limit of 150.

Easily complete paramedic missions

Go to Angel Pine, which is located in southeast area of the main map. In the northeast part of Angel Pine is a medical building with an Ambulance next to it. Get in it and start the missions. All the victims will appear in the city, which is very small. The farthest person will only be about ten seconds away from the drop off point. You can complete the missions in less then ten minutes by doing this. Also, the cops do not appear very often, allowing your wanted level to remain low. Additionally, do the Paramedic mission in the Angel Pine area. Click Right Analog-stick to start the missions. All injured people that must be taken to the hospital will be in the crowded town. Unlike the fire truck missions if done in this town, this mission has all the people in one place. Once you complete this mission, you will your health increased to 150. This is a also very good reward because you can jump from the highest place in the game without dying from the fall. Note: If you have the parachute in your inventory, you will die.

Pimping missions bonus

Steal the pimp convertible in the car wash parking lot near the Pay N' Spray and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 10 of the pimping missions to get money from prostitutes instead of paying them.

Quarry missions bonus

Successfully complete level 7 of the Quarry missions to get the Hunter Quarry asset and Quarry Mission time-trials.

Taxi missions bonus

Steal a taxi and click Right Analog-stick. After a total of 50 successful fares, you will unlock hydraulics and nitrous on all taxi-class vehicles. Click Left Analog-stick to jump whenever needed. Press LT or B while driving normally to use nitrous. After using nitrous, you must wait awhile between shots. However, that time decreases as your driving skill increases.

Truck missions bonus

Steal a truck and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 8 of the trucking missions to unlock RS Haul as a property.

Valet Parking missions bonus

Successfully complete level 5 of the Valet Parking missions in downtown San Fierro to get the San Fierro Valet Parking as an asset property.

Vigilante missions bonus

Steal any policy vehicle and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 12 of the vigilante missions to get an armor limit of 150.

Easily complete vigilante missions

Use the Rhino to complete the vigilante missions easier. Additionally, start the mission, put the vehicle in your garage, and exit so that the door closes. Enable the "Destroy all cars" code. The criminals will be killed. Run back to the garage, hop in the car, and repeat. This is also a good way to quickly gain more money and status points.

Steal any law enforcement vehicle and enable the "Deadly vehicle" code. If you enter the cheat code in the vehicle, you must get out of the car then get back in or the car will not resist damage, but will blow up anything it touches, and result in your car eventually exploding. After this, click Right Analog-stick and go at a slow speed (about 5 to 15 mph) and enable the "Destroy all cars" code. Note: If you go too slow or too fast, CJ will exit the car, making your vehicle blow up as well when you complete code entry. The enemy should blow up no matter where he is and result in a "Threat Eliminated" message and give you the reward money. Note: After level 26 is reached, your car becomes more explosion prone, as the "Deadly vehicle" code eventually wears off.

Get an FBI Rancher and drive onto the Julius Thruway in Las Venturas. Start Vigilante mode and begin driving around the highway. Just stay on the highway, and you will notice that the criminals start dying for no apparent reason. Just drive for about twenty minutes to get the 150 armor award easily.

Increase respect, money, driving skill and armor in vigilante missions

Enable the "Spawn Rhino tank" code and use it for the vigilante missions. When you reach level 12, your armor will increase to 150. Each time you kill a group of criminals, you will get money (on level 20 and over you will be winning $50,000 or more). If you get a wanted level, do not cheat to lower it. As police ram you, they will explode and your respect will increase. All the driving that you will do increases your driving skill somewhat.

Horseshoe bonus

Collect all fifty horseshoes in Las Venturas to get a M4, MP5, combat shotgun, and satchel charges to appear at the Four Dragons Casino.

Oyster bonus

Collect all fifty oysters to increase your sex appeal and lung capacity. Note: To find the oysters faster, get a Sea Sparrow (which can land on water). You can find one by the Sherman Dam.

Racing bonus

Get first place in all races at the four racing locations across San Andreas (marked with a checkered flag on the map/radar) to win $1,000,000.

Snapshot bonus

Take all fifty snapshots in San Fierro to get a sniper rifle, Micro SMG, shotgun, and grenades to appear at your San Fierro garage.

Tag bonus

Spray all one hundred hidden tags in Los Santos to get an AK-47, Tec-9, Sawn-off shotgun, and Molotov cocktails to appear inside your house on Grove Street.

100% game completion bonuses

Successfully complete the game with a 100% game completion. CJ will get a stats boost, extra money, and a Rhino and Hydra will be delivered to CJ's house on Grove Street.

Increase muscle or stamina

At about 22:00, go to a gym and work out, maxing yourself. After you have worked out enough for the day, wait another minute until the time is 0:00. Max yourself out for that day then go home. Save two or three times and you can repeat this process.

To get your character maxed out in the muscle and stamina attributes, do the following. Go the gym near the Johnson house. Work out until you are told that it is enough for one day. Go home (right down the block), save the game to advance to the next day. Return to the gym and you can work out again. You can now max out your muscle and stamina in less then a half hour.

Note: This trick requires a controller with a turbo feature. Go to a gym or Madd Dogg's mansion. Get on the treadmill and set it to level 7, 8, or 9. Enable the turbo feature and just hold A instead of tapping it. Your stamina will increase easily. You can also do this with weights, but you will have to tap B and A a little bit.

Increase weapon skill

Achieve a high wanted level and go into a restaurant. Shoot everyone with the weapon that you want to raise in rank. If you walk around and wait, police will spawn, but will not shoot you. Police can raise your weapon skill faster than pedestrians. This works best in Burger Shot because of the wide area that you can walk around in. Continue until you reach Hitman status.

Use the following trick in front of any safe house. Use the gun you want to get up to Hitman status to repeatedly shoot a car until it explodes. Then, go to the next car. Repeat this until you reach Hitman status for that weapon. Watch out for the police. You can shoot them, then keep shooting the cars. When you are almost dead, enter your safe house and save the game. Your health will be restored and wanted level removed.

Get lots of bullets for the guns that you want Hitman or Gangster status for. Go to Tierra Robada. Look around at the north of the island to find a little house. Stay in there and enable the "Increase wanted level" code three times. Stay in the cabin and wait for the police to approach. When they enter the house, kill them.

To attain Hitman level quicker, select your desired weapon and go to a Pay 'N' Spray. Park your vehicle directly next to the Pay 'N' Spray. Exit the vehicle and repeatedly shoot people, cars, and cops. When your wanted level is raised to two stars or above, run to your vehicle and drive into the Pay 'N' Spray to cancel it. If your vehicle is not damaged, the respray is free. Wait for the wanted stars to stop flashing, then start shooting people again.

Go into a police station and find a room with one entry point, and something that you can hide behind (like a desk). Take out your weapon. You should now have a two star wanted level. Shoot any cop who comes through the door. Every cop you shoot makes your gun skill go up by about five. Do this until you either die, run out of bullets, or enable the "Lower wanted level" code.

Increase driving skill

Go to San Fierro and pass the tests at the driving school. Additionally, find a tractor or a slow moving car. Drive the roads without going as fast as you can (move slowly). This will take awhile, but will increase your driving skills.

Increase bike skill

Enable the "Massive BMX bunny hops" code. Keep jumping very high by holding LT for a long time. As you jump, do some flips (backwards or any funny stunt) and land perfectly. You will then receive a unique stunt award or an insane stunt award and your skill will increase. To do this perfectly without falling while doing the stunts, use the "Never fall off your bike" glitch. Get some speed, jump as high as possible, do stunts, and do not fall. This will increase CJ's bike skill.

Increase underwater skill

Repeatedly swim underwater to increase your lung capacity and your underwater skill.

Easily max Lung Capacity

Dive underwater, and once your breath is out, you will start losing health. If you want to stay underwater, keep enabling the "Armor, health, money, and street creds" code when your health is low. You will be able to remain underwater, and max your Lung Capacity attribute easily.

Restore breath faster

When you are swimming and are about to run out of breath, return to the surface. Keep jumping up and down with X. Your breath meter will refill faster.

Raising stats quicker

Go to any pier over any body of water. Swim under the pier and stay in one position. This will immensely raise your muscle, stamina, and lung capacity in just under a minute. Stay under longer for better results.

Return to land faster

If you get stuck in the water, enable the "Spawn Hotring Racer" then "Spawn Jetpack" codes. It will not appear until you are on a non watery surface. Quickly jump on the car. It may be a far ride, but it is better than swimming.

Run faster

To run faster, enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Then, hold A while pressing the Left Analog-stick Forward. If done correctly, CJ will run faster than any car.

Infinite running boost

Enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. When you have the Jetpack on, take it off. Then, get about thirty feet behind it so you have running distance. Run into it by using the running boost (hold Left Analog-stick Up and keep tapping A). Just before you run into the Jetpack, release A and keep the Left Analog-stick in running position. This will give you unlimited running boost until the Left Analog-stick is released.

Unlock areas quickly

Enable the "Wanted level never increases" code. Go to the shaded areas of the game and they will become unlocked. If you go to a safe house and save the game, all areas will be unlocked from now on. However, in order not to be wanted when you go back into these areas, you must enable the "Wanted level never increases" code again, but you will be free to roam about.

Revealing territories

Get a plane and fly all the way to either the southeast, southwest, northeast, or northwest of the map where the ocean is found. Keep flying for thirty minutes in that direction, then jump out of the plane. Do not open the parachute and intentionally drown. When you arrive at the hospital, check your map. You will see that there are enormous amounts of new territories in San Fierro, Las Venturas, and some in Las Santos. You can take over these territories, and they only have one wave.

Quick map fill in Los Santos

To get all of the map showing in the starting area of the game, get on the freeway and continue going until you cannot go further. Then, pause the game and the entire bottom right half of the map should be marked as explored.

Gain respect

To gain respect, stay in your neighborhood and get a wanted star, then kill all the police that arrives. Once you reach a four star wanted level (and if you killed enough police), you will gain some respect. Additionally, completing missions is not the only way to earn respect. By spraying other gang's tags, you will also earn a bit, and by taking over another gang's area you will earn a lot. Note: You must have completed some missions before you can take over areas. You can see on the radar witch areas you have taken over, and which areas the enemy gangs own. Your own territory is marked with green, and your enemies are yellow or purple.

Respect status

Your respect is made up of the following factors:

    Running Respect (see below): 40%
    Mission Progress: 36%
    Territory Under Control: 6%
    Money: 6%
    Fitness: 4%
    Clothes: 4%
    Girlfriend Progress: 4%

Your Running Respect is changed by the following factors:

    Territory gained: +30%
    Killing a gang member: +.5%
    Killing a dealer: +.005%
    Killing a member of your gang: -.005%
    A member of your gang is killed: -2%
    Territory lost: -3%

Your respect affects the number of gang members that you can recruit:

    Above 1%: 2
    Above 10%: 3
    Above 20%: 4
    Above 40%: 5
    Above 60%: 6
    Above 80%: 7
Easy money

In order to waste time to allow money to accumulate without dealing with CJs eating needs, simply press Y in front of the television in your hideout. His health will remain constant, without him needing to eat. You can leave the Xbox idling in this state to accumulate money easily.

Walk into a bar and beat up all the customers with a bat, nightstick, or pool cue. More customers spawn and your wanted level will not rise. No one pulls out a gun, and your maximum health will increase after a number of fights. Beating up the person next to the pool tables gets you a pool cue, and every once in awhile a customer will spill a few hundred dollars.

Find a save point that is close to a betting shop. The one in the Montgomery are is ideal because it is near to the save point where you have to do the four missions for Catalina. Save your game, then go to the betting shop and bet all your money on a horse. It takes awhile to enter the numbers, but is worth it because you can make a huge amount of cash (especially if you bet on horses with odds of 10/1, 11/1, 12/1, etc.). It takes roughly three to four minutes to bet the maximum amount of money, which is $9,999,995. You will not win every time. When you lose, reload your last saved game. It is possible to get $250,000,000 by betting your winnings of $30,000 to $700.000 to $2,000,000 to the maximum bet.

Enable the "Deadly vehicle" and "Flying cars" codes. When you are up in the air, fly down to the ground and hit it to get money for a unique trick. The higher you go and hit the ground, the more money you can make. You can also deactivate the code while in the air and hit the ground to make a lot of money.

Enable the "Flying cars" code. Fly around for a few seconds, then touch the ground. You will get money for insane stunts.

While on a BMX bike, enable the "Massive bunny hops" code. Then, hold LT and jump. While in the air, hold LT and as soon as you hit the ground release the button. Do this continuously to get big combos.

Easy Hitman rating

Shoot at the black part of a wheel. If you shoot at the rim it will not work. Keep on shooting until the skill bar is all the way up for the desired weapon.

Easy dual sawn-off shotgun ability

It is recommended that you spray all 100 tags, as it is easier for ammunition and early on missions. Get a cop car (preferably a car, OT truck, rancher, etc.). Save it in the Johnson family garage; save the game if desired. Get a large amount of sawn-off shotgun ammunition. If all 100 tags were sprayed, it is available in Johnson kitchen. Go to the garage. Get as far away from the car as possible without letting the garage door close. Then crouch, aim for the grill of the police car, and shoot. Every few shots (or every time the car catches fire), you should have more weapon skill. It will eventually upgrade about every minute. When it catches on fire, let the garage repair the car and come back. This does not work as well at getting Hitman on the other weapons.

Easy money in Los Santos

From the Johnson house in the Ganton area, go straight until you are in the front yard of the house opposite of yours. Turn right, and go behind it by going between that house and the one next to it. Go in the backyard until you are in the corner. You should see a pistol. Take it, then get back to Grove Street. If you see man, usually in black, that is standing there with his arms crossed, shoot him. He usually carries about $2,000 or more and a pistol, because he is a drug dealer. Repeat this to get easy money. Kill him quickly before he shoots you. It is possible to get $50,000 in one day by doing this.

Upon exiting the Johnson house in Grove Street, walk straight toward the house opposite of yours, which is the one that sometimes has the BMX bike in the front yard, until you are in the grass. Go to your right between that house and the one next to it. Walk toward the corner and get the pistol. Go back to Grove Street and find a drug dealer. He is dressed in black with his hands crossed down at his hips. You will know he is a drug dealer because if you face him, he will try to do business. You will get a pop-up display in the top-right part of your screen on how to respond to him, even though you cannot actually buy anything. If you shoot and kill him, he drops $2,000 dollars or more, and a gun just like that one you picked up. Note: He will shoot back -- try to get a headshot. There is another drug dealer that is wearing a white hooded sweatshirt that does the same thing. He can usually be found up in the northeast part of Los Santos. You can find these dealers all over Los Santos in the areas littered with gangs.

Go to the building with the parachute. When you get to the top, spawn a Caddy. Get in and drive slowly towards the edge of the building, then just fall off. You will begin to flip slowly. However, if you nudge the edge of the building, the Caddy will spin and flip like crazy. When you hit the ground, you will get a very large insane stunt bonus.

Find the Inside Track Betting building in the Downtown area. Bet the maximum amount on the horse with the worst odds. If you lose, reload the game and try again. When you win, it will be a substantial amount.

Go to the Pig Pen Strip Club. You can jump on the big stage with the srtipper. Stand directly in front of her, and people will throw $100 to her each time, which you can collect. Be very careful not to touch her, or the guards will start shooting at you. Note: This cheat takes awhile -- eat before you go.

Get a weapon, then stand outside the your house in the Ganton area. Shoot your homies (wearing green). Some of them will drop a lot of money. Pick it up, and if you have a wanted level go inside and save the game. Repeat this to get a large amount of money.

This trick requires maximum bike skill for both motorcycles and a regular bike. Go to the highest building in Los Santos, the circular one, and jump off using either the motorcycle or bike. While you are in mid-air, you can spin for a little bit or try to do a back flip. Stay on the bikes until you land and you will receive an insane stunt bonus for over $200.

Enable the "Kinky theme" code and enter the Ganton area with a nice car. Drive up the alley were the burglar truck is located. Park there and within seconds prostitutes will approach. Press Left to accept their offer, then get out of your car and kill them when they are done. You will get more money than paid.

Easy Stamina upgrade in Los Santos

Go to the Ganton Gym in Los Santos. Go to the bicycle and start at level 1. Work your way up to level 10. After awhile it will say that you have worked to your limit and to return. Keep pedaling and your stamina will start to increase.

Use the following trick to get a lot of weapons, increase your muscle, increase your stamina, and get a "Hitman" rating with any weapon. After the initial mission, go to the Verona beach area (on the south part of the map near the ocean). There is a free open gym here. Use it to increase your muscle and stamina. when you need to eat, there is a free hot dog stand down the path east of the gym, or just save the game at your house. To get "Hitman" status with any gun, find the weapon of your choice and shoot people or cars. Try going to any parking lot and shooting cars. It is easier and they respawn if you ride a short distance away and return. You can get as much money as desired doing the fire truck missions, then going to the off track betting after getting at least $10,000. Bet 10% of your money on the last horse until you win. If you lose too much money, reload your game and return. Repeat this process until you have a good amount of money.

Easy weapons in Los Santos

Drive around and hit Ballas. When they are dead, pick up their guns then get back in your car and find more. This will get you a lot of weapons very fast.

Easy Hitman rating in Los Santos

This trick requires a controller in port two. To get an easy Hitman rating for either the 9 mm pistol or shotgun, go to the Los Santos Police Department. Note the two player icon across the street. Quickly enter the Police Department. Run and ignore any cops shooting at you and get the armor in the locker room. It is the first room on your right. There is an available pistol in the room on the right, at the far end of the hall. Proceed to dispose of the police using your pistol. If you need ammunition, the cops will drop a gun after you kill them. Your weapon skill will quickly raise as you kill the swarms of police that come after you. Continue shooting until your armor level becomes low or is gone. Then, run to the far end of the police station hall, down the stairs, and into the holding cells. In the middle cell is more armor. Use it and continue your massacre until your armor is once again depleted. Next, quickly run out of the door and across the street to the two player icon. Click Right Analog-stick on controller two to enter two player mode. Simply kill the second player and your wanted level will be gone and your health will be refilled. Repeat this to gain Hitman status or simply gain ammunition. Note: Hitman status with the pistols will allow duel wielding, faster firing, improved accuracy, lock-on range increased and faster strafing. There is also a shotgun hidden in the police station in the room on your left as you enter, then to the room at the right at the end of that one. The shotgun may not respawn as soon as you enter, but in at least 60 seconds one should appear. You can use this available shotgun to reach Hitman status with. Note: Hitman status with the shotgun only gives you improved accuracy, move while firing, faster firing rate and lock-on range increased -- not duel wielding. Duel wielding can only be achieved with the sawed-off shotgun.

To raise your weapon skills quickly, enter a dance club, such as the "Alhambra" in the Idlewood area. Begin shooting people with the weapon of your choice. Doing so during the afternoon or night hours (12:00 to 04:00) greatly increases the amount of people that respawn in the club. Since so many people spawn, you have a virtually limitless amount of people to "train" with. Doing so however, raises your wanted level greatly. Enable the "Lower wanted level" code or know where the police bribes are, as you will need them.

Go to the actual beach part of the Verona Beach area. Start shooting with the desired gun. The cops will arrive after awhile, but you can make them go away or just kill them for more. Keep doing this until the desired gun is at Hitman level. It is possible to get four weapons up to Hitman level in about an hour.

Walk out from CJ's house and make sure there a car in his garage. Use any weapon to shoot the car in the garage until it catches on fire. Walk away and let the garage close Then, open it and repeat the steps. You can do this with any weapon to get an easy Hitman level.

Go into the bar near CJ's house in the Ganton area. Kill everyone there and try to get a two or three star wanted level. Start killing the police that come through the door. When no one remains, turn around and look. They should be there.

Go to your house in Grove Street. Start randomly killing people until you have two star wanted level. Kill all the cops with any desired weapon. Make sure you have armor on. When you have low health, save the game, then repeat.

Drive to the Burger restaurant where OG Loc is working. Mark the location of the Pay 'N' Spray near the beach closest to this spot on your map. Go into the restaurant with a two or three star wanted level. Order food if needed, then hold the place up. Everyone will crouch down into a fetal position. You may kill them if desired, as they have some money. The police will morph into the building but they will be in the same position as the customers. They will not shoot you, never stop coming in (usually seven at a time). You have all the time needed to reach Hitman status on any gun. Make sure you have at least 400 bullets or more. You may also go back out and immediately return if you get hungry, but you must hurry to the counter. Sometimes the police will be eating there and they will shoot at you immediately. However, as soon as you aim your gun, they will stop, but the food will not be available if this is done. When you are finished, make sure all seven officers are alive in the building (this seems to cause less police shooting at you on the outside), then hold A + Left Analog-stick Right to run around to the back of the building. There are always two vehicles parked here. Take one and make two rights then a left to the Pay 'N' Spray. Wait inside until the flashing stars disappear. Do this for two weapons and you will have over half your reputation easily.

Easy races

Before you enter a race, enable the "Cars fly away" code. During the countdown, start entering the "Pedestrians riot" code, but do not press the final button until they take off. Run over all the racers and ram their cars.

Easy Pilot license

Go to the airport in San Fierro and enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Enter the Shamel jet and enable the "Speed up time" code. Fly it until a message appears in the corner. Fly it for about five or ten more minutes and you will have a pilot license without going to pilot school. Note: Make sure you save the game.

Saving money

Buy lots of ammunition for the Tec-9 which costs about $300. When you have enough, buy one SMG. The game will transfer all your Tec-9 ammunition into your SMG, saving you thousands of dollars. Note: This does not work for the pistols, rifles, or thrown weapons.

Free Pay N' Spray

Get a car that can be used for the pimping missions. Go to a Pay N' Spray. When the door is closing, click Right Analog-stick to activate the pimping missions. Then click Right Analog-stick to deactivate the missions after the door has closed and is re-opening. The door will open again, giving you a free spray. You can repeat this as many times as desired.

Cheap car bomb

Get a fast car or a motorcycle. Either shoot the vehicle or bang it up real good. When it is on fire, press Y to jump out. This technique is also good for taking over hoods quickly and easily.

Descend quickly

When stuck at the top of a cliff or mountain and you need to go to the bottom, do not bother going the long way around to get down safely. Instead, edge yourself to the end of the cliff/mountain and slowly but surely you will slide down the side and land safely at the bottom.

Lose weight quickly

If you want to lose weight quickly, enable the "Speed up time" code.

Jump off building with motorcycles or bikes in Los Santos

Take any motorcycle or bike to the entrance of the tallest building in Los Santos. You will be taken to the roof. Note: This only works with this building and two-wheeled vehicles.

Basketball Challenge mini-game

Go to one of the basketball courts that have full courts and a chain link fence round them. One of the hoops will have a basketball. Walk up to the basketball and press Y to start playing. While playing basketball, click Right Analog-stick to start the Basketball Challenge mini-game. A red marker will appear on the court. Run to the red marker and shoot the ball. If you make the shot, the red marker will move to a new spot on the court. The goal of the mini-game is to sink as many shots as you can before time runs out. Each shot you make adds a few seconds on to the clock. When time runs out, CJ will automatically resume playing basketball. Your highest score will be recorded and shown the next time you play the Basketball Challenge mini-game.

Basketball tricks

While playing basketball, press B to spin the ball on your finger. Press X to roll the ball along your shoulders.

Play basketball in Los Santos

After completing the Taggin Up Turf mission, you can go beside Sweet's house. There will be a basketball court with a basketball in the middle. Walk up to it and press Y to play basketball. Note: You can only play by yourself.

Play pool and arcade games in Los Santos

Go out of CJ's neighborhood in Ganton. At night, you will see a bar with beer bottles flashing on top of it. It is next to the bridge. Go inside the bar, and there will be a man next to the pool table. Walk up to him and press Y to play a game of pool. You can also bet money on the game. There are also arcade games you can play in the bar.

Play video game in Los Santos

Go in CJ's living room and walk up to the television. Press Y to play "They Came From Uranus".

Practice dance moves in Los Santos

In the Idlewood area (between the three way highway section and the red line where the train is passing on your map) is the Alhambra Club. You can find it easily by the four torches at the entrance. Once there, you can practice your dance by pressing the corresponding buttons (A, B, Y, and X) as shown on the screen). You can also play some video games at the arcade machine or buy some food or drinks at the vending machines.

Bet on horses

Near the Downtown and Mulholland Intersection areas (under the highway, next to the big parking lot), is a building called Inside Track Betting (with red/pink/blue posters). The entrance is just in front of it, and you can play a horse race game. You first bet on one of the horse to win, then the amount of money. Afterwards you can see the race.

Play pool for free

First, enter a bar, such as "The Green Bottle" in the Ganton area of Los Santos. Find a pool table and wager whatever desired. If you lose the game, just use the cue stick to hit the person who just took your money to death. Then, pick the money he drops, which may be slightly more than your bet. Additionally, when you walk in the bar, either play a game of pool or just kill the man standing there and take his pool stick. X up with the pool table and start pressing B. The pool balls should move.

Free pool shots

When playing pool you can get a free shot by pressing Y as you take your shot and hit the ball. If done correctly, you should hit the ball and your cue should follow your white ball like if you had never taken your shot. If you pot the white ball by doing this, it freezes your game. Simply press Y as you press the Right Analog-stick Forward and you will get an extra shot every time.

Vending machines

When you find a vending machine that serves chips, zoom in on it with a pistol or rifle. It is blurry, but you can tell that the chips inside the machine are real-life brands. Some chips that can be easily identified are Doritos, Lay's Potato Chips, and Munchos, to name a few.

Vending machine in Los Santos

Go to the bar near Ganton but do not go in. Instead, look around the bar and close to the bridge will be a drink machine. Go up to it and press Y to pay $1 for a drink.

Breaking fences

Walk up to a fence and either punch it or cut it with a chainsaw.

Stop climbing fence or ledge

To stop climbing a fence or ledge, tap Y while CJ is trying to get over.

Climbing trees

To climb a tree, find a ledge that will allow you to jump to the branches at the top of a tree. If you hit them correctly, CJ should grab onto the branches and allow you to pull him up. There is an easily accessible one just outside of Glen Park Hospital to practice with.

Destroying cars quickly

To quickly blow up cars, shoot the gas tank. This is useful when killing a lot of people at once.

Lock on enemies

When fighting someone (not with gun), press RT to lock on to them.

Expand and shrink moon

Use a sniper rifle to shoot the moon to make it expand, then shrink in size.

Eating too much

If you eat too much in a restaurant you will vomit on the floor and the cashier will laugh at you. After this happens, you cannot eat again for a while.

Effects of being fat

When you are fat, CJ will say different phrases. For example, when you are fighting he will say "I got weight on my side," or "I may be big, but I ain't slow". The downside to being fat is that when your body fat meter gets full, you run the risk of having a heart attack. This only happens in very rare circumstances. You will return to the nearest hospital. Also, if you have no muscle stat, or very little, you may not be able to climb high walls or "super sprint". When fat, CJ will waddle around like a penguin, and if you look closely (this happens with no shirt) the fat on his body will wobble.

Take a photo of yourself

Have the camera active as your current weapon, then target a member of your own gang. Press LT to give them the camera and they will snap a picture of CJ. Alternately, have the camera and recruit a gang member. Switch to the camera and get close to the gang member you just recruited. There will be a menu pop up on the top left, telling you to press LT. After you press LT, get into place and take the picture.

Radio stations diss each other

Listen to Radio Los Santos and K-DST. On Radio Los Santos, at times between songs, Julio G. (station DJ) will make fun of the Playback FM DJ, saying "Playback FM has some cool records, but the DJ is wack," and Tommy "Nightmare" Smith, (K-DST DJ) will make fun of the Radio X DJ, usually just before the song "Running Down a Dream". He will say, "You know, I can't bear that chick on Radio X, or is it Rock X, Rock...listen sweetheart, get over it."

Radio shout-out from Denise

After you obtain Denise as you girlfriend after the Burning Desire mission, listen to Radio Los Santos. At times between songs, Julio G. (the DJ) will have a shout-out from Denise to you, and at the end he criticizes the shout out by saying "I got a shout out from Denise in Ganton who says she misses her boy desperately. And I quote, desperately. Hey, you know, this isn't Lonely Hearts, this is Radio Los Santos."

Screensaver

Allow the game to idle for a few minutes. The HUD will disappear and the game will zoom in on other nearby people instead of CJ.

Wanted level officers, weapons, and vehicles

Depending on your wanted level, different law enforcement vehicles, officers, and weapons will be used against you:

    One star: Police officers on foot, in cars, and HPV1000s (police bikes) will go after you. They have 9mms and nightsticks. If you do not have a gun out, they will try to beat you with their nightsticks. If you have a gun out, they will shoot.

    Two stars: Police officers in cars and HPV1000s will come after you. They will have 9mms and nightsticks, although they will not use their nightsticks. They will shoot at you no matter what. If you are in a car, cops will drive faster after you.

    Three stars: Police officers in cars will go after you. They will have the same weapons. Police choppers are now involved and shoot you from their guns. Police cars will go fast enough to be able to keep up with you and roadblocks will be in place at times, with officers shooting 9mms at your car.

    Four stars: Cops in cars and SWAT officers will come after you in Enforcers (SWAT vans). SWAT officers will now rappel from the police choppers. SWAT officers are now in roadblocks and SWAT officers will have Micro SMGs. If you are in an aircraft, a Hydra will go after you to shoot you down.

    Five stars: FBI agents will go after you with FBI Ranchers. Most authorities going after you will be the FBI; there will be less cop and SWAT cars. The police chopper still goes after you, and the FBI will replace the SWAT men in roadblocks. FBI agents carry SMGs.

    Six stars: Military soldiers will go after you in Rhinos (tanks) and Barracks trucks. They will replace the FBI in roadblocks. The army will carry M4s.

Recruiting gang members

Press RT to target a gang member, then press D-pad Up.

Saving gang members

To save a gang member or bodyguard when you turn off the game, go to your safe house. Go to your garage, run in the garage with your bodyguards. Run out without your bodyguards, and then save the game.

Gang member drive-by

Once you have a level one Respect upgrade, go to Grove street and walk up to a gang member (dressed in green). Without a gun equipped, hold RT on a gang member and press D-pad Up. You have now recruited him into your own personal mini-gang. If you get into a car, they will follow you. If you get three gang members and get in a four-door car, you can drive through Balla territory and your homies will lean out of the car and shoot at the Ballas who are driving by or standing around. They will also attack anyone who could be a threat to you (for example, the police). You can get only one gang member on the back of a PCJ-600, and no gang members on a Rhino. Note: To tell your members to stay, hold RT and press D-pad Down. To tell them to follow you, hold RT and press D-pad Up.

Taking over gang territories easily

An easy way to take over territories is to find a high place like a roof top. First, kill a few gang members to start the war, then get onto a roof. When you are up there, they will still shoot at you, but will not have accurate aim and will miss frequently.

Note: It is recommended that the "Air Strip" missions be completed first. To easily take over territories, go to the airstrip and take the Jetpack. Go to any enemy territory and start a gang war by killing some enemy gang members. Fly and land on any building roof you can easily see incoming enemy gang members. Kill all gang members from up there. By doing this, you can easily hold all enemy territories. Be patient when killing gang members, and try to stay inside the war zone. The distance between the airstrip and enemy territories is long, but this is the easiest way to quickly and safely hold enemy gang territories. All territories can be held by using the Jetpack, but only one by one.

Keep gang territory easily

If your gang turf is under attack, go to a save point and save the game. When it is done saving, your turf will no longer be under attack and it will still be yours. Additionally, when your hood is under attack, find a police car or motorcycle, fire truck, ambulance, or taxi. Get in and click Right Analog-stick to start the vehicle's missions. Then, click Right Analog-stick again to exit and your hood will be safe.

Unlock more gang territories in Los Santos

Get in a Rustler from the abandoned airport and fly southeast. Once you pass Los Santos International Airport, fly to the top of the second altitude bar and release A to allow the plane fly in autopilot. About every three minutes, look at your stats and examine the Gang section to find that the Vagos or the Ballas have gained a territory. Sometimes the Grove Street also takes more territories. To get the entire map filled with gang territories, let the plane autopilot for over two hours. Check you plane periodically so that it does not crash in the ocean. Once you die, the territories will be visible on the map.

Gang member race

You can do this trick in any race mission with the checkered flag on your map. Bring a gang member with you. You can even bring three if the race is with a four door car. Walk into the red mission circle. Select a race and when it starts and counts down, you will see your gang member spawn to the street and walk towards your car. The races will start, and you must wait a moment before he gets in your car.

Gang member poses

Get a camera and recruit one of your Grove Street members. Hold RT to look through the lens, and your gang member will go in front of it and give a thumbs up or wave.

Stealth kills

With a knife, target a person and sneak up behind them. Press B, and if they do not notice you, you will perform an instant kill silently.

Manual aim with any weapon while driving

Enable the "Manual weapon drive bys in cars" code and run out of bullets in your Uzi, Tec-9, or Micro SMG. Get out of your vehicle, then select the weapon of your choice (except grenades and rocket launchers). Get back into the vehicle and enable any "Weapons" code. The crosshairs are back on and you can shoot that weapon.

Hit pedestrian with the front of your shotgun

Note: This cannot be done with more than two weapons. Get a melee weapon (baseball bat, dildo, or a police nightstick) and an ordinary shotgun. If you have more than those two weapons this trick cannot be done. Switch to your melee weapon. Walk up to a pedestrian and hit them, then immediately press B to switch to your shotgun. If done correctly, CJ should hit the pedestrian with the shotgun as if he were using it as a melee weapon.

Roboi's Food Mart asset in Los Santos

Go to the 24-7 store located near the Conference Center area. Outside the front parking lot will be a bike. Get on the bike and you will automatically begin the courier missions, which require you to deliver packages thought Los Santos by throwing them through rings at the destination. After completing three levels you will acquire the 24-7 store. Use the bike that was in front of to collect up to $2,000.

Reach hidden areas in Los Santos

Enter the Ganton Gym and spawn the Jetpack. Go over the arrow, out but do not go out. Fly up through a blank tile. An all-black area will appear. Use the thermal goggles to see all the people you have killed. You can also see an illegal tattoo parlor, a tornado, a hidden city in your garage in San Fierro, a tornadom and other things. Do not lose height or you will have to kill yourself when you land.

Spray paint as a weapon

The spray paint is not only meant for spraying tags. It also can be used as a weapon. Aim the spray paint in the direction of a pedestrian and they will lean forward, coughing.

Spray paint in Los Santos

There is a spray can located in the upstairs bedroom of CJ's house in the Ganton area.

Go in back of CJ's house. Climb onto the wall and walk over to the his house. Jump onto it then climb to the raised part of his house. Walk towards the back of it, and you will see that there is a building connected to it. Walk onto that building and you will see a can of paint.

Dildo and nightstick weapons in Los Santos

Enter the police station in the Pershing X area of Los Santos. Walk around inside the police station to find the shower/bathroom. In there you will find a large purple dildo that can be used to hit people. There is also a PR-24 (nightstick) in the police station as well. You can pick up the dildo and the PR-24 without anything happening, but when you take the shotgun you will get two stars on your wanted meter.

Go to the small town of Dillimore near Red County. Find the police station with the garage opened up outside. Unequip your weapon and enter the police station by walking over the entrance marker. Once inside, proceed into the hallway ahead of you and take the first right into a locker room. In this locker room will be body armor and a night stick. Keep walking behind the locker room, and there will be an opening in the wall with a large walk-in shower. Proceed into the shower and take an immediate right. You will see a pink dildo spinning. You can pick this up as your melee weapon and begin dildo-bashing people.

Cane in Los Santos

Go behind to the Vinewood sign. Search behind the "V" to find a cane that can be used as a melee weapon.

Chainsaw in Los Santos

Follow the train tracks south towards the Ocean Docks area. Along the way you should see some tire piles. Look around the stacks and you will find a chainsaw.

Brass knuckles in Los Santos

When you first start the game, go to the underpass two doors from your house in the Ganton area. There are brass knuckles in the grass.

Shovel in Los Santos

Go into Ryder's back yard (to the right of your house) in the Ganton area. There is a shovel next to the back of the house.

Katana in Los Santos

Find the 8-Ball shop near where you did the mission where you met Ceaser. Directly behind the 8-Ball shop is a fence. Climb over it and you will find the katana.

Handgun in Los Santos

Go behind Big Smoke's house. In the corner will be a gun.

Walk to the street from CJ's house. Walk between the house across from CJ's and go to the right. You will see a hand gun.

Shotgun in Los Santos

When you rob the pizzeria with Ryder in the beginning of the game, instead of running to the car as soon as you get out of there, punch out the clerk for the shotgun. Note: This works better if you get the brass knuckles found underneath the over pass near your hood.

Machine gun in Los Santos

Jump on top of Big Smoke's house, then jump on roofs towards CJ's house. On top of one will be a machine gun.

Go in back of CJ's house. Climb onto the wall and walk over to the his house. Jump onto it then climb to the raised part of his house. When you are on his roof, jump onto the house next to his then jump onto Sweet's house to obtain a machine gun.

Uzi in Los Santos

There is an Uzi under the bridge in the waterway to the right of your house in the Ganton area when you exit it.

Weapons storage warehouse in Los Santos

Go to the Ocean Docks area in Los Santos. Look for railroad tracks and follow them south until they lead to a building with boxcars. The complex can only be entered by jumping the wall, going through the boxcar warehouse, or by an opening to the right of the warehouse. The boxcar warehouse has a sawed-off shotgun (you will need a car to get it) in one of the cars, a plank bridge that leads to body armor, and gas grenades located at the back exit. A short distance away from the back exit, you will see an entrance to another warehouse. This one is full of crates. Go through the crates to find stairs. Behind the stairs is an AK-47. Go up the stairs to find more body armor.

Dual weapons

Reach the "Hitman" rank in a weapon skill to be able to wield two of that weapon at once. To increase your weapon skill, practice at the shooting range or use that weapon frequently. You can dual wield pistols, the sawed off shotgun, Uzi, and Tek.

Double SMG ammunition

Go into an Ammu-Nation and enter the shooting range. Press Y as soon as it starts to exit the shooting range. If you were carrying an SMG at the time, your ammunition will have doubled. Repeat this trick to get as much as needed.

Get automatic fire with any weapon

In two player mode, enable any weapon code one time. Waste all the ammunition in your SMG gun. Then, hold the weapon you want to have automatic fire (Desert Eagle recommended). Get in the passenger side of a car while the other player drives. While holding the Desert Eagle in the car, enable the same weapon code again. You can now shoot the gun automatically.

Fire while out of ammunition

If you fire a gun out of a car in two player mode with no ammunition, it will still fire but no bullets will actually be shot out.

Suicide bomber

Enable the "Weapons (tier 3)" code, then select the bombs which are blown up by a detonator. Throw one of them at someone, and it should stick to them. You can now blow them up like a suicide bomber.

Boxing moves in Los Santos

Go inside the gym and defeat its owner to learn boxing style attacks.

Kick boxing moves in Las Venturas

Go inside the gym and defeat its owner to learn kick boxing style attacks.

Martial arts moves in San Fierro

Go inside the gym and defeat its owner to learn martial arts style attacks. Additionally, to do the Kung Fu kick that he teaches, hold RT then tap Y. To do a super Kung Fu kick, enable the "Super punches" code. The move will now knock a pedestrian down and kill them.

Escape police in Los Santos

Walk behind the Mullholland safe house to the pool. Face the side that has five windows. Walk into the one closest to the corner. Go to the area of that window that is away from the corner. Slowly go in there and lean to the right. Unless you go too slow and lead an officer in there, you will be safe. The police can see you, but cannot hurt you, even when you have the maximum amount of stars on your wanted meter.

Devoted bodyguard

Start two player mode and get on a skyscraper. Have one player on the edge of the building and the other player directly behind him. Have the player on the edge jump off, and immediately afterwards have the other in the same spot jump off. As soon as one player lands, the second one will follow and land on him. You will now notice that the second player will have almost full health, using the first player as a cushion.

Recruited cops give wanted level

Enable the "Recruit anyone into your gang" code. Go up to some police and press RT to target them (without a gun in your hand). Press Up to recruit them. Go anywhere where the cops are not at. Shoot or punch someone, or just shoot nothing. Your recruited cop will put a one star wanted level on you.

Scared cops

Go into a Burger Shot restaurant and kill everyone. Then, leave and immediately go back in. Kill everyone until you have four stars on your wanted meter. Cops will enter the shop. If you start shooting, all the cops will act like the people in the shop, and curl up scared. The cops will not shoot you. If you kill them, more will just keep appearing in the same locations.

Cops spawn in club

Get a three star level level while in a club. Three or four cops will appear and start shooting.

Hack into casinos for free in Las Venturas

In order to hack inside and win free money, meet ''C'' (Kendl's girlfriend) and complete one mission. As they have the casinos ready for you, kill all guards and be done.

Very large stunt bonus in Los Santos

Get a BMX and ride it to the most northern safe house in the Mulholland area near the Vinewood sign. Note: If you are interested in buying it, the cost is $120,000. Notice that the building is in a "L" shape. Go to the inner corner of the "L", next to the pool. Ride into the walls and you will fall through one of them. You will go into a glitched area. Perform lots of rotations before you land back near the safe house to get an extreme stunt bonus.

Make the moon bigger and smaller

Using the sniper rifle, shoot the moon at night. It will begin to shrink. After it gets to a certain size, it will begin to grow again.

Survive high falls

Repeatedly tap X as CJ is falling to take less damage when he hits the ground. Additionally, max out your health bar and get full armor. Go to a high building, such as the one in the Downtown area of Los Santos. Get on the roof and jump off without a parachute in your inventory. When you hit the ground, you will lose most of your life, but still have a small amount remaining. Note: If you have a parachute in your inventory, you will die when you hit the ground.

Take a Shamal or Hydra into the second meter of altitude. With a parachute, jump out of the plane and press B to open it. Then, immediately press Y. You will fall to the ground, and if you have full health you will survive with just a little remaining.

If you accidentally fall off a very high building, enable the "Spawn parachute" code. Press B to open the parachute and you will drift safely down to the ground.

Reaching other cities early

Hijack the train. The easiest way to do this is when it is at one of the stations. Then, drive it full speed to the bridges to the other islands. You may need to use the entire city to pick up enough speed. Also, you must be careful around sharp turns. The train will de-rail. Note: This was done with the freight train. When you approach the bridge at the edge of the city, you will slow down, even if you are going very fast. The train will pass through the barricade, as if it were a ghost. You will get a four star wanted level. There is a police bribe on the train tracks in the second city that you will pick up if you pass by it on the train, but your wanted level will immediately jump back to four stars. Also, the train is bullet proof. You cannot die from bullets when inside the train.

When in Los Santos, you will find that all bridges to the other two regions will be blocked by blockades. Sometimes if you try to go through the blockade at high speed with a fast vehicle, it will go through and glitch, along with the AI vehicles that are following.

Enable the "Wanted level never increases" and "Flying car" codes. You can now go to all of San Andreas without the four star wanted level appearing. Note: This must be done again every time you load a saved game. Also, if you shoot cops with the "Wanted level never increases" code enabled, some cops will get out and walk away but others will fire their guns at you.

Enable the "Drive on water" code or swim across the ocean to where you want to go. You will automatically get a four star wanted level when coming ashore in Las Ventruas and a five star wanted level for coming ashore in San Fierro. These stars will not go away with the "Lower wanted level" code, but will disappear when you leave the city.

The following is a multi-step process which may take some time to get correct. Get the parachute located on top of the very tall building a few blocks from the police station in downtown Los Santos. The building is shaped circular inside and "L" shaped on your map. Walk around to the northeast corner of the circular building and step into the yellow triangle to get the parachute that is on the roof. Take it, and keep it (do not switch to a weapon). Go back down and get armor from the police station. It is nearby and has two sets. Do not draw a weapon in the station or you will get a two star wanted level. Next, get the jet at LSX, the airport at Los Santos. Drive up to the gate, climb up on your car, and onto the guard booth, and climb over into the airport. Walk back around to the gate. It will open, and you can get your car and drive back in. Then, find the jet. It is called the Shamal and is located at the end of the runway. Take off and get some practice flying, diving, climbing, rolling, etc. Next, choose a location on your map that you want to go. You can press B on the map screen to pin that location on the radar. For example, choose the Binco store in Las Venturas. It is next to the Las Venturas airport and the highway. Once you pass the city line, you will get four stars on your wanted meter. Because you are in the air, they will try to shoot you down with missiles. Notice the two red blips on your radar that are fast approaching. Dive, climb, and roll and the missiles will miss. Do not forget to keep your eye on your target. Once you are over your target and are very high, press Y to exit the plane. You will drop straight down. You must be high enough for your parachute to open or you die when you hit the ground. When you are safely on the ground, start running. If you chose to go to Binco or another store, notice that you can go inside and buy clothes. If you buy clothes, you will get rid of the four stars wanted level, as long as you remain in the store. Once you step outside, the four stars will return to your wanted meter.

Reach other cities early in Los Santos

Use the following trick to get to the other cities before their freeway entrances are actually open. Go to any bridge that connects the start of city of Los Santos to any of the closed cities. Jump into the water that is under that bridge and swim across. When you get far enough, you will have a four star wanted rating. Once you get on land, get a vehicle as soon as possible. Note: You cannot use bribe icons or the Pay N' Spray to decrease this wanted rating.

Reach Las Venturas early in San Fierro

When you get to San Fierro, go to the shore and travel until you see the Golden Gate Bridge. Enable the "Drive on water" and "Spawn Rhino" codes. Get in the tank and find a way off of the shore. Drive until you get to Las Venturas, and drive onto land. When you get there, you will have a four star wanted meter. Explore the city, and when the police cars hit you, they should explode. Once you are done exploring, drive back into the water or swim back. The area you just explored should be on your map. Note: You cannot buy any property while invading the city. This trick can also be done to explore San Fierro early from Los Santos.

Fly plane without pilot license

Go to either Los Santos or Las Vatos airport. Go to the place that you would enter if you had a pilot license. If you try to get in the gate, it will say you cannot unless you have the license. Next to the gate is a small building. You will need a small car or any type of bike (BMX, bike, motorcycles, etc.). Stand on top of it and jump on top of the building. Jump off and you should see a fence (at Los Santos Airport). Climb the fence and you will see a Dodo plane. Also, if you follow the runway east, you will see a small jet that is unlocked. At Las Vatos, follow the same procedure. After you jump off of the building, just walk around and look for a plane. Note: All but one of the aircraft at San Fereno's airport are locked.

After using the "Fly plane without pilot license" trick at the Los Santos airport, go forward you should see a Dodo airplane. Get in and take a right when inside the plane. Go straight, then take a right at the runway. Go down it until you see a jet on the right. It is not on the runway. You can get out of the Dodo and get in the jet. You can now fly the jet wherever desired. However, be careful -- if you go out of your territory you will get four stars and jets will shoot missiles at you. Try to dodge them if possible.

Go to the Los Santos airport and get to the place that you would enter if you had a pilot license. If you try to get in the gate, it will say you cannot unless you have the license. Next to the gate is a small building. You will need a small car or any type of bike (BMX, bike, motorcycles, etc.). Stand on top of it and jump on top of the building. After you jump off of the building, just walk around and look for a plane.

To get into the Los Santos airport without a pilots license go all the way south until you reach a tunnel. On the south side of the tunnel, look along the fence line of the airport. Notice how the sidewalk has an incline. Walk up the incline and climb up the ledge where the bottom of the fence starts. Turn towards the ramp sign and jump across. You should grab onto the sign. Then, climb up on top of it, turn towards the fence, and jump. You should jump across and grab the fence. CJ will pull himself up and over, and you will be in the airport.

To access Los Santos International airport early, get a large van and hop over the fence where the guard tells you that you need a pilots license. You can also get any car and hop over the fence around the corner from the guard. Once inside, you will have to hop another fence, then you will find a Dodo. If you go a little further inside near the runway, you will find a jet.

Go to either the Los Santos airport and get to the place that you would enter if you had a pilot license. If you try to get in the gate, it will say you cannot unless you have the license. Next to the gate is a small building. You will need a small car or any type of bike (BMX, bike, motorcycles, etc.). Stand on top of it and jump on top of the building. After you jump off of the building, just walk around and look for a plane.

Walk up to the airport gate in San Fierro, touching it. Then, walk along the side of the gate into the corner were the fence bends (keeping in contact with the gate) and walk back into the middle of the gate. It will slide open. You must start in the middle and walk to whichever side the gate will slide open to. For example, if the gates on the left, walk to the left. If it does not work at first, keep trying.

Parachute in Los Santos

In the Downtown area (near the three way highway section and the red line where the train is passing on your map), you will see a tall circular building with blue/white glass windows. The entrance (with the yellow triangle) is just in the front of it. Enter it, and you will go to the roof of the building where you can find a parachute. Take it, jump down from the roof, and press B to open the parachute. Use the Left Analog-stick to control it. Note: You must wait a short time until the parachute respawns back on the roof.

In the Downtown area, there is a skyscraper near the overpass with three triangular columns in front of the corner entrance. Across the street is a building with circular structures around the windows and facing west at the end of the street, a building with a yellow "gems" billboard on top. Enter the skyscraper and go up the stairs. You will see the parachute. If you want to try it, jump off the building and press B. Note: Each parachute is good for one jump only.

Go to the police station in the Downtown area. At the doors, you will see a yellow upside down triangle. When you walk in it, you will see a flight of stairs. Go up them and look to the left. You will see a parachute backpack. Walk to it and make sure your weapon display shows the backpack. When you confirm that it is there, jump off and press B. The parachute will open. Use the Left Analog-stick to steer yourself left or right or slow down. You can wait until you are lower before opening it. If you wait too long, the parachute will not open in time and you will die.

Parachute in San Fierro

Go to the Downtown area. Find the very big building. Out front, there a sign that reads "No base jumping". Go to the yellow triangle and you will go to the top. You will automatically get a parachute. This jump lets you fall a long way before opening the parachute. Note: You can only jump once, unless you die.

After you unlock Mt. Chiliad in the Whetstone area, take a Sanchez to the top of the mountain. Once at the very top, look for a mobile home, and a van. Behind them is a parachute. Pick it up, then look for the ramp by the flag. Driver very fast and jump off. After a few seconds in the air, jump off the bike, then press B to deploy your parachute, or you can wait to do some free falling. You can also jump off of some high buildings, and out of airplanes.

There is another parachute on the top of the mountain (by the two vehicles). You can fly the Dodo up there, take off, and jump out of the plane whenever you desire. Just press B and the parachute will open. By the time you get back to the mountain, another parachute will have respawned. Note: Sometimes when you jump out of the plane, it will not explode, even from that altitude.

Unless you have a license, do the "Fly plane without pilot license" trick to get a plane or helicopter early. Fly to the top of Mt. Chiliad. On the east side where campers are parked, there will be rocks. There should be a parachute on those rocks.

If you ride to the top of Mt. Chiliad, you will find yet another parachute location as well as a Bmx bike race marathon as well as a speed ramp which you can use to fly of the mountain if desired.

Use the Jetpack to reach the very top of the northernmost tower of the bridge leading from San Fierro to Tierra Robada to find a parachute to skydive with.

Skydiving

Go to any airport. Look for a yellow arrow at the entrances of the airport where you can buy a ticket to another city. Buy the ticket and start the flight. Do not press A and skip the flight. Wait for the airplane to take off and get high in the air. Press Y and CJ will jump out of the airplane with a parachute and begin skydiving. When you want to open the parachute, press B and float down. There are also other places you can skydive, such as the tall building in the Downtown area of Los Santos, and off the top of Mt. Chiliad. Additionally, to get a parachute very easily, get into any type of flying vehicle, except the Jetpack. You will instantly receive a parachute. If you fly high into the air, then jump out of your plane or helicopter, the parachute will automatically be switched into your weapon inventory.

Skydive longer

Enable the "Cars fly away" code. Go to any airport and hit any aircraft. Then, enter that craft. All you have to do is steer. Soon the height meter will just stay up. You will get to fly higher than normal when you do this. Fly as high as you desired, then Jump out for a long trip back to earth.

Easy money in San Fierro

Do the valet side-quest missions. You will be awarded a $ spot, where periodically you can claim free money.

Hippy Shopper asset in San Fierro

Get on the Freeway bike in front of the Hippy Shopper store near the Ammu-Nation. Complete level 4 of deliveries to get the store as an asset, where you can collect money.

Valet Parking asset in San Fierro

After the 555 We Tip mission, you can do valet parking missions at the parking garage. You will be awarded a $ spot after level 5 of valet parking, where periodically you can claim free money.

Zero's RC Shop asset in San Fierro

After recruiting Zero, stop at his shop and complete all his missions. You will be awarded with a $ spot where you can periodically claim free money. Note: You can also make more money at Zero's place by doing an extra mission (after you have already completed all the missions to get the shop as an asset). Go to the back room in the shop and step into the red marker to trigger a mission where you use the RC Baron to destroy Berkely's shipping vans. For each van you destroy, you will get money. There is a time limit for each time you play the mission. You can replay this mission as many times as desired.

Bomb valet parking in San Fierro

Go to the valet parking hotel without your uniform and stand next to the valets. When a vehicle drives up, enable the "Weapons (tier 3)" code and plant a bomb on the car that is about to be parked . When the valet enters the vehicle, do not use the remote. Do it as soon as he reaches the parking garage. The car and the valet are toast.

Stealing from valet parking in San Fierro

Go to the valet parking hotel without your uniform. Stand next to the valets. When a car drives up, quickly get in and drive off slowly. The valet will begin to chase you . If he is very close to the car, get out, and let him get in . As soon as he does that, quickly pull him out and he will say "I am parking a car here". As soon as he says that, get back into the car and drive off. The valet will not chase you anymore.

Military vehicles in San Fierro

Near the port in San Fierro there will be a naval base. If you quickly enter the compound and drive around, you will eventually find a military truck and Patriot vehicle. Note: Once you enter the compound of the naval base, you will get a five star wanted level.

Baseball bat in San Fierro

You can find a baseball bat at the baseball diamond in San Fierro at home plate, across the street from Zero's RC Shop.

Chain gun in San Fierro

There is a chain gun on Point Kinclad (big red train tracks in San Fierro). Take a helicopter or the Jetpack and fly onto the first arch leaving San Fierro to go to Las Venturas to find it.

Flamethrower and pool stick in San Fierro

In the Doherty area, go behind your garage to find a construction area (marked brown on the map). Go to the building just left of the road on the brown area. Under a broken ramp is a flamethrower and pool stick.

Guided rocket launcher in San Fierro

Go to the airport and from where the two helicopters spawn, go to the left. There will be two little buildings near the water. To the right of one of them will be propane tanks. In between two of them will be a lock on rocket launcher.

Shooting gallery in San Fierro

Go to your gas station safe house. Find the trolley tracks (not the train tracks) in the middle of the road in front of the safe house. Enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code and wait for the trolley to pass by. Once it does, fly into the air and land on top of it. Then, press Y to take off your Jetpack. Enable any "Weapons" code and start killing pedestrians. Once the cops start chasing you, you will notice that when they try to ram you, the trolley will not get damaged, and is actually invincible. You will be able to drive through the town and use it like a giant shooting gallery. There is no need to worry if the military starts chasing you. The trolley car can ram right through the tanks, sometimes flipping them over. If your health gets low (you can still be shot by pedestrian cops), enable the "Health, armor, and money" code. This trick allows you to live a surprisingly long time while being hunted down by the feds. To enhance your experience, you can also enable the "Pedestrians riot", "Pedestrians with guns", "Aggressive traffic" and "Lower wanted level" codes, then relax and watch the havoc unfold around you all from the safety and comfort of a big red trolley car.

Fling Bulldozer around in San Fierro

Go to the construction yard near San Fierro. Go past the crane and turn left after the first hangar. Behind that, you will see a towtruck, Get in and drive towards the Bulldozer. Hook up the Bull Dozer. Drive up the hill to where there is an open area. Then, turn very sharp to either the left or the right. The Bulldozer will fling around, pulling the tow truck with it. For even more fun, get three or more tow trucks and hook them all up into a line. With three or more, the Bulldozer acts like a ball and chain flailing around.

Fall off building and live in San Fierro

Go to the Big Pointy Building (the one with a parachute) in the Downtown area and jump off. Open your parachute and land. Go back up to the top. This time, you will not get a parachute. Jump off. Before you hit the ground, you will hit the side of the building and slide down. When you are close to the ground, you should hit one of the many slanted poles that hold up the building. This will slow you down enough so that you only lose about one sixth of your health. Note: Sometimes you will not hit a slanted pole and lose more health or die.

Gant Bridge message in San Fierro

Note: This works best if you unlocked the Jet Pack or an expert at landing helicopters. Go to the Gant Bridge and fly up to the very top. Go the very top cable line piece that is horizontal, is south on the Gant Bridge, and is the closest to San Fierro. Fly up to the very top and look at the cable that is vertical to see a sign that reads "There are no Easter Eggs up here. Go Away".

Easy money in Las Venturas

Go to the strip club. Stand in front of one of the dancers and wait until somebody throws money at them. CJ will automatically pick it up and say a comment as in "How thoughtful". Leave the game like this for about an hour or two and your money should have increased significantly by the time you return.

Burger Shot asset in Las Venturas

Some of the Burger Shots have a timed delivery mission where you must send packages on a Faggio. Complete them to gain that restaurant as an asset.

Better slot machine odds in Las Venturas

When the slots are still spinning, press X(2), Y(2), B(2). This will increase your by chances by 25%.

Secret government agency base in Las Venturas

Get in any land or air vehicle and drive or fly to the abandoned air field in the region of Las Venturas. To the south from here, there is a little area that is a "no fly zone". If flown over, a mysterious five star wanted level will appear. This is because the area is a government agency secret base that holds several heavy and speedy army vehicles. You can also find this area in the middle part of the region of Las Venturas on the map included with the game.

Tear gas in Las Venturas

Go to the AT 400's hanger at the airport. There is a building with cars nearby. You will see a can which looks like spray paint. When you use it, C.J. does not choke. It is not very strong, but will choke pedestrians.

Sex shop in mirror in Las Venturas

In the tattoo parlor, kill the owner and pull out a camera. Zoom in fully into the mirror. You will be able to see the sex shop across the street.

Suicidal pedestrians in Las Venturas

Find the gym in the Redsands East area. It is parallel to a bomb shop called "Weddings & Weldings". There is an alley next to the shop. Go into it and stand on the eastern wall of the bomb shop. Look in the northeastern direction to see a tall white building. If you stand in the correct location, you can see pedestrians spawning on the lower roof and falling off. You can run up to a pedestrian after they have fallen, but you cannot stand underneath the roof and wait for them to fall on you; they only spawn from a certain distance.

Hunter Quarry asset in Bone County

Successfully complete all seven quarry missions to get it as an asset, where you can collect money.

Extra car storage space in Bone County

Once you have purchased the abandoned airfield in the Verdtant Meadows area, locate the massive garage directly opposite the house that is there. It may not look like a garage as it is a hanger for airplanes, but it is a perfect location to store a large number of cars.

Volcano effect in Bone County

Find the geyser in Bone County. Shoot a rocket at it and it will turn into a volcano.

Area 69 in Bone County

Get in any land or air vehicle and drive or fly to the abandoned air field in the region of Las Venturas. To the south from here, there is a little area that is a "no fly zone". If flown over, a mysterious five star wanted level will appear. This is because the area is a government agency secret base that holds several heavy and speedy army vehicles. You can also find this area in the middle part of the region of Las Venturas on the map included with the game.

Use the following trick to enter Area 69 without the law on you. Find Barbara (a girl you can date) in a town north of San Fierro and Tierra Robada. Start dating her. After you get your dating percent up to 100%, you will receive a police uniform. Go to a safe house and put it on. Get in a police car or Ranger police SUV (recommended). You can now drive into the base and get several things, such as different types of guns. You can also get a chopper called the Cargobob. You can also get Patriots, Rhinos, and Hydra fighter jets.

Go underground in Area 69 in Bone County

Do the underworld glitch (at the Vinewood safehouse head north from Madd Dogg's) and fly to Area 69. Find the underground complex. Find the area where you get the Black Project, and you should see an empty long hollow room next to it. It should have red boxes at the top of the "silo". Fly underneath the empty silo then fly to the top of the silo. You should see a "cage" where the room is of the red boxes. Try to take off your Jetpack. When you do, you should land in the Black Project area or the rooms around there. Note: To do the underworld glitch, find the safe house pool. Fly the Jetpack into the corner of the safe house. Then, fly to Area 69. Also, bring weapons and armor because the SAPD officers spawn down there.

Walk through ground in Bone County

Go to your aircraft field in the Verdant Meadows area. Find the southern hangar with the Shamal in it. Let the door open, then stand in between the two doors that close. They will begin to close on you. If done correctly, you should appear under the ground, with half of your body aboveground and half below ground. To get out, tap X.

Huge air in Bone County

Go to the Arco De Oste area with a fast car. Go up the mountain until you see either a mine shaft or a wooden track. Follow the track back to the mine shaft then turn around and follow the wood track until you go off a jump. If done correctly, you should be able to clear the Sherman Reservoir.

Machine Gun in Red County

Go to the town of Blueberry. Behind a wall is a machine gun.

Easy money in Whetstone

Go to the top of Mt. Chiliad and go behind the RVs. Pick up the parachute and get on the mountain bike, which will start a challenge. Go off the ramp to the right and get off of your bike in mid-air. Pull the parachute and you will not hit the ground, but instead be put back on the bike with the chute still open. You can keep going off the ramp repeatedly to get as much money as desired.

Go to the top of Mt. Chiliad. There should be cars, a bike, and a parachute. Get on the mountain bike and it will start a mission. Instead of doing the mission, go forward and you should see a flag with a ramp next to it. Get on the bike, go very fast, and jump off the ramp. Once you are going down, the screen should blur. Do not jump off the bike; just keep going and you should respawn back on the mountain. You will get an insane jump bonus for about $300. Repeat this to get as much money as desired.

Climb Mt. Chiliad faster in Whetstone

Get a BMX bike and go to Mt. Chiliad. Ride up the mountain (not on the road). Tap as hard as you can with the BMX bike, and you will be able to climb the mountain faster.

Never fall off your bike in Whetstone

Go to the top of Mt. Chiliad. Get the parachute and get on the mountain bike at the correct time for the bicycle race challenge. Make sure that the parachute is your current weapon before the race starts. When the race begins, do not go through the checkpoints. There will be a ramp on the left side with a flag beside it. Cycle there and jump off the mountain with your bike as soon a s the race starts. When CJ is in the air with the mountain bike, press Y to jump off the bike. Then while in the air, press B to open your parachute. You must do this quickly before CJ is put to the race track again. However, once you open the parachute in the air, CJ will be put on the race track again, with him riding a bike. However, this time you will have a parachute opened while riding your BMX, and CJ will not be holding the bike's handlebars. He will instead be holding the parachute. You can now go downhill at any angle and at any speed without falling off the bike. Note: You must end the race to take your bike elsewhere. If you try to jump off the cliff again while you have the parachute, you will appear on the track without any parachute. Once you finish the race with your parachute on you, you can go anywhere with it. You can enable the "Massive bunny hops" code and jump as high as desired and land at any angle without falling. Note: Make sure you do this before you get on the bike. Getting off your bike will release the parachute; if you try to do any awkward stunts you might fall. You will not fall unless you release the parachute. Get off the bike to release the parachute.

Infinite nitrous

Activate the nitrous in a car and put it inside your garage. While the nitrous is still activated, shoot the car until it explodes, then allow the garage door to close. When the door opens again, the nitrous will always remain activated in that car.

Quick nitrous refill

Leave your car, then immediately re-enter it. Your nitrous will be back at full.

Faster motorcycle

On any type of motorcycle, slightly move the Left Analog-stick Forward to where CJ's head is directly level with the handlebars. This will make your motorcycle move about 15 to 20 mph faster than its usual top speed.

Better handling motorcycle

To get better handling on street bikes, get on one and enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. You will be able to make turns at full speed without crashing. Note: The Jetpack will disappear when you get off the bike.

Longer stoppie time bonus

Take a BMX and gain some speed. Immediately hold X followed by Left Analog-stick Forward. Keep them held. If done correctly, the bicycle will be balanced on front wheel. You can also release X and Left Analog-stick and the bicycle will remain in that position. You can use this trick to take the stoppie bonus for the maximum time as desired. Note: The distance covered in this trick will be less.

Exceed garage limit

When you want to park a car in a garage but the game states that you cannot store another vehicle, you drive the car near the garage and get out. Then, hop in the car and drive in.

Finding your car after getting busted

If you been arrested, go down to the police parking lot. Walk around without a weapon. Eventually, you will find your car.

Stealing locked cars

Some cars have locked doors so you cannot steal them (such as cop cars and your first girlfriend's Hustler). However, getting them into a garage will unlock the doors. You can either push a car into the garage or get a Tow Truck or a Tractor to tow them. Additionally, to get in a locked vehicle with someone inside (for example, a Combine Harvester), shoot the person in the head and the door will fling open, allowing you drive it away.

Find a Tow Truck (for example, at the dump in Mt. Chiliad) and drive to where the locked car is located. Hook the locked car onto the Tow Truck and tow it into your garage. Let the garage close. When you open the garage again, the locked car should be unlocked. This is easier then pushing it into your garage.

If you try to open a car and it is locked, go far from it, then return. The color of the car should be different and the doors should be unlocked.

If someone has locked their car doors, and you shoot them out, be careful not to get out before you reach your garage. Otherwise, the doors will stay locked.

Keep aircraft from races

Enter the races at the Las Venturas Airport. Select the race with the airplane you desire, then ignore the race and instead take it back to your airstrip and park it in your own big hangar. You will fail the mission, but can re-do it. Once you get back to your airstrip and look in your hanger, your airplane will be there. Save the game to keep it.

Amphibious car

Enable the "Flying cars" and "Maximum lung capacity" codes. Get a car and go in water. Press RT to turn the vehicle.

Recommended hydraulic cars

The Landstalker and Tahoma are by far one of the highest bouncing vehicles on the game (with lots of practice). If you cannot find one of tem on the streets with hydraulics, take one to the Loco shop.

AT-400

Find the large single hanger at the end of the main runway at the Las Venturas airport. Approach it and it will open. The AT-400 jumbo jet will be inside at certain times. It can climb to the highest altitude possible in the game.

Go to the northeastern part of the Las Venturas airport, where a huge hanger with a green door is located. When you walk up to it, the door will open downward to reveal an AT-400 airliner. When you see it, there will be a platform to the left of the plane that you can go on. When you get onto the platform, go to the plane and press Y to enter it and fly around.

Bandito

Go to the small sandy beach in San Fierro. When on the beach, you should see a small pier or dock. Go on the left side of the pier look around the corner to find a Bandito. Additionally, the Bandito spawns on the very west side of the map, at the Ocean Flats area of San Fierro. Go to where there is a pier. On the left side of the pier will be a Bandito. This is a buggy-type vehicle that is very good off-road. You can also find a Bandito at Ocean Flats area of San Fierro, close to Palisades.

Collect 15 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to get the Bandito.

Banshee

Go to Las Ventura and look on The Strip to find the Banshee. Additionally, a Banshee can always be found parked by the Gym in the Garcia area of San Fierro. Face the gym's door, then turn right.

Beagle

This airplane can be found at the airports at San Fierro and Las Venturas.

BF Injection

Finish in first place at the Dirt Ring race at the stadium in Las Venturas to get the BF Injection. Additionally, you can find a BF Injection at the opposite end of the same beach where you can also find the Bandito in San Fierro.

Bloodring Banger

Get your total time up to one minute in the Bloodring.

Backflip with BMX Bicycle

Enable the "Massive bunny hops" code. Press LT to do the bunny hop, then while in the air press B + Left Analog-stick Back. CJ will do a massive bunny hop BMX backflip.

Big jump with Bicycle

While on a bike, pedal at full speed at an oncoming car. Bunny hop onto the hood and you will launch yourself in the air.

Bunny hop very high with Bicycle

Use the following trick to jump as high as a telephone pole on a bicycle (bunny hop). A few or more tries may be required to learn the correct timing of the buttons. First, make sure you have a machine gun. Hold LT to set up for a bunny hop. Then, release LT and immediately press B to fire your machine gun. If done correctly, the bike hops many times higher into the air than normal. It is possible to jump over a two story building from flat ground by doing this. Additionally, hold LT to bunny hop, and the exact moment after you release LT, press or tap B. Note: This only works when you have a drive by capable weapon equipped. You will be able to jump slightly higher than power lines. Sometimes it can be very difficult to do, as you timing must be precise.

Create ball and chain with Bulldozer

Go to the construction yard near San Fierro. Go past the crane and turn left after the first hangar. Behind that, you will see a towtruck, Get in and drive towards the Bulldozer. Hook up the Bull Dozer. Drive up the hill to where there is an open area. Then, turn very sharp to either the left or the right. The Bulldozer will fling around, pulling the tow truck with it. For even more fun, get three or more tow trucks and hook them all up into a line. With three or more, the Bulldozer acts like a ball and chain flailing around.

Bullet

Successfully complete driving school with at least all silver awards to unlock the Bullet. Alternately, look for the burger shop in the Juniper Hollow area in the north part of San Fierro, west of the church. The Bullet is located in the parking lot right across from the entrance.

Successfully complete the Import/Export missions (30 vehicles). The Bullet will be available for import after you have delivered all cars to the Green Basin Harbor.

A Bullet can always be found parked by the D. Flour Bakery in the Doherty area of San Fierro.

From the hideout in Doherty (abandoned gas station below the construction site), take a right turn onto the street. Take the first left turn (it slopes down a hill). Wind down the hill and take the first right turn. A Bullet is behind the stone wall. The entrance is at the base of the hill on the left. An alternate way is to wind down the hill and take the second right turn. Get out of the car. Go through the archway on your right and go up the stairs. The Bullet will be directly in front of you, as well as a police bribe.

Keep Taxi light on

Use the following trick to keep the "Taxi" light on and not have to pick up passengers. Steal a taxi and click Right Analog-stick to toggle the missions. Then, immediately click Right Analog-stick again. The light will stay on. For a better effect, try this at night.

Cargobob Helicopter

Go to the restricted area in Bone County. Inside you will find a Cargobob helicopter, Rhino tanks and a Patriot. If you go to the center of base you will find a steel vent on the ground. Destroy it, and you can go inside and turn off the SAM sites surrounding the base. You should now be able to fly out in the chopper. Alternately, go to KACC Military Fuels at the top of Las Venturas. Note: You need a Patriot to do this trick. If you have done the mission for the Heist strand called Up, Up, and Away, this is the location of KACC Military Fuels. Once there, take your Patriot and drive through the front gates. No one is there, and you will not get shot. Note: If it does not let you through, take a ramp truck and put it near the gate. Then, run up it and jump the fence. Once you are inside, get out of your vehicle, go to your left, and go inside the hangar (round building) and walk through to the other end. You will end up back outside. Once you are outside in the back of the Military Fuels area, make a right and run towards the stairs that you see. Walk up those stairs, and when you get to the top, the Cargobob will be on the heli-pad. Get in it without any stars or police after you. To make this easier, just take a plane there and parachute out. However, make sure to land on the helipad.

The Cargobob Helicopter can also be found where you found the Levitation in the mission for Woozie, at the military fueling area. It not too far from the Twin Dragon Casino. You will probably need another flying vehicle to get into the fueling area.

Cheetah

Go to Las Ventura and look on The Strip to find the Cheetah.

Clover

Go to the Jefferson Motel in the Jefferson area of Los Santos. Go west to the split in the road then go on the road to the left. Immediately afterwards you can see a lot on the left decorated with triangular banners and surrounded with a fence. This is the Coutt and Shutz dealership. A Clover will be in the lot, along with a Tampa and Perennial. If none of those cars are there, drive around and the cars will spawn there. Additionally, go to the Pig Pen Strip Club in East Los Santos. There will be an intersection on the southeast corner of the club's parking lot. Drive south on north-south road at the intersection. Drive straight ahead and you will find a Clover parked along the side of the road.

Combine

In Los Santos, when you get the trucking missions unlocked for the gas station, across from that in a lot of high grass is a combine and a lawn mower; or tractor in the field with a combine. The combine is usually locked. Additionally, aim at the man in the Combine and shoot him in the head. The door will be unlocked and you will be able to get in. Once you do so, no one can open your doors including cops.

Go to any farm when you can leave Los Santos. The Combines are always locked. Stand on its blade and shoot the person inside. He will then fall out the door. Get in it, run over a person, and watch what comes out the chute in the back of the Combine.

Comet

You can find a Comet behind the tennis courts in a car park in San Fierro.

Cropduster

This plane will spawn in Bone County. Start at the entrance of the Hunter quarry, then walk over the dirt road into Bone County. On your right side will be a shack. Behind this shack is the Cropduster. Click Right Analog-stick to get fertilizer for the crops (white smoke) out of it.

Dodo

Go to any airport except the Abandoned Airstrip to find the Dodo airplane.

Dune

Beat the score of 25 at the Dirt Ring race at the stadium in Las Venturas to get the Dune.

Euros

Go to Las Venturas. Go to the The Camels Toe casino (pyramid with a sphinx in the front). The Euros is located under the sphinx.

FCR-900

Successfully complete bike school with at least all silver awards to unlock the FCR-900. Alternately, you can find the FCR 900 bike in San Fierro. Located the harbor and the nearby dam. Go inside the dam to find the FCR 900 on the left or right side, depending on which way you entered the dam.

Fire Truck

While in San Fierro, go to the Fire Dept. and get in the Fire Truck with a ladder on top. When you get in that Fire Truck, notice you will not get the prompt to click Right Analog-stick to do the fire missions. This is because there are two different Fire Trucks. You can only do those missions with the truck that does not have a ladder on top.

Freeway

Successfully complete bike school with at least all bronze awards to unlock the Freeway.

Ghost car in Glendale

Look on your map and move the pointer over to Back O' Beyond. Find two upside-down "U"s that resemble horseshoes. Mark the left one and drive there. Once you are at the highway near it, drive and find a little dirt road that has an over turned tree next to it. Drive down the road toward the marker. You should see two Glendales. One should be on he top of the cliff closest to the highway. This is the one you need to take. Take it and drive around the horseshoe. Drive back to where you found that Glendale to see a Glendale drive down the hill and over trees. There is no driver in that car.

Go-Kart

Get a helicopter and fly towards the dam in the desert. Then, fly northeast and find the location with a couple of shacks on top of a tall rock. In one of the shacks is a Go-Kart. The other one has a parachute. Additionally, go to Tierra Robada in the desert. You can find a Go-Kart in one of the two-story brick buildings. It is north of the city, and there is a stair set in the front of the building with an open door. Go inside and you will find a Go-Kart in the back of the building when you walk in. Drive it out of the window and take it for a spin.

Enter the Go Go Cart race by Wang Cars and the Pay N' Spray. As soon as the race starts, take it to your nearest safe house. If the garage is full, take one of the cars out and put the Go-Kart in. Run away and make sure that the door closes or you will lose it.

After you complete Madd Dogg's Strand mission, a Go-Kart will appear on the east side of the house.

Go to Angel Pine. Enter the caravan site. Behind one will be a Go-Kart.

HotKnife

Successfully complete driving school with all gold awards to unlock the HotKnife.

Hotring Racer

Finish in first place in the 8-Track. Just remember to not give up, and keep trying again until you get it right, or they do not spin you out. It is useful to never use the brake or the handbrake -- just know when you need to let off the gas and when you can floor it.

Hunter

Successfully complete pilot school with all gold awards to unlock the Hunter. The helicopter will be available at the abandoned airstrip. You can also get it by entering the races at Las Venturas Airport. Take the race called Heli Hell, then use the "Keep aircraft from races" trick.

Hustler

Successfully complete the Burning Desire mission to get Denise as your girlfriend. Keep going out with her, and eventually she will give you the keys to the blue car parked at her house.

Hydra

Successfully complete the Madd Dogg's mission "Vertical Bird" to gain access to the Hydra fighter jet located at the abandoned airstrip in the hanger. Alternately, to get the Hydra earlier in the game, when you are able to enter the Las Venturas airport, after you have passed the flying school, just ahead the entrance (inside the airport) to your right is a red circle where you can race with different airships and choppers. In one of this races you can play with the Hydra. Put it inside the hangar at the abandoned airstrip, get out of the plane, and wait until the timer is over. When done, the Hydra will still be inside the hangar. Note: This can be done with any of the vehicles of those races.

The Hydra also spawns at the army ship where you have to get it in this mission down at Easter Basin. You can also get it by entering the races in Las Venturas airport, then using the "Keep aircraft from races" trick. Note: Press B while in it to fire the rockets.

Check the very bottom/end of the underground police garage in San Fierro to find a Hydra. You will need a police vehicle to get the guard to let you in (and avoid a three star wanted level).

After completing the Vertical Bird mission, the Hydra will appear at the abandoned airstrip.

The controls for the Hydra are as follows:

    Lift: Hold A.
    Flares: Press B.
    Forward: Press Left Analog-stick Forward until the nose points down slightly then press A.
    Lock And Shoot: Hold RT until the reticule turns red, then press LT.
    Wheels Up: Click Right Analog-stick.
    Rotate: Hold LB or RB.
    Look At Yourself: Press LB + RB.
Fun with Hydra

Enable the "Cars fly away" code. Then, spawn a Hotring racer and get in. While in the car, spawn a Hydra. Gently bump the Hydra with the car enough to get the front tire off of the ground. Get out of the car and get in the Hydra. You will shoot into the air vertically without having to touch any buttons. With the "Cars fly away" code enabled, you will continue to rise past the game's ceiling. After about five minutes of rising, jump out. Immediately pull and release your parachute so that you are free falling again. While falling, spawn a Jetpack. Note: It will not appear until you hit the ground. Enable the "Health, armor, and money" code. While falling repeatedly, spawn a Hydras as fast as possible until the ground comes into view. Hit the ground with full health and armor and you will survive with almost no health. When you get up, the Jetpack will spawn. Immediately fly away from where you landed and look up in the air where you fell from. A tower of Hydras will soon fall to earth, one after another like a bomb run.

Infernus

Go to Las Ventura and look on The Strip to find the Infernus.

JetMax

Successfully complete boat school with all gold awards to unlock the JetMax.

Jetpack

Successfully complete the Aircraft Boneyard asset and the Jetpack will be available near the entrance to the save area. Alternately, successfully complete the airstrip mission Green Goo for the Truth to gain access to a Jetpack located next to the abandoned airstrip AC tower (the building where you save). When wearing the Jetpack, press A to accelerate. You can strafe with LB or RB. To still in mid air in the Jetpack, hold LB + RB. You will know if you are not moving if the exhaust pipes are circling. To take it off, press Y. To put it back on, just walk or run at it. Note: You cannot save, enter or exit buildings, or shoot with the Jetpack on.

Jet-powered bicycle

While on any bicycle, enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Then, tap A until at full speed then hold the button. You now have a jet powered bicycle that rides fast, until you release A. To repeat the process, tap A again until at full speed and hold A again.

Launch

At the Easter Bay naval station go to the big unit which looks like a port on the third row of water. There is a blue boat which resembles a Coast Guard.

Lawn Mower

Go to your Vinewood safe house. Once there, go east and look for a house that has a winding driveway. Once there, go to the top to find the Lawn Mower.

Leviathan

Go to Easter Bay Airport in San Fierro. Go to its parking garage. Find a sign that reads "Keep Clear" and follow it to reach a pilot entrance and find a Leviathan. Alternately, after you finish the Up, Up, and Away mission for Woozie where you have to get a special Leviathan, a normal Leviathan will spawn at your airport.

Land on water with Leviathan

Go to Easter Bay Airport or the abandoned airfield. Take a Levithan (the large gray helicopter) to any body of water in the area and press X. You will begin to descend. Continue until you are on the surface of the water and press Y. Your helicopter will have landed on the surface of the water and you can swim around. Note: Do not let the helicopter go out of your vision range or it will disappear and spawn back to the airport.

Majestic

You can find a Majestic (two door Balla car) in the parking lot under the Mulholland Intersection in Los Santos. The Majestic should be the easternmost parked car in the lot.

Marquis

Successfully complete boat school with at least all bronze awards to unlock the Marquis.

Maverick

Go to Easter Bay International Airport at San Fierro. Go to the security booth and jump on top of it. Get any kind of vehicle and take it all of the way in the back in the northwest corner. After you are there, go all the way south. You will not make it all of the way because you will see a red Maverick that is unlocked. Also, if you go to the most northwestern city, where the boating school is located, there is a helipad with one on it. The building it is next to is blue. Additionally, this standard helicopter spawns on the helipad at the police station in San Fierro. Also, look at the airports. You can also get it by entering the races at Las Venturas Airport, then using the "Keep aircraft from races" trick.

Go to the hospital in the Santa Rosa area of San Fierro. Fly up to the roof and there will be a Maverick.

Monster Truck

Finish in first place in the 8-Track. Just remember to not give up, and keep trying again until you get it right, or they do not spin you out. It is useful to never use the brake or the handbrake -- just know when you need to let off the gas and when you can floor it.

Go to Flint Intersection. There is an area that looks like a small impound yard with an entrance that you can just walk through. Inside is a Monster Truck that you can just drive away in. When you drive the Monster Truck, press RT to make all four wheels move (quadra-steer), just like a real monster truck.

Go to the Santa Marina Beach area at the bottom of Los Santos. Go to the lighthouse and stand on the right side of it. Jump over the fence and swim west to the first road you reach. You should be in the Los Santos Inlet area if you look on the map. Once you get there, get a car and drive north up the road until you get to Flint County. From there, you should see a trailer park with a wall around it on the left side of the road. The Monster Truck is located in that trailer park, along with a motorcycle and a truck. It is in the back of the trailer park near a trailer. Note: The road it is next to looks like a pretzel (freeway). If the Monster Truck is not there, then drive away and come back. It should now have respawned.

Collect 5 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to get the Monster Truck.

News Chopper

You can get this helicopter from San News by entering the races at the Las Venturas Airport. Take the second race, then use the "Keep aircraft from races" trick.

Nevada

Go to the Easter Bay Airport. Go to a wall where a utility truck and sometimes a baggage handler is located. A Nevada is a cargo plane. Note: You must first complete pilot school. Additionally, this large plane also spawns at all airports.

NRG-500

Successfully complete bike school with all gold awards to unlock the NRG-500. Alternately, go to the docks at the Easter Basin area in San Fierro. Go to the yellow crane near the ship (you will have a mission here). On the other side of the yellow crane is a ship dock that is not filled with any water, and has a hanger-type shelter covering it. Inside the shelter near the far wall is an NRG 500. When you get on it, a mission will start. Just ignore the icons, and after a few seconds the mission will fail but you can keep driving the NRG-500. You can return here after some time to get more NRG-500s because they continue respawning.

In Los Santos, go into the yellow territory on the right side of the map. There is a L shape building, and inside is a parking garage. There is an NRG-500 on the second and top floors. The one on the second floor has two tail pipes, and the one on the top has one. Also, there is a Uzi at the top floor.

Packer

Go to the Ocean Docks in Los Santos and look around. The Packer looks like a truck with a ramp on the back. Get any car and park it on the back. If you run out of room, use the Right-Analog stick and pull back. The ramp on which all of the cars you just positioned will rise, and you can park more cars. Note: If you load cars on the end too far on the edge, they will fall off. Then, you can put it on the bottom.

Patriot

Go to the abandoned air strip near Las Venturas. Go to a desert area, and there will be a military base somewhere south of your location. Enable the "Spawn Rhino tank" code and break through the cage on the southeast side of the base. Keep driving around until you see a Patriot. Enable the "Lower wanted level" code after you have taken it. If you have reached the part in San Fierro with the wish list, if you export it to the Easter Basin Docks. They will pay you a lot for it. Alternately, enable the "Six star wanted level" code. Tanks, flatbeds, and Patriots will appear to chase you. If you want to live, get a tank. When you see a Patriot arrive, enable the "Lower wanted level" code. They will slow down. Get out of your vehicle and steal a Patriot.

Phoenix

In San Fierro, go across the street where CJ's garage is located. There is also a checkered flag on the map that shows where you can race. Enter the race called San Fierro Hills. In that race, you will race in a Phoenix. Just park it in a garage to keep it.

Police Maverick

This helicopter spawns on the roof of the police station in the Pershing X area of Los Santos. When you get a Police Maverick, click Right Analog-stick to turn on its searchlight.

Quadbike

Look at the sides of the houses at the Blueberry Acres area in Red County. The Quadbike will be at the side of a building. Alternately, go to the town nearest the northeast of the airport in the desert. The ATV is at backyard of the closest house towards the bridge in the southeast corner of the town.

Go to the hilltop farm in the Red County area of Los Santos. There are two barns with lofts on them. On the barn to the right, if you jump at the correct moment, you can climb up and get a Quadbike. They respawn there every hour.

Flipping Quadbike without falling off

Spawn or find a Quadbike, then go to a straight and long road. When you are going fast, quickly use the brakes. Note: Sometimes you will not make it.

Raindance

Go to Easter Bay Airport at San Fierro. Go to its parking garage. Find a sign that reads "Keep Clear" and follow it to reach a pilot entrance. The Raindance resembles a Coast Guard helicopter. Additionally, go to the hospital in the Santa Rosa area at San Fierro. Fly up to the roof and there will be a Raindance.

There is also a Raindance on the Santa Monica beach where the Triathlon is located. It is on the west side of the two piers.

Ranger

You can find a Ranger (police SUV) at the garage at the police station in Dillimore.

No Seal in Ranger

Drive around the countryside with no wanted level. Drive around until you see a Ranger (police SUV) going after another vehicle. Follow the police chase and go to the right of the Ranger. Notice that the right side door of the Ranger usually does not have the San Andreas Police Department seal.

Remington

In Los Santos, go to Unity Station where the lowrider competitions are held. At certain times, to the left will be a Remington.

Eyes on Remington

While in San Fierro, steal a Remington. While in the car, turn on your tail lights. In certain lighting you will notice two eyes staring at you (eye brows, eye lashes, and eyes).

Rhino

The Rhino Tank has twelve wheel drive. In a way it is like the Monster Truck -- you can hold RT and it will drive easier in turns. Additionally, go to Area 69 and look in the garages to find Rhino tanks.

Get an aircraft of any kind and fly into Area 69 (Restricted Area). Your aircraft will catch on fire quickly because of high security shooting you down. Try to land as quickly as possible and bail from the aircraft as close to the ground as possible by pressing Y. When on foot, run to a garage with a Rhino. Drive the Rhino to Fort Carson, which is just across the highway where you have a Safe House with a garage. Park the Rhino in the garage and save the game.

Get six stars on your wanted meter and Rhinos will appear.

Faster Rhino

When you get a Rhino tank, look back until the gun is completely facing the rear. Then drive and fire. You will gain speed quickly.

Romero's Hearse

Go to the hospital in Angel Pine and stand outside of the hospital facing the street. Turn left and go into the other building. You will find Romero's Hearse, ready to drive.

Rustler

Successfully complete pilot school with at least all bronze awards to unlock the Rustler. The Rustler is airplane based on the P-51 Mustang. Press LT to fire the wing machine guns. Additionally, the Rustler can be found at several locations. If you finish the pilot school at your airstrip, it will spawn in the first hanger. It also spawns at the airport in Los Santos and San Fierro; look in the hangers there. You can get also it by entering the races at the Las Venturas Airport. Select the race with the Rustler, then ignore the race and instead take it back to your airstrip and park it in your own big hangar. You will fail the mission, but can re-do it. Once you get back to your airstrip and look in your hanger, your Rustler will be there. Save the game to keep it. This trick can also be used for other aircraft.

Bulletproof Sabre

Buy the house in Dillimore and make sure that the garage is empty. In the mission Tanker Commander mission that you get from Catalina, there is a completely armored Sabre available. Instead of getting in the truck, go turn around and go around the side of the gas station. The Sabre that is used to try to disconnect the trailer is sitting there, locked. You can either push it by running into it or push it with the truck. Push it down the street you are on to your garage and kill Catalina. Then, push it into your garage and let it close. When you go back to it, you will find that it is fireproof, bulletproof, and dent-proof.

Sand King

Go near the big satellite dish out in the desert near the abandoned airstrip. Note: This vehicle sometimes has hydraulic springs.

Bulletproof Savanna

After completing the High Stakes, Low Rider mission, Cesar and his Savanna will remain at the finish line, but the doors will be locked. Use another vehicle to push the car to your garage. The doors will now be unlocked and the car will remain bulletproof.

Sea Sparrow

Go to the bottom of the Sherman Dam where the water is lower. It is on your left if you are facing towards the dam, at the end of the short pier-looking structure. You will see both a Sea Sparrow and Skimmer. If you press RT, the guns shoot from the Sea Sparrow. The Sea Sparrow also can be found parked on the helipad near the Boat School.

Shamal

Go to any airport except the Abandoned Airstrip to find the Shamal business jet.

Skimmer

Go to the Arco Del Deste area, then go north. Look for a forked road that points to the water. Go out a little, and you will see the Skimmer plane, which is a Dodo with pontoons. Alternately, go to the bottom of the Sherman Dam where the water is lower. It is on your left if you are facing towards the dam, at the end of the short pier-looking structure. You will see both a Sea Sparrow and Skimmer. Note: The Skimmer is the only airplane that can allow two players to occupy it.

Sparrow

This helicopter spawns on the roof of Madd Dogg's Crib.

Squallo

Successfully complete boat school with at least all silver awards to unlock the Squallo.

Stunt Plane

Successfully complete pilot school with at least all silver awards to unlock the Stunt Plane. Alternately, you can get the Stunt Plane by entering the races in Las Venturas airport, then using the "Keep aircraft from races" trick. The controls for the Stunt Plane are as follows:

    Backflip: Get the altimeter to at least half and pull the Left Analog-stick Back, then it should go back to normal.

    Barrel Roll: Get at least 100 feet in the air, then pull Left or Right, then stop to get it back to normal.

    Stunt Smoke: Click Right Analog-stick and smoke will come out. Press it again to stop it. Go to cinematic view and you can write letters with practice.

Super GT

Successfully complete driving school with at least all bronze awards to unlock the Super GT. Alternately, in San Fierro, go to the Easter Bay Airport. There will be a small building next to the entrance near the helipad area. Below that building, you may find an orange Super GT. It does not usually appear as soon as CJ goes there, but should spawn after awhile. It may take some time for it to spawn. It will be locked, but you can open it by towing it to your garage with a tow truck.

Sweeper

From the Xoomer Gas Station in Spinybed, go east on the road until you have to turn right. Instead of turning right, keeping going straight. You will notice there is an entrance to some sort of warehouse parking lot. The Sweeper can be seen right when you enter the lot.

Bulletproof Tahoma

In the House Party mission, your hood gets attacked by the Ballas. They will arrive in two Tahoma. Successfully complete the mission without getting too far away from the cars. Then, push either or both Tahomas into the garage of the Johnson house.

Tampa

Go to the Jefferson Motel in the Jefferson area of Los Santos. Go west to the split in the road then go on the road to the left. Immediately afterwards you can see a lot on the left decorated with triangular banners and surrounded with a fence. This is the Coutt and Shutz dealership. A Tampa will be in the lot, along with a Clover and Perennial. If none of those cars are there, drive around and the cars will spawn there.

Tow Truck

Enter the dump at Mt. Chiliad to find a Tow Truck. You can steal cars with it by using the Right Analog-stick to lower the hitch, then back up to a car. Raise the car with the Right Analog-stick and drive away. This can be done while the driver and passenger of the other car are still inside.

Tractor

As done with the Tow Truck, you can also tow cars with a tractor. Steal one from a farmer, back into another car, then press the Right Analog-stick Back to lift the winch.

Train derailment

Look at your map and locate the nearest train station. Mark it and go to the train station. Wait for a train to stop in front of you. When it stops, go to the front of it and press Y to hijack it. Once inside, hold A to go forward. Once you start going fast enough, your controller will start to vibrate. Keep holding A and eventually you will derail in slow motion, and either flip over or glide to a screeching halt.

Turismo

In the Breaking the Bank at Caligula's mission, after you have the parachute intentionally miss the helipad and instead aim for the ground. On the ground, almost everyone will be driving a Turismo (the fastest car in the game). Steal one and go to the airstrip. Park the Turismo in the garage and finish the mission. Alternately, collect 20 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to get the Turismo.

Vortex

Look in one of the buildings at the Panopticon area in Red County. On your map, it will show a brown square with a group of white dots in it. The white dot that is farthest north on the map is the building with the Vortex in it. Alternately, collect 25 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to unlock the Vortex.

Jetpack powered Vortex

Jump into any body of water and enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Then, enable the "Spawn Vortex" code. Get into the Votex and it will be jet powered. Note: Once you leave the Vortex this effect will end.

Flying Vortex

Go to the top of Mt. Chiliad, where there is a Camper and Journey. It is an open area. Enable the "Spawn Vortex" code, then just drive off and hold A. You cannot move up or down, but can steer it.

Note: This trick does not always work. Go to the tall building in Los Santos that has the parachute on top. Go to the top of that building and enable the "Spawn Vortex" code. Drive it off the top and pull back. It will glide down smoothly to the ground.

Windsor

Collect 10 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to unlock the Windsor.

Car counterparts

The following are some vehicles that also have real life counterparts:

    Ambulance (Mule): Chevrolet 3000
    AT-400: Boeing747
    Benson: U-Haul Truck
    Berkley's RC Van (Burrito): Chevrolet 3000 RC Van Edition
    Blade: 1955 Ford Thunderbird
    Bloodring Banger: 2003 Chevrolet Monte Carlo Demolition Edition
    Buccaneer: 1979 Lincoln Mark IV Collector Series
    Buffalo: 1983 Camaro Z28
    Burrito: 2002 Chevrolet 3000
    Cheetah: 1999 Ferrari 456M GTA
    Clover: 1970 Cutlass
    Club: Scion SC
    Combine Harvester: John Deer Combine Harvester
    Comet: 1969 Porsche 911E/S
    Elegant: 2004 BMW M3
    Fortune: 1994 Chevrolet Corsica
    Herms: 1942 Cadillac 63 Series
    Hotknife: 1933 Ford Coupe
    Hotring Racer: 2003 Chevrolet Monte Carlo Racing Edition
    Huntley: 2005 Mercedes-Benz G500
    Hustler: 1936 Ford DLX
    Infernus: 2004 Acura NSX-T
    Jetster: 2003 Aston-Martin DBAR-1 ZAGATO
    Journey: 2004 Chinook Baja
    Landstalker: 1989 Jeep Wagoner
    Mesa: 1997 Jeep Wrangler
    Moonbeam: 2003 Chevrolet 2500
    Mower: John Deer mower
    Mule: (See Benson)
    News Van: 2002 Chevrolet 3000 News Edition
    Oceanic: 1958 Ford Thunderbird
    Phoenix: 1979 Pontiac Trans Am
    Pony: (See Burrito)
    Primer: 2005 Bentley Arnange
    Rumpo: (See Burrito)
    Sadler: 1992 Chevrolet Silverado
    Stallion: 1965 Mustang Coupe
    Stretch: 2001 Lincoln Town Car
    Tug: 1992 Airplane Tug
    Windsor: 1967 Ferrari 330 GTC
    ZR-350: Datsun 350Z
Finding Barbara in Dating missions

You can find Barbara at the El Quebrados Sheriff parking lot between 16:00 and 06:00.

Barbara bonuses in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Barbara. After getting busted, you will still have your weapons and not lose money. Reach 100% progress with Barbara. The police uniform will now appear in your wardrobe and you will get the keys to her Ranger.

Finding Denise in Dating missions

Denise is available for dating after saving her in the Burning Desire mission. She appears at her house between 16:00 to 06:00.

Denise bonuses in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Denise. You will get the keys to the Hustler car in her yard. Reach 100% progress with Denise. The pimp outfit will now appear in your wardrobe.

Faster progress with Denise in Dating missions

Enable the "Speed up time" code, then wait outside her house. The red circle will appear quicker, and your bar goes up faster. Additionally, after you play the mission to get Denise, wait until you can go on a date with her. From 60% to 100% sometimes you will have difficult dates (when you dance). Make sure you have already saved the game. If you are not skilled with the dancing, reload the game until you go on the date where all you do is drive. You should get at least 10% for going on the date, because the game gives you an extra 5% for her inviting you in for coffee.

Use the following trick to get a perfect date with Denise. First, get her a gift (either a dildo from the police station or the flowers from the gas station near by). After that, give Denise the gift. Do not press B, press LT instead. If you press B, you will use it as a weapon. Then, drive to Ten Green Bottles nearby on Grove Street. You will then take her home and your progress will go up.

Finding Helena in Dating missions

You can find Helena in the Blueberry area of Red County, taking shooting practice on top of the Ammu-Nation store from 08:00 to 12:00 and 14:00 to 02:00.

Helena bonus in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Helena to get a flamethrower, 9 mm pistol, chainsaw, and Molotov cocktails at her house.

Finding Katie in Dating missions

You can find Katie at the Avispa Country Club in San Fierro practicing T'ai Chi at the edge of the course behind some bushes. She can be seen between 12:00 and 00:00.

Katie bonuses in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Katie. After getting wasted, you will still have your weapons and not lose money. Reach 100% progress with Katie. The paramedic uniform will now appear in your wardrobe and you will get the keys to her Romero.

Finding Michelle in Dating missions

You can find Michelle at the San Fierro Driving School from 00:01 to 12:00.

Michelle bonuses in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Michelle. She will mod your car for free. Reach 100% progress with Michelle. The racing outfit will now appear in your wardrobe and you will get the keys to her Monster Truck.

Finding Millie in Dating missions

Successfully complete the Key To Her Heart mission to unlock Millie for dating from 02:00 to 10:00 and 14:00 to 18:00.

Faster progress with Millie in Dating missions

Go on a date in your Gimp Suit. You will go directly inside and will not have to go to any dating destinations.

Raising fun meter in Dating missions

To get your girlfriend's fun meter full quickly and easily, find a street with a long strait away. Drive on it at full speed. This will get your fun meter completely full. You can then drive her home and gain a lot more stats with her.

Gifts in Dating missions

The purple dildo found in the police station can also be used as a gift for a girlfriend. It takes the place of the flowers. Flowers can be found at almost any gas station. They are always accepted from girlfriends, unlike the dildo which sometimes may be rejected.

Girls' tastes in Dating missions

The girls you date have different tastes in you. They will comment on your looks. For example, one girl likes you to be about 50% fat.

Jealousy in Dating missions

Be careful when dating other women. For example, if you take Barbara out on a date, Denise may show up in her car and start chasing you. It also lowers your status with the particular woman you are currently with.

8-Track mission

Enable the "Slow motion" code and you will be able to easily take first place. This is helpful if you are trying to get the Monster Truck.

Air Raid mission

Enable the "Slow motion" code to get a better shot at the RC planes. Enable the "Destroy all cars" code repeatedly to pass the mission.

Are You Going To San Fierro? mission

Instead of burning the weed with the flamethrower, use the rocket launcher and shoot the crops; it will destroy them much easier.

Badlands mission

Get to the mountain top and blow up the snitch's car. He will jump off the side of the mountain, committing suicide. Enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code and go down there. Take a picture of him. Take the picture back to the drop point. By doing this, you will not have to chase him back down the mountain on the dirtbike. Additionally, enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Fly up the mountain, near the top of the cabin. Do not let the guards see you. Choose the silenced pistol. Enter through the back of the cabin and shoot the snitch. Be prepared to fight it out with the FBI if you get caught. You can now snap a photo of the dead snitch without chasing him. It is important to watch the guards' movement before attempting this.

Beat The Cock mission

This is a triathlon. Go to Santa Maria beach in Los Santos and wait until the weekend (press LT to see the current day). Then, go to the lighthouse. You will see a little red marker which will start the mission. Note: You must be in very good shape to win. The reward is $10,000. Also, next to Palomino Creek is a beach that is part of Fisher's Lagoon. The one attached to that is part of Palomino Creek (if you are looking on a map it is the second largest of them all, and has a dock). Go to it. On there will be a red circle. Enter it to start the mission. You should have full muscle and stamina because it is a swimming race. If you have good stats, you will complete the mission.

Big Smoke mission

Instead of holding A to pedal your bike to get away from the red Ballas car, tap A rapidly. CJ will stand and pump on the pedals, allowing you to ride faster, and keep up with Sweet on the uphill areas.

Black Project mission

This mission starts after a number of Torino missions. Truth is upset with you working with Torino. He abandons you on a road. You are getting into Area 69 and must bring back the Black Project. You must go to the control tower and open the blast doors. You have to avoid the searchlights, but not shoot out more than two of them. You have thermal goggles to see the guards. You must get in before 5:30 a.m. You will begin near body armor if you do not have any. There are guards at mid-level on all of the light towers, plus many that are walking around. Try sniping everybody so that you are not spotted. If you do get spotted, you are told to use a vent to get into the building. In any case, there is armor up on the control tower to replenish with, and a red spot to use to open up the blast doors. The blast doors are in the center of the mound. The vent is marked nearby and you can shoot your way in through the grates. There is a health waiting for you inside that room (with the blast doors on the other wall). Go through the hallway and shoot the guards at the other end. There is armor up and to the right in here. There is also a minigun there. This area has bulletproof glass, so you are safe. Go downstairs to the little opening (not the red path to the left). Shoot out more guards in here. At the end of the path is armor. Then, take a right and another right and you can see a radar room. Disable the SAM site. Then, go downstairs and over to the yellow striped area. There is a grate below you. Go to the end where the grate is up and go in for the health and armor that is down there. Move along, as there are more enemies to kill. Then move left -- they say that there is a keycard. Get the armor then touch the scientist to get his keycard. Follow him down the path to the left and you will be in a giant cylinder building. Work your way down all of the stairs, shooting as you go. Get the Jetpack and fly out, heading for the triangle. You can fire a weapon while flying, but you really do not have to. Truth takes it from you, takes off, and abandons you there.

Body Harvest mission

Take a bike to the farm and ride to the back of the farm using an indirect route, bypassing the survivalists in the fields and tractors. Quickly steal the harvester, then run over the survivalists that are on foot between you and the road back. Try to overturn the pickups that are in your way. If they are still following you on the road, do a drive by when one is next to you to kill the gunman on the truck bed. The Harvester can take quite a bit of damage. Hit the pickup until it catches on fire, then get away.

Burglary missions

In the Ganton area of Los Santos, go towards the gym that is just a block south of the Binco store and the bar. Across the street from the gym and to the south, you should see a van parked next to a house. It is a boxcar. After 20:00, jump in and you can go on burglary missions until sunrise.

Go to CJ's garage in San Fierro. Look behind it, and there should be a construction site. Behind the structures of broken down buildings in front of you, there should be an abandoned building with a lop-sided sign that reads "Harry Plumbs" just north of the "Turning Tricks Advanced Driving School". Look to the right of that building to find an alleyway. Walk into the alleyway and look to the right. There should be a black van parked there. Get in sometime before 20:00 and find a nice house you think will make a nice profit. Wait until 20:00, then click Right Analog-stick. You can now do burglary missions until 06:00. Note: When dropping off the cargo, you will return to the garage next to the alleyway that you found the van at.

Steal any burglary van you know of, and travel to any city of your choice. Proceed as usual, and after you have steak the goods, a yellow blip will appear on your map. Pause game play and look at the map. You will see that the blip has jumped from the city you stole the van in, to the city you are currently at. For example, if you steal the van in Los Santos and go to Las Venturas and trigger the burglary missions, the yellow blip will appear in las Venturas, close behind "The Camel's Toe" Casino.

To commit burglaries in San Fierro, go to the Doherty area. Go to the building that has a big sign board, reading "Hairy Plumbs". It is opposite the driving school. Go around the back of the building to find the van.

Infinite time in Burglary missions

Enable the "Always 21:00" code, then find the van. Additionally, enable the "Always 21:00" and "Wanted level never increases" codes. Find a Boxville and initiate a burglary mission. You should now have as much time as desired to do the mission, and the cops will never chase you if you wake up the people in the houses.

Catalyst mission

When you reach the train, do not bother getting out of your car. Drive around the pinned down Groves and run into the Vagos. Drive into the train tunnel to turn around if needed. After all the ones on the ground are killed, exit the car and shoot the one on the train. Then, get back into your car and run over the arriving Ballas. If your car begins smoking, park it next to the Ballas car to create an explosion that should kill them all. Then, get on the train as instructed. Quickly toss the ammo crates to Ryder. There is an unlimited number of them onboard so you do not have to waste time getting a perfect target. You may want to change the "Invert Look Controls" setting to make this less confusing. Remember to change the setting back after all the crates are tossed.

Cleaning The Hood mission

Do not bother using fighting moves on the crack dealer outside. A single shot from your pistol will bring him down. Once inside the crack den, use the pistol again to take down the targets quickly. Note: Shoot the man with the bat first.

Cop Wheels mission

Any police motorcycles will not work. You must steal the ones that the game marks for you.

Da Nang Thang mission

When the helicopter gets shot down and you are in the water, do not swim to the ship. Instead, swim to shore, steal a car, and drive to Ammu-Nation to buy weapons and armor. Then, go to the ship. The mission is a lot easier with an AK-47 in your inventory.

Drive-By mission

After approaching each group of targets, just continue to drive around the block normally. There is no reason to damage your car trying to reverse or spin back around. The targets do not run far. Simply drive normally around the block until your partners can start shooting them again. With the last group of Balla's, drive your car down the path and through the tunnel to run them over. Turn around and repeat until they are all dead. Note: Since this mission is not timed, you can drive carefully to a Pay N' Spray between drive-bys to get your car's health bar restored. You will eventually have to go to the Pay N' Spray anyway at the end of the mission to lower your wanted level. Note: That visit will be complimentary, but any others will be charged.

Drive Thru mission
Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Unintended Consequences: Fifteen Years under the DMCA

March 2013

This is an old and outdated copy of Unintended Consequences.

Please visit the archive for the most recent version.

This document collects reported cases where the anti-circumvention provisions of the DMCA have been invoked not against “pirates,” but against consumers, scientists, and legitimate competitors. It is updated from time to time as additional cases come to light. The latest version can always be obtained at www.eff.org.

1.   Executive Summary

The “anti-circumvention” provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), codified in section 1201 of the Copyright Act, have not been used as Congress envisioned. The law was ostensibly intended to stop copyright infringers from defeating anti-piracy protections added to copyrighted works.[1]

In practice, the anti-circumvention provisions have been used to stifle a wide array of legitimate activities. As a result, the DMCA has become a serious threat to several important public policy priorities:

The DMCA Chills Free Expression and Scientific Research.

Experience with section 1201 demonstrates that it is being used to stifle free speech and scientific research. The lawsuit against 2600 magazine, threats against Princeton Professor Edward Felten’s team of researchers, and prosecution of Russian programmer Dmitry Sklyarov have chilled the legitimate activities of journalists, publishers, scientists, students, programmers, and members of the public.

The DMCA Jeopardizes Fair Use.

By banning all acts of circumvention, and all technologies and tools that can be used for circumvention, the DMCA grants to copyright owners the power to unilaterally eliminate the public’s fair use rights. Already, the movie industry’s use of encryption on DVDs has curtailed consumers’ ability to make legitimate, personal-use copies of movies they have purchased.

The DMCA Impedes Competition and Innovation.

Rather than focusing on pirates, some have wielded the DMCA to hinder legitimate competitors. For example, the DMCA has been used to block aftermarket competition in laser printer toner cartridges, garage door openers, videogame console accessories, and computer maintenance services. Similarly, Apple has used the DMCA to tie its iPhone and iPod devices to Apple’s own software and services.

The DMCA Interferes with Computer Intrusion Laws.

Further, the DMCA has been misused as a general-purpose prohibition on computer network access, a task for which it was not designed and to which it is ill-suited. For example, a disgruntled employer used the DMCA against a former contractor for simply connecting to the company’s computer system through a virtual private network (“VPN”).

2.   DMCA Legislative Background

Congress enacted the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions in response to two pressures. First, Congress was responding to the perceived need to implement obligations imposed on the U.S. by the 1996 World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Copyright Treaty. Second (as reflected in the details of section 1201, which go well beyond anything the WIPO treaty required),[2] Congress was also responding to the concerns of copyright owners that their works would be widely pirated in the networked digital world.[3]

Section 1201 contains two distinct prohibitions: a ban on acts of circumvention, and a ban on the distribution of tools and technologies used for circumvention.

The “act” prohibition, set out in section 1201(a)(1), prohibits the act of circumventing a technological measure used by copyright owners to control access to their works (“access controls”). So, for example, this provision makes it unlawful to defeat the encryption system used on DVD movies. This ban on acts of circumvention applies even where the purpose for decrypting the movie would otherwise be legitimate. As a result, the motion picture industry maintains that it is unlawful to make a digital copy of a DVD or Blu Ray disc you own for playback on your iPad or smartphone.

The “tools” prohibitions, set out in sections 1201(a)(2) and 1201(b), outlaw the manufacturing, sale, distribution, or trafficking of tools and technologies that make circumvention possible. These provisions ban both technologies that defeat access controls, and also technologies that defeat use restrictions imposed by copyright owners, such as copy controls. These provisions prohibit the distribution of software that was designed to defeat CD copy-protection technologies, for example.

Section 1201 includes a number of exceptions for certain limited classes of activities, including security testing, reverse engineering of software, encryption research, and law enforcement. These exceptions have been criticized as being too narrow to be of use to the constituencies they were intended to assist.[4]

A violation of any of the “act” or “tools” prohibitions is subject to significant civil and, in some circumstances, criminal penalties.

3.   Chilling Free Expression and Scientific Research

Section 1201 has been used by a number of copyright owners to stifle free speech and legitimate scientific research.

The lawsuit against 2600 magazine, threats against Professor Edward Felten’s team of researchers, and the prosecution of the Russian programmer Dmitry Sklyarov are among the most widely known examples of the DMCA being used to chill speech and research. Bowing to DMCA liability fears, online service providers and bulletin board operators have censored discussions of copy-protection systems, programmers have removed computer security programs from their websites, and students, scientists and security experts have stopped publishing details of their research.

These developments weaken security for all computer users (including, ironically, for copyright owners counting on technical measures to protect their works), as security researchers shy away from performing and/or sharing research that might run afoul of section 1201.

Activision Shuts Down Videogame Tinkerer

In 2011, publisher Activision released a videogame entitled “Skylanders: Spyro’s Adventure.” The main selling point of the game was that it shipped with a USB peripheral called the “Portal of Power,” which allowed users to scan RFID tags found in real-life toys (also sold by Activision) in order to unlock characters and other objects within the game. Hacker Brandon Wilson was interested in the technology used by the scanner, so he reverse-engineered the device to decrypt its protocols.[5] As soon as he posted his preliminary research online, he received a cease-and-desist letter from Activision.[6]

 Activision asserted that Wilson’s research might allow users to emulate the “Portal of Power” technology and use it to unlock game content without purchasing the physical Skylanders toys.[7] Brandon responded that he had never published any actual tools for circumventing the “Portal of Power” access controls, nor did he intend to make such tools available.[8] Nonetheless, Activision’s threat worked: Brandon removed all his research from his blog and ceased all further work on the project.[9]

Sony Threatens Norwegian Website Gitorious

Based in Norway, Gitorious is a platform for open-source programmers to collaborate on new projects.[10] Some projects initiated by Gitorious users involved hacking Sony’s PlayStation 3 videogame console for noncommercial, open-source works. As such, some of the projects required the use of the PlayStation 3’s root keys. Sony of America sent a letter to Gitorious invoking the DMCA and demanding that Gitorious remove these user’s projects from its site.[11] Sony also demanded the identities and private data of the users organizing the projects.[12]

Citing a lack of resources and incentive to fight against Sony, Gitorious complied with the demand, not only removing the targeted projects but also returning an error message for any internal search requests for “playstation,” “sony” or “ps3.”[13]

The Gitorious story demonstrates how Section 1201 can be used by domestic companies as a club to bully international websites.

Texas Instruments Targets Calculator Hobbyists

In 2009, Texas Instruments (TI) threatened three bloggers with legal action after they posted commentary about a hobbyist’s success in reverse engineering the TI-83 Plus graphing calculator.[14] TI’s graphing calculators contain technical measures that prevent users from installing alternative operating systems. When a hobbyist reverse engineered this system in order to help others run their own “home brew” operating systems, he wrote about it online. Three bloggers (Brandon Wilson, Tom Cross and Duncan Smith) subsequently posted their own commentary on the results. TI sent the bloggers letters threatening legal action under the DMCA. This despite the fact that there was no hint of “piracy” in the blogger’s activities; in fact, TI made the TI-83 Plus software freely avail­able in unencrypted format both online and in the calculators themselves.

Although the bloggers initially complied with TI’s demands and removed the content, they subsequently reposted it after EFF responded to TI on their behalf.[15]

Apple Threatens BluWiki

In 2009, Apple threatened the free wiki hosting site BluWiki for hosting a discussion by hobbyists about reverse engineering iPods to interoperate with software other than Apple’s own iTunes. Without a work-around, iPod and iPhone owners would be unable to use third-party software, such as Winamp or Songbird, to “sync” their media collections between computer and iPod or iPhone.[16]

The material on the public wiki was merely a discussion of the reverse engineering effort, along with some snippets of relevant code drawn from Apple software. There were no “circumvention tools,” nor any indication that the hobbyists had succeeded in their interoperability efforts. Nevertheless, Apple’s lawyers sent OdioWorks, the company behind BluWiki, a cease and desist letter threatening legal action under the DMCA.

Bluwiki ultimately sued Apple to defend the free speech interests of its users.[17]  In response, Apple dropped its threat, and BluWiki reinstated the deleted pages.[18]

DMCA Delays Disclosure of Sony-BMG “Rootkit” Vulnerability

Professor J. Alex Halderman, then a graduate student at Princeton University, discovered the existence of several security vulnerabilities in the CD copy-protection software on dozens of Sony-BMG titles. He delayed publishing his discovery for several weeks while consulting with lawyers in order to avoid DMCA pitfalls. This left millions of music fans at risk longer than necessary.[19] The security flaws inherent in Sony-BMG’s “rootkit” copy-protection software were subsequently publicized by another researcher who was apparently unaware of the legal risks created by the DMCA.

Security researchers had sought a DMCA exemption in 2003 in order to facilitate research on dangerous DRM systems like the Sony-BMG rootkit, but the Librarian of Congress denied their request.[20] In 2006, the Librarian granted an exemption to the DMCA for researchers examining copy protection software on compact discs.[21] However, this exemption, did not protect researchers studying other DRM systems.

In 2009, Prof. Halderman was again forced to seek a DMCA exemption in order to continue his computer security research relating to DRM systems, including the protection mechanisms used on the Electronic Arts videogame, Spore, which has been the subject of class action lawsuits alleging security vulnerabilities.[22] A narrow version of this exemption was granted in 2010.[23] However, the exemption was not renewed in 2012, leaving this research vulnerable to legal action.[24]

SunnComm Threatens Researcher

In October 2003, then Princeton graduate student J. Alex Halderman was threatened with a DMCA lawsuit after publishing a report documenting weaknesses in a CD copy-protection technology developed by SunnComm. Halderman revealed that merely holding down the shift key on a Windows PC would render SunnComm’s copy protection technology ineffective. Furious company executives then threatened legal action.

The company quickly retreated from its threats in the face of public outcry and negative press attention. Although Halderman was spared, the controversy again reminded security researchers of their vulnerability to DMCA threats for simply publishing the results of their research.[25]

Cyber-Security Czar Notes Chill on Research

Speaking at MIT in October 2002, White House Cyber Security Chief Richard Clarke called for DMCA reform, noting his concern that the DMCA had been used to chill legitimate computer security research. The Boston Globe quoted Clarke as saying, “I think a lot of people didn’t realize that it would have this potential chilling effect on vulnerability research.”[26]

Professor Felten’s Research Team Threatened

In September 2000, a multi-industry group known as the Secure Digital Music Initiative (SDMI) issued a public challenge encouraging skilled technologists to try to defeat certain watermarking technologies intended to protect digital music. Princeton computer science professor Edward Felten and a team of researchers at Princeton, Rice, and Xerox took up the challenge and succeeded in removing the watermarks.

When the team tried to present their results at an academic conference, however, SDMI representatives threatened the researchers with liability under the DMCA. The threat letter was also delivered to the researchers’ employers and the conference organizers. After extensive discussions with counsel, the researchers grudgingly withdrew their paper from the conference. The threat was ultimately withdrawn and a portion of the research was published at a subsequent conference, but only after the researchers filed a lawsuit.

After enduring this experience, at least one of the researchers involved has decided to forgo further research efforts in this field.[27]

Hewlett Packard Threatens SNOsoft

Hewlett-Packard resorted to DMCA threats when researchers published a security flaw in HP’s Tru64 UNIX operating system. The researchers, a loosely-organized collective known as Secure Network Operations (“SNOsoft”), received the DMCA threat after releasing software in July 2002 that demonstrated vulnerabilities that HP had been aware of for some time, but had not bothered to fix.

After widespread press attention, HP ultimately withdrew the DMCA threat. A company statement from HP later said its letter to SnoSoft “was not consistent or indicative of HP’s policy. We can say emphatically that HP will not use the DMCA to stifle research or impede the flow of information that would benefit our customers and improve their system security.” Security researchers got the real message, however—publish vulnerability research at your own risk.[28]

Blackboard Threatens Security Researchers

In April 2003, educational software company Blackboard Inc. used a DMCA threat to stop the presentation of research on security vulnerabilities in its products at the InterzOne II conference in Atlanta. Students Billy Hoffman and Virgil Griffith were scheduled to present their research on security flaws in the Blackboard ID card system used by university campus security systems but were blocked shortly before the talk by a cease-and-desist letter invoking the DMCA.

Blackboard obtained a temporary restraining order against the students and the conference organizers at a secret “ex parte” hearing the day before the conference began, giving the students and conference organizer no opportunity to appear in court or challenge the order before the scheduled presentation. Despite the rhetoric in its initial cease and desist letter, Blackboard’s lawsuit did not mention the DMCA. The invocation in the original cease-and-desist letter, however, underscores the way the statute has been used to chill security research.[29]

Xbox Hack Book Dropped by Publisher

In 2003, U.S. publisher John Wiley & Sons dropped plans to publish a book by security researcher Andrew “bunnie” Huang, citing DMCA liability concerns. Wiley had commissioned Huang to write a book that described the security flaws in the Microsoft Xbox game console, flaws Huang had discov­ered as part of his doctoral research at M.I.T.

Following Microsoft’s legal action against a vendor of Xbox “mod chips” in early 2003, and the music industry’s 2001 DMCA threats against Professor Felten’s research team, Wiley dropped the book for fear that the book might be treated as a “circumvention device” under the DMCA. Huang’s initial attempt to self-publish was thwarted after his online shopping cart provider also withdrew, citing DMCA concerns.

After several months of negotiations, Huang eventually self-published the book in mid-2003. After extensive legal consultations, Huang was then able to get the book published in both print and e-book form by No Starch Press.[30]

Censorware Research Obstructed

Seth Finkelstein conducts research on “censorware” software (i.e., programs that block websites that contain objectionable material), documenting flaws in such software. Finkelstein’s research, for example, revealed that censorware vendor N2H2 blocked a variety of legitimate websites, evidence that assisted the ACLU in challenging a law requiring the use web filtering software by federally-funded public libraries.[31]

N2H2 claimed that the DMCA should block researchers like Finkelstein from examining its software. Finkelstein was ultimately forced to seek a DMCA exemption from the Librarian of Congress, who granted the exemption in both the 2000 and 2003 triennial rulemakings. The exemption, however, was not renewed in 2006, 2009, or 2012 leaving future researchers without protection from DMCA threats.[32]

Benjamin Edelman has also conducted extensive research into flaws in various censorware products. Edelman’s research led to evidence used by the ACLU in its constitutional challenge to the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA), which mandates the use of censorware by public libraries.

In the course of his work for the ACLU, Edelman discovered that the DMCA might interfere with his efforts to learn what websites are blocked by censorware products. Because he sought to create and distribute software tools to enable others to analyze the list if it changed, Edelman could not rely on the limited DMCA regulatory exception in place at the time. Unwilling to risk civil and criminal penalties under Section 1201, Edelman was forced to sue to seek clarification of his legal rights. Unfortunately, the court found that Edelman would have to undertake the research and hazard legal reprisals in order to have standing to challenge the DMCA. The case was therefore dismissed without addressing the DMCA’s chill on research.[33]

Dmitry Sklyarov Arrested

In July 2001, Russian programmer Dmitry Sklyarov was jailed for several weeks and detained for five months in the United States after speaking at the DEFCON conference in Las Vegas.

Prosecutors, prompted by software goliath Adobe Systems Inc., alleged that Sklyarov had worked on a software program known as the Advanced e-Book Processor, which was distributed over the Internet by his Russian employer, ElcomSoft. The software allowed owners of Adobe electronic books (“e-books”) to convert them from Adobe’s e-Book format into PDF files, thereby removing restrictions embedded into the files by e-book publishers.

Sklyarov was never accused of infringing any copyright, nor of assisting anyone else to infringe copyrights. His alleged crime was working on a software tool with many legitimate uses, simply because other people might use the tool to copy an e-book without the publisher’s permission.

Federal prosecutors ultimately permitted Sklyarov to return home, but brought criminal charges against ElcomSoft. In December 2002, a jury acquitted Elcomsoft of all charges, completing an 18-month ordeal for the wrongly-accused Russian software company.[34]

Researchers Withhold Work on HDCP

Following the Felten and Sklyarov incidents, a number of prominent computer security experts curtailed their legitimate research activities for fear of potential DMCA liability.

For example, when Dutch cryptographer and security systems analyst Niels Ferguson discovered a major security flaw in Intel’s HDCP video encryption system, he declined to publish his results on his website on the grounds that he travels frequently to the U.S. and is fearful of “prosecution and/or liability under the U.S. DMCA law.”[35]

David Wagner, a professor of computer science at the University of California, Berkeley, also found flaws in the HDCP system, but did not publish his findings until several months after the initial discovery.[36] In light of the legal “overhead” associated with his research, Wagner ceased research on copyright protection systems.[37]

Eventually, the HDCP system was cracked, and the master key to the system was posted anonymously to the website pastebin.com, among others.[38] Still, the fear experienced by these researchers was likely justified: in the wake of the crack being posted Intel sent out an angry message threatening anyone, including consumers, who used it.[39] This sort of broad threat against consumers is possible because the DMCA’s provisions apply to all consumers.  

Intel, along with Warner Brothers, followed through on these threats, filing suit against Ohio based Freedom USA, which manufactures devices that decrypt HDCP. Among other legitimate uses, the devices manufactured by Freedom USA allow users with older electronics to connect them to new, HDMI only devices.[40]

Scientists and Programmers Withhold Security Research

Following the arrest of Dmitry Sklyarov, Fred Cohen, a professor of digital forensics and respected security consultant, removed his “ForensiX” evidence-gathering software from his website, citing fear of potential DMCA liability. Another respected network security protection expert, Dug Song, also removed information from his website for the same reason. Mr. Song is the author of several security papers, including a paper describing a common vulnerability in many firewalls.[41]

In mid-2001 an anonymous programmer discovered a vulnerability in Microsoft’s proprietary e-book DRM system, but refused to publish the results, citing DMCA liability concerns.[42]

Foreign Scientists Avoid U.S.

Foreign scientists have expressed concerns about traveling to the U.S. following the arrest of Russian programmer Dmitry Sklyarov. Some foreign scientists have advocated boycotting conferences held in the United States, and some conference organizers have decided to hold events in non-U.S. locations. In 2001, Russia went so far as to issue a travel advisory to Russian programmers traveling to the United States.[43]

Highly respected British Linux programmer Alan Cox resigned from the USENIX committee of the Advanced Computing Systems Association, the committee that organizes many of the U.S. computing conferences, because of concerns about traveling to the United States. He also urged USENIX to move its annual conference offshore.[44]

The International Information Hiding Workshop Conference, the conference at which Professor Felten’s team intended to present its original SDMI watermarking paper, held its 2009 conference outside of the U.S. following the DMCA threat to Professor Felten and his team. It was not until May 2012 that the conference returned to the United States.[45]

IEEE Wrestles with DMCA

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), which publishes 30 per cent of all computer science journals worldwide, has also grappled with the uncertainties created by the DMCA. Apparently concerned about possible DMCA liability, the IEEE in November 2001 instituted a policy requiring all authors to indemnify IEEE for any liabilities incurred should a submission result in legal action.[46]

After an outcry from IEEE members, the organization ultimately revised its submission policies, removing mention of the DMCA. According to Bill Hagen, manager of IEEE Intellectual Property Rights, “The Digital Millennium Copyright Act has become a very sensitive subject among our authors. It’s intended to protect digital content, but its application in some specific cases appears to have alien­ated large segments of the research community.”[47]

2600 Magazine Censored

The Universal City Studios v. Reimerdes case illustrates the chilling effect that section 1201 has had on the freedom of the press.

In that case, eight major motion picture companies brought DMCA claims against 2600 Magazine seeking to block it from publishing DeCSS, a software program that defeats the CSS encryption used on DVD movies. 2600 had made the program available on its web site in the course of its ongoing coverage of the controversy surrounding the DMCA. The magazine was not involved in the development of software, nor was it accused of having used the software for any copyright infringement.

Notwithstanding the First Amendment’s guarantee of a free press, the district court permanently barred 2600 from publishing, or even linking to, the DeCSS software code. In November 2001, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the lower court decision.[48]

In essence, the movie studios effectively obtained a “stop the presses” order banning the publication of truthful information by a news publication concerning a matter of public concern- an unprecedented curtailment of well-established First Amendment principles.[49]

CNET Reporter Feels Chill

CNET News reporter Declan McCullagh confronted the chilling effect of the DMCA firsthand. While researching a story in 2002, he found four documents on the public website of the U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA). The website disclosed that the documents contained information about airport security procedures, the relationship between federal and local police, and a “liability information sheet.” A note on the site stated that this “information is restricted to airport management and local law enforcement.” The documents were distributed in encrypted form and a password was required to open and read them.

McCullagh obtained the passwords from an anonymous source, but did not open the documents, citing concerns that using a password without authorization might violate the DMCA.

“Journalists traditionally haven’t worried about copyright law all that much,” said McCullagh, “But nowadays intellectual property rights have gone too far, and arguably interfere with the newsgathering process.”[50]

Microsoft Threatens Slashdot

In spring 2000, Microsoft invoked the DMCA against the Internet publication forum Slashdot, demanding that forum moderators delete materials relating to Microsoft’s proprietary implementation of an open security standard known as Kerberos.

In the Slashdot forum, several individuals alleged that Microsoft had changed the open, non-proprietary Kerberos specification in order to prevent non-Microsoft servers from interacting with Windows 2000. Many speculated that this move was intended to force users to purchase Microsoft server software. Although Microsoft responded to this criticism by publishing its Kerberos specification, it conditioned access to the specification on agreement to a “click-wrap” license agreement that expressly forbade disclosure of the specification without Microsoft’s prior consent.

Slashdot posters responded by republishing the Microsoft specification in the comments section of the site. Microsoft then invoked the DMCA, demanding that Slashdot remove the republished specifications.

In the words of Georgetown law professor Julie Cohen, “If Microsoft’s interpretation of the DMCA’s ban on circumvention technologies is right, then it doesn’t seem to matter much whether posting unauthorized copies of the Microsoft Kerberos specification would be a fair use. A publisher can prohibit fair-use commentary simply by implementing access and disclosure restrictions that bind the entire public. Anyone who discloses the information, or even tells others how to get it, is a felon.” Slashdot refused to comply with Microsoft’s demand, and the users’ comments remain on the site.[51]

GameSpy Menaces Security Researcher with DMCA

Luigi Auriemma, an independent Italian security researcher, attracted the attention of GameSpy’s lawyers after publishing details on his website regarding security vulnerabilities in GameSpy’s online services, including a voice chat program, Roger Wilco, and an online game finder, GameSpy 3D. Before publishing the information, Auriemma had informed GameSpy and public security mailing lists of the weaknesses. GameSpy, however, had failed to address the vulnerabilities.

In November 2003, GameSpy’s lawyers sent a cease and desist letter to Auriemma, threatening civil and criminal penalties under the DMCA. According to GameSpy, Auriemma was publishing key generators and other piracy tools, rather than simply vulnerability research.

Whatever the merits of GameSpy’s claims, the invocation of the DMCA was likely improper in light of the fact that Auriemma resides in Italy and thus is beyond the reach of the DMCA. Nonetheless, the research has since been taken down.[52]

AVSforum.com Censors TiVo Discussion

The specter of DMCA litigation has chilled speech on smaller web bulletin boards, as well. In June 2001, for example, the administrator of AVSforum.com, a popular forum where TiVo digital video recorder owners discuss TiVo features, censored all discussion about a software program that allegedly permitted TiVo users to move video from their TiVos to their personal computers. In the words of the forum administrator, “My fear with this is more or less I have no clue what is a protected system on the TiVo box under copyright (or what-have-you) and what is not. Thus my fear for the site.”[53]

Mac Forum Censors iTunes Music Store Discussion

Macintosh enthusiast website Mac OSX Hints censored publication of information about methods for evading the copy protection on songs purchased from the Apple iTunes Music Store in May 2003, citing DMCA liability concerns. Songs purchased from the Apple iTunes Music Store at that time were wrapped in Apple’s “FairPlay” digital copy protection technology (Apple has since eliminated DRM for digital music downloads and music videos, but has retained it for TV show and movie downloads). As the webmaster for the site noted, even though information on bypassing the copy protection was readily available on the Internet at the time, republishing user hints on work-arounds risked attracting a DMCA lawsuit and harsh penal­ties.[54]

4.   Fair Use Under Siege

“Fair use” is a crucial element in American copyright law—the principle that the public is entitled, without having to ask permission, to use copyrighted works in ways that do not unduly interfere with the copyright owner’s market for a work. Fair uses include personal, noncommercial uses. Fair use also includes activities undertaken for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship or research.

Today, many forms of digital content—including e-books and video—are “copy-protected” and otherwise restricted by technological means. Whether scholars, researchers, commentators and the public will continue to be able to make legitimate fair uses of these works will depend upon the availability of tools to bypass these digital locks.

The DMCA, however, prohibits the creation or distribution of these tools, even if they are needed to enable fair uses. As a result, fair uses have been whittled away by digital locks allegedly intended to “prevent piracy.” Perhaps more importantly, future fair uses may not be developed for restricted media, because courts will never have the opportunity to rule on them. Fair users will be found liable for “picking the lock” and thereby violating the DMCA, whatever the merits of their fair use defense.

Copyright owners argue that these tools, in the hands of copyright infringers, can result in “Internet piracy.” But banning the tools that enable fair use punishes the innocent as much or more than the guilty.

The DMCA provides for exemptions to the rules, but the process for obtaining those exemptions is expensive, technical and often fruitless, particularly for consumer fair uses.[55]

Copy-protected CDs & DRM in Online Music

“Copy-protected” CDs and digital rights management (DRM) for online music illustrate the collision between fair use and the DMCA in the music world. Although major labels abandoned CD copy-protection after the Sony-BMG “rootkit” scandal in late-2005, more than 15 million copy-protected CDs were distributed.

Such CD copy-protection technologies interfered with the fair use expectations of music fans by inhibiting the transfer of music from CD to iPods or other MP3 players—despite the fact that making an MP3 copy of a CD for personal use qualifies as a fair use. Other fair uses impaired by copy-protection technologies include making “mix CDs” or making copies of a CD for the office or car. Unfortunately, companies that distribute tools to “repair” these dysfunctional CDs, restoring to consumers their fair use privileges, run the risk of lawsuits under the DMCA’s ban on circumvention tools and technologies.[56]

Until 2007, authorized digital music download services also utilized DRM systems that frustrated fair use expectations, and technical restrictions remain common for subscription services.[57] And even after music download retailers like iTunes and Amazon.com gave up DRM, consumers who had purchased DRM-restricted files in the past continued to have difficulties as vendors like Walmart shut down the “authentication servers” without which DRM-restricted files could not be transferred to new computers.[58] In other words, rather than prevent piracy, these DRM restrictions have hurt legitimate customers long after they purchased the songs.

Fair Use Tools Banned: DVD/Blu-Ray Copying Tools

There are many legitimate reasons to copy DVDs. Once the video is copied to a computer, for example, lots of fair uses become possible—video creators can remix movie clips into original YouTube videos, frequent travelers can load the movie into their laptops, and DVD owners can skip the otherwise “unskippable” commercials that preface certain films.

DMCA lawsuits targeting makers of DVD copying tools have hampered these and other fair uses. In the Universal v. Reimerdes case, discussed above, the court held that the DMCA bans DeCSS, the first of many widely available free tools for decrypting and copying DVDs. In another case, federal courts ordered 321 Studios’ DVD X Copy product taken off the shelves for violating the DMCA. Major movie studios also used the DMCA to sue Tritton Technologies, the manufacturer of DVD CopyWare, and three website distributors of similar software.[59]

In October 2008, RealNetworks was forced to stop sales of its RealDVD software, designed to allow users to copy a DVD and store it on their hard drive. This format-shifting by RealDVD would have enabled DVD owners to create backups, organize a movie collection digitally, and watch a DVD at any time without being tied to a physical disc. Nor did RealDVD represent a “piracy” threat: RealDVD preserved the DVD’s CSS copy-protection system and added numerous additional security measures. RealNetworks also took a license from the DVD Copy Control Association to perform the necessary DVD decryption. Nevertheless, a federal court ruled in August 2009 that, even if the uses enabled by RealDVD were lawful fair uses, the DMCA forbids the distribution of tools like RealDVD.[60]

In light of these rulings, movie fans, film scholars, movie critics, educators, librarians, filmmakers, video remixers, and public interest groups have been forced to ask the Librarian of Congress repeatedly for DMCA exemptions to allow the decryption of DVDs in order to enable noninfringing uses. For example, exemptions have been sought to allow movie critics to post movie clips, DVD owners to skip “unskippable” previews and commercials, and legitimate purchasers to bypass “region coding” restrictions on their DVD players. Every DVD-related request was denied in both the 2000 and 2003 triennial rulemakings.[61] In 2006, a narrow DMCA exemption was granted to allow film professors to create compilations of motion pictures for educational use in the classroom.[62]

In 2009, educators renewed their request for an exemption that would allow film professors, media studies educators, and students to use short clips taken from DVDs for educational purposes.[63] EFF and the Organization for Transformative Works also applied for an exemption to allow remixers to extract clips from DVDs to create noncommercial remix videos.[64] While the motion picture industry endorsed a renewal of the narrow exemption for film professors, it opposed any expansion to permit other noninfringing uses of DVDs, going so far as to suggest that noninfringing users should camcord DVD clips from flat screen televisions.[65] In a major victory for remixers, educators, and other innovators, the Librarian of Congress finally approved the EFF’s request in 2010, and these exemptions were renewed and expanded in 2012.[66]

Even if other exemptions are granted in the future, it is worth noting that the Copyright Office is powerless to grant an exemption to the DMCA’s “tools” ban. As a result, even if fair users succeed in obtaining a DMCA exemption, technology companies will remain reluctant to supply them with the necessary circumvention tools.

Advanced e-Book Processor and e-Books

The future of fair use for books was at issue in the criminal prosecution of Dmitry Sklyarov and Elcomsoft. As discussed above, Elcomsoft produced and distributed a tool called the Advanced e-Book Processor, which translates e-books from Adobe’s e-book format to PDF. This translation process removed various restrictions (against copying, printing, text-to-speech processing, etc.) that publishers can impose on e-books.[67]

The Advanced e-Book Processor allowed those who have legitimately purchased e-books to make fair uses of their e-books, uses otherwise made impossible by the restrictions of the Adobe e-book format. For instance, the program allowed people to engage in the following fair uses:

• read the e-book on a laptop or computer other than the one on which it was first downloaded;

• continue to access the e-book in the future, if the particular technological device for which it was purchased becomes obsolete;

• print an e-book on paper;

• read an e-book on an alternative operating system such as GNU/Linux (Adobe’s format works only on Macs and Windows PCs);

• have a computer read an e-book out loud using text-to-speech software, which is particularly important for visually-impaired individuals.

As described above, Sklyarov was arrested for his work. His alleged crime was his work on a software tool with many legitimate uses, simply because other people mightuse the tool to copy an e-book without the publisher’s permission.

Federal prosecutors ultimately permitted Sklyarov to return home, but brought criminal charges against ElcomSoft. In December 2002, a jury acquitted Elcomsoft of all charges, completing an 18-month ordeal for the wrongly-accused Russian software company.[[68]]

Time-shifting and Streaming Media

As more people receive audio and video content from “streaming” Internet media sources, they will want tools to preserve their settled fair use expectations, including the ability to “time-shift” programming for later listening or viewing. As a result of the DMCA, however, the digital equivalents of VCRs and cassette decks for streaming media may never thrive.

Start-up software company Streambox developed exactly such a product, known simply as the Streambox VCR, designed to time-shift streaming media. When RealNetworks discovered that the Streambox VCR could time-shift streaming RealAudio webcasts, it invoked the DMCA and obtained an injunction against the Streambox VCR product (years later, this ruling would come to haunt RealNetworks when it found itself the target of a DMCA lawsuit over its own RealDVD software, as described above).[69]

The DMCA has also been invoked to threaten the developer of an open source, noncommercial software application known as Streamripper that records MP3 audio streams for later listening.[70] As of January 2013, Streamripper remains available for download.[71]

Agfa Monotype and Fonts

In January 2002, typeface vendor Agfa Monotype Corporation threatened a college student with DMCA liability for creating “embed,” a free, open source, noncommercial software program designed to manipulate TrueType fonts.

According to the student: “I wrote embed in 1997, after discovering that all of my fonts disallowed embedding in documents. Since my fonts are free, this was silly—but I didn’t want to take the time to . . . change the flag, and then reset all of the extended font properties with a separate program. What a bore! Instead, I wrote this program to convert all of my fonts at once. The program is very simple; it just requires setting a few bits to zero. Indeed, I noticed that other fonts that were licensed for unlimit­ed distribution also disallowed embedding…. So, I put this program on the web in hopes that it would help other font developers as well.”

According to Agfa, the fact that embed can be used to allow distribution of protected fonts made it contraband under section 1201, notwithstanding the fact that the tool had many legitimate uses in the hands of hobbyist font developers.[72] As of January 2013, the “embed” program remains available for download on the creator’s website.[73]Agfa Monotype brought similar DMCA challenges against Adobe Systems for its Acrobat 5.0’s FreeText Tool and Forms Tool, which allowed so-called “editable embedding.” Agfa claimed that with Acrobat 5.0, the recipient of an electronic document could make use of embedded fonts to change the contents of a form field or free text annotation, thus “circumventing” the embedding bits of some of Agfa’s TrueType Fonts.

Fortunately, in 2005, a federal court found that Adobe had not violated either section 1201(a) or section 1201(b) of the DMCA. The court noted that embedding bits do not effectively control access to a protected work and, moreover, that Acrobat 5.0 was not designed primarily to circumvent TrueType fonts.[74]

Load-’N-Go Space-shifting

In November 2006, movie studios used the DMCA against Load-’N-Go, a small company that loaded DVDs purchased by a customer onto the customer’s iPod. Load-’N-Go would take DVDs purchased by the customer, load them onto her iPod, and then return both the iPod and the original DVDs.

The movie studios claimed this service violated the DMCA because creating a duplicate copy of the movie—even for personal, fair uses—circumvents the DVD’s CSS encryption. Under this theory, any individual attempting to space-shift movies from DVD to iPod or to any other digital media player is violating the DMCA. Conveniently for movie studios, this legal posture enables them to sell consumers the same movies multiple times, for multiple devices.

After some back-and-forth in the courts, the case settled in February 2007. However, the Load-‘N-Go service has since become defunct, and the company’s website no longer exists.[75]

5.   A threat to innovation and competition

The DMCA has frequently been used to deter legitimate innovation and competition, rather than to stop piracy.

For example, the DMCA has been used to block aftermarket competition in laser printer toner cartridges, garage door openers, videogame console accessories, and computer maintenance services. Until EFF obtained an exemption for jailbreaking, Apple relied on the DMCA to lock iPhone owners into purchasing software exclusively from Apple’s own App Store. Videogame hobbyists have been sued for trying to improve or extend the capabilities of their favorite game titles. Sony has threatened hobbyists for creating software that enables Sony’s Aibo robot dog to dance, and has sued to block software that allows gamers to play their PlayStation games on PCs.

In each of these cases, it was legitimate competitors and innovators who suffered, not pirates.[76]

Programmer George Hotz Sued By Sony

Prolific hacker George Hotz, a.k.a Geohot, is well-known for being the first to successfully jailbreak Apple’s iPhone. Today, he is perhaps just as famous for his work with Sony’s PlayStation 3 and the subsequent legal battle that ensued. In early 2010, Hotz announced that he had gained hypervisor access to the PlayStation 3, allowing him to read and write to the machine’s system memory.[77] In creating his hack, Hotz had used encryption research from the failOverflow team, which had previously revealed a security exploit in the system.[78] Hotz’s intention in creating this hack was simply to satisfy his own “curiosity” and to play his own homemade games on the PlayStation 3’s hardware.[79] However, Hotz’s hack also allowed users to play pirated games on the system. Sony did not take the news well.

Sony’s initial response to Hotz’s hack was to release a firmware update for all PlayStation 3 consoles. The update, which was mandatory for all users that wished to continue using PlayStation’s online services, removed the PlayStation 3’s “OtherOS” feature that Hotz had exploited for his hack. (Incidentally, Sony’s decision to remove the OtherOS feature led to a separate class action lawsuit initialed against Sony, which has since been dismissed.[80]) In response, Hotz released his own custom firmware, and published the root keys that would allow one to crack even the newest PlayStation 3 consoles. At that point, Sony filed suit against Hotz under both the DMCA and CFAA. The researchers at failOverflow were also targeted.

Sony’s legal strategy in the Hotz case has been described as “scorched-earth.”[81] Not only did Sony seek to impound all “tools of circumvention” (which Sony defined to include even Hotz’s research papers), but it also subpoenaed Hotz’s PayPal, YouTube, Twitter, and other accounts.[82]  Sony also demanded to know the identities of all Internet users who had accessed Geohot’s website or YouTube videos while the jailbreak was posted. EFF filed a letter as amicus opposing this extremely broad subpoena.[83]

Eventually, Sony dropped its case against Hotz and the failOverflow team, after Hotz promised not to hack any Sony products, discuss hacking Sony products, or link to any research related to hacking Sony products.[84] Although Hotz has essentially been silenced, his research (and the PlayStation 3 root keys) remain readily accessible on the Internet.

Craigslist Sues Competitors and Innovators

Using the DMCA, Craigslist has sued several cservices that attempted to offer better ways to post ads on Craigslist. In several cases, these suits have forced the competitor to shut down, depriving consumers of a potentially useful service.

In 2009, for example, Craigslist sued Ivan Gasov and Naturemarket, Inc., operators of the website www.powerpostings.com. Gasov and Naturemarket had developed software that permitted users to automatically post ads on Craigslist, and they also offered, for a fee, to post ads to Craigslist on behalf of users. The court enjoined Gasov and Naturemarket from using or selling their software and services.[85]

Craigslist has filed numerous similar lawsuits against other services that offer automatic or easier ways to post ads, resulting in the shuttering of these services.[86]

Apple Uses DMCA to Lock iPhone to App Store

Apple uses technical measures backed by the DMCA to try to lock iPhone owners into obtaining software (“apps”) exclusively from Apple’s own iTunes App Store, where every app must be approved by Apple and Apple retains 30% of revenues generated by app sales. Apple also uses the DMCA to prevent iPhone owners from switching to mobile phone carriers of their choice.

Despite Apple’s efforts, millions of iPhone owners, assisted by independent hobbyists, have “unlocked” or “jailbroken” their iPhones to use the carriers and apps of their choice. Apple, however, continues to argue that these activities violate the DMCA.[87] The negative consequences for competition and speech have been clear; witness, for example, Apple’s rejection of Google’s official Google Voice application,[88] and the rejection of apps from Nine Inch Nails[89] and South Park[90] based on “naughty language.”

IN 2006 the Librarian of Congress granted an exemption that allowed all users to jailbreak their phones for the purposes of switching carriers. In 2009, The Copyright Office broadened the exemption to legalize all jailbreaking for handsets. In 2012, the EFF sought to preserve the previous exemptions, and to extend the exemption to tablets and videogame consoles.[91] The Librarian decided to preserve the exception for smartphone, but declined to extend the exception further.[92]

Microsoft intimidates Kinect innovators, then backpedals

In 2010, Microsoft launched a new peripheral for its Xbox 360 videogame console. Dubbed the “Kinect,” the camera-like USB device was capable of advanced voice and facial recognition, and could capture movement and sound in three dimensions. Given the Kinect’s comparatively low price, innovators immediately expressed a desire to use Kinect’s technology for projects outside the realm of videogames. However, the device was not initially compatible with any device other than the Xbox 360.

Recognizing the true potential of the technology, Adafruit Industries created a contest, promising to pay a bounty of $1,000 to the first programmer who created an open-source driver for Kinect.[93] Such a driver would give programmers the ability to write their own programs utilizing the Kinect hardware. Microsoft did not approve of Adafruit’s contest, writing that “Microsoft does not condone the modification of its products,” and that it would “work closely with law enforcement and product safety groups to keep Kinect tamper-resistant.”[94]

Despite this veiled DMCA threat, a brave programmer successfully wrote the necessary driver and opened the Kinect for experimentation.[95] Since then, the Kinect has been used for a staggering variety of innovative, futuristic and artistic projects, arguably creating an entirely new technology market.[96] Meanwhile, Microsoft has “done a complete 180 when it comes to hack[ing],” as one website put it.[97] Microsoft announced that it would not pursue legal action against any Kinect hackers.[98] Furthermore, Microsoft claimed that the Kinect was actually designed to be open all along; Microsoft planned to release its own version of Kinect to be used with Windows.

DMCA Used First to Lock Cell Phones to Carriers; Then, to Hammer Phone Resellers

American cellular phone subscribers have long suffered with phones that are artificially “locked” to a particular carrier’s network. This creates a variety of burdens for consumers, including high roaming rates when traveling (by preventing the use of prepaid SIM chips from local carriers) and barriers to switching carriers. In addition, these restrictions make locked phones harder to recycle and reuse. “Locking” phones seems particularly unjustifiable in light of the “minimum term” and “early termination fee” clauses that guarantee carriers will recoup the costs of the phones they are so fond of “giving away” to lure subscribers.

Responding to consumer demand, phone “unlocking” services have become widespread. Unfortunately, carriers have responded by filing suit under the DMCA. Instead of being used against copyright infringers, the DMCA is being used to prop up the anticompetitive business models of cellular carriers.[99]

At the 2006, and 2009, triennial DMCA rulemaking, the Librarian of congress granted an exemption for cell phone unlocking. Despite this exemption, however, DMCA lawsuits persisted. Tracfone, the nation’s largest independent prepaid-wireless provider, aggressively uses the DMCA to sue phone resellers who purchase and unlock Tracfone handsets. Courts have ruled in favor of Tracfone, allowing the company to continue using the DMCA as a hammer against secondary markets, instead of as a deterrent against copyright infringers.[100] In 2012, the exemption was not renewed; as of January 26, 2013, cell phone unlocking is once against a DMCA violation.

Apple Ties OS X to Hardware, Targets Psystar

Apple uses technical measures to prevent consumers from installing Apple’s OS X operating system onto computers other than those sold by Apple. When Psystar began selling cheaper PCs along with legitimately purchased copies of OS X, it ended up in court facing a DMCA claim by Apple.[101]

In November 2009, a federal judge ruled in favor of Apple on the copyright issues, stating that Psystar’s computer infringed Apple’s copyright and violated the DMCA. After four years of legal battling and an affirmation from the 9th Circuit, The Supreme Court declined to review Psystar’s case.[102] Psystar has now gone out of business, although a number of smaller imitators are springing up to take its place.[103]

Apple Threatens Real over Harmony

In July 2004, RealNetworks announced its “Harmony” technology, which was designed to allow music sold by Real’s digital download store to play on Apple iPods. Until Harmony, the only DRM-restricted music format playable on the iPod was Apple’s own “Fairplay” format. Although the iPod plays a variety of DRM-free formats, Real wanted to ensure interoperability without having to give up DRM restrictions, and thus developed Harmony to “re-wrap” its songs using the Fairplay format.[104]

Within days, Apple responded by accusing Real of adopting the “tactics and ethics of a hacker” and threatening legal action under the DMCA. Over the following months, the two competitors engaged in a game of technological cat-and-mouse, with Apple disabling Harmony in updates of its iTunes software and Real revising its technology to re-enable compatibility. In the words of Real’s filings before the SEC: “Although we believe our Harmony technology is legal, there is no assurance that a court would agree with our position.”[105]

As of January 2013, the music and music videos downloaded from iTunes no longer contain DRM, although DRM is still used for downloaded movies and TV shows.[106]

Tecmo Sues to Block Game Enhancements

Enthusiastic fans of the videogames Ninja Gaiden, Dead or Alive 3, and Dead or Alive Xtreme Beach Volleyball managed to modify their games to create new “skins” to change the appearance of characters who appear in the game (including making some characters appear nude). The modifications were add-on enhancements for the games themselves—only those who already had the games could make use of the skins. These hobbyist tinkerers traded their modding tips and swapped skins on a website called ninjahacker.net.

Tecmo Inc., which distributes the games, was not amused and brought DMCA claims against the website operators and tinkerers who frequented it. The suit was ultimately dismissed after the website was taken down and settlements negotiated with the site’s operators.[107]

Nikon’s Encrypted RAW Format Blocks Adobe

In April 2005, the creator of Adobe’s Photoshop software revealed that camera-maker Nikon had begun encrypting certain portions of the RAW image files generated by its professional-grade digital cameras. As a result, these files would not be compatible with Photoshop or other similar software unless the developers first took licenses from Nikon. In other words, by encrypting the image files on its cameras, Nikon was obtaining market leverage in the image editing software market.

Adobe cited the prospect of a DMCA claim as one reason why it was unwilling to reverse engineer the format to facilitate interoperability, despite the fact that intrepid programmers were able to break the encryption through reverse engineering. Nikon and Adobe ultimately negotiated an agreement, an option that may not be practical for smaller software developers in the future.[108]

StorageTek Attempts to Block Independent Service Vendors

StorageTek sells data storage hardware to large enterprise clients. It also sells maintenance services for its products. Custom Hardware is an independent business that repairs StorageTek hardware. In an effort to eliminate this competitor in the maintenance services market, StorageTek sued under the DMCA, arguing that Custom Hardware had circumvented certain passwords designed to block independent service providers from using maintenance software included in the StorageTek hardware systems. In other words, StorageTek was using the DMCA to ensure that its customers had only one place to turn for repair services.

A district court granted a preliminary injunction against Custom Hardware. More than a year later, a court of appeals vacated the injunction, holding that where there is no nexus with copyright infringement, there can be no DMCA claim. Although this was a victory for competition, it illustrates the ways in which the DMCA continues to be used to impede competition, rather than prevent piracy.[109]

Lexmark Sues Over Toner Cartridges

Lexmark, the second-largest laser printer maker in the U.S., has long tried to eliminate the secondary market in refilled laser toner cartridges. In January 2003, Lexmark employed the DMCA as a new weapon in its arsenal.

Lexmark had added authentication routines between its printers and cartridges explicitly to hinder aftermarket toner vendors. Static Control Components (SCC) reverse-engineered these measures and sold “Smartek” chips that enabled refilled cartridges to work in Lexmark printers. Lexmark then used the DMCA to obtain an injunction banning SCC from selling its chips to cartridge remanufacturers.

SCC ultimately succeeded in getting the injunction overturned on appeal, but only after 19 months of expensive litigation while its product was held off the market. The litigation sent a chilling message to those in the secondary market for Lexmark cartridges.[110]

Chamberlain Sues Universal Garage Door Opener Manufacturer

Garage door opener manufacturer Chamberlain Group invoked the DMCA against competitor Skylink Technologies after several major U.S. retailers dropped Chamberlain’s remote openers in favor of the less expensive Skylink universal “clickers.” Chamberlain claimed that Skylink had violated the DMCA because its clicker bypassed an “authentication regime” between the Chamberlain remote opener and the mounted garage door receiver unit. On Chamberlain’s logic, consumers would be locked into a sole source not only for replacement garage door clickers, but virtually any remote control device.

Skylink ultimately defeated Chamberlain both at the district court and court of appeals, but only after many months of expensive litigation. In the words of the court of appeals, Chamberlain’s use of the DMCA was nothing less than an “attempt to leverage its sales into aftermarket monopolies.”[111]  Now, Chamberlain attempts to limit the use of third party remotes through convoluted “legaleze” printed in its owner’s manual.[112]

Microsoft uses DMCA as Counterclaim for Antitrust Lawsuit

Datel, Inc. produces third-party accessories for every major videogame console, including Microsoft’s Xbox 360.[113] As with all third-party manufacturers, Datel must engineer its accessories so that they will be compatible with the chosen first-party console; this frequently requires reverse engineering or other hacking. In 2009, Microsoft issued a mandatory firmware update for all Xbox 360 consoles connected to the Internet: this update had no effect on Microsoft’s own memory cards, but rendered Datel’s memory cards completely unusable.[114] Datel sued Microsoft for antitrust violations; Microsoft counterclaimed by accusing Datel of violating the DMCA.

It is difficult to imagine a clearer case of the DMCA being used to stifle competition than was the case here. Microsoft forced consumers to purchase its own memory cards and then used the DMCA to attack legitimate competitors. The EFF filed an amicus brief in support of Datel, arguing that the DMCA was not designed to be used to hobble competition and user choice.[115] The case ultimately settled in 2012, but third-party memory cards remain incompatible with the Xbox 360.[116]

Sony Sues Connectix and Bleem

Sony used the DMCA to sue competitors who created emulation software that permits gamers to play PlayStation console games on PCs. In 1999, Sony sued Connectix, the maker of the Virtual Game Station, a PlayStation emulator for Macintosh computers. Sony also sued Bleem, the leading vendor of PlayStation emulator software for Windows PCs and Sega’s Dreamcast console.

In both cases, Sony claimed that competitors had violated the DMCA by engaging in unlawful circumvention, even though courts have recognized that the development of interoperable software is a fair use under copyright law. Because courts have suggested that the DMCA trumps fair use, however, the DMCA has become a new legal weapon with which to threaten those who rely on reverse engineering to create competing products.[117]

Neither Connectix nor Bleem were able to bear the high costs of litigation against Sony and eventually pulled their products off the market.

Sony Threatens Aibo Hobbyist

Sony has also invoked the DMCA against a hobbyist who developed custom “dance moves” for his Aibo robotic “pet” dog. Developing these new routines for the Sony Aibo required reverse engineering the encryption surrounding the software that manipulates the robot. The hobbyist revealed neither the decrypted Sony software nor the code he used to defeat the encryption, but he freely distributed his new custom programs. Sony claimed that the act of circumventing the encryption surrounding the software in the Aibo violated the DMCA and demanded that the hobbyist remove his programs from his website.

Responding to public outcry, Sony ultimately permitted the hobbyist to repost some of his programs (on the understanding that Sony retained the right to commercially exploit the hobbyist’s work). Nevertheless, Sony discontinued the Aibo robot in 2006.[118] This incident illustrated Sony’s willingness to invoke the DMCA in situations with no relationship to “piracy.”[119]

Sony Attacks PlayStation “Mod Chips”

Sony has sued a number of manufacturers and distributors of “mod chips” for alleged circumvention under the DMCA. In doing so, Sony has been able to enforce a system of “region coding” that raises significant anticompetitive issues.

“Mod chips” are after-market accessories that modify Sony PlayStation game consoles to permit games legitimately purchased in one part of the world to be played on a games console from another geographical region. Sony complains that mod chips can also be used to play pirated copies of games. As noted above, it is hard to see why an independent vendor of a product with legitimate uses should have to solve Sony’s piracy problems before entering the market.

Sony sued Gamemasters, distributor of the Game Enhancer peripheral device, which allowed owners of a U.S. PlayStation console to play games purchased in Japan and other countries. Although there was no infringement of Sony’s copyright, the court granted an injunction under the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions, effectively leaving gamers at the mercy of Sony’s region coding system.

Interestingly, courts in Australia, recognizing the anticompetitive and anticonsumer ramifications of Sony’s region coding system, came to a different conclusion under that country’s analog to the DMCA. In Stevens v Kabushiki Kaisha Sony Computer Entertainment, the High Court of Australia held in 2005 that the regional access coding on Sony PlayStation computer games as implemented by the PlayStation console did not qualify for legal protection, as it did not prevent or inhibit copyright infringement.

Sony, like all vendors, is free to attempt to segregate geographic markets. If it does so, however, it should have to bear its own costs for the effort, rather than relying on the DMCA, which Congress plainly did not enact to trump the usual legal regimes governing parallel importation.[120]

US Government Prosecutes Importers and Distributors of “Mod Chips”

In addition to Sony’s attempts to go after manufacturers and distributors of “mod chips,” the US government has undertaken criminal prosecutions of "mod chip" importers and distributors. In 2007, as part of “Operation Tangled Web,” officers from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, with assistance from representatives of the software industry, raided 32 locations in 16 states, seeking evidence of the importation of “mod chips” from China.[121]

Although little information about the case has emerged, in 2012 the U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio indicted 10 people in connection with the case.[122] At least one defendant, William Silvius, charged with violating the DMCA for selling “mod chips,” had his indictment upheld by the courts.[123]

Ironically, these indictments went forward as the Copyright Office was considering extending the jailbreaking exception to game consoles, which would legitimize the sale and manufacture of “mod chips,” Unfortunately, the Copyright Office declined to extend this exemption beyond phone handsets in its 2012 ruling.

Blizzard Sues bnetd.org

Vivendi-Universal’s Blizzard Entertainment video game division brought a DMCA lawsuit against a group of volunteer game enthusiasts who created software that allowed owners of Blizzard games to play their games over the Internet. The software, called “bnetd,” allowed gamers to set up their own alternative to Blizzard’s own Battle.net service.

Blizzard has a policy of locking in its customers who want to play their games over the Internet—it’s the Battle.net servers or nothing. Although access to Blizzard’s Battle.net servers is free, the hobbyists decided to create bnetd to overcome difficulties that they had experienced in attempting to use Battle.net. The bnetd software was freely distributed, open source, and noncommercial.

Blizzard filed suit in St. Louis to bar distribution of bnetd, alleging that the software was a “circumvention device” prohibited by the DMCA. According to Blizzard, the bnetd software could be used to permit networked play of pirated Blizzard games. The developers never used the software for that purpose, nor was that the purpose for which the software was designed.

It is hard to see why a competitor should have to solve Blizzard’s piracy problem before it can offer innovative products for legitimate owners of Blizzard games. Nevertheless, Blizzard prevailed on its DMCA claim, and the bnetd developers ceased distributing the software.[124]

Apple Harasses Inventive Retailer

When Other World Computing (OWC), a small retailer specializing in Apple Macintosh comput­ers, developed a software patch in 2002 that allowed all Mac owners to use Apple’s iDVD software, they thought they were doing Macintosh fans a favor. For their trouble, they got a DMCA threat from Apple.

Apple’s iDVD authoring software was designed to work on newer Macs that shipped with internal DVD recorders manufactured by Apple. OWC discovered that a minor software modification would allow iDVD to work with external DVD recorders, giving owners of older Macs an upgrade path. Apple claimed that this constituted a violation of the DMCA and requested that OWC stop this practice immediately. OWC obliged.

Rather than prevent copyright infringement, the DMCA empowered Apple to force consumers to buy new Mac computers instead of simply upgrading their older machines with an external DVD recorder.[125] Eventually, Apple released iDVD version 6.0 in 2006, which featured full compatibility with external DVD recorders.[126]

Macrovision Sues Sima for Digitizing Analog Video

In April 2006, hardware manufacturer Sima Products was forced to stop selling various video enhancing products that digitized analog signals from DVD players and VCRs. Wielding the DMCA, Macrovision argued that Sima’s analog-to-digital video enhancements circumvented Macrovision’s analog copy protection (ACP).

Macrovision’s ACP functions by inserting noise into the vertical blanking intervals found in analog video signals. This noise is not displayed on a television set, but it does degrade the recording made by most analog VCRs. Sima’s products simply convert the analog signal into a digital signal, which eliminates additional noise in the blanking intervals, and then converts the signal back to analog. This video enhancement allows consumers to harness digital techniques to make up for a weakness in VCR analog technology, a weakness which could come from age or distortion as well as from techniques like Macrovision’s.

ACP does not prevent digital copies. Moreover, when a digital copy is made, Macrovision’s ACP does not survive. Accordingly, Sima’s products were not “circumventing” anything by performing its analog-to-digital conversion.

Macrovision, nevertheless, was able to convince the court that Sima had violated the DMCA. This unfortunate result indicates that the DMCA can be manipulated to push obsolete analog copy protection systems onto new technology innovators.[127] Although Sima appealed the ruling, it subsequently settled with Macrovision before the appeal was heard.

Blizzard Blocks World of Warcraft Glider

Blizzard, makers the popular online role-playing game World of Warcraft (WoW), sued MDY Industries, the developer of a program which enables WoW characters to continue playing even when the user is away from her computer. These “bot” programs help reduce the time that a user must otherwise spend to progress in the game. MDY’s product, known as “Glider,” proved to be very popular with WoW players, selling about 120,000 units.[128]

The district court ultimately ruled against MDY on Blizzard’s DMCA claims, finding that Glider circumvented technical measures used by Blizzard to control access to copyrighted materials stored on the WoW gameservers.[129] The Ninth Circuit agreed, and entered a permanent injunction against MDY to prevent future § 1201(a)(2) violations.[130]

This ruling is troubling because it suggests that software vendors can deploy mechanisms that monitor user behavior and rely on the DMCA to prevent users from “hiding” from these mechanisms. While the prospect of WoW players “cheating” by using Glider may not elicit much sympathy, this precedent could be used to stymie other kinds of innovation among software “add-ons.”  

Car Product Design Company Attempts to Suppress Competition with the DMCA and a EULA

In March 2008, car product design company XPEL Technologies filed suit against American Filter Film Distributors, a rival who provides services for car paint and window film protection. Among a slew of other claims, XPEL alleged that American Filter violated the DMCA by using “Capture” software to copy product images from the XPEL website and distribute the image and product to other auto dealers. XPEL argued the DMCA was violated because (1) the XPEL website is protected by an end-user license agreement (EULA), (2) American Filter clicked that they agreed to the EULA, and (3) the EULA is a technological measure which effectively controls access to the copyrighted design works on XPEL’s website. This was the first case where a “click-thru” EULA has been put forward as an access control protected by the DMCA.

The court rejected a motion to dismiss the DMCA claim, and the parties subsequently settled the case in October 2008.[131]  It remains to be seen whether other plaintiffs follow XPEL’s lead in trying to rely on a EULA as an “access control” under the DMCA.

6.   DMCA Shoulders Aside Computer Intrusion Statutes.

The DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions have also threatened to displace “computer intrusion” and “anti-hacking” laws, something that Congress plainly never intended.

State and federal statutes already protect computer network owners from unauthorized intrusions. These include the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA), the Wiretap Act, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA), and a variety of state computer intrusion statutes. These statutes, however, generally require that a plaintiff prove that the intrusion caused some harm in order to bring a civil suit. The DMCA, in contrast, contains no financial damage threshold, tempting some to use it in place of the statutes that were designed to address computer intrusion.

Some courts have taken steps to rein in this particular misuse of the DMCA, ruling that the use of authentic usernames and passwords to access computers cannot constitute circumvention, even if done without the authorization of the computer owner.[132] Until more judicial precedents are on the books, however, the improper use of the DMCA as an all-purpose computer intrusion prohibition will continue to muddy the waters for lawyers and professionals.

Disgruntled Company Sues Former Contractor For Unauthorized Network Access

In April 2003, an automated stock trading company sued a former contract programmer under the DMCA, claiming that his access to the company’s computer system over a password-protected virtual private network (VPN) connection was an act of circumvention.

Pearl Investments had employed the programmer to create a software module for its software system. In order to complete the work remotely, the programmer used a VPN to connect to the company’s computers. Although the contractor created a very successful software module for the company, the relationship turned frosty after the company ran into financial difficulties and terminated the contractor’s contract.

The company sued the contractor when it discovered the contractor’s VPN connection to the its sys­tem, claiming electronic trespass, as well as violations of computer intrusion statutes, the CFAA, and the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions. Pearl claimed that it had withdrawn the authorization it had previously given to the contractor to access its system through the password-protected VPN and that the VPN connection was therefore unauthorized. The Court rejected the company’s electronic trespass and CFAA claims due to lack of evidence of any actual damage done. Even though the second server was not being used by the programmer at the time, and its hard drive had been accidentally wiped, the court agreed with Pearl that the existence of the VPN was a prohibited circumvention of a technological protection measure that controlled access to a system which contained copyrighted software.[133]

At the subsequent trial, the jury found that the contractor did not violate the DMCA, although the jury did award Pearl Investments $54,000 on other grounds.[134]

The website run by RMG Technologies provided tickets to events that were likely to sell out quickly on Ticketmaster. RMG allegedly used software to quickly make bulk purchases of tickets from Ticketmaster, circumventing the limit of four tickets per customer, in order to re-sell the tickets for profit.

Ticketmaster brought suit under the DMCA, the CFAA, the Copyright Act, breach of contract, and under California’s criminal code governing computer crimes. On a motion for preliminary injunction, the court found that Ticketmaster was likely to succeed on its DMCA, Copyright Act, and breach of contract claims; however, Ticketmaster would not have been able to prevail on the CFAA claim. (The court found it did not need to address the claim under California’s criminal code.)

This ruling illustrates how the DMCA has shouldered aside computer intrusion statutes like the CFAA. Because the CFAA requires that Ticketmaster prove it suffered $5,000 in damages during one year, whereas the DMCA contains no financial damage threshold, Ticketmaster was able to succeed under the DMCA while failing under the CFAA.[135]

The DMCA was not intended for this purpose. The DMCA was designed to protect copyrighted works, not ticket vendors. Although the defense made both these arguments,[136] the court nevertheless ruled in favor of Ticketmaster on the DMCA claim.[137]

Cable Provider Blocks Cable Digital Filters

In addition to computer intrusion statues, the DMCA may also be starting to shoulder aside penal statues in other industry areas.

In August 2008, cable provider CoxCom Inc. successfully forced Jon and Amy Chaffee, and their one employee, to stop selling cable digital filters at computer trade shows. These low-frequency digital filters blocked pay-per-view charges from being sent to cable companies, thus giving users free pay-per-view. Not surprisingly, the court granted summary judgment against the Chaffees for violation of the Cable Communications Policy Act, a statute specifically enacted to address theft of cable services to protect the economic viability of cable operators and cable programmers. However, the court also ruled that the Chaffees violated the DMCA.

The DMCA argument is that the Chaffees’ low-frequency filters circumvent CoxCom’s pay-per-view billing mechanism, allegedly a “technological measure” that controls access to copyrighted works. If a billing mechanism has become a “technological measure” within the meaning of the DMCA, it is troubling to think what else may qualify.[138]

7.   Conclusion

Years of experience with the “anti-circumvention” provisions of the DMCA demonstrate that the statute reaches too far, chilling a wide variety of legitimate activities in ways Congress did not intend. As encrypted software finds its way into an increasing number of devices—from phones to tablets to cars—it is likely that the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions will be applied in further unforeseen contexts, hindering the legitimate activities of innovators, researchers, the press, and the public at large.



[1] For examples of Congress’ stated purpose in enacting the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions, see 144 Cong. Rec. H7093, H7094-5 (Aug. 4, 1998); Senate Judiciary Comm., S. Rep. 105-190 (1998) at 29; Judiciary Comm., H. Rep. 105-551 Pt 1 (1998) at 18; House Commerce Comm., H. Rep. 105-551 Pt 2 (1998) at 38.

[2] See WIPO Copyright Treaties Implementation Act and Online Copyright Liability Limitation Act: Hearing on H.R. 2281 and H.R. 2280 before the House Subcomm. on Courts and Intellectual Prop., 105th Cong., 1st sess. (Sept. 16, 1997) at 62 (testimony of Asst. Sec. of Commerce and Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks Bruce A. Lehman admitting that section 1201 went beyond the requirements of the WIPO Copyright Treaty).

[3] For a full description of the events leading up to the enactment of the DMCA, see Jessica Litman, Digital Copyright 89-150 (2000).

[4] See Pamela Samuelson, Intellectual Property and the Digital Economy: Why the Anti-Circumvention Regula­tions Need to be Revised, 14 Berkeley Technology L.J. 519, 537-57 (1999), available at http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~pam/papers.html.

[5] Brandon Wilson, Skylanders portal documentation (Oct. 27th, 2011 6:35 PM), http://brandonw.net/.

[6] Russell Holly, Activision Delivers Cease And Desist To Skylanders Tinkerer, Geek (Dec. 28, 2011 2:48 PM),  http://www.geek.com/articles/games/activision-delivers-cease-and-desist-to-skylanders-tinkerer-20111228/.

[7] Letter from Mark E. Mayer, Mitchel Silberberg & Knupp, LLP, to Brandon L. Wilson (Oct. 26, 2011), available at http://brandonw.net/skylanders/activision.pdf.

[8] See Letter from Brandon L. Wilson to Mark E. Mayer, Mitchell Silberberg & Knupp LLP, available at http://brandonw.net/skylanders/response.txt (last visited June 12, 2012).

[10] About Gitorious, Gitorious, https://gitorious.org/about (last visited June 12, 2012).

[11] Christian Johansen, Gitorious receives DMCA takedown notice from Sony, Gitorious (Feb. 2, 2011 1:41 PM), http://blog.gitorious.org/2011/02/02/gitorious-receives-dmca-takedown-notice-from-sony/.

[14] Dan Goodin, Texas Instruments Aims Lawyers at Calculator Hackers, The Register (Sept. 23, 2009), http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/09/23/texas_instruments_calculator_hacking/.

[15] Letter from EFF to Texas Instruments (Oct. 13, 2009), available at http://www.eff.org/files/filenode/coders/TI%20Claim%20Ltr%20101309.pdf; Link to content: http://brandonw.net/calculators/keys/

[16] Robert McMillan, Apple is Sued after Pressuring Open-Source iTunes Project, PC World (Apr. 29, 2009), http://www.pcworld.com/article/163909/apple_is_sued_after_pressuring_opensource_itunes_project.html.

[17] Katie Marshal, Apple Sued for Threatening Wiki Host Over iTunes Code, Apple Insider (Apr. 27, 2009), http://www.appleinsider.com/articles/09/04/27/apple_sued_for_threatening_wiki_host_over_itunes_code.html.

[18] Thomas Clayburn, Apple Drops Complaint Against BluWiki, Information Week (Jul. 22, 2009), http://www.infor­mationweek.com/news/personal_tech/ipod/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=218600244.

[19] Comment of Edward Felten and J. Alex Halderman, RM 2005-11 – Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, Dec. 1, 2005, 6-7, available at http://web.archive.org/web/20061017084037/http://www.freedom-to-tinker.com/doc/2005/dmcacomment.pdf (accessed via the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine).

[20] Recommendation of the Register of Copyrights in RM 2002-4, Oct. 27, 2003, 87-89, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/docs/registers-recommendation.pdf.

[21] Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, 71 Fed. Reg. 68,472, 68,477 (Nov. 27, 2006), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2006/71fr68472.pdf.

[22] Comments of Prof. J. Alex Halderman, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2008/comments/halderman-reid.pdf.

[23] Rulemaking on Exemptions from Prohibition on Circumvention of Technological Measures that Control Access to Copyrighted Works, U.S. Copyright Office, http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/ (last visited May 30, 2012) (exempting video games from section 1201(a) liability in certain circumstances, such as when circumvention is used solely to find security vulnerabilities in the software).

[24] See Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, 77 Fed. Reg. 208 (Oct. 26, 2012) (to be codified at 37 C.F.R. pt. 201), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2012/77fr65260.pdf.

[25] John Borland, Student Faces Suit Over Key to CD Locks, CNET News (Oct. 9, 2003), http://news.com.com/Student+faces+suit+over+key+to+CD+locks/2100-1025_3-5089168.html; Declan McCullagh, SunnComm Won’t Sue Grad Student, CNET News (Oct. 10, 2003), http://news.com.com/2100-1027-5089448.html.

[26] Jonathan Band, Congress Unknowingly Undermines Cyber-Security, San Jose Mercury News, Dec. 16, 2002, available at http://www.policybandwidth.com/publications/JBand-IPCyberSecurity.pdf; Hiawatha Bray, Cyber Chief Speaks on Data Network Security, Boston Globe, October 17, 2002.

[27] Pamela Samuelson, Anticircumvention Rules: Threat to Science, 293 Science 2028, Sept. 14, 2001; Letter from Matthew Oppenheim, SDMI General Counsel, to Prof. Edward Felten, April 9, 2001, available at http://cryptome.org/sdmi-attack.htm; Felten, et al. v. RIAA, et al., EFF, https://www.eff.org/cases/felten-et-al-v-riaa-et-al (last visited Jan. 10, 2013).

[28] Declan McCullagh, Security Warning Draws DMCA Threat, CNET News (July 30, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-947325.html; Kim Zetter, HP, Bug-Hunters Declare Truce, PCWorld (Aug. 9, 2002 3:00 pm), http://www.pcworld.com/article/103853/hp_bughunters_declare_truce.html.

[29] John Borland, Court Blocks Security Conference Talk, CNET News (April 14, 2003), http://news.com.com/2100-1028-996836.html.

[30] David Becker, Newsmaker: Testing Microsoft and the DMCA, CNET News (April 15, 2003), http://news.com.com/2008-1082-996787.html; Seth Schiesel, Behind a Hacker’s Book, a Primer on Copyright Law, N.Y. Times (July 10, 2003), http://www.nytimes.com/2003/07/10/technology/circuits/10book.html; See Hacking the Xbox, No Starch Press, http://nostarch.com/xbox.htm (last visited Jan. 14, 2013).

[31] Mainstream Loudoun v. Bd. of Trs., 24 F.Supp.2d 552 (E.D. Va. 1998), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=13796536557265673818.

[32] Jennifer 8. Lee, Cracking the Code of Online Censorship, N.Y. Times (July 19, 2001), http://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/19/technology/circuits/19HACK.html; Transcript of Hearing in Copyright Office Rulemaking Proceeding RM 2002-04, April 11, 2003, 11, 31, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2003/hearings/schedule.html; Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technolo­gies, 71 Fed. Reg. 68,472, 68,477 (Nov. 27, 2006), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2006/71fr68472.pdf (listing "Other Exemptions Considered, But Not Recommended”); Rulemaking on Exemptions from Prohibition on Circumvention of Technological Measures that Control Access to Copyrighted Works, Copyright Office, http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/ (last visited Jun. 13, 2012).

 

[33] In Legal First, ACLU Sues Over New Copyright Law, ACLU (July 25, 2002), http://www.aclu.org/privacy/speech/15201res20020725.html; See also Edelman v. N2H2 Inc., No. 02-CV-11503-RGS (D. Mass. Apr. 7, 2003).

[34] Lawrence Lessig, Jail Time in the Digital Age, N.Y. Times, July 30, 2001, at A7, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/30/opinion/30LESS.html; Lisa Bowman, Elcomsoft Verdict: Not Guilty, CNET News (Dec. 17, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-978176.html.

[35] Niels Ferguson, Censorship in Action: Why I Don’t Publish My HDCP Results, Aug. 15, 2001, http://web.archive.org/web/20011201184919/http://www.macfergus.com/niels/dmca/cia.html (accessed via the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine); Niels Ferguson, Declaration in Felten v. R.I.A.A., EFF (Aug. 13, 2001), https://w2.eff.org/IP/DMCA/Felten_v_RIAA/20010813_ferguson_decl.html; Lisa M. Bowman, Research­ers Weigh Publication, Prosecution, CNET News (Aug. 15, 2001), http://news.cnet.com/Researchers-weigh-publication%2C-prosecution/2100-1023_3-271712.html.

[36] See Sara Robinson, Awaiting DMCA Clarification, Researchers Proceed Cautiously, SIAM News, Volume 35, Number 1, available at http://www.siam.org/pdf/news/387.pdf.

[37] See id.; E-mail from David Wagner, Professor of Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley, to Declan McCullagh (Nov. 25, 2002 21:56), available at http://lists.jammed.com/politech/2002/11/0090.html.

[38] HDCP Master Key, http://pastebin.com/SJJELM8S (last visited June 13, 2012).

[39] David Kravets, Intel Threatens to Sue Anyone Who Uses HDCP Crack, Wired (September 17, 2010), http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2010/09/intel-threatens-consumers/.

[40] Warner Brothers And Intel Sue Company Over HDCP Circumvention Device, Digital Digest (Dec. 21, 2012, 6:29 PM), http://www.digital-digest.com/news-63556-Warner-Bros-And-Intel-Sue-Company-Over-HDCP-Circumvention-Device.html

[41] Robert Lemos, Security Workers: Copyright Law Stifles, CNET News (Sept. 6, 2001), http://news.com.com/2100-1001-272716.html.

[42] Wade Roush, Breaking Microsoft’s e-Book Code, MIT Technology Review (Nov. 1, 2001), http://www.technologyreview.com/web/12645/.

[43] Jennifer 8 Lee, Travel Advisory for Russian Programmers, N.Y. Times, Sept. 10, 2001, at C4, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2001/09/10/technology/10WARN.html.

[44] Alan Cox, Declaration in Felten v. RIAA, EFF (Aug. 13, 2001), https://w2.eff.org/IP/DMCA/Felten_v_RIAA/20010813_cox_decl.html.

[45] Will Knight, Computer Scientists Boycott US Over Digital Copyright Law, NewScientist (July 23, 2001, 5:42 PM), http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn1063-computer-scientists-boycott-us-over-digital-copyright-law.html; Previous Information Hiding Venues, 14th Information Hiding Conference, http://www.ihconference.org/previous_ih.php (last visited May 30, 2012).

[46]IEEE to Revise New Copyright Form to Address Author Concerns, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (April 22, 2002), http://web.archive.org/web/20020424125815/http://www.ieee.org/newsinfo/dmca.html (accessed using the Internet Archive Wayback Machine); Will Knight, Controversial Copyright Clause Abandoned, NewScientist (April 15, 2002), http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn2169-controversial-copyright-clause-abandoned.html.

[47] IEEE Drops Reference to DMCA in Revised Authors' Copyright Form, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, http://web.archive.org/web/20021103042350/http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/INST/jul02/fdrops.html (accessed using the Internet Archive Wayback Machine).

[48] Universal City Studios v. Reimerdes, 111 F. Supp. 2d. 294 (S.D.N.Y. 2000), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=4887310188384829978, aff’d sub nom. Universal City Studios v. Corley, 273 F.3d 429 (2d Cir. 2001), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=5930508913825375010.

[49] Carl S. Kaplan, Questioning Continues in Copyright Suit, N.Y. Times (May 4, 2001), http://www.nytimes.com/2001/05/04/technology/04CYBERLAW.html; Simson Garfinkel, The DVD Rebellion, MIT Technology Review  (July 1, 2001), http://www.technologyreview.com/article/401086/the-dvd-rebellion/; Xenia P. Kobylarz, DVD Case Clash—Free Speech Advocates Say Copyright Owners Want to Lock Up Ideas; Encryption Code is Key, S.F. Daily J., May 1, 2001.

[50] Declan McCullagh, Will This Land Me in Jail, CNET News (Dec. 23, 2002), http://news.com.com/2010-1028-978636.html.

[51] Julie Cohen, Call it the Digital Millennium Censorship Act – Unfair Use, The New Republic Online (May 23, 2000), http://web.archive.org/web/20051213220803/http://www.law.georgetown.edu/faculty/jec/unfairuse.html (accessed via the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine); Link to specifications: Hemos, Kerberos, PACs And Microsoft's Dirty Tricks, SlashDot (May 2, 2000 03:33PM), http://slashdot.org/story/00/05/02/158204/kerberos-pacs-and-microsofts-dirty-tricks (comments section).

[52] Robert Lemos, GameSpy Warns Security Researcher, CNET News (Nov. 13, 2003, 3:29 PM), http://news.cnet.com/2100-7355_3-5107305.html; See also CodeWarrior, Luigi Auriemma finds bugs in Gamespy- DMCA invoked, Dmusic (Nov. 12, 2003 9:26PM) http://news.dmusic.com/article/8969.

[53] Lisa M. Bowman, TiVo Forum Hushes Hacking Discussion, CNET News (June 11, 2001, 3:15 PM), http://news.cnet.com/TiVo-forum-hushes-hacking-discussion/2100-1023_3-268227.html.

[54] Regarding Hints on Evading iTunes Store Copy Protection, Mac OS X Hints (May 7, 2003 11:29 AM), http://www.macosxhints.com/article.php?story=20030507104823670.

[55] EFF, DMCA Triennial Rulemaking: Failing the Digital Consumer (2005), available at http://www.eff.org/IP/DMCA/copyrightoffice/DMCA_rulemaking_broken.pdf.

[56] Rep. Rick Boucher, Perspective: Time to Rewrite the DMCA, CNET News (Jan. 29, 2002), http://news.com.com/2010-1078-825335.html; Dan Gillmor, Entertainment Industry’s Copyright Fight Puts Consumers in Cross Hairs, San Jose Mercury News, Feb. 12, 2002; Jon Healey & Jeff Leeds, Record Labels Grapple with CD Protection, L.A. Times, Nov. 29, 2002, at C1; John Borland, Copy-blocked CD Tops U.S. Charts, CNET News (June 17, 2004), http://news.cnet.com/Copy-blocked-CD-tops-U.S.-charts/2100-1027_3-5238208.html.

[57] The Customer Is Always Wrong: A User’s Guide to DRM in Online Music, EFF, http://www.eff.org/pages/cus­tomer-always-wrong-users-guide-drm-online-music (last visited Jan. 14, 2013). For information on online music vendors abandoning DRM, see Tim Anderson, How Apple is Changing DRM, The Guardian (May 15, 2008), http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2008/may/15/drm.apple.

[58] Mark Hefflinger, Walmart to End Support for DRM-Wrapped Songs in October, Digital Media Wire (June 1, 2009), http://www.dmwmedia.com/news/2009/06/01/walmart-end-support-drm-wrapped-songs-october.

[59] Matthew Mirapaul, They’ll Always Have Paris (and a Scholarly Web Site), N.Y. Times (March 16, 2002), http://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/18/movies/arts-online-they-ll-always-have-paris-and-a-scholarly-web-site.html; Lisa Bowman, Hollywood Targets DVD- Copying Upstart, CNET News (Dec. 20, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-978580.html; Paramount Pictures Corp. v. Tritton Technologies Inc., No. CV 03-7316 (S.D.N.Y. filed Sept.17, 2003); 321 Studios v. MGM, 307 F.Supp.2d 1085 (N.D. Cal. 2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/schol­ar_case?case=8541119834567462882).

[60] Real Networks, Inc. v. DVD Copy Control Ass’n, 641 F. Supp. 2d 913, 942 (N.D. Cal., 2009), available at http://www.eff.org/files/filenode/RealDVD/Real%20v%20DVD-CCA%2C%20PI%20Order%20081109.pdf).

[61] Copyright Office, Recommendation of the Register of Copyrights in RM 2002-4, 109-26 (2003), available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/docs/registers-recommendation.pdf.

[62] Statement of the Librarian of Congress Relating to Section 1201 Rulemaking, Copyright Office (Nov. 27, 2006), http://www.copyright.gov/1201/docs/2006_statement.html.

[63] Comments of Renee Hobbs, Peter Decherney, Library Copyright Alliance, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2008/index.html.

[64] Comments of EFF and OTW, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2008/comments/lohmann-fred.pdf.

[65] Jacqui Cheng, MPAA: Teachers Should Videotape Monitors, Not Rip DVDS, Ars Technica (May 7, 2009), http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2009/05/mpaa-teachers-should-video-record-tv-screens-not-rip-dvds.ars.

[66] 2009 DMCA Rulemaking, Electronic Frontier Foundation, https://www.eff.org/cases/2009-dmca-rulemaking (last visited June 7, 2012); Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, 77 Fed. Reg. 208 (Oct. 26, 2012) (to be codified at 37 C.F.R. pt. 201), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2012/77fr65260.pdf.

[67] US v. ElcomSoft & Sklyarov FAQ, EFF (Feb. 19, 2002, 2:35 PM), https://www.eff.org/pages/us-v-elcomsoft-sklyarov-faq#AboutEBooks

[68] Lisa Bowman, Elcomsoft Verdict: Not Guilty, CNET News (Dec. 17, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-978176.html.

[69] RealNetworks, Inc. v. Streambox, Inc., No. C99-2070P, 2000 WL 127311 (W.D. Wash. Jan. 18, 2000), available at http://legal.web.aol.com/decisions/dlip/realorder.pdf.

[70] Cease and desist letter from Kenneth Plevan on behalf of Live365.com to John Clegg, developer of Streamripper, April 26, 2001, available at http://streamripper.sourceforge.net/dc.php.

[71] Welcome to Streamripper, Streamripper, http://streamripper.sourceforge.net/ (last visited Jan. 10, 2013).

[72] Tom Murphy, embed: DMCA Threats, Truetype embedding-enabler: DMCA threats, http://web.archive.org/web/20020806073714/http://www.andrew.cmu.edu/~twm/embed/dmca.html (accessed via the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine) (last visited Jan. 14, 2013); Cease and desist letter from Agfa to Tom Murphy, available at http://www.chillingeffects.org/copyright/notice.cgi?NoticeID=264.

[73] SeeTruetype embedding-enabler, http://carnage-melon.tom7.org/embed/ (last visited Jan. 10, 2013).

[74] See Agfa Monotype Corp. v. Adobe Sys., 404 F. Supp. 2d 1030 (N.D. Ill. 2005), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=502109184695805642).

[75] Eric Bangeman, MPAA Sues Over DVD-to-iPod Service, Ars Technica (Nov. 17, 2006), http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20061117-8241.html; Fred von Lohmann, Movie Studios Sue to Stop Loading of DVDs onto iPods, EFF Deep Links blog (Nov. 16 2006), http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2006/11/movie-studios-sue-stop-loading-dvds-ipods; See Greg Sandoval, Movie studios sue DVD-to-iPod service, CNET News (Nov 17, 2006 3:30 PM), http://news.cnet.com/Movie-studios-sue-DVD-to-iPod-service/2100-1030_3-6136806.html.

[76] Others have also recognized the anti-competitive effects of the DMCA. See Timothy B. Lee, Circumventing Competi­tion: The Perverse Consequences of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, CATO Policy Analysis, no. 564, Mar. 21, 2006, available at http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=6025.

[77] Jonathan Fildes, PlayStation 3 'hacked' by iPhone cracker, BBC (Jan. 25, 2010), http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/8478764.stm.

[78] George Hotz, Geohot Releases dePKG – Firmware Package Decrypter, PSXScene (Dec. 30, 2010), http://web.archive.org/web/20110715131242/http://psx-scene.com/forums/f6/geohot-releases-depkg-firmware-package-decrypter-74094/?s=22e8521743f1afe445584774f1386361 (accessed via the Internet aAchive’s Wayback Machine).

[79] Fildes, supra note 80.

[80] In re Sony PS3 Other OS Litig., 828 F. Supp. 2d 1125 (N.D. Cal. 2011).

[81] David Kravets, Sony Settles PlayStation Hacking Lawsuit, Wired (Apr. 11, 2011),http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2011/04/sony-settles-ps3-lawsuit

[82] Corynne McSherry & Marcia Hofmann, Sony v. Hotz: Sony Sends A Dangerous Message to Researchers -- and Its Customers, FF (Jan. 19, 2011), https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2011/01/sony-v-hotz-sony-sends-dangerous-message.

[83] Letter from Corynne McSherry, Electronic Frontier Foundation, to Magistrate Judge Joseph C. Spero, United States District Court, Northern District of California, (Feb. 24, 2011), available at http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/threatlevel/2011/03/effletter.pdf.

[84] Corynne McSherry, Sony v. Hotz Ends With a Whimper, I Mean a Gag Order, FF(Apr. 12, 2011), https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2011/04/sony-v-hotz-ends-whimper-i-mean-gag-order.

[85] Craigslist, Inc. v. Naturemarket, Inc., 694 F. Supp. 2d 1039, 1050 (N.D. Cal. 2010)

[86] See, e.g., Craigslist, Inc., v. Mesiab, No. C 08–05064 CW (N.D. Cal. 2010); Craigslist, Inc., v. Kerbel, No. C–11–3309 EMC (N.D. Cal. 2012); Craigslist, Inc. v. Hubert, 278 F.R.D. 510 (N.D. Cal. 2011); Craigslist, Inc. v. Branley, No. 11–3545 SC (N.D. Cal. 2012).

[87] David Kravets, Apple v. EFF: The iPhone Jailbreaking Showdown, Wired (May 2, 2009), http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2009/05/apple-v-eff-the-iphone-jailbreaking-showdown/.

[88] Jason Kincaid, Apple is Growing Rotten to the Core: Official Google Voice App. Blocked from App Store, TechCrunch (Jul. 27, 2009), http://techcrunch.com/2009/07/27/apple-is-growing-rotten-to-the-core-and-its-likely-atts-fault/.

[89] Chris Matyszczyk, Apple Rejects Nine Inch Nails iPhone Apps Update, CNET News (May 2, 2009), http://news.cnet.com/apple-rejects-nine-inch--nails-iphone-app-update/.

[90] Fred von Lohmann, Another iPhone App Banned: Apple Deems South Park App ‘Potentially Offensive, EFF Deep Links blog (Feb. 17, 2009), http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2009/02/south-park-iphone-app-denied.

[91] SeeRulemaking on Exemptions from Prohibition on Circumvention of Technological Measures that Control Access to Copyrighted Works, Copyright Office, http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/ (last visited Jun. 13, 2012).

[92] See Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, 77 Fed. Reg. 208 (Oct. 26, 2012) (to be codified at 37 C.F.R. pt. 201), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2012/77fr65260.pdf.

[93] Daniel Terdiman, Bounty offered for open-source Kinect driver, CNET News (Nov. 4, 2010 12:50 PM), http://news.cnet.com/8301-13772_3-20021836-52.html.

[95] WE HAVE A WINNER – Open Kinect driver(s) released – Winner will use $3k for more hacking – PLUS an additional $2k goes to the EFF!, Adafruit (Nov. 10, 2010 2:51 PM), http://www.adafruit.com/blog/2010/11/10/we-have-a-winner-open-kinect-drivers-released-winner-will-use-3k-for-more-hacking-plus-an-additional-2k-goes-to-the-eff/

[96] Rob Walker, Freaks, Geeks and Microsoft: How Kinect Spawned a Commercial Ecosystem, The New York Times (May 31, 2012), http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/03/magazine/how-kinect-spawned-a-commercial-ecosystem.html?pagewanted=1&_r=2.

[98] Kinect for Windows: Overview, Microsoft, http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/kinectforwindows/purchase/overview.aspx (last visited June 12, 2012).

[99] Jennifer Granick, Free the Cell Phone!, Wired (Sept. 30, 2005), http://www.wired.com/politics/law/commentary/circuitcourt/2005/09/68989; Reply Comments of the Wireless Alliance, Copyright Office, Docket No. RM-2005-11, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2006/reply/14granick_WAreply.pdf.

[100] David Kravets, Ruling Allows Cell Phone Unlocking, but Telco Sues Anyway, Wired (Aug. 8, 2007), http://www.wired.com/politics/onlinerights/news/2007/08/tracfone. For cases brought by Tracfone against phone resellers see, e.g. TracFone Wireless, Inc. v. Dixon, 475 F. Supp. 2d 1236 (M.D. Fla. 2007) (ruling in favor of TracFone), availableat http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=12046901395060506289; TracFone Wireless, Inc. v. GSM Group, Inc. 555 F.Supp.2d 1331 (S.D. Fla. 2008) (ruling in favor of TracFone by denying defendant motion to dismiss), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=6094189997003869052); TracFone Wireless, Inc. v. SND Cellular, Inc., 715 F. Supp. 2d 1246 (S.D. Fla. 2010) (awarding TracFone statutory damages in the amount of $11,370,000 under the DMCA).

[101] Gregg Keizer, Apple Adds DMCA Charge to Lawsuit Against Psystar, ComputerWorld (Nov. 30, 2008), http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9121798/Apple_adds_DMCA_charge_to_lawsuit_against_Psystar.

[102] Josh Lowensohn, Supreme Court Denies Psystar's Appeal In Mac Clone Case, CNET News (May 14, 2012 8:25 PM), http://news.cnet.com/8301-13579_3-57434212-37/supreme-court-denies-psystars-appeal-in-mac-clone-case/.

[103] Gregg Keizer, Judge’s Ruling Puts Legal Nail in Psystar’s Coffin, ComputerWorld (Nov. 14, 2008), http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9140878/Judge_s_ruling_puts_legal_nail_in_Psystar_s_coffin?taxonomyId=146&pageNumber=1; David Winograd, Psystar Is Dead. Long Live Quo Computer, TUAW (Sep. 10, 2010 9:00AM), http://www.tuaw.com/2010/09/10/psystar-is-dead-long-live-quo-computer/.

[104] Real has since abandoned DRM for its music download service. See Brian Heater & Chloe Albanesius, Update: Rhapsody DRM-Free Music Targets iTunes, PC Magazine (June 30, 2008), http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2324184,00.asp.

[105] Matt Hines, “Stunned” Apple Rails Against Real’s iPod Move, CNET News (July 29, 2004), http://news.com.com/’Stunned’+Apple+rails+against+Real’s+iPod+move/2100-1041_3-5288378.html; Real Reveals Real Apple Legal Threat, Macworld UK (Aug. 10, 2005), http://www.macworld.co.uk/news/index.cfm?RSS&NewsID=12310; RealNetworks 10-Q filing (May 2005), available at http://docs.real.com/docs/investors/V08778.pdf.

[106] Macworld Staff, iTunes Store and DRM-free music: What you need to know, Macworld (Jan. 7, 2009), http://www.macworld.com/article/1138000/drm_faq.html.

[107] Kevin Poulsen, Hackers Sued for Tinkering with Xbox Games, SecurityFocus (Feb. 9, 2005), http://www.securityfocus.com/news/10466.

[108] Michael R. Tompkins, Nikon Encrypts RAW File Data, Imaging Resource (Apr. 20, 2005), http://www.imaging-resource.com/NEWS/1113977781.html; Declan McCullagh, Nikon’s Photo Encryption Reported Broken, CNET News (Apr. 21, 2005), http://news.com.com/Nikons+photo+encryption+reported+broken/2100-1030_3-5679848.html.

[109] Fred von Lohmann, DMCA Used to Stymie Competition … Again, EFF Deep Links blog (Nov. 4, 2005), https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2005/11/dmca-used-stymie-competition-again; Storage Technology v. Custom Hardware Engineering, 421 F.3d 1307 (Fed. Cir. 2005), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=5265572440015937430.

[110] Declan McCullagh, Lexmark Invokes DMCA in Toner Suit, CNET News (Jan. 8, 2003), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-979791.html; Lexmark v. Static Control Components, 387 F.3d 522 (6th Cir. 2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=18217592195742478731.

[111] Steve Seidenberg, Suits Test Limits of Digital Copyright Act, NAT’L L. J. (Feb. 7, 2003), http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1044059435217; Chamberlain Group v. Skylink Technologies, 381 F.3d 1178 (Fed.Cir.2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=16927618869037195909).

[112] Mike Masnick, Losers Of Garage Door DMCA Case Try To Use Legaleze To Lock Up Your Garage Door Openers Anyway, TechDirt (Dec. 18, 2009 6:35 PM), http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20091217/0152127402.shtml

[113] Ben Doernberg, Microsoft Argues that Third-Party Peripherals are Illegal, Public Knowledge (Jun. 23, 2011) http://www.publicknowledge.org/blog/microsoft-argues-third-party-peripherals-are-.

[114] Mike Masnick, Microsoft Still Claiming That It Can Use The DMCA To Block Competing Xbox Accessories, TechDirt (Jun. 21, 2011 7:20 AM), http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20110620/10505614766/microsoft-still-claiming-that-it-can-use-dmca-to-block-competing-xbox-accessories.shtml.

[115] See Brief Of Amici Curiae Electronic Frontier Foundation And Public Knowledge In Support Of Datel’s Motion For Summary Judgment at 3, Datel Holdings Ltd. v. Microsoft Corp., No. 09-cv-5535 (N.D. Cal 2011), available at https://www.eff.org/files/filenode/datel_v_microsof/datelamicus61511.pdf.

[116] Microsoft, Datel Settle Lawsuits, Gamepolitics (Jan. 4, 2012), http://gamepolitics.com/2012/01/04/microsoft-datel-settle-lawsuits.

[117] Pamela Samuelson, Intellectual Property and the Digital Economy: Why the Anti-Circumvention Regulations Need to be Revised, 14 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 519, 556 (1999) , available at http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~pam/papers.html; Testimony of Jonathan Hangartner on behalf of Bleem, Library of Congress, Hearing on DMCA, Stanford University, May 19, 2000, at 221-28, available at http://www.loc.gov/copyright/1201/hearings/1201-519.pdf.

[118] John Borland, Sony Puts Aibo to Sleep, CNET News (Jan. 26, 2006 5:11 PM), http://news.cnet.com/2100-1041_3-6031649.html.

[119] David Labrador, Teaching Robot Dogs New Tricks, Scientific American (Feb. 12, 2002), http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=teaching-robot-dogs-new-t&sc=I100322.

[120] Barry Fox, Sony PlayStation Ruling Sets Far-Reaching Precedent, New Scientist (Feb. 22, 2002, 12:14 PM), http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn1933-sony-playstation-ruling-sets-farreaching-precedent.html; Sony Computer Entertainment America Inc. v. Gamemasters, 87 F.Supp.2d 976 (N.D. Cal. 1999), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=8151910487264729114); Stevens v Kabu­shiki Kaisha Sony Computer Entertainment, [2005] HCA 58 (Oct. 6, 2005), available at http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/cases/cth/high_ct/2005/58.html.

[121] Feds' Mod Chip Raid Ended a $2.5 Million Piracy Operation, GamePolitics.com (Nov. 24, 2008), http://gamepolitics.com/2008/11/24/feds039-mod-chip-raid-ended-25-million-piracy-operation#.UO8KVHeCcvk.

[122] Zachary Knight, After Four Years Feds Finally Get Aroung to Prosecuting Ten Mod Chip Sellers, TechDirt (May 2, 2012, 10:02 AM), http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20120430/17092418721/after-four-years-feds-finally-get-around-to-prosecuting-ten-mod-chip-sellers.shtml

[123] U.S. v. Silvius, No. 1:12CR172, slip. op. (N. D. Ohio Nov. 21, 2012), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=7116564093458068957&hl=en&as_sdt=2,5&as_vis=1)

[124] Davidson & Assoc. v. Jung, 422 F.3d 630 (8th Cir. 2005); Howard Wen, Battle.net Goes To War, Salon (April 18, 2002), http://www.salon.com/2002/04/18/bnetd/; Blizzard v. BNETD, EFF, https://www.eff.org/cases/blizzard-v-bnetd (last visited Jan. 14, 2013).

[125] Declan McCullagh Apple: Burn DVDs—and We’ll Burn You, CNET News (Aug. 28, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-955805.html.

[126] Tony Smith, How to Get iDVD to Work with an External Burner, EHow Tech, http://www.ehow.com/how_5244118_idvd-work-external-burner.html (last visited June 7, 2012) (“With the release of iDVD 6.0, as part of iLife '06, Apple finally included the often-requested ability to burn DVDs to an external CD drive.”).

[127] See Macrovision v. Sima Prod. Corp., No. 2006-1441, 2006 WL 1063284 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 20, 2006), reh’g denied, 2006 WL 1472152 (S.D.N.Y May 26, 2006), appeal dismissed 219 Fed. Appx. 997 (Fed. Cir. Mar. 15, 2007); Nate Anderson, Digitizing Video Signals Might Violate the DMCA, Ars Technica (Aug. 16 2006), http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20060816-7517.html; Fred von Lohmann, Another DMCA Misuse: Macrovision v. Sima, EFF Deep Links blog (Aug. 15 2006), http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2006/08/another-dmca-misuse-macrovision-v-sima.

[128] Dan Goodin, Blizzard Awarded $6m in WoW Bot Case, Register Hardware (Oct. 1, 2008), http://www.reghardware.com/2008/10/01/world_of_warcraft_bot_ruling/.

[129] MDY Industries, LLC. V. Blizzard Ent., Inc., 616 F. Supp. 2d 958, 966 (D. Ariz. Jan 28, 2009), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=321636840809513184.

[130] MDY Indus., LLC v. Blizzard Entm't, Inc., 629 F.3d 928, 954 (9th Cir. 2010), as amended on denial of reh'g (Feb. 17, 2011), opinion amended and superseded on denial of reh'g, 09-15932, 2011 WL 538748 (9th Cir. Feb. 17, 2011).

[131] XPEL Technologies Corp. v. American Filter Film Distributors, No. SA08-CA0175-XR, 2008 WL 3540345 (W.D. Tex. Aug. 11, 2008); Rebecca Tushnet, Design, Dastar, (registration) dates and the DMCA, Rebecca Tushnet’s 43(B)log (Aug. 17 2008), http://tushnet.blogspot.com/2008/08/design-dastar-registration-dates-and.html.

[132] See Egilman v. Keller & Heckman LLP, 401 F.Supp.2d 105 (D.D.C. 2005), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=12998125146086841657; I.M.S. Inquiry Mgt. Systems v. Berkshire Info. Systems, 307 F.Supp.2d 521 (S.D.N.Y. 2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=12954155286023485320.

[133] Pearl Investments LLC v. Standard I/O, Inc., 257 F. Supp. 2d 326 (D.Me., Apr. 23, 2003), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=10485186593853024142).

[134] Pearl Investments, LLC v. Standard I/O, Inc., 324 F. Supp. 2d 43, 45 (D. Me. 2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=1439987705010697232. 

[135] Ticketmaster L.L.C. v. RMG Techs., Inc., 507 F. Supp. 2d 1096, 1113 (C.D. Cal. 2007) (“. . . because [Ticketmaster] has not quantified its harm as required by the statute or even attempted to show what portion of the harm is attribut­able to [RMG], the Court cannot find that [Ticketmaster] has affirmatively shown that its harm caused by [RMG] exceeds the $ 5,000 minimum. Thus, the CFAA claim does not provide a basis for a preliminary injunction.”), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=14769750588422384913.

[136] Id. ”), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=3981873387095830655.

[137] Seeid.; Randall Stross, Hannah Montana Tickets on Sale! Oops, They’re Gone, N.Y. Times (Dec. 16, 2007), http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/16/business/16digi.html.

[138] CoxCom, Inc. v. Chaffee, 536 F.3d 101 (1st Cir. 2008) (affirming CoxCom, Inc. v. Chaffee, No. CA05-107S, 2007 WL 1577708 (D.R.I. May 41, 2007)).

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How To: Make Your Xbox 360 Games Region Free

You've had your Xbox 360 for a few years now and your game collection is pretty extensive.

How to Make Your Xbox 360 Games Region Free

Maybe it's not that extensive, but it's still substantial. Now imagine that you live in Europe and you're moving to the United States. I don't know why—maybe your dad got a job offer. Don't ask me, ask your parents. They're the ones that are making you move. Anyways, as most Xbox users know, games are coded by region. Games that work in Europe might not work in the United States.

How to Make Your Xbox 360 Games Region Free

Does this mean you should throw away your entire collection and start over?

Regional Coding

Each Xbox game and device is coded uniquely according to the region:

  • NTSC-U/C constitutes domestic U.S. and Canadian systems
  • NTSC-J are domestic Asian systems, like Korea and Japan
  • PAL implies domestic European or Australian systems
How to Make Your Xbox 360 Games Region Free

Note: Lol at Antarctica

While you can't change the region of the game (not legally anyways), you can change the region of the Xbox 360—no matter where it was bought. It's as simple as going to the settings on the Xbox 360.

If you're on vacation in a different region, you can simply change your locale and rent some video games from that region.

Also, there are some video games which can be played in several regions. You can check out this extensive guide, along with this one, which both specify which games work in what regions. There are several games that work in all three regions.

Mod Xbox 360

So, what if your game doesn't work in that region and you don't feel like spending money to buy the same game again? There's only one solution—

Mod your Xbox 360.

You can also buy a JTAG or modded one from eBay or Amazon for several hundred dollars.

The easiest (but still pretty difficult) way to mod your Xbox 360 is by taking it apart, inserting hardware and downloading software from your computer onto it, like in the video below. This process is knows as flashing.

This allows your Xbox 360 to play burned games. That way, you can change the region of a game on your computer, burn it and play it on your console.

This isn't for the faint of heart and should not be attempted by n00bs. Also, it voids the warranty and it's possible you can be banished from Xbox LIVE if not done properly. If you do happen to get banned, you can try tricking the system and un-banning yourself with this trick from Null Byte.

Changing the Region of Xbox 360 Game

Once the Xbox 360 is modified, you can either change the region of the game or turn your Xbox region free. The video below explains how to change the region of the game by uploading it your computer and burning it in the necessary region using the free 360 Flash Dump Tool.

If you'd like to turn your Xbox into a region-free console, you can read this articulate and well-written guide that details very closely what you need to do. The article is in French, so make sure to translate it (easy with Google Chrome).

These are the only ways to play other region games on an Xbox 360. It's an arduous process and isn't easy at all. It takes much time, money and effort, but is also a great learning experience for anyone interested in computer engineering. If there's any other way you now to get around this problem (possibly an easier way) feel free to comment below!

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Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen How To: Make Your Xbox 360 Games Region Free

You've had your Xbox 360 for a few years Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen and your game collection is pretty extensive.

How to Make Your Xbox 360 Games Region Free

Maybe it's not that extensive, but it's still substantial. Now imagine that you live in Europe and you're moving to the United States. I don't know why—maybe your dad got a job offer. Don't ask me, ask your parents. They're the ones that are making you move. Anyways, as most Xbox users know, games are coded by region. Games that work in Europe might not work in the United States.

How to Make Your Xbox 360 Games Region Free

Does this mean you should throw away your entire collection and start over?

Regional Coding

Each Xbox game and device is coded uniquely according to the region:

  • NTSC-U/C constitutes domestic U.S. and Canadian systems
  • NTSC-J are domestic Asian systems, like Korea and Japan
  • PAL implies domestic European or Australian systems
How to Make Your Xbox 360 Games Region Free

Note: Lol at Antarctica

While you can't change the region of the game (not legally anyways), you can change the region of the Xbox 360—no matter where it was bought. It's as simple as going to the settings on the Xbox 360.

If you're on vacation in a different region, you can simply change your locale and rent some video games from that region.

Also, there are some video games which can be played in several regions. You can check out this extensive guide, along with this one, which both specify which games work in what regions. There are several games that work in all three regions.

Mod Xbox 360

So, what if your game doesn't work in that region and you don't feel like spending money to buy the same game again? There's only one solution—

Mod your Xbox 360.

You can also buy a JTAG or modded one from eBay or Amazon for several hundred dollars.

The easiest (but still pretty difficult) way to mod your Xbox 360 is by taking it apart, inserting hardware and downloading software from your computer onto it, like in the video below. This process is knows as flashing.

This allows your Xbox 360 to play burned games. That way, you can change the region of a game on your computer, burn it and play it on your console.

This isn't for the faint of heart and should not be attempted by n00bs. Also, it voids the warranty and it's possible you can be banished from Xbox LIVE if not done properly. If you do happen to get banned, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, you can try tricking the system and un-banning yourself with this trick from Null Byte.

Changing the Region of Xbox 360 Game

Once the Xbox 360 is Razer Surround pro crack serial keygen, you can either change the region of the game or turn your Xbox region free. The video below explains how to change the region of the game by uploading it your computer and burning it in the necessary region using the free 360 Flash Dump Tool.

If you'd like to turn your Xbox into a region-free console, you can read this articulate and well-written guide that details very closely what you need to do. The article is in French, so make sure to translate it (easy with Google Chrome).

These are the only ways to play other region games on an Xbox 360. It's an arduous process and isn't easy at all. It takes much time, money and effort, but is also a great learning Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen for anyone interested in computer engineering. If there's any other way you now to get around this problem (possibly an easier way) feel free to comment below!

Want to master Microsoft Excel and take your work-from-home job prospects to the next level? Jump-start your career with our Premium A-to-Z Microsoft Excel Training Bundle from the new Gadget Hacks Shop and get lifetime access to more than 40 hours of Basic to Advanced instruction on functions, formula, tools, and more.

Buy Now (97% off) >

Other worthwhile deals to check out:

Photos by RealOtakuGamer, XboxScene, Koalition
Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]
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TRON: Evolution - Battle Grids for the Nintendo Wii is an action-packed multiplayer game set around the Game Grids of the TRON universe. Developed in a unique partnership with Propaganda Games, Battle Grids features more than 15 Game Grid challenges with iconic TRON weapons and vehicles such as light cycles, light runners and light discs, with players competing with family and friends in local games for 1 to 4 players. Battle Grids also features an extensive story mode that allows users to create and evolve their own character in the quest to become the Game Grids Champion.
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The Chase: Felix Meets Felicity

January 27, 2009
Join in the adrenaline rush by jumping in the shoes of Felix or Felicity to race across town in time to rendezvous. To make it unscathed, players need to deftly navigate a series of obstacle-laden environments without ever letting up the break-neck pace. Run, jump, dodge and slide through hectic scenarios while desperately trying to stay ahead of the clock and weather. The pick-up-and-play gameplay makes ingenious use of the Nintendo DS stylus to draw platforms to climb and hop across, dodging difficult barriers and any cold-hearted misanthropes who get in the way. Along the way our protagonists will draw, climb and jump their way through the city, zoo, carnival, park and beach, with each vibrant area packed with opportunities to impress your sweatheart by bowling over bad guys and collecting fruit and stars. Felix and Felicity will have no shortage of help in their date-race against the clock with sage love advice from worldly-wise characters you meet along the way and in-game power-ups including Time-Freeze, Love-Rush, Newton-Bomb and the explosive Love-Nuke. Let nothing stand in the way of true love. [Atari]
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Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath

December 22, 2005
Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath thrusts players into a world ravaged by the military-political confrontation between the USA and USSR in 1962. The game offers a different interpretation of the events that followed the famous global standoff over the small island nation. In Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath, the two cold-war powerhouse nations unleash their nuclear arsenal on the world, leveling Cuba and turning it, along with the majority of the world, into a radioactive desert. The remaining world citizens thus find themselves in a war fighting for their very survival. Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath is a real-time strategy game combined with a turn-based global strategy mode, forcing players to use tactical troop movements while managing their resources and armies. With all the gameplay one has come to expect from the Blitzkrieg engine, gamers’ that enjoyed such games as "Sudden Strike" and "Blitzkrieg" are going to jump right into this title. In Cuban Missile Crisis: The Aftermath,”not only will players’ be able to enjoy all their familiar tactics, they will be introduced to way more metal as they field post WWII armaments and weapons of mass destruction! [Strategy First]
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November 18, 2012
In Disney Epic Mickey 2: The Power of Two, gamers play as Mickey Mouse & Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, Disney's first cartoon celebrity, in an all-new co-op adventure to save the magical world of Wasteland and alter it forever. Interact with these characters like never before in this heroic adventure.
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Asterix & Obelix XXL 3: The Crystal Menhir

November Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, 2019
The year is 50 B.C. Gaul is entirely occupied by the Romans. Well, not entirely. One small village of indomitable Gauls still holds out against the invaders. And life is not easy for the Roman legionaries who garrison the fortified camps of Totorum, Aquarium, Laudanum and Compendium. Peace reigns in the small Armorican village, where the villagers go about their daily business. Our two heroes, Asterix and Obelix, hunt wild boar, the blacksmith and the fishmonger quarrel, and the village chief strolls around the village square atop his shield. One day, the village druid, Getafix, receives a strange letter. It is from Avina Gandir, the high priestess of Thule! She warns the druid of a grave threat to his people and asks him to take a mysterious Menhir out of its hiding place. Set off on an exciting adventure and immerse yourself in the world of Asterix! Alone or in co-op, explore the lands of the Roman empire and unravel the mystery of the Crystal Menhir and its incredible powers!
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The Inpatient

January 23, 2018
Movie Jack xl version 2.03.001 crack serial keygen Discover who you are before it’s too late in The Inpatient; a PS VR Exclusive set in the Blackwood Sanatorium, over 60 years prior to the 2016 BAFTA award-winning Until Dawn. With deep immersion that places YOU in the game, you take on the role of an amnesiac inpatient who must find out who you are and why you are in the Sanatorium. With a branching narrative, and different endings; every choice you make can drastically affect the way the game plays out.
Crystal Key 2: The Far Realm 15922.

Crystal Key 2: The Far Realm

March 19, 2004
(Known as "Evany: Key to a Distant Land" in the UK) A malevolent power has stolen control of all the souls of Evany, and you alone have survived. With the help of a star portal left behind by a mysterious visitor, you escape your imprisoned planet and find yourself alone in a vast galaxy of unknown worlds, desperate to find help for your beleaguered home. Journey to an island of robots, a mysterious abandoned desert dwelling, and the sparkling glass towers of the Merari, an ancient sea people who are involved in the resistance against the Balial, to solve the mystery behind The Far Realm. [DreamCatcher Interactive]
WarJetz 15923.

WarJetz

June 27, 2001
Welcome to Wednesday Night WarJetz, the year 2062's favorite post-nuclear war, televised aerial dogfighting extravaganza featuring fanatical pilots in nine different souped-up, artillery laden planes in 33 arenas which blast the living hell out of anything that moves, earning money en route to the WDL championship.
KISS: Psycho Circus 15924.

KISS: Psycho Circus

October 29, 2000
Instead of fixing any of Psycho Circus' problems, or adding some Dreamcast-only levels, the programmers at Tremor have actually removed some key features of the PC version.
Evergrace 15925.

Evergrace

October 24, 2000
Enter a world of intense magic and thunderous battles - where your survival is determined on collecting powerful artifacts and fashioning them to your armour and weaponry. Two complete adventures await Darius and Sharline - heroes who must face an evil reborn. Begin your journey as either hero and discover unique characters and monsters for each adventurer. Master the art of arming yourself with items of incredible might and untold magical abilities to thwart the powers of darkness that have swept into your once peaceful land.
AeternoBlade Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen 15926.

AeternoBlade

February 18, 2014
In the region of Awelsia, vengeful Freya travels with an unknown weapon called "AeternoBlade" to take revenge from Beladim, the Lord of the Mist who destroyed her village, Ridgerode, and killed her tribe. Her vengence is helped by Verniawho has as much merit as Beladim. Vernia taught Freya about the ablility of AeternoBlade. Freya has to venture in many world dimensions to find how to annihilate Beladim. What is AeternoBlade? and How can Freya take revenge from Beladim ? Solve tons ton of mysteries in her adventure!
Playboy: The Mansion 15927. Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen

Playboy: The Mansion

January 25, 2005
Be Heff! Playboy: The Mansion blends state-of-the-art social simulation with traditional role-playing and empire-building gameplay. As Hugh Hefner, you build the Playboy mansion and magazine into a dynamic cultural icon and powerful brand. Rub shoulders with stunning women and stimulating celebrities as you pursue the ultimate Playboy lifestyle. Grow famous and gain exclusive access to the Playboy Archives, including footage of the world-famous Playboy Mansion. This is the ultimate lifestyle game, allowing the gamer to "Play Hef" and live the good life. The player is in charge of running the Playboy Empire and must put out a magazine each month. In order to generate content for the magazine, the Virtual Hef will throw incredible parties with celebrities and rockstars in tow. The social management of the parties will enable the player to acquire content for the magazine, including the unique, sexy Photo Shoot feature which the gamer will use to get his or her cover shot. With a broad depth of gameplay, and a simulation experience of the ultimate lifestyle, PTM lets a gamer Play Hef, build the dream and live the good life. [ARUSH]
Murdered: Soul Suspect 15928.

Murdered: Soul Suspect

June 3, 2014
Detective Ronan O'Connor's life is brought to an end when a brutal killer confronts him during a burglary. This detective with a checked past now finds himself trapped in the afterlife, his only escape from this nether world of "Dusk" is to bring the truth of his death and his killer to light using his newly developed supernatural abilities. As Ronan, you can explore the town of Salem for clues, battle demon spirits to save your soul, and unearth revelations about who is responsible for your untimely death.
Victorious Boxers: Revolution 15929.

Victorious Boxers: Revolution

October 23, 2007
(Also known as "Victorious Boxers Challenge") A boxing game with realistic boxing action and intuitive controls, Victorious Boxers: Revolution takes full advantage of the unique capabilities of the Wii Remote and Nunchuk to give players an authentic, real-life boxing experience. The various moves include punches like jabs, straights, uppercuts and hooks, as well as defensive maneuvers like ducks and sways. Players can enjoy several rounds with their friends or play through the deep and compelling Story Mode as they follow the story of Ippo Makunouchi, a high school student who is bullied by his classmates, as he rises to the top of the professional boxing ranks. Various control schemes allow eager players to punch and weave with their body to make the action appear onscreen for the full boxing experience, as well as less strenuous options and even Classic Controller compatibility. The viewpoint is positioned right behind the player's transparent fighter to further enhance the feeling of being right there in the heat of battle. [XSeed]
Crysis Remastered 15930.

Crysis Remastered

September 18, 2020
The classic first person shooter from Crytek is back with the action-packed gameplay, sandbox world, and thrilling epic battles you Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen the first time around. What begins as a simple rescue mission becomes the battleground of a new war as alien invaders swarm over a North Korean island chain. Armed with a powerful Nanosuit, players can become invisible to stalk enemy patrols, or boost strength to lay waste to vehicles. The Nanosuit's speed, strength, armor, and cloaking allow creative solutions for every kind of fight, while a huge arsenal of modular weaponry provides unprecedented control over play style. In the ever-changing environment, adapt tactics and gear to dominate your enemies, in an enormous sandbox world. Suit up: Your Nanosuit's speed, strength, armor, and cloaking allow creative solutions for every kind of fight. Adapt: In an ever-changing environment, adapt your tactics to dominate on battlefields ranging from frozen jungle to alien environments. Customize: A huge arsenal of modular weaponry provides unprecedented control over play style, with options ranging from the experimental to the alien. Conquer: Life-like enemy AI require a strategic and flexible playstyle, as new challenges including a zero-g battlefield require players to take the offensive and be proactive. Explore: Choose your own path through the open world of Crysis, destroying obstacles, driving vehicles, and using the environment itself against your enemies.
The Bunker 15931.

The Bunker

September 23, 2016
As the last remaining survivor in a nuclear bunker, Johns daily routine is the one thing that keeps him sane. But when an alarm goes off, his mind starts to self-destruct. The Bunker is a live-action psychological horror game starring Adam Brown (The Hobbit) and Sarah Greene (Penny Dreadful) with writing talent behind The Witcher, Broken Sword and SOMA.
Clid the Snail
Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Strategy Guide
100% Completion Guide
Car Locations Guide
Girlfriend Guide
Horseshoes Location Guide
Property Guide
Tag Locations Guide
Map: Vehicles
Map: Weapons
Map: Properties
Map: Tags, Oysters, Horseshoes, Photos

Corey Feldman Interview

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Cheat code warning

Enabling cheat codes will prevent achievements from being earned.

Infinite health

While playing the game, press Down, A, Right, Left, Right, RT, Right, Down, Up, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: Falls, explosions, drowning, and vehicle rundowns are still harmful.

Infinite ammunition

While playing the game, press LT, RT, X, RT, Left, RB, RT, Left, X, Down, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. You no longer need to reload, and will have unlimited ammunition for each new weapon that is picked up. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Weapons (tier 1)

While playing the game, press RT, RB, LT, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, RB, Left, Down, Right, Up, Left, Down, Right, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The least powerful weapons in each category and rocket launcher will be unlocked. To get infinite ammunition for this or the other weapons tiers, repeatedly enable the code until no ammunition number appears beneath the gun pictures. Note: Enabling this code will cause your street creds to drop in points. You can check your creds in the stats menu at the pause screen. If you are in the negative, you are a Playa-Hater.

Weapons (tier 2)

While playing the game, press RT, RB, LT, RB, Left, Down, Right, Up, Left, Down(2), Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The moderate powered weapons in each category will be unlocked, including the flame thrower and sniper rifle. Note: Enabling this code will cause your street creds to drop in points. You can check your creds in the stats menu at the pause screen. If you are in the negative, you are a Playa-Hater.

Weapons (tier 3)

While playing the game, press RT, RB, LT, RB, Left, Down, Right, Up, Left, Down(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The high powered weapons in each category will be unlocked, including the chainsaw and lock-on bazooka. Note: Enabling this code will cause your street creds to drop in points. You can check your creds in the stats menu at the pause screen. If you are in the negative, you are a Playa-Hater.

Hitman level in all weapons

While playing the game, press Down, X, A, Left, RT, RB, Left, Down(2), LT(3) to receive dual wield, etc. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Health, armor, and money

While playing the game, press RT, RB, LT, A, Left, Down, Right, Up, Left, Down, Right, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: You must enter this code multiple times to increase your total money. If this code is enabled when your car is smoking or damaged it will get repaired, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. During various missions where you are in a car while someone else drives and you shoot (for example, Reuniting The Families), enabling this code will instead blow the car up, failing the mission.

Pimping mission completed

While playing the game, press Right, LB(2), Down, LB, Up(2), LB, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. You can now get money from prostitutes instead of paying them.

Taxi missions completed

While playing the game, press Up, Left(2), Down, B, X, LT(2), LB, RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. All taxis will now have nitrous.

Raise wanted level

While playing the game, press RT(2), B, RB, Left, Right, Left, Right, Left, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Six star wanted level

While playing the game, press B, Right, B, Right, Left, X, A, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Lower wanted level

While playing the game, press RT(2), B, RB, Up, Down, Up, Down, Up, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Wanted level never increases

While playing the game, press B, Right, B, Right, Left, X, Y, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: This will not remove any wanted level stars you may already have.

Bounty on your head

While playing the game, press Down, Up(2), Up, A, RB, RT, LB(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Maximum vehicle skills

While playing the game, press X, LB, A, RT, LB(2), Left, RT, Right, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Maximum respect

While playing the game, press LT, RT, Y, Down, RB, A, LT, Up, LB(2), LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: When starting a new game or when you have a very low respect level, enable the "Maximum respect" code twice and your total respect level will be green.

Maximum sex appeal

While playing the game, press B, Y(2), Up, B, RT, LB, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, Up, Y, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Maximum lung capacity

While playing the game, press Down, Left, LT, Down(2), RB, Down, LB, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Maximum muscle

While playing the game, press Y, Up(2), Left, Right, X, B, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: You will not be able to workout at any of the gyms.

Maximum fat

While playing the game, press Y, Up(2), Left, Right, X, B, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: This will reduce the muscle stat to zero.

No fat or muscle

While playing the game, press Y, Up(2), Left, Right, X, B, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

No hunger

While playing the game, press X, LB, RT, Y, Up, X, LB, Up, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Super punches

While playing the game, press Up, Left, A, Y, RT, B(3), LB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Punch pedestrians to send them flying further away; however, they can also super punch. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Adrenaline effects

While playing the game, press A(2), X, RT, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, LT, A, Down, Left, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. CJ will be effected in a similar manner to if he took an adrenaline pill from the prior Grand Theft Auto games, with increased strength and slower time. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

CJ jumps higher

While playing the game, press Up(2), Y(2), Up(2), Left, Right, X, RB(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

All cars have nitrous

While playing the game, press Left, Y, RT, LT, Up, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, X, Y, Down, B, LB, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Bloodring Banger

While playing the game, press Down, RT, B, LB(2), A, RT, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, LT, Left(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Caddy

While playing the game, press B, LT, Up, RT, LB, A, RT, LT, B, A. If you entered the code correctly, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, a message will appear.

Spawn Dozer

While playing the game, press RB, LT(2), Right(2), Up(2), A, LT, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Jetpack

While playing the game, press LT, LB, RT, RB, Up, Down, Left, Right, LT, LB, RT, RB, Up, Down, Left, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. When wearing the Jetpack, press A to accelerate. You can strafe with LB or RB. To still in mid air in the Jetpack, hold LB + RB. You will know if you are not moving if the exhaust pipes are circling. To take it off, press Y. To put it back on, just walk or run at it. It is also possible for both characters to have Jetpacks in two player mode. Enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code, then press Y to leave it. Have player two pick it up, then repeat the code to get a Jetpack for CJ. Note: You cannot save, enter, or exit buildings with the Jetpack on.

Spawn Hotring Racer #1

While playing the game, press RT, B, RB, Right, LT, LB, A(2), X, RT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Hotring Racer #2

While playing the game, press RB, LT, B, Right, LT, RT, Right, Up, B, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Hunter

While playing the game, press B, A, LT, B(2), LT, B, RT, RB, LB, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Hydra

While playing the game, press Y(2), Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, X, B, A, LT(2), Down, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Monster Truck

While playing the game, press Right, Up, RT(3), Down, Y(2), A, B, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn parachute

While playing the game, press Left, Right, LT, LB, RT, RB(2), Up, Down, Right, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Quadbike

While playing the game, press Left(2), Down(2), Up(2), X, B, Y, RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Rancher

While playing the game, press Up, Right(2), LT, Right, Up, X, LB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Rhino tank

While playing the game, press B(2), LT, B(3), LT, LB, RT, Y, B, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Romero

While playing the game, press Down, RB, Down, RT, LB, Left, RT, LT, Left, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Stretch

While playing the game, press RB, Up, LB, Left(2), RT, LT, B, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Stunt Plane

While playing the game, press B, Up, LT, LB, Down, RT, LT(2), Left(2), A, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Tanker

While playing the game, press RT, Up, Left, Right, RB, Up, Right, X, Right, LB, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Trashmaster

While playing the game, press B, RT, B, RT, Left(2), RT, LT, B, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Spawn Vortex

While playing the game, press Y(2), X, B, A, LT, LB, Down(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Perfect handling

While playing the game, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, press Y, RT(2), Left, RT, LT, RB, LT. If you entered the code correctly, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, a message will appear. After this code is enabled, click Left Analog-stick to make your car jump. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Deadly vehicle

While playing the game, press LT, LB(2), Up, Down(2), Up, RT, RB(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Any vehicle driven will become invincible and has the ability to destroy anything it touches. Repeat this code to disable its effect. To have a stronger car that is much harder to dent and damage, enable the "Deadly vehicle" code, enter a vehicle, then disable the code while you are in the vehicle. Note: This code will eventually wear off if you run into lots of cars with the same vehicle. It runs out faster when the "Destroy all vehicles" code is enabled over thirty times. Also, if you enable this code when inside a vehicle, Antares AutoTune Pro 9.0.1 latest Archives vehicle will explode others on contact, but your car will not be "shielded" as it would be if you entered the code before entering the vehicle. Therefore, this results in your vehicle exploding as well. If you do happen to enable this code inside a vehicle, get out, then get back in and it should function normally.

Manual weapon control drive bys in cars

While playing the game, press Up(2), X, LB, Right, A, RT, Down, RB, B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. You can now aim and shoot at passing pedestrians/vehicles using the Right Analog-stick, just like your homies can do during drive-by shootings. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Taxis upgraded

While playing the game, press Up, A, Y, A, Y, A, X, RB, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. All taxis will have nitrous and can be jumped by clicking Left Analog-stick without completing the taxi missions. Note: This code cannot be disabled.

Massive BMX bunny hops

While playing the game, press Y, X, B(2), X, B(2), LT, LB(2), RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Get a BMX bike and bunny hop to travel massive distances.

Drive on water

While playing the game, press Right, RB, B, RT, LB, X, RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Flying cars

While playing the game, press X, Down, LB, Up, LT, B, Up, A, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Cars can be flown like a normal plane. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Cars fly away

While playing the game, press X, RB, Down(2), Left, Down, Left(2), LB, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Hit another car with your vehicle to send it flying up into the sky. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Invisible cars

While playing the game, press Y, LT, Y, RB, X, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Faster cars

While playing the game, press Right, RT, Up, LB(2), Left, RT, LT, RT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Aggressive traffic

While playing the game, press RB, B, RT, LB, Left, RT, LT, RB, LB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Additionally, this code will also increase police activity. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Sports car traffic

While playing the game, press Up, LT, RT, Up, Right, Up, A, LB, A, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Fast and rare cars will now appear regularly. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Beater traffic

While playing the game, press LB, Right, LT, Up, A, LT, LB, RB, RT, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Rural traffic

While playing the game, press Y, Left, X, RB, Up, LB, Down, LT, A, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Black traffic

While playing the game, press B, LB, Up, RT, Left, A, RT, LT, Left, B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pink traffic

While playing the game, press B, LT, Down, LB, Left, A, RT, LT, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, Right, B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Reduced traffic

While playing the game, press A, Down, Up, RB, Down, Y, LT, Y, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. No pedestrians and only an occasional car will appear on the streets. Parked cars will still spawn. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Destroy all vehicles

While playing the game, press RB, LB, RT, LT, LB, RB, X, Y, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, B, Y, LB, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

Flying boats

While playing the game, press Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, B, Games Archives - Cracked Software Links, LT, Right, RT, Right, Up, X, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Recruit anyone into your gang with guns

While playing the game, press Down, X, Up, RB(2), Up, Right(2), Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Lock on to someone (any pedestrian or even rival gang members) and press Up on the D-pad to recruit them. They can do everything that your Grove Street Family members can do. Note: Each person you recruit will get a 9mm unless they already have a gun. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Recruit anyone into your gang with rocket launchers

While playing the game, press RB(3), A, LB, LT, RB, LT, Down, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Lock on to someone (any pedestrian or even rival gang members) and press Up on the D-pad to recruit them. They can do everything that your Grove Street Family members can do. Note: Each person you recruit will get a rocket launcher unless they already have a gun. Also, you may first need to enable the "Recruit anyone into your gang with guns" code. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Gangs only

While playing the game, press LB, Up, RT(2), Left, RT(2), RB, Right, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The streets will be deserted except for gunmen fighting. There are no police, firefighters, paramedics, or regular citizens, and there will be no traffic except in gang territories. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Gangs and workers

While playing the game, press Left, Right(3), Left, A, Down, Up, X, Right. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. The streets will only have gang members, police, firefighters, paramedics, and shopkeepers. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

City in chaos

While playing the game, press LB, Right, LT, Y, Right(2), RT, LT, Right, LT(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. This creates an effect similar to what happens in the final mission of the game, with rioting and looting and buildings on fire. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pedestrians riot

While playing the game, press Down, Left, Up, Left, A, RB, RT, LB, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pedestrians have weapons

While playing the game, press RB, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, RT, A, Y, A, Y, Up, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pedestrians attack with guns

While playing the game, press A, LT, Up, X, Down, A, LB, Y, Down, RT, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Pedestrians are Elvis

While playing the game, press LT, B, Y, LT(2), X, LB, Up, Down, Left. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Police cars on to pedestrians

While playing the game, press Right, RB, Up(2), RB, B, X, RB, LT, Right, Down, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Beach party theme

While playing the game, press Up(2), Down(2), X, B, LT, RT, Y, Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Pedestrians will turn into girls wearing swimsuits, vehicles will be beach style, and CJ will be dressed in shorts and sandals.

Carnival theme

While playing the game, press Y(2), LT, X(2), B, X, Down, B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Pedestrians will turn into clown and food vendors, vehicles will include fun types, and CJ will have a new costume.

Kinky theme

While playing the game, press X, Right, X(2), LB, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, A, Y, A, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Note: Activate it after starting a new game if it does not work with your current saved game. Pedestrians will turn into pimps and prostitutes, vehicles include white dildos, and CJ will have the gimp costume. Additionally, there are five sex toys to get. They are random. Do not use this code outside or it may crash the game. Enable it in safe houses Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen a wardrobe, in the wardrobe, or in the sex shop. All five sex toys can be seen in there.

Rural theme

While playing the game, press LT(2), RT(2), LB, LT, RB, Down, Left, Up. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Vehicles that are normally found in rural areas will now appear regularly and CJ will have hillbilly gear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Yakuza theme

While playing the game, press A(2), Down, RB, LB, B, RT, B, X. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Pedestrians will turn into Asian men armed with katanas, vehicles will be black motorcycles, police cars will be black, and CJ will have a katana.

Slow motion

While playing the game, press Y, Up, Right, Down, X, RB, RT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: Enable the "Fast motion" code to disable its effect.

Fast motion

While playing the game, press Y, Up, Right, Down, LB, LT, X. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Note: Enable the "Slow motion" code to disable its effect.

Slow down time

While playing the game, press Y, Up, Right, Down, X, RB, RT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Speed up time

While playing the game, press B(2), LT, X, LT, X(3), LT, Y, B, Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect. Note: Make sure to have eaten well before enabling this code, as the clock speeds up, you may lose your muscle at an enormous rate.

Always 21:00

While playing the game, press Left(2), LB, RT, Right, X(2), LT, LB, A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Game time will remain at 21:00, with an orange sunset sky. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Always 00:00 or 12:00

While playing the game, press X, LT, RT, Right, A, Up, LT, Left(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Game time will remain at midnight unless CJ dies, when it will then always be noon. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Sunny weather

While playing the game, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), Y. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Very sunny weather

While playing the game, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), Down. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Foggy weather

While playing the game, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), A. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Cloudy weather

While playing the game, press LB, Down(2), Left, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, X, Left, RB, X, A, RT, LT(2). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Very cloudy weather

While playing the game, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), X. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Stormy weather

While playing the game, press RB, A, LT(2), LB(3), B. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Sandstorm weather

While playing the game, press Up, Down, LT(2), LB(2), LT, LB, RT, RB. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Repeat this code to disable its effect.

Commit suicide

While playing the game, press Right, LB, Down, RT, Left(2), RT, LT, LB, LT. If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear.

No effect

While playing the game, press X(2), RB, Left, Up, X, RB, A(3). If you entered the code correctly, a message will appear. Although this appears to be a valid code, it has no discernible effect in the game.

Two player mode

Successfully complete the Burning Desire mission where you rescue Denise. A red two player free roam icon will now appear on Denise's porch near the door. The icon will appear there when she is home and will go on a date. Stand on the icon and press Start on controller two to activate the icon. Note: If both enter a car, the passenger will have free aim with a machine gun. Do not try to kill Denise, because you will never be able to date her again or play in two player mode at her house. Additionally, once you get your girlfriend, take her on a date. After you drop her off, there will be a rotating icon of two people directly in front of the door. Walk into it. It will tell you to push any button on the controller two. Do so to start two player mode, involving CJ and his girlfriend in a free roam.

For more fun in two player mode, start the two player mission. Then, enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code and press Y to remove the Jetpack. Then, have player two get the Jetpack. Enable the Jetpack code again, then have player one get it. Both players can now fly around and do the two player missions this way.

Two player mode in Los Santos

Note: You must have a second controller inserted in port two. In the Ganton area, start from Grove Street where the Johnson house is located. Drive under the first bridge and continue to go straight. Next, youshould drive over some railroad tracks. After this, you should drive under a second bridge. Take the first right turn you see. It should be a dead end. Drive until your car hits the grass, then look to your left. You should see an open doorway. Walk through it and you should see a small "2 Player" icon. Press any button on controller two to begin. Additionally, when you are on the missions from Big Smoke go north of his house. You should see some wrecked buildings. Go through them to find a two player free roam icon.

Two player mode in San Fierro

Not far from the garage you own and beyond the construction area is a large building with a parking lot on either side, on the right side (north according to the map) is a two player icon. Multiple people types can be selected by the second player (three women and three men). Unlike those from the dating missions, this two player location will never go away.

Two player mode in Bone County

Starting at the abandoned airstrip, go west and north onto the road. There is a blackish-brown building on the south side of the road with a large balcony going all the way around it. Follow the balcony half way around and you will find a two player mode icon.

Two player mode in Tierra Robada

Start at your safe house in El Quebrados. Get on the street and follow it a short distance south until it turns left around the corner of a building. On the south side of this building will be a two player free roam icon. Stand near it and press Start on controller two to begin.

Two player mode in Whetstone

Go to the General Store in Dilmore. There is a two player icon there. The second player will be able to change their character.

Lock two player mode camera view

After two player mode is activated, press Back to lock the view to either player.

Freight Train missions

After you complete the game, you can roam anywhere. As an added bonus, you can steal a train. If you click Right Analog-stick while on the train, a freight train mission will start. You must drive to a train stop and deliver the freight. Be careful not to go too fast or you will derail. The easiest way to avoid derailment is go as fast as you can. However, if your controller starts to vibrate, release A.

Freight Train missions bonus

Successfully complete level 2 of the Freight Train missions to get $50,000 and free train rides.

Fire truck missions bonus

Steal a fire truck and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 12 of the fire truck missions to make CJ fireproof.

Easily complete fire truck missions

Bring a fire truck from another location into Angel Pine, then click Right Analog-stick to start the mission. This should be easier than doing it in Los Santos, San Fierro, the desert, or Las Venturas. When you do it at this location, and you are stuck on a cliff that you cannot get up (for example, if the burning car is on the freeway), take your time by taking the long way. You should only use this method if you have at least three minutes or more time remaining. Note: All fires will not always appear in Angel Pine, as they may also happen in Whetstone or other nearby places. Although this sounds difficult, there are not that many roads near the Angel Pine area which actually makes it easier to complete. If the fire truck gets severely damaged, enable the "Health" code.

Mike Toreno missions bonus

Successfully complete all missions assigned by Mike Toreno to get a flamethrower, minigun, rocket launcher, and homing rocket launcher to appear at his cabin in Tierra Robada.

Paramedic missions bonus

Steal an ambulance and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 12 of the paramedic missions to get a health limit of 150.

Easily complete paramedic missions

Go to Angel Pine, which is located in southeast area of the main map. In the northeast part of Angel Pine is a medical building with an Ambulance next to it. Get in it and start the missions. All the victims will appear in the city, which is very small. The farthest person will only be about ten seconds away from the drop off point. You can complete the missions in less then ten minutes by doing this. Also, the cops do not appear very often, allowing your wanted level to remain low. Additionally, do the Paramedic mission in the Angel Pine area. Click Right Analog-stick to start the missions. All injured people that must be taken to the hospital will be in the crowded town. Unlike the fire truck missions if done in this town, this mission has all the people in one place. Once you complete this mission, you will your health increased to 150. This is a also very good reward because you can jump from the highest place in the game without dying from the fall. Note: If you have the parachute in your inventory, you will die.

Pimping missions bonus

Steal the pimp convertible in the car wash parking lot near the Pay N' Spray and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 10 of the pimping missions to get money from prostitutes instead of paying them.

Quarry missions bonus

Successfully complete level 7 of the Quarry missions to get the Hunter Quarry asset and Quarry Mission time-trials.

Taxi missions bonus

Steal a taxi and click Right Analog-stick. After a total of 50 successful fares, you will unlock hydraulics and nitrous on all taxi-class vehicles. Click Left Analog-stick to jump whenever needed. Press LT or B while driving normally to use nitrous. After using nitrous, you must wait awhile between shots. However, that time decreases as your driving skill increases.

Truck missions bonus

Steal a truck and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 8 of the trucking missions to unlock RS Haul as a property.

Valet Parking missions bonus

Successfully complete level 5 of the Valet Parking missions in downtown San Fierro to get the San Fierro Valet Parking as an asset property.

Vigilante missions bonus

Steal any policy vehicle and click Right Analog-stick. Successfully complete level 12 of the vigilante missions to get an armor limit of 150.

Easily complete vigilante missions

Use the Rhino to complete the vigilante missions easier. Additionally, start the mission, put the vehicle in your garage, and exit so that the door closes. Enable the "Destroy all cars" code. The criminals will be killed. Run back to the garage, hop in the car, and repeat. This is also a good way to quickly gain more money and status points.

Steal any law enforcement vehicle and enable the "Deadly vehicle" code, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. If you enter the cheat code in the vehicle, you must get out of the car then get back in or the car will not resist damage, but will blow up anything it touches, and result in your car eventually exploding. After this, click Right Analog-stick and go at a slow speed (about 5 to 15 mph) and enable the "Destroy all cars" code. Note: If you go too slow or too fast, CJ will exit the car, making your vehicle blow up as well when you complete code entry. The enemy should blow up no matter where he is and result in a "Threat Eliminated" message and give you the reward money. Note: After level 26 is reached, your car becomes more explosion prone, as the "Deadly vehicle" code eventually wears off.

Get an FBI Rancher and drive onto the Julius Thruway in Las Venturas. XLstat 23.3.1177 Crack + License Key Download (Win & Mac) Vigilante mode and begin driving around the highway. Just stay on the highway, and you will notice that the criminals start dying for no apparent reason. Just drive for about twenty minutes to get the 150 armor award easily.

Increase respect, money, driving skill and armor in vigilante missions

Enable the "Spawn Rhino tank" code and use it for the vigilante missions. When you reach level 12, your armor will increase to 150. Each time you kill a group of criminals, you will get money (on level 20 and over you will be winning $50,000 or more). If you get a wanted level, do not cheat to lower it. As police ram you, they will explode and your respect will increase. All the driving that you will do increases your driving skill somewhat.

Horseshoe bonus

Collect all fifty horseshoes in Las Venturas to get a M4, MP5, combat shotgun, and satchel charges to appear at the Four Dragons Casino.

Oyster bonus

Collect all fifty oysters to increase your sex appeal and lung capacity. Note: To find Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen oysters faster, get a Sea Sparrow (which can land on water). You can find one by the Sherman Dam.

Racing bonus

Get first place in all races at the four racing locations across San Andreas (marked with a checkered flag on the map/radar) to win $1,000,000.

Snapshot bonus

Take all fifty snapshots in San Fierro to get a sniper rifle, Micro Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, shotgun, and grenades to appear at your San Fierro garage.

Tag bonus

Spray all one hundred hidden tags in Los Santos to get an AK-47, Tec-9, Sawn-off shotgun, and Molotov cocktails to appear inside your house on Grove Street.

100% game completion bonuses

Successfully complete the game with a 100% game completion. CJ will get a stats boost, extra money, and a Rhino and Hydra will be delivered to CJ's house on Grove Street.

Increase muscle or stamina

At about 22:00, go to a gym and work out, maxing yourself. After you have worked out enough for the day, wait another minute until nck dongle android mtk crack Archives time is 0:00. Max yourself out for that day then go home. Save two or three times and you can repeat this process.

To get your character maxed out in the muscle and stamina attributes, do the following. Go the gym near the Johnson house. Work out until you are told that it is enough for one day. Go home (right down the block), save the game to advance to the next day. Return to the gym and you can work out again. You can now max out your muscle and stamina in less then a half hour.

Note: This trick requires a controller with a turbo feature. Go to a gym or Madd Dogg's mansion. Get on the treadmill and set it to level 7, 8, or 9. Enable the turbo feature and just hold A instead of tapping it. Your stamina will increase easily. You can also do this with weights, but you will have to tap B and A a little bit.

Increase weapon skill

Achieve a high wanted level and go into a restaurant. Shoot everyone with the weapon that you want to raise in rank. If you walk around and wait, police will spawn, but will not shoot you, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Police can raise your weapon skill faster than pedestrians. This works best in Burger Shot because of the wide area that you can walk around in. Continue until you reach Hitman status.

Use the following trick in front of any safe house. Use the gun you want to get up to Hitman status to repeatedly shoot a car until it explodes. Then, go to the next car. Repeat this until you reach Hitman status for that weapon. Watch out for the police. You can shoot them, then keep shooting the cars. When you are almost dead, enter your safe house and save the game. Your health will be restored and wanted level removed.

Get lots of bullets for the guns that you want Hitman or Gangster status for. Go to Tierra Robada. Look around at the north of the island to find a little house. Stay in there and enable the "Increase wanted level" code three times. Stay in the cabin and wait for the police to approach. When they enter the house, kill them.

To attain Hitman level quicker, select your desired weapon and go to a Pay 'N' Spray. Park your vehicle directly next to the Pay 'N' Spray. Exit the vehicle and repeatedly shoot people, cars, and cops. When your wanted level is raised to two stars or above, run to your vehicle and drive into the Pay 'N' Spray to cancel it, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. If your vehicle is not damaged, the respray is free, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Wait for the wanted stars to stop flashing, then start shooting people again.

Go into a police station and find a room with one entry point, and something that you can hide behind (like a desk). Take out your weapon. You should now have a two star wanted level. Shoot any cop who comes through the door. Every cop you shoot makes your gun skill go up by about five. Do this until you either die, run out of bullets, or enable the "Lower wanted level" code.

Increase driving skill

Go to San Fierro and pass the tests at the driving school. Additionally, find a tractor or a slow moving car. Drive the roads without going as fast as you can (move slowly). This will take awhile, but will increase your driving skills.

Increase bike skill

Enable the "Massive BMX bunny hops" code. Keep jumping very high by holding LT for a long time. As you jump, do some flips (backwards or any funny stunt) and land perfectly. You will then receive a Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen stunt award or an insane stunt award and your skill will increase. To do this perfectly without falling while doing the stunts, use the "Never fall off your bike" glitch. Get some speed, jump as high as possible, do stunts, and do not fall. This will increase CJ's bike skill.

Increase underwater skill

Repeatedly swim underwater to increase your lung capacity and your underwater skill.

Easily max Lung Capacity

Dive underwater, and once your breath is out, you will start losing health. If you want to stay underwater, keep enabling the "Armor, health, money, and street creds" code when your health is low. You will be able to remain underwater, and max your Lung Capacity attribute easily.

Restore breath faster

When you are swimming and are about to run out of breath, return to the surface. Keep jumping up and down with X. Your breath meter will refill faster.

Raising stats quicker

Go to any pier over any body of water. Swim under the pier and stay in one position. This will immensely raise your muscle, stamina, and lung capacity in just under a minute. Stay under longer for better results.

Return to land faster

If you get stuck in Bubble Shooter Deluxe crack serial keygen water, enable the "Spawn Hotring Racer" then "Spawn Jetpack" codes. It will not appear until you are on a non watery surface. Quickly jump on the car. It may be a far ride, but it is better than swimming.

Run faster

To run faster, enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Then, hold A while pressing the Left Analog-stick Forward. If done correctly, CJ will run faster than any car.

Infinite running boost

Enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. When you have the Jetpack on, take it off. Then, get about thirty feet behind it so you have running distance. Run into it by using the running boost (hold Left Analog-stick Up and keep tapping A). Just before you run into the Jetpack, release A and keep the Left Analog-stick in running position. This will give you unlimited running boost until the Left Analog-stick is released.

Unlock areas quickly

Enable the "Wanted level never increases" code. Go to the shaded areas of the game and they will become unlocked. If you go to a safe house and save the game, all areas will be unlocked from now on. However, in order not to be wanted when you go back into these areas, you must enable the "Wanted level never increases" code again, but you will be free to roam about.

Revealing territories

Get a plane and fly all the way to either the southeast, southwest, northeast, or northwest of the map where the ocean is found. Keep flying for thirty minutes in that direction, then jump out of the plane. Do not open the parachute and intentionally drown. When you arrive at the hospital, check your map. You will see that there are enormous amounts of new territories in San Fierro, Las Venturas, and some in Las Santos. You can take over these territories, and they only have one wave.

Quick map fill in Los Santos

To get all of the map showing in the starting area of the game, get on the freeway and continue going until you cannot go further. Then, pause the game and the entire bottom right half of the map should be marked as explored.

Gain respect

To gain respect, stay in your neighborhood and get a wanted star, then kill all the police that arrives. Once you reach a four star wanted level (and if you killed enough police), you will gain some respect. Additionally, completing missions is not the only way to earn respect. By spraying other gang's tags, you will also earn a bit, and by taking over another gang's area you will earn a lot. Note: You must have completed some missions before you can take over areas. You can see on the radar witch areas you have taken over, and which areas the enemy gangs own. Your own territory is marked with green, and your enemies are yellow or purple.

Respect status

Your respect is made up of the following factors:

    Running Respect (see below): 40%
    Mission Progress: 36%
    Territory Under Control: 6%
    Money: 6%
    Fitness: 4%
    Clothes: 4%
    Girlfriend Progress: 4%

Your Running Respect is changed by the following factors:

    Territory gained: +30%
    Killing a gang member: +.5%
    Killing a dealer: +.005%
    Killing a member of your gang: .005%
    A member of your gang is killed: -2%
    Territory lost: -3%

Your respect affects the number of gang members that you can recruit:

    Above 1%: 2
    Above 10%: 3
    Above 20%: 4
    Above 40%: 5
    Above 60%: 6
    Above 80%: 7
Easy money

In order to waste time to allow money to accumulate without dealing with CJs eating needs, simply press Y in front of the television in your hideout. His health will remain constant, without him needing to eat. You can leave the Xbox idling in this state to accumulate money easily.

Walk into a bar and beat up all the customers with a bat, nightstick, or pool cue. More customers spawn and your wanted level will not rise. No one pulls out a gun, and your maximum health will increase after a number of fights. Beating up the person next to the pool tables gets you a pool cue, and every once in awhile a customer will spill a few hundred dollars.

Find a save point that is close to a betting shop. The one in the Montgomery are is ideal because it is near to the save point where you have to do the four missions for Catalina. Save your game, then go to the betting shop and bet all your money on a horse. It takes awhile to enter the numbers, but is worth it because you can make a huge amount of cash (especially if you bet on horses with odds of 10/1, iCloud Unlocker v1.7 crack serial keygen, 12/1, etc.). It takes roughly three to four minutes to bet the maximum amount of money, which is $9,999,995. You will not win every time. When you lose, reload your last saved game. It is possible to get $250,000,000 by betting your winnings of $30,000 to $700.000 to $2,000,000 to the maximum bet.

Enable the "Deadly vehicle" and "Flying cars" codes. When you are up in the air, fly down to the ground and hit it to get money for a unique trick. The higher you go and hit the ground, the more money you can make. You can also deactivate the code while in the air and hit the ground to make a lot of money.

Enable the "Flying cars" code. Fly around for a few seconds, then touch the ground. You will get money for insane stunts.

While on a BMX bike, enable the "Massive bunny hops" code. Then, hold LT and jump. While in the air, hold LT and as soon as you hit the ground release the button. Do this continuously to get big combos.

Easy Hitman rating

Shoot at the black part of a wheel. If you shoot at the rim it will not work. Keep on shooting until the skill bar is all the way up for the desired weapon.

Easy dual sawn-off shotgun ability

It is recommended that you spray all 100 tags, as it is easier for ammunition and early on missions. Get a cop car (preferably a car, OT truck, rancher, etc.). Save it in the Johnson family garage; save the game if desired. Get a large amount of sawn-off shotgun ammunition. If all 100 tags were sprayed, it is available in Johnson kitchen. Go to the garage. Get as far away from the car as possible without letting the garage door close, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Then crouch, aim for the grill of the police car, and shoot. Every few shots (or every time the car catches fire), you should have more weapon skill. It will eventually upgrade about every minute. When it catches on fire, let the garage repair the car and come back. This does not work as well at getting Hitman on the other weapons.

Easy money in Los Santos

From the Johnson house in the Ganton area, go straight until you are in the front yard of the house opposite of yours. Turn right, and go behind it by going between that house and the one next to it. Go in the backyard until you are in the corner. You should see a pistol. Take it, then get back to Grove Street. If you see man, usually in black, that is standing there with his arms crossed, shoot him. He usually carries about $2,000 or more and a pistol, because he is a drug dealer. Repeat this to get easy money. Kill him quickly before he shoots you. It is possible to get Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen in one day by doing this.

Upon exiting the Johnson house in Grove Street, walk straight toward the house opposite of yours, which is the one that sometimes has the BMX bike in the front yard, until you are in the grass. Go to your right between that house and the one next to it. Walk toward the corner and get the pistol. Go back to Grove Street and find a drug dealer. He is dressed in black with his hands crossed down at his hips. You will know he is a drug dealer because if you face him, he will try to do business. You will get a pop-up display in the top-right part of your screen on how to respond to him, even though you cannot actually buy anything. If you shoot and kill him, he drops $2,000 dollars or more, and a gun just like that one you picked up. Note: He will shoot back -- try to get a headshot. There is another drug dealer that is wearing a white hooded sweatshirt that does the same thing. He can usually be found up in the northeast part of Los Santos. You can find these dealers all over Los Santos in the areas littered with gangs.

Go to the building with the parachute. When you get to the top, spawn a Caddy. Get in and drive slowly towards the edge of the building, then just fall off. You will begin Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen flip slowly. However, if you nudge the edge of the building, the Caddy will spin and flip like crazy. When you hit the ground, you will get a very large insane stunt bonus.

Find the Inside Track Betting building in the Downtown area. Bet the maximum amount on the horse with the worst odds. If you lose, reload the game and try again. When you win, it will be a substantial amount.

Go to the Pig Pen Strip Club. You can jump on the big stage with the srtipper. Stand directly in front of her, and people will throw $100 to her each time, which you can collect. Be very careful not to touch her, or the guards will start shooting at you. Note: This cheat takes awhile -- eat before you go.

Get a Playerpro Music Player 5.25 Cracked apk Download 2021 (Latest), then stand outside the your house in the Ganton area. Shoot your homies (wearing green). Some of them will drop a lot of money. Pick it up, and if you have a wanted level go inside and save the game. Repeat this to get a large amount of money.

This trick requires maximum bike skill for both motorcycles and a regular bike, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Go to the highest building in Los Santos, the circular one, and StartIsBack++ 2.9.15 Crack Win [Key + Torrent] Activated 2021! off using either the motorcycle or bike. While you are in mid-air, you can spin for a little bit or try to do a back flip. Stay on the bikes until you land and you will receive an insane stunt bonus for over $200.

Enable the "Kinky theme" code and enter the Ganton area with a nice car. Drive up the alley were the burglar truck is located. Park there and within seconds prostitutes will approach. Press Left to accept their offer, then get out of your car and kill them when they are done. You will get more money than paid.

Easy Stamina upgrade in Los Santos

Go to the Ganton Gym in Los Santos. Go to the bicycle and start at level 1. Work your way up to level 10. After awhile it will say that you have worked to your limit and to return. Keep pedaling and your stamina will start to increase.

Use the following trick to get a lot of weapons, increase your muscle, increase your stamina, and get a "Hitman" rating with any weapon. After the initial mission, go to the Verona beach area (on the south part of the map near the ocean). There is a free open gym here. Use it to increase your muscle and stamina. when you need to eat, there is a free hot dog stand down the path east of the gym, or just save the game at your house. To get "Hitman" status with any gun, find the weapon of your choice and shoot people or cars. Try going to any parking lot and shooting cars. It is easier and they respawn if you ride a short distance away and return. You can get as much money as desired Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen the fire truck missions, then going to the off track betting after getting at least $10,000. Bet 10% of your money on the last horse until you win. If you lose too much money, reload your game and return. Repeat this process until you have a good amount of money.

Easy weapons in Los Santos

Drive around and hit Ballas. When they are dead, pick up their guns then get back in your car and find more. This will get you a lot of weapons very fast.

Easy Hitman rating in Los Santos

This trick requires a controller in port two. To get an easy Hitman rating for either the 9 mm pistol or shotgun, go to the Los Santos Police Department. Note the two player icon across the street. Quickly enter the Police Department. Run and ignore any cops shooting at you and get the armor in the locker room. It is the Windows 7 Ultimate Product Key + Crack 2021 [100% Working] room on your right. There is an available pistol in the room on the right, at the far end of the hall. Proceed to dispose of the police using your pistol. If you need ammunition, the cops will drop a gun after you kill them, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Your weapon skill will quickly raise as you kill the swarms of police that come after you. Continue shooting until your armor level becomes low or is gone. Then, run to the far end of the police station hall, down the stairs, and into the holding cells. In the middle cell is more armor. Use it and continue your massacre until your armor is once again depleted. Next, quickly run out of the door and across the street to the two player icon. Click Right Analog-stick on controller two to enter two player mode. Simply kill the second player and your wanted level will be gone and your health will be refilled. Repeat this to gain Hitman status or simply gain ammunition. Note: Hitman status with the pistols will allow duel wielding, faster firing, improved accuracy, lock-on range increased and faster strafing, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. There is also a shotgun hidden in the police station in the room on your left as you enter, then to the room at the right at the end of that one. The shotgun may not respawn as soon as you enter, but in at least 60 seconds one should appear. You can use this available shotgun to reach Hitman status with. Note: Hitman status with the shotgun only gives you improved accuracy, move while firing, faster firing rate and lock-on range increased -- not duel wielding. Duel wielding can only be achieved with the sawed-off shotgun.

To raise your weapon skills quickly, enter a dance club, such as the "Alhambra" in the Idlewood area. Begin shooting people with the weapon of your choice. Doing so during the afternoon or night hours (12:00 to 04:00) greatly increases the amount of people that respawn in the club. Since so many people spawn, you have a virtually limitless amount of people to "train" with. Doing so however, raises your wanted level greatly. Enable the "Lower wanted level" code or know where the police bribes are, as you will need them.

Go to the actual beach part of the Verona Beach area. Start shooting with the desired gun. The cops will arrive after awhile, but you can make them go away or just kill them for more. Keep doing this until the desired gun is at Hitman level. It is possible to get four weapons up to Hitman level in about an hour.

Walk out from CJ's house and make sure there a car in his garage. Use any weapon to shoot the car in the garage until it catches on fire. Walk away and let the garage close Then, open it and repeat the steps. You can do this with any weapon to get an easy Hitman level.

Go into the bar near CJ's house in the Ganton area. Kill everyone there and try to get a two or three star wanted level. Start killing the police that come through the door. When no one remains, turn around and look. They should be there.

Go to your house in Grove Street. Start randomly killing people until you have two star wanted level. Kill all Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen cops with any desired weapon. Make sure you have armor on. When you have low health, save the game, then repeat.

Drive to the Burger restaurant where OG Loc is working. Mark the location of the Pay 'N' Spray near the beach closest to this spot on your map. Go into the restaurant with a two or three star wanted level. Order food if needed, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, then hold the place up. Everyone will crouch down into a fetal position. You may kill them if desired, as they have some money. The police will morph into the building but they will be in the same position as the customers. They will not shoot you, never stop coming in (usually seven at a time). You have all the time needed to reach Hitman status on any gun. Make sure you have at least 400 bullets or more. You may also go back out and immediately return if you get hungry, but you must hurry to the counter. Sometimes the police will be eating there and they will shoot at you immediately. However, as soon as you aim your gun, they will stop, but the food will not be available if this is done. When you are finished, make sure all seven officers are alive in the building (this seems to cause less police shooting at you on the outside), then hold A + Left Analog-stick Right to run around to the back of the building. There are always two vehicles parked here. Take one and make two rights then a left to the Pay 'N' Spray. Wait inside until the flashing stars disappear. Do this for two weapons and you will have over half your reputation easily.

Easy races

Before you enter a race, enable the "Cars fly away" code. During the countdown, start entering the "Pedestrians riot" code, but do not press the final button until they take off. Run over all the racers and ram their cars.

Easy Pilot license

Go to the airport in San Fierro and enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Enter the Shamel jet and enable the "Speed up time" code. Fly it until a message appears in the corner. Fly it for about five or ten more minutes and you will have a pilot license without going to pilot school. Note: Make sure you save the game.

Saving money

Buy lots of ammunition for the Tec-9 which costs about $300. When you have enough, buy one SMG. The game will transfer all your Tec-9 ammunition into your SMG, saving you thousands of dollars. Note: This does not work for the pistols, rifles, or thrown weapons.

Free Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen N' Spray

Get a car that can be used for the pimping missions. Go to a Pay N' Spray. When the door is closing, click Right Analog-stick to activate the pimping missions. Then click Right Analog-stick to deactivate the missions after the door has closed and is re-opening. The door will open again, giving you a free spray. You can repeat this as many times as desired.

Cheap car bomb

Get a fast car or a motorcycle. Either shoot the vehicle or bang it up real good. When it is on fire, press Y to jump out. This technique is also good for taking over hoods quickly and easily.

Descend quickly

When stuck at the top of a cliff or mountain and you need to go to the bottom, do not bother going the long way around to get down safely. Instead, edge yourself to the end of the cliff/mountain and slowly but surely you will slide down the side and land safely at the bottom.

Lose weight quickly

If you want to lose weight quickly, enable the "Speed up time" code.

Jump off building with motorcycles or bikes in Los Santos

Take any motorcycle or bike to the entrance of the tallest building in Los Santos. You will be taken to the roof. Note: This only works with this building and two-wheeled vehicles.

Basketball Challenge mini-game

Go to one of the basketball courts that have full courts and a chain link fence round them. One of the hoops will have a basketball. Walk up to the basketball and press Y to start playing. While playing basketball, click Right Analog-stick to start the Basketball Challenge mini-game. A red marker will appear on the court. Run to the red marker and shoot the ball. If you make the shot, the red marker will move to a new spot on the court. The goal of the mini-game is to sink as many shots as you can before time runs out. Each shot you make adds a few seconds on to the clock. When time runs out, CJ will automatically resume playing basketball. Your highest score will be recorded and shown the next time you play the Basketball Challenge mini-game.

Basketball tricks

While playing basketball, press B to spin the ball on your finger. Press X to roll the ball along your shoulders.

Play basketball in Los Santos

After completing the Taggin Up Turf mission, you can go beside Sweet's house. There will be a basketball court with a basketball in the middle. Walk up to it and press Y to play basketball. Note: You can only play by yourself.

Play pool and arcade games in Los Santos

Go out of CJ's neighborhood in Ganton. At night, you will see a bar with beer bottles flashing on top of it. It is next to the bridge. Go inside the bar, and there will be a man next to the pool table. Walk up to him and press Y to play a game of pool. You can also bet money on the game. There are also arcade games you can play in the bar.

Play video game in Los Santos

Go in CJ's living room and walk up to the television. Press Y to play "They Came From Uranus".

Practice dance moves in Los Santos

In the Idlewood area (between the three way highway section and the red line where the train is passing on your map) is the Alhambra Club. You can find it easily by the four torches at the entrance. Once there, you can practice your dance by pressing the corresponding buttons (A, B, Y, and X) as shown on the screen). You can also play some video games at the arcade machine or buy some food or drinks at the vending machines.

Bet on horses

Near the Downtown and Mulholland Intersection areas (under the highway, next to the big parking lot), is a building called Inside Track Betting (with red/pink/blue posters). The entrance is just in front of it, and you can play a horse race game. You first bet on one of the horse to win, then the amount of money. Afterwards you can see the race.

Play pool for free

First, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, enter a bar, such as "The Green Bottle" in the Ganton area of Los Santos. Find a pool table and wager whatever desired. If you lose the game, just use the cue stick to hit the Sinner Computing JukeBx 1.21 crack serial keygen who just took your money to death. Then, pick the money he drops, which may be slightly more than your bet. Additionally, when you walk in the bar, either play a game of pool or just kill the man standing there and take his pool stick. X up with the pool table and start pressing B. The pool balls should move.

Free pool shots

When playing Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen you can get a free shot by pressing Y as you take your shot and hit the ball. If done correctly, you should hit the ball and your cue should follow your white ball like if you had never taken your shot. If you pot the white ball by doing this, it freezes your game. Simply press Y as you press the Right Analog-stick Forward and you will get an extra shot every time.

Vending machines

When you find a vending machine that serves chips, zoom in on it with a pistol or rifle. It is blurry, but you can tell that the chips inside the machine are real-life brands. Some chips that can be easily identified are Doritos, Lay's Potato Chips, and Munchos, to name a few.

Vending machine in Los Santos

Go to the bar near Ganton but do not Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen in. Instead, look around the bar and close to the bridge will be a drink machine. Go up to it and press Y to pay $1 for a drink.

Breaking fences

Walk up to a fence and either punch it or cut it with a chainsaw.

Stop climbing fence or ledge

To stop climbing a fence or ledge, tap Y while CJ is trying to get over.

Climbing trees

To climb a tree, find a ledge that will allow you to jump to the branches at the top of a tree. If you hit them correctly, CJ should grab onto the branches and allow you to pull him up. There is an easily accessible one just outside of Glen Park Hospital to practice with.

Destroying cars quickly

To quickly blow up cars, shoot the gas tank. This is useful when killing a lot of people at once.

Lock on enemies

When fighting someone (not with gun), press RT to lock on to them.

Expand and shrink moon

Use a sniper rifle to shoot the moon to make it expand, then shrink in size.

Eating too much

If you eat too much in a restaurant you will vomit on the floor and the cashier will laugh at you. After this happens, you cannot eat again for a while.

Effects of being fat

When you are fat, CJ will say different phrases. For example, when you are fighting he will say "I got weight on my side," or "I may be big, but I ain't slow". The downside to being fat is that when your body fat meter gets full, you run the risk of having a heart attack. This only happens in very rare circumstances. You will return to the nearest hospital. Also, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, if you have no muscle stat, or very little, you may not be able to climb high Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen or "super sprint". When fat, CJ will waddle around like a penguin, and if you look closely (this happens with no shirt) the fat on his body will wobble.

Take a photo of yourself

Have the camera active as your current weapon, then target a member of your own gang. Press LT to give them the camera and they will snap a picture of CJ. Alternately, have the camera and recruit a gang member. Switch to the camera and get close to the gang member you just recruited. There will be a menu pop up on the top left, telling you to press LT. After you press LT, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, get into place and take the picture.

Radio stations diss each other

Listen to Radio Los Santos and K-DST. On Radio Los Santos, at times between songs, Julio G. (station DJ) will make fun of the Playback FM DJ, saying "Playback FM has some cool records, but the DJ is wack," and Tommy "Nightmare" Smith, (K-DST DJ) will make fun of the Radio X DJ, usually just before the song "Running Down a Dream". He will say, "You know, I can't bear that chick on Radio X, or is it Rock X, Rock.listen sweetheart, get over it."

Radio shout-out from Denise

After you obtain Denise as you girlfriend after the Burning Desire mission, listen to Radio Los Santos. At times between songs, Julio G. (the DJ) will have a shout-out from Denise to you, and at the end he criticizes the shout out by saying "I got a shout out from Denise in Ganton who says she misses her boy desperately. And I quote, desperately. Hey, you know, this isn't Lonely Hearts, this is Radio Los Santos."

Screensaver

Allow the game to idle for a few minutes. The HUD will disappear and the game will zoom in on other nearby people instead of CJ.

Wanted level officers, weapons, and vehicles

Depending on your wanted level, different law enforcement vehicles, officers, and weapons will be used against you:

    One star: Police officers on foot, in cars, and HPV1000s (police bikes) will go after you. They have 9mms and nightsticks. If you do not have a gun out, they will try to beat you with their nightsticks. If you have a gun out, they will shoot.

    Two stars: Police officers in cars and HPV1000s will come after you. They will have 9mms and nightsticks, although they will not use their nightsticks. They will shoot at you no matter what. If you are in a car, cops will drive faster after you.

    Three stars: Police officers in cars will go after you. They will have the same weapons. Police choppers are now involved and shoot you from their guns. Police cars will go fast enough to be able to keep up with you and roadblocks will be in place at times, with officers shooting 9mms at your car.

    Four stars: Cops in cars and SWAT officers will come after you in Enforcers (SWAT vans). SWAT officers will now rappel from the police choppers. SWAT officers are now in roadblocks and SWAT officers will have Micro SMGs. If you are in an aircraft, a Hydra will go after you to shoot you down.

    Five stars: FBI agents will go after you with FBI Ranchers. Most authorities going after you will be the FBI; there will be less cop and SWAT cars. The police chopper still goes after you, and the FBI will replace the SWAT men in roadblocks. FBI agents carry SMGs.

    Six stars: Military soldiers will go after you in Rhinos (tanks) and Barracks trucks. They will replace the FBI in roadblocks. The army will carry M4s.

Recruiting gang members

Press RT to target a gang member, then press D-pad Up.

Saving gang members

To save a gang member or bodyguard when you turn off the game, go to your safe house. Go to your garage, run in the garage with your bodyguards. Run out without your bodyguards, and then save the game.

Gang member drive-by

Once you have a level one Respect upgrade, go to Grove street and walk up to a gang member (dressed in green). Without a gun equipped, hold RT on a gang member and press D-pad Up. You have now recruited him into your own personal mini-gang. If you get into a car, they will follow you. If you get three gang members and get in a four-door car, you can drive through Balla territory and your homies will lean out of the car and shoot at the Ballas who are driving by or standing around. They will also attack anyone who could be a threat to you (for example, the police). You can get only one gang member on the back of a PCJ-600, and no gang members on a Rhino. Note: To tell your members to stay, hold RT and press D-pad Down. To tell them to follow you, hold RT and press D-pad Up.

Taking Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen gang territories easily

An easy way to take over territories is to find a high place like a roof top. First, kill a few gang members to start the war, then get onto a roof. When you are up there, they will still shoot at you, but will not have accurate aim and will miss frequently.

Note: It is recommended that the "Air Strip" missions be completed first. To easily take over territories, go to the airstrip and take the Jetpack. Go to any enemy territory and start a gang war by killing some enemy gang members. Fly and land on any building roof you can easily see incoming enemy gang members. Kill all gang members from up there. By doing this, you can easily hold all enemy territories. Be patient when killing gang members, and try to stay inside the war zone. The distance between the airstrip and enemy territories is long, but this is the easiest way to quickly and safely hold enemy gang territories. All territories can be held by using the Jetpack, but only one by one.

Keep gang territory easily

If your gang turf is under attack, go to a save point and save the game. When it is done saving, your turf will no longer be under attack and it will still be yours. Additionally, when your hood is under attack, find a police car or motorcycle, fire truck, ambulance, or taxi. Get in and click Right Analog-stick to start the vehicle's missions. Then, click Right Analog-stick again to exit and your hood will be safe.

Unlock more gang territories in Los Santos

Get in a Rustler from the abandoned airport and fly southeast. Once you pass Los Santos International Airport, fly to the top of the second altitude bar and release A to allow the plane fly in autopilot. About every three minutes, look at your stats and examine the Gang section to find that the Vagos or the Ballas have gained a territory. Sometimes the Grove Street also takes more territories. To get the entire map filled with gang territories, let the plane autopilot for over two hours. Check you plane periodically so that it does not crash in the ocean. Once you die, the territories will be visible on the map.

Gang member race

You can do this trick in any race mission with the checkered flag on your map. Bring a gang member with you. You can even bring three if the race is with a four door car. Walk into the red mission circle. Select a race and when it starts and counts down, you will see your gang member spawn to the street and walk towards your car. The races will start, and you must wait a moment before he gets in your car.

Gang member poses

Get a camera and recruit one of your Grove Street members. Hold RT to look through the lens, and your gang member will go in front of it and give a thumbs up or wave.

Stealth kills

With a knife, target a person and sneak up behind them. Press B, and if they do not notice you, you will perform an instant kill silently.

Manual aim with any weapon while driving

Enable the "Manual weapon drive bys in cars" code and run out of bullets in your Uzi, Tec-9, or Micro SMG. Get out of your vehicle, then select the weapon of your choice (except grenades and rocket launchers). Get back into the vehicle and enable any "Weapons" code. The crosshairs are back on and you can shoot that weapon.

Hit pedestrian with the front of your shotgun

Note: This cannot be done with more than two weapons. Get a melee weapon (baseball bat, dildo, or a police nightstick) and an ordinary shotgun. If you have more than those two weapons this trick cannot be done. Switch to your Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen weapon. Walk up to a pedestrian and hit them, then immediately press B to switch to your shotgun. If done correctly, CJ should hit the pedestrian with the shotgun as if he were using it as a melee weapon.

Roboi's Food Mart asset in Los Santos

Go to the 24-7 store located near the Conference Center area. Outside the front parking lot will be a bike. Get on the bike and you will automatically begin the courier missions, which require you to deliver packages thought Los Santos by throwing them through rings at the destination. After completing three levels you will acquire the 24-7 store. Use the bike that was in front of to collect up to $2,000.

Reach hidden areas in Los Santos

Enter the Ganton Gym and spawn the Jetpack. Go over the arrow, out but do not go out. Fly up through a blank tile. An all-black area will appear. Use the thermal goggles to see all the people you have killed. You can also see an illegal tattoo parlor, a tornado, a hidden city in your garage in San Fierro, a tornadom and other things. Do not lose height or you will have to kill yourself when you land.

Spray paint as a weapon

The spray paint is not only meant for spraying tags. It also can be used as a weapon. Aim the spray paint in the direction of a pedestrian and they will lean forward, coughing.

Spray paint in Los Santos

There is a spray can located in the upstairs bedroom of CJ's house in the Ganton area.

Go in back of CJ's house. Climb onto the wall and walk over to the his house. Jump onto it then climb to the raised part of his house. Walk towards the back of it, and you will see that there is a building connected to it. Walk onto that building and you will see a can of paint.

Dildo and nightstick weapons in Los Santos

Enter the police station in the Pershing X area of Los Santos. Walk around inside the police station to find the shower/bathroom. In there you will find a large purple dildo that can be used to hit people. There is also a PR-24 (nightstick) in the police station as well. You can pick up the dildo and the PR-24 without anything happening, but when you take the shotgun you will get two stars on your wanted meter.

Go to the small town of Dillimore near Red County. Find the police station with the garage opened up outside. Unequip your weapon and enter the police station by walking over the entrance marker. Once inside, proceed into the hallway ahead of you and take the first right into a locker room. In this locker room will be body armor and a night stick. Keep walking behind the locker room, and there will be an opening in the wall with a large walk-in shower. Proceed into the shower and take an immediate right. You will see a pink dildo spinning. You can pick this up as your melee weapon and begin dildo-bashing people.

Cane in Los Santos

Go behind to the Vinewood sign. Search behind the "V" to find a cane that can be used as a melee weapon.

Chainsaw in Los Santos

Follow the train tracks south towards the Ocean Docks area. Along the way you should see some tire piles. Look around the stacks and you will find a chainsaw.

Brass knuckles in Los Santos

When you first start the game, go to the underpass two doors from your house in the Ganton area. There are brass knuckles in the grass.

Shovel in Los Santos

Go into Ryder's back yard (to the right of your house) in the Ganton area. There is a shovel next to the back of the house.

Katana in Los Santos

Find the 8-Ball USB Disk Security 5.1.0.8 by iLgiNcH crack serial keygen near where you did the mission where you met Ceaser. Directly behind the 8-Ball shop is a fence. Climb over it and you will find the katana.

Handgun in Los Santos

Go behind Big Smoke's house. In the corner will be a gun.

Walk to the street from CJ's house. Walk between the house across from CJ's and go to the right. You will see a hand gun.

Shotgun in Los Santos

When you rob the pizzeria with Ryder in the beginning of the game, instead of running to the car as soon as you get out of there, punch out the clerk for the shotgun. Note: This works better if you get the brass knuckles found underneath the over pass near your hood.

Machine gun in Los Santos

Jump on top of Big Smoke's house, then jump on roofs towards CJ's house. On top of one will be a machine gun.

Go in back of CJ's house. Climb onto the wall and walk over to the his house. Jump onto it then climb to the raised part of his house. When you are on his roof, jump onto the house next to his then jump onto Sweet's house to obtain a machine gun.

Uzi in Los Santos

There is an Uzi under the bridge in the waterway to the right of your house in the Ganton area when you exit it.

Weapons storage warehouse in Los Santos

Go to the Ocean Docks area in Los Santos. Look for railroad tracks and follow them south until they lead to a building with boxcars. The complex can only be entered by jumping the wall, going through the boxcar warehouse, or by an opening to the right of the warehouse. The boxcar warehouse has a sawed-off shotgun (you will need a car to get it) in one of the cars, a plank bridge that leads to body armor, and gas grenades located at the back exit. A short distance away from the back exit, you will see an entrance to another warehouse. This one is full of crates. Go through the crates to find stairs. Behind the stairs is an AK-47. Go up the stairs to find more body armor.

Dual weapons

Reach the "Hitman" rank in a weapon skill to be able to wield two of that weapon at once. To increase your weapon skill, practice at the shooting range or use that weapon frequently. You can dual wield pistols, the sawed off shotgun, Uzi, and Tek.

Double SMG ammunition

Go into an Ammu-Nation and enter the shooting range. Press Y as soon as it starts to exit the shooting range. If you were carrying an SMG at the time, your ammunition will have doubled. Repeat this trick to get as much as needed.

Get automatic fire with any weapon

In two player mode, enable any weapon code one time. Waste all the ammunition in your SMG gun. Then, hold the weapon you want to have automatic fire (Desert Eagle recommended). Get in the passenger side of a car while the other player drives. While holding the Desert Eagle in the car, enable the same weapon code again. You can now shoot the gun automatically.

Fire while out of ammunition

If you fire a gun out of a car in two player mode with no ammunition, it will still fire but no bullets will actually be shot out.

Suicide bomber

Enable the "Weapons (tier 3)" code, then select the bombs which are blown up by a detonator. Throw one of them at someone, and it should stick to them. You can now blow them up like a suicide bomber.

Boxing moves in Los Santos

Go inside the gym and defeat its owner to learn boxing style attacks.

Kick boxing moves in Las Venturas

Go Freemake video converter Gold pack serial key the gym and defeat its owner to learn kick boxing style attacks.

Martial arts moves in San Fierro

Go inside the gym and defeat its owner to learn martial arts style attacks. Additionally, to do the Kung Fu kick that he teaches, hold RT then tap Y. To do a super Kung Fu kick, enable the "Super punches" code. The move will now knock a pedestrian down and kill them.

Escape police in Los Santos

Walk behind the Mullholland safe house to the pool. Face the side that has five windows. Walk into the one closest to the corner. Go to the area of that window that is away from the corner. Slowly go in there and lean to the right. Unless you go too slow and lead an officer in there, you will be safe. The police can see you, but cannot hurt you, even when you have the maximum amount of stars on your wanted meter.

Devoted bodyguard

Start two player mode and get on a skyscraper. Have one player on the edge of the building and the other player directly behind him. Have the player on the edge jump off, and immediately afterwards have the other in the same spot jump off. As soon as one player lands, the second one will follow and land on him. You will now notice that the second player will have almost full health, using the first player as a cushion.

Recruited cops give wanted level

Enable the "Recruit anyone into your gang" code. Go up to some police and press RT to target them (without a gun in your hand). Press Up to recruit them. Go anywhere where the cops are not at. Shoot or punch someone, or just shoot nothing. Your recruited cop will put a one star wanted level on you.

Scared cops

Go into a Burger Shot restaurant and kill everyone. Then, leave and immediately go back in. Kill everyone until you have four stars on your wanted meter. Cops will enter the shop. If you start shooting, all the cops will act like the people in the shop, and curl up scared. The cops will not shoot you. If you kill them, more will just keep appearing in the same locations.

Cops spawn in club

Get a three star level level while in a club. Three or four cops will appear and start shooting.

Hack into casinos for free in Las Venturas

In order to hack inside and win free money, meet ''C'' (Kendl's girlfriend) and complete one mission. As they have the casinos ready for you, kill all guards and be done.

Very large stunt bonus in Los Santos

Get a BMX and ride it to the most northern safe house in the Mulholland area near the Vinewood sign. Note: If you are interested in buying it, the cost is $120,000. Notice that the building is in a "L" shape. Go to the inner corner of the "L", next to the pool. Ride into the walls and you will fall through one of them. You will go into a glitched area. Perform lots of rotations before you land back near the safe house to get an extreme stunt bonus.

Make the moon bigger and smaller

Using the sniper rifle, shoot the moon at night. It will begin to shrink. After it gets to a certain size, it will begin to grow again.

Survive high falls

Repeatedly tap X as CJ is falling to take less damage when he hits the ground. Additionally, max out your health bar and get full armor. Go to a high building, such as the one in the Downtown area of Los Santos. Get on the roof and jump off without a parachute in your inventory. When you hit the ground, you will lose most of your life, but still have a small amount remaining. Note: If you have a parachute in your inventory, you will die when you hit the ground.

Take a Shamal or Hydra into the second meter of altitude. With a parachute, jump out of the plane and press B to open it. Then, immediately press Y. You will fall to the ground, and if you have full health you will survive with just a little remaining.

If you accidentally fall off a Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen high building, enable the "Spawn parachute" code. Press B to open the parachute and you will drift safely down to the ground.

Reaching other cities early

Hijack the train. The easiest way to do this is when it is at one of the stations. Then, drive it full speed to the bridges to the other islands. You may need to use the entire city to pick up enough speed. Also, you must be careful around sharp turns. The train will de-rail. Note: This was done with the freight train. When you approach the bridge at the edge of the city, you will slow down, even if you are going very fast. The train will pass through the barricade, as if it were a ghost. You will get a four star wanted level. There is a police bribe on the train tracks in the second city that you will pick up if you pass by it on the train, but your wanted level will immediately jump back to four stars. Also, the train is bullet proof. You cannot die from bullets when inside the train.

When in Los Santos, you will find that all bridges to the other two regions will be blocked by blockades. Sometimes if you try to go through the blockade at high speed with a fast vehicle, it will go through and glitch, along with the AI vehicles that are following.

Enable the "Wanted level never increases" and "Flying car" codes. You can now go to all of San Andreas without the four star wanted level appearing. Note: This must be done again every time you load a saved game. Also, if you shoot cops with the "Wanted level never increases" code enabled, some cops will get out and walk away but others will fire their guns at you.

Enable the "Drive on water" code or swim across the ocean to where you want to go. You will automatically get a four star wanted level when coming ashore in Las Ventruas and a five star wanted level for coming ashore in San Fierro. These stars will not go away with the "Lower wanted level" code, but will disappear when you leave the city.

The following is a multi-step process which may take some time to get correct. Get the parachute located on top of the very tall building a few blocks from the police station in downtown Los Santos. The building is shaped circular inside and "L" shaped on your map. Walk around to the northeast corner of the circular building and step into the yellow triangle to get the parachute that is on the roof. Take it, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, and keep it (do not switch to a weapon). Go back down and get armor from the police station. It is nearby and has two sets. Do not draw a weapon in the station or you will get a two star wanted level. Next, get Avast Cleanup 20.1.9940 Activation Code Premium Incl Crack (Latest) jet at LSX, the airport at Los Santos. Drive up to the gate, climb up on your car, and onto the guard booth, and climb over into the airport. Walk back around to the gate. It will open, and you can get your car and drive back in. Then, find the jet. It is called the Shamal and is located at the end of the runway. Take off and get some practice flying, diving, climbing, rolling, etc. Next, choose a location on your map that you want to go. You can press B on the map screen to pin that location on the radar. For example, choose the Binco store in Las Venturas. It is next to the Las Venturas airport and the highway. Once you pass the city line, you will get four stars on your wanted meter. Because you are in the air, they will try to shoot you down with missiles. Notice the two red blips on your radar that are fast approaching. Dive, climb, and roll and the missiles will miss. Do not forget to keep your eye on your target. Once you are over your target and are very high, press Y to exit the plane. You will drop straight down. You must be high enough for your parachute to open or you die when you hit the ground. When you are safely on the ground, start running. If you chose to go to Binco or another store, notice that you can go inside and buy clothes. If you buy clothes, you will get rid of the four stars wanted level, as long as you remain in the store. Once you step outside, the four stars will return to your wanted meter.

Reach other cities early in Los Santos

Use the following trick to get to the other cities before their freeway entrances are actually open. Go to any bridge that connects the start of city of Los Santos to any of the closed cities. Jump into the water that is under that bridge and swim across. When you get far enough, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, you will have a four star wanted rating. Once you get on land, get a vehicle as soon as possible. Note: You cannot use bribe icons or the Pay N' Spray to decrease this wanted rating.

Reach Las Venturas early in San Fierro

When you Infix PDF Editor Crack 7.6.2 Full Version to San Fierro, go to the shore and travel until you see the Golden Gate Bridge. Enable the "Drive on water" and "Spawn Rhino" codes, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Get in the tank and find a way off of the shore. Drive until you get to Las Venturas, and drive onto land. Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen you get there, you will have a four star wanted meter. Explore the city, and when the police cars hit you, they should explode. Once you are done exploring, drive back into the water or swim Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. The area you just explored should be on your map. Note: You cannot buy any property while invading the city. This trick can also be done to explore San Fierro early from Los Santos.

Fly plane without pilot license

Go to either Los Santos or Las Vatos airport. Go to the place that you would enter if you had a pilot license. If you try to get in the gate, it will say you cannot unless you have the license. Next to the gate is a small building. You will need a small car or any type of bike (BMX, bike, motorcycles, etc.). Stand on top of it and jump on top of the building. Jump off and you should see a fence (at Los Santos Airport). Climb the fence and you will see a Dodo plane. Also, if you follow the runway east, you will see a small jet that is unlocked. At Las Vatos, follow the same procedure. After you jump off of the building, just walk around and look for a plane. Note: All but one of the aircraft at San Fereno's airport are locked.

After using the "Fly plane without pilot license" trick at the Los Santos airport, go forward you should see a Dodo airplane. Get in and take a right when inside the plane. Go straight, then take a right at the runway. Go down it until you see a jet on the right. It is not on the runway. You can get out of the Dodo and get in the jet. You can now fly the jet wherever desired. However, be Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen -- if you go out of your territory you will get four stars and jets will shoot missiles at you. Try to dodge them if possible.

Go to the Los Santos airport and get to the place that you would enter if you had a pilot license. If you try to get in the gate, it will say you cannot unless you have the license. Next to the gate is a small building. You will need a small car or any type of bike (BMX, bike, motorcycles, etc.). Stand on top of it and jump on top of the building. After you jump off of the building, just walk around and look for a plane.

To get into the Los Santos airport without a pilots license go all the way south until you reach a tunnel. On the south side of the tunnel, look along Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen fence line of the airport. Notice how the sidewalk has an incline. Walk up the incline and climb up the ledge where the bottom of the fence starts. Turn towards the ramp sign and jump across. You should grab onto the sign. Then, climb up on top of it, turn towards the fence, and jump. You should jump across and grab the fence. CJ will pull himself up and over, and you will be in the airport.

To access Los Santos International airport early, get a large van and hop over the fence where the guard tells you that you need a pilots license. You can also get any car and hop over the fence around the corner from the guard. Once inside, you will have to hop another fence, then you will find a Dodo. If you go a little further inside near the runway, you will find a jet.

Go to either the Los Santos airport and get to the place that you would enter if you had a pilot license. If you try to get in the gate, it will say you cannot unless you have the license. Next to the gate is a small building. You will need a small car or any type of bike (BMX, bike, motorcycles, etc.). Stand on top of it and jump on top of the building. After you jump off of the building, just walk around and look for a plane.

Walk up to the airport gate in San Fierro, touching it. Then, walk along the side of the gate into the corner were the fence bends (keeping in contact with the gate) and walk back into the middle of the gate. It will slide open. You must start in the middle and walk to whichever side the gate will slide open to. For example, if the gates on the left, walk to the left. If it does not work at first, keep trying.

Parachute in Los Santos

In the Downtown area (near the three way highway section and the red line where the train is passing on your map), you will see a tall circular building with blue/white glass windows. The entrance (with the yellow triangle) is just in the front of it. Enter it, and you IObit Driver Booster Pro License Key 8.7.0.529 With Crack Full Updated 2022 go to the roof of the building where you can find a parachute. Take it, jump down from the roof, and press B to open the parachute. Use the Left Analog-stick to control it. Note: You must wait a short time until the parachute respawns back on the roof.

In the Downtown area, there is a skyscraper near the overpass with three triangular columns in front of the corner entrance. Across the street is a building with circular structures around the windows and facing west at the end of the street, a building with a yellow "gems" billboard on top. Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen the skyscraper and go up the stairs. You will see the parachute. If you want to try it, jump off the building and press B. Note: Each parachute is good for one jump only.

Go to the police station in the Downtown area. At the doors, you will see a yellow upside down triangle. When you walk in it, you will see a flight of stairs. Go up them and look to the left. You will see a parachute backpack. Walk to it and make sure your weapon display shows the backpack. When you confirm that it is there, jump off and press B. The parachute will open. Use the Left Analog-stick to steer yourself left or right or slow down. You can wait until you are lower before opening it. If you wait too long, the parachute will not open in time and you will die.

Parachute in San Fierro

Go to the Downtown area. Find the very big building. Out front, there a sign that reads "No base jumping". Go to the yellow triangle and you will go to the top. You will automatically get a parachute. This jump lets you fall a long way before opening the parachute. Note: You can only jump once, unless you die.

After you unlock Mt. Chiliad in the Whetstone area, take a Sanchez to the top of the mountain. Once at the very top, look for a mobile home, and a van. Behind them is a parachute. Pick it up, then look for the ramp by the flag. Driver very fast and jump off. After a few seconds in the air, jump off the bike, then press B to deploy your parachute, or you can wait to do some free falling. You can also jump off of some high buildings, and out of airplanes.

There is another parachute on the top of the mountain (by the two vehicles). You can fly the Dodo up there, take off, and jump out of the plane whenever you desire. Just press B and the parachute will open. By the time you get back to the mountain, another parachute will have respawned. Note: Sometimes when you jump out of the plane, it will not explode, even from that altitude.

Unless you have a license, do the "Fly plane without pilot license" trick to get a plane or helicopter early. Fly to the top of Mt. Chiliad. On the east side where campers are parked, there will be rocks. There should be a parachute on those rocks.

If you ride to the top of Mt. Chiliad, you will find yet another parachute location as well as a Bmx bike race marathon as well as a speed ramp which you can use to fly of the mountain if desired.

Use the Jetpack to reach the very top of the northernmost tower of the bridge leading from San Fierro to Tierra Robada to find a parachute to skydive with.

Skydiving

Go to any airport. Look for a yellow arrow at the entrances of the airport where you can buy a ticket to another city. Buy the ticket and start the flight. Do not press A and skip the flight. Wait for the airplane to take off and get high in the air. Press Y and CJ will jump out of the airplane with a parachute and begin skydiving. When you want to open the parachute, press B and float down. There are also other places you can skydive, such as the tall building in the Downtown area of Los Santos, and off the top of Mt. Chiliad. Additionally, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, to get a parachute very easily, get into any type of flying vehicle, except the Jetpack. You will instantly receive a parachute. If you fly high into the air, then jump out of your plane or helicopter, the parachute will automatically be switched into your weapon inventory.

Skydive longer

Enable the "Cars fly away" code. Go to any airport and hit any aircraft. Then, enter that craft. All you have to do is steer. Soon the height meter will just stay up. You will get to fly higher than normal when you do this. Fly as high as you desired, then Jump out for a long trip back to earth.

Easy money in San Fierro

Do the valet side-quest missions. You will be awarded a $ spot, where periodically you can claim free money.

Hippy Shopper asset in San Fierro

Get on the Freeway bike in front of the Hippy Shopper store near the Ammu-Nation. Complete level 4 of deliveries to get the store as an asset, where you can collect money.

Valet Parking asset in San Fierro

After the 555 We Tip mission, you can do valet parking missions at the parking garage. You will be awarded a $ spot after level 5 of valet parking, where periodically you can claim free money.

Zero's RC Shop asset in San Fierro

After recruiting Zero, stop at his shop and complete all his missions. You will be awarded with a $ spot where you can periodically claim free money. Note: You can also make more money at Zero's place by doing an extra mission (after you have already completed all the missions to get the shop NBA 2K20 no dvd Archives an asset). Go to the back room in the shop and step into the red marker to trigger a mission where you use the RC Baron to destroy Berkely's shipping vans. For each van you destroy, you will get money. There is a time limit for each time you play the mission. You can replay this mission as many times as desired.

Bomb valet parking in San Fierro

Go to the valet parking hotel without your uniform and stand next to the valets. When a vehicle drives up, enable the "Weapons (tier 3)" code and plant a bomb on the car that is about to be parked. When the valet enters the vehicle, do not use the remote. Do it as soon as he reaches the parking garage. The car and the valet are toast.

Stealing from valet parking in San Fierro

Go to the valet parking hotel without your uniform. Stand next to the valets. When a car drives up, quickly get in and drive off slowly. The valet will begin to chase you. If he is very close to the car, get out, and let him get in. As soon as he does that, quickly pull him out and he will say "I am parking a car here". As soon as he says that, get back into the car and drive off. The valet will not chase you anymore.

Military vehicles in San Fierro

Near the port in San Fierro there will be a naval base. If you quickly enter the compound and drive around, you will eventually find a military truck and Patriot vehicle. Note: Once you enter the compound of the naval base, you will get a five star wanted level.

Baseball bat in San Fierro

You can find a baseball bat at the baseball diamond in San Fierro at home plate, across the street from Zero's RC Shop.

Chain gun in San Fierro

There is a chain gun on Point Kinclad (big red train tracks in San Fierro). Take a helicopter or the Jetpack and fly onto the first arch leaving San Fierro to go to Las Venturas to find it.

Flamethrower and pool stick in San Fierro

In the Doherty area, go behind your garage to find a construction area (marked brown on the map). Go to the building just left of the road on the brown area. Under a broken ramp is a flamethrower and pool stick.

Guided rocket launcher in San Fierro

Go to the airport and from where the two helicopters spawn, go to the left. There will be two little buildings near the water. To the right of one of them will be propane tanks. In between two of them will be a lock on rocket launcher.

Shooting gallery in San Fierro

Go to your gas station safe house. Find the trolley tracks (not the train tracks) in the middle of the road in front of the safe house. Enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code and wait for the trolley to pass by. Once it does, fly into the air and land on top of it. Then, press Y to take off your Jetpack. Enable any "Weapons" code and start killing pedestrians. Once the cops start chasing you, you will notice that when they try to ram you, the trolley will not get damaged, and is actually invincible. You will be able to drive through the town and use it like a giant shooting gallery. There is no need to worry if the military starts chasing you. The trolley car can ram right through the tanks, sometimes flipping them over. If your health gets low (you can still be shot by pedestrian cops), enable the "Health, armor, and money" code. This trick allows you to live a surprisingly long time while being hunted down by the feds. To enhance your experience, you can also enable the "Pedestrians riot", "Pedestrians with guns", "Aggressive traffic" and "Lower wanted level" codes, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, then relax and watch the havoc unfold around you all from the safety and comfort of a big red trolley car.

Fling Bulldozer around in San Fierro

Go to the construction yard near San Fierro. Go past the crane and turn left after the first hangar. Behind that, you will see a towtruck, Get in and drive towards the Bulldozer. Hook up the Bull Dozer. Drive up the hill to where there is an open area. Then, turn very sharp to either the left or the right. The Bulldozer will fling around, pulling the tow truck with it. For even more fun, get three or more tow trucks and hook them all up into a line. With three or more, the Bulldozer acts like a ball and chain flailing around.

Fall off building and live in San Fierro

Go to the Big Pointy Building (the one with a parachute) in the Downtown area and jump off. Open your parachute and land. Go back up to the top. This time, you will not get a parachute, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Jump off. Before you hit the ground, you will hit the side of the building and slide down. When you are close to the ground, you should hit one of the many slanted poles that hold up the building. This will slow you down enough so that you only lose about one sixth of your health. Note: Sometimes you will not hit a slanted pole and lose more health or die.

Gant Bridge message in San Fierro

Note: This works best if you unlocked the Jet Pack or an expert at landing helicopters, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Go to the Gant Bridge and fly up to the very top. Go the very top cable line piece that is horizontal, is south on the Gant Bridge, and is the closest to San Fierro. Fly up to the very top and look at the cable that is vertical to see a sign that reads "There are no Easter Eggs up here. Go Away".

Easy money in Las Venturas

Go to the strip club. Stand in front of one of the dancers and wait until somebody throws money at them. CJ will Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen pick it up and say a comment as in "How thoughtful". Leave the game like this for about an hour or two and your money should have increased significantly by the time you return.

Burger Shot asset in Las Venturas

Some of the Burger Shots have a timed delivery mission where you must send packages on a Faggio. Complete them to gain that restaurant as an asset.

Better slot machine odds in Las Venturas

When the slots are still spinning, press X(2), Y(2), B(2). This will increase your by chances by 25%.

Secret government agency base in Las Venturas

Get in any land or air vehicle and drive or fly to the abandoned air field in the region of Las Venturas. To the south from here, there is a little area that is a "no fly zone". If flown over, a mysterious five star wanted level will appear. This is because the area is a government agency secret base that holds several heavy and speedy army vehicles. You can also find this area in the middle part of the region of Las Venturas on the map included with the game.

Tear gas in Las Venturas

Go to the AT 400's hanger at the airport. There is a building with cars nearby. You will see a can which looks like spray paint. When you use it, C.J. does not choke. It is not very strong, but will choke pedestrians.

Sex shop in mirror in Las Venturas

In the tattoo parlor, kill the owner and pull out a camera. Zoom in fully into the mirror. You will be able to see the sex shop across the street.

Suicidal pedestrians in Las Venturas

Find the gym in the Redsands East area. It is parallel to a bomb shop called "Weddings & Weldings". There is an alley next to the shop. Go into it and stand on the eastern wall of the bomb shop. Look in the northeastern direction to see a tall white building. If you stand in the correct location, you can see pedestrians spawning on the lower roof and falling off. You can run up to a pedestrian after they have fallen, but you cannot stand underneath the roof and wait for them to fall on you; they only spawn from a certain distance.

Hunter Quarry asset in Bone County

Successfully complete all seven quarry missions to get it as an asset, where you can collect money.

Extra car storage space in Bone County

Once you have purchased the abandoned airfield in the Verdtant Meadows area, locate the massive garage directly opposite the house that is there. It may not look like a garage as it is a hanger for airplanes, but it is a perfect location to store a large number of cars.

Volcano effect in Bone County

Find the geyser in Bone County. Shoot a rocket at it and it will turn into a volcano.

Area 69 in Bone County

Get in any land or air vehicle and drive or fly to the abandoned air field in the region of Las Venturas. To the south from here, there is a little area that is a "no fly zone". If flown over, a mysterious five star wanted level will appear. This is because the area is a government agency secret base that holds several heavy and speedy army vehicles. You can also find this area in the middle part of the region of Las Venturas on the map included with the game.

Use the following trick to enter Area 69 without the law on you, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Find Barbara (a girl you can date) in a town north of San Fierro and Tierra Robada. Start dating her. After you get your dating percent up to 100%, you will receive a police uniform. Go to a safe house and put it on. Get in a police car or Ranger police SUV (recommended). You can now drive into the base and get several things, such as different types of guns. You can also get a chopper called the Cargobob. You can also get Patriots, Rhinos, and Hydra fighter jets.

Go underground in Area 69 in Bone County

Do the underworld glitch (at the Vinewood safehouse head north from Madd Dogg's) and fly to Area 69. Find the underground complex. Find the area where you get the Black Project, and you should see an empty long hollow room next to it. It should have red boxes at the top of the "silo". Fly underneath the empty silo then fly to the top of the silo. You should see a "cage" where the room is of the red boxes. Try to take off your Jetpack. When you do, you should land in the Black Project area or the rooms around there. Note: To do the underworld glitch, find the safe house pool. Fly the Jetpack into the corner of the safe house. Then, fly to Area 69. Also, bring weapons and armor because the SAPD officers spawn down there.

Walk through ground in Bone County

Go to your aircraft field in the Verdant Meadows area. Find the southern hangar with the Shamal in it. Let the door open, then stand in between the two doors that close. They will begin to close on you. If done correctly, you should appear under the ground, with half of your body aboveground and half below ground. To get out, tap X.

Huge air in Bone County

Go to the Arco De Oste area with a fast car. Go up the mountain until you see either a mine shaft or a wooden track. Follow the track back to the mine shaft then turn around and follow the wood track until you go off a jump. If done correctly, you should be able to clear the Sherman Reservoir.

Machine Gun in Red County

Go to the town of Blueberry. Behind a wall is a machine gun.

Easy money in Whetstone

Go to the top of Mt. Chiliad and go behind the RVs. Pick up the parachute and get Windows 10 Manager 3.4.3 crack serial keygen the mountain bike, which will start a challenge. Go off the ramp to the right and get off of your bike in mid-air. Pull the parachute and you will not hit the ground, but instead be put back on the bike with the chute still open. You can keep going off the ramp repeatedly to get as Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen money as desired.

Go to Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen top of Mt. Chiliad. There should be cars, a bike, and a parachute. Get on the mountain bike and it will start a mission. Instead of doing the mission, go forward and you should see a flag with a ramp next to it. Get on the bike, go very fast, and jump off the ramp. Once you are going down, the screen should blur. Do not jump off the bike; just keep going and you should respawn back on the mountain. You will get an insane jump bonus for about $300. Repeat this to get as much money as desired.

Climb Mt. Chiliad faster in Whetstone

Get a BMX bike and go to Mt. Chiliad. Ride up the mountain (not on the road). Tap as hard as you can with the BMX bike, and you will be able to climb the mountain faster.

Never fall off your bike in Whetstone

Go to the top of Mt. Chiliad. Get the parachute and get on the mountain bike at the correct time for the bicycle race challenge. Make sure that the parachute is your current weapon before the race starts. When the race begins, do not go through the checkpoints. There will be a ramp on the left side with a flag beside it. Cycle there and jump off the mountain with your bike as soon a s the race starts. When CJ is in the air with the mountain bike, press Y to jump off the bike. Then while in the air, press B to open your parachute. You must do this quickly before CJ is put to the race track again. However, once you open the parachute in the air, CJ will be put on the race track again, with him riding a bike. However, this time you will have a parachute opened while riding your BMX, and CJ will not be holding the bike's handlebars. He will instead be holding the parachute. You can now go downhill at any angle and at any speed without falling off the bike. Note: You must end the race to take your bike elsewhere. If you try to jump off the cliff again while you have the parachute, you will appear on the track without any parachute. Once you finish the race with your parachute on you, you can go anywhere with it. You can enable the "Massive bunny hops" code and jump as high as desired and land at any angle without falling. Note: Make sure you do this before you get on the bike. Getting off your bike will release the parachute; if you try to do any awkward stunts you might fall. You will not fall unless you release the parachute. Get off the bike to release the parachute.

Infinite nitrous

Activate the nitrous in a car and put it inside your garage. While the nitrous is still activated, shoot the car until it explodes, then allow the garage door to close. When the door opens again, the nitrous will always remain activated in that car.

Quick nitrous refill

Leave your car, then immediately re-enter it. Your nitrous will be back at full.

Faster motorcycle

On any type of motorcycle, slightly move the Left Analog-stick Forward to where CJ's head is directly level with the handlebars. This will make your motorcycle move about 15 to 20 mph faster than its usual top speed.

Better handling motorcycle

To get better handling on street bikes, get on one and enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. You will be able to make turns at full speed without crashing. Note: The Jetpack will disappear when you get off the bike.

Longer stoppie time bonus

Take a BMX and gain some speed. Immediately hold X followed by Left Analog-stick Forward. Keep them held. If done correctly, the bicycle will be balanced on front wheel. You can also release X and Left Analog-stick and the bicycle will remain in that position. You can use this trick to take the stoppie bonus for the maximum time as desired. Note: The distance covered in this trick will be less.

Exceed garage limit

When you want to park a car in a garage but the game states that you cannot store another vehicle, you drive the car near the garage and get out, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Then, hop in the car and drive in.

Finding your car after getting busted

If you been arrested, go down to the police parking lot. Walk around without a weapon. Eventually, you will find your car.

Stealing locked cars

Some cars have locked doors so you cannot steal them (such as cop cars and your first girlfriend's Hustler). However, getting them into a garage will unlock the doors. You can either push a car into the garage or get a Tow Truck or a Tractor to tow them. Additionally, to get in a locked vehicle with someone inside (for example, a Combine Harvester), shoot the person in the head and the door will fling open, allowing you drive it away.

Find a Tow Truck (for example, at the dump in Mt. Chiliad) and drive to where the locked car is located. Hook the locked car onto the Tow Truck and tow it into your garage. Let the garage close. When you open the garage again, the locked car should be unlocked. This is easier then pushing it into your garage.

If you try to open a car and it is locked, go far from it, then return. The color of the car should be different and the doors should be unlocked.

If someone has locked their car doors, and you shoot them out, be careful not to get out before you reach your garage. Otherwise, the doors will stay locked.

Keep aircraft from races

Enter the races at the Las Venturas Airport. Select the race with the airplane you desire, then ignore the race and instead take it back to your airstrip and park it in your own big hangar. You will fail the mission, but can re-do it. Once you get back to your airstrip and look in your hanger, your airplane will be there. Save the game to keep it.

Amphibious car

Enable the "Flying cars" and "Maximum lung capacity" codes. Get a car and go in water. Press RT to turn the vehicle.

Recommended hydraulic cars

The Landstalker and Tahoma are by far one of the highest bouncing vehicles on the game (with lots of practice). If you cannot find one of tem on the streets with hydraulics, take one to the Loco shop.

AT-400

Find the large single hanger at the end of the main runway at the Las Venturas airport. Approach it and it will open. The AT-400 jumbo jet will be inside at certain times. It can climb to the highest altitude possible in the game.

Go to the northeastern part of the Las Venturas airport, where a huge hanger with a green door is located. When you walk up to it, the Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen will open downward to reveal an AT-400 airliner. When you see it, there will be a platform to the left of the plane that you can go on. When you get onto the platform, go to the plane and press Y to enter it and fly around.

Bandito

Go to the small sandy beach in San Fierro. When on the beach, you should see a small pier or dock. Go on the left side of the pier look around the corner to find a Bandito. Additionally, the Bandito spawns on the very west side of the map, at the Ocean Flats area of San Fierro. Go to where there is a pier. On the left side of the pier will be a Bandito. This is a buggy-type vehicle that is very good off-road. You can also find a Bandito at Ocean Flats area of San Fierro, close to Palisades.

Collect 15 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to get the Bandito.

Banshee

Go to Las Ventura and look on The Strip to find the Banshee. Additionally, a Banshee can always be found parked by the Gym in the Garcia area of San Fierro. Face the gym's door, then turn right.

Beagle

This airplane can be found at the airports at San Fierro and Las Venturas.

BF Injection

Finish in first place at the Dirt Ring race at the stadium in Las Venturas to get the BF Injection. Additionally, you can find a BF Injection at the opposite end of the same beach where you can also find the Bandito in San Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen Banger

Get your total time up to one minute in the Bloodring.

Backflip with BMX Bicycle

Enable the "Massive bunny hops" code. Press LT to do the bunny hop, then while in the air press B + Left Analog-stick Back. CJ will do a massive bunny hop BMX backflip.

Big jump with Bicycle

While on a bike, pedal at full speed at an oncoming car. Bunny hop onto the hood and you will launch yourself in the air.

Bunny hop very high with Bicycle

Use the following trick to jump as high as a telephone pole on a bicycle (bunny hop). A few or more tries may be required to learn the correct timing of the buttons. First, make sure you have a machine gun. Hold LT to set up for a bunny hop. Then, release LT and immediately press B to fire your machine gun. If done correctly, the bike hops many times higher into the air than normal. It is possible to jump over a two story building from flat ground by doing this. Additionally, hold LT to bunny hop, and the exact moment after you release LT, press or tap B. Note: This only works when you have a drive by capable weapon equipped. You will be able to jump slightly higher than power lines. Sometimes it can be very difficult to do, as you timing must be precise.

Create ball and chain with Bulldozer

Go to the construction yard near San Fierro. Go past the crane and turn left after the first hangar. Behind that, you will see a towtruck, Get in and drive towards the Bulldozer. Hook up the Bull Dozer. Drive up the hill to where there is an open area. Then, turn very sharp to either the left or the right. The Bulldozer will fling around, pulling the tow truck with it. For even more fun, get three or more tow trucks and hook them all up into a line. With three or more, the Bulldozer acts like a ball and chain flailing around.

Bullet

Successfully complete driving school with at least all silver awards to unlock the Bullet. Alternately, look for the burger shop in the Juniper Hollow area in the north part of San Fierro, west of the church. The Bullet is located in the parking lot right across from the entrance.

Successfully complete the Import/Export missions (30 vehicles). The Bullet will be available for import after you have delivered all cars to the Green Basin Harbor.

A Bullet can always be found parked by the D. Flour Bakery in the Doherty area of San Fierro.

From the hideout in Doherty (abandoned gas station below the construction site), take a right turn onto the street. Take the first left turn (it slopes down a hill). Wind down the hill and take the first right turn. A Bullet is behind the stone wall. The entrance is at the base of the hill on the left. An alternate way is to wind down the hill Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen take the second right turn. Get out of the car. Go through the archway on your right and go up the stairs. The Bullet will be directly in front of you, as well as a police bribe.

Keep Taxi light on

Use the following trick to keep the "Taxi" light on and not have to pick up passengers. Steal a taxi and click Right Analog-stick to toggle the missions. Then, immediately click Right Analog-stick again. The light will stay on, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. For a better effect, try this at night.

Cargobob Helicopter

Go to the restricted area in Bone County. Inside you will find a Cargobob helicopter, Rhino tanks and a Patriot. If you go to the center of base you will find a steel vent on the ground. Destroy it, and you can go inside and turn off the SAM sites surrounding the base. You should now be able to fly out in the chopper. Alternately, go to KACC Military Fuels at the top of Las Venturas. Note: You need a Patriot to do this trick, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. If you have done the mission for the Heist ultimate multi tool gsm v5.4 crack without box Archives called Up, Up, and Away, this is the location of KACC Military Fuels. Once there, take your Patriot and drive through the front gates. No one is there, and you will not get shot. Note: If it does not let you through, take a ramp truck and put it near the gate. Then, run up it and jump the fence. Once you are inside, get out of your vehicle, go to your left, and go inside the hangar (round building) and walk through to the other end. You will end up back outside. Once you are outside in the back of the Military Fuels area, make a right and run towards the stairs that you see. Walk up those stairs, and when you get to the top, the Cargobob will be on the heli-pad. Get in it without any stars or police after you. To make this easier, just take a plane there and parachute out. However, make sure to land on the helipad.

The Cargobob Helicopter can also be found where you found the Levitation in the mission for Woozie, at the military fueling area. It not too far from the Twin Dragon Casino. You will probably need another flying vehicle to get into the fueling area.

Cheetah

Go to Las Ventura and look on The Strip to find the Cheetah.

Clover

Go to the Jefferson Motel in the Jefferson area of Los Santos. Go west to the split in the road then go on the road to the left. Immediately afterwards you can see a lot on the left decorated with triangular banners and surrounded with a fence. This is the Coutt and Shutz dealership. A Clover will be in the lot, along with a Tampa and Perennial. If none of those cars are there, drive around and the cars will spawn there. Additionally, go to the Pig Pen Strip Club in East Los Santos. There will be an intersection on the southeast corner of the club's parking lot. Drive south on north-south road at the intersection. Drive straight ahead and you will find a Clover parked along the side of the road.

Combine

In Los Santos, when you get the trucking missions unlocked for the gas station, across from that in a lot of high grass is a combine and a lawn mower; or tractor in the field with a combine. The combine is usually locked. Additionally, aim at the man in the Combine and shoot him in the head. The door will be unlocked and you will be able to get in. Once you do so, no one can open your doors including cops.

Go to any farm when you can leave Los Santos. The Combines are always locked. Stand on its blade and shoot the person inside. He will then fall out the door. Get in it, run over a person, and watch what comes out the chute in the back of the Combine.

Comet

You can find a Comet behind the tennis courts in a car park in San Fierro.

Cropduster

This plane will spawn in Bone County. Start at the entrance of the Hunter quarry, then walk over the dirt road into Bone County. On your right side will be a shack. Behind this shack is the Cropduster. Click Right Analog-stick to get fertilizer for the crops (white smoke) out of it.

Dodo

Go to any airport except the Abandoned Airstrip to find the Dodo Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen the score of 25 at the Dirt Ring race at the stadium in Las Venturas to get the Dune.

Euros

Go to Las Venturas. Go to the The Camels Toe casino (pyramid with a sphinx in the front). The Euros is located under the sphinx.

FCR-900

Successfully complete bike school with at least all silver awards to unlock the FCR-900. Alternately, you can find the FCR 900 bike in San Fierro. Located the harbor and the nearby dam. Go inside the dam to find the FCR 900 on the left or right side, depending on which way you entered the dam.

Fire Truck

While in San Fierro, go to the Fire Dept. and get in the Fire Truck with a ladder on top. When you get in that Fire Truck, notice you will not get the prompt to click Right Analog-stick to do the fire missions. This is because there are two different Fire Trucks. You can only do those missions with the truck that does not have a ladder on top.

Freeway

Successfully complete bike school with at least all bronze awards to unlock the Freeway.

Ghost car in Glendale

Look on your map and move the pointer over to Back O' Beyond. Find two upside-down "U"s that resemble horseshoes. Mark the left one and drive there. Once you are at the highway near it, drive and find a little dirt road that has an over turned tree next to it. Drive down the road toward the marker. You should see two Glendales. One should be on he top of the cliff closest to the highway. This is the one you need to take. Take it and drive around the horseshoe. Drive back to where you found that Glendale to see a Glendale drive down the hill and over trees, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. There is no driver in that car.

Go-Kart

Get a helicopter and fly towards the dam in the desert. Then, fly northeast and find the location with a couple of shacks on top of a tall rock. In one of the shacks is a Go-Kart. The other one has a parachute. Additionally, go to Tierra Robada in the desert. You can find a Go-Kart in one of the two-story brick buildings. It is north of the city, and there is a stair set in the front of the building with an open door. Go inside and you will find a Go-Kart in the back of the building when you walk in. Drive it out of the window and take it for a spin.

Enter the Go Go Cart race by Wang Cars and the Pay N' Spray. As soon as the race starts, take it to your nearest safe house. If the garage is full, take one of the cars out and put the Go-Kart in. Run away and make sure that the door closes or you will lose it.

After you complete Madd Dogg's Strand mission, a Go-Kart will appear on the Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen side of the house.

Go to Angel Pine. Enter the caravan site. Behind one will be a Go-Kart.

HotKnife

Successfully complete driving school with all gold awards to unlock the HotKnife.

Hotring Racer

Finish in first place in the 8-Track. Just remember to not give up, and keep trying again until you get it right, or they do not spin you out. It is useful to never use the brake or the handbrake -- just know when you need to let off the gas and when you can floor it.

Hunter

Successfully complete pilot school with all gold awards to unlock the Hunter. The helicopter will be available at the abandoned airstrip. You can also get it by entering the races at Las Venturas Airport. Take the race called Heli Hell, then use the "Keep aircraft from races" trick.

Hustler

Successfully complete Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen Burning Desire mission to get Denise as your girlfriend. Keep going out with her, and eventually she will give you the keys to the blue car parked at her house.

Hydra

Successfully complete the Madd Dogg's mission "Vertical Bird" to gain access to the Hydra fighter jet located at the abandoned airstrip in the hanger. Alternately, to get the Hydra earlier in the game, when you are able to enter the Las Venturas airport, after you have passed the flying school, just ahead the entrance (inside the airport) to your right is a red circle where you can race with different airships and choppers. In one of this races you can play with the Hydra. Put it inside the hangar at the abandoned airstrip, get out of the plane, and wait until the timer is over. When done, the Hydra will still be inside the hangar. Note: This can be done with any of the vehicles of those races.

The Hydra also spawns at the army ship where you have to get it in this mission down at Easter Basin. You can also get it by entering the races in Las Venturas airport, then using the "Keep aircraft from races" trick. Note: Press B while in it to fire the rockets.

Check the very bottom/end of the underground police garage in San Fierro to find a Hydra. You will need a police vehicle to get the guard to let you in (and avoid a three star wanted level).

After completing the Vertical Bird mission, the Hydra will appear at the abandoned airstrip.

The controls for the Hydra are as follows:

    Lift: Hold A.
    Flares: Press B.
    Forward: Press Left Analog-stick Forward until the nose points down slightly then press A.
    Lock And Shoot: Hold RT until the reticule turns red, then press LT.
    Wheels Up: Click Right Analog-stick.
    Rotate: Hold LB or RB.
    Look At Yourself: Press LB + RB.
Fun with Hydra

Enable the "Cars fly away" code. Then, spawn a Hotring racer and get in. While in the car, spawn a Hydra. Gently bump the Hydra with the car enough to get the front tire off of the ground. Get out of the car and get in the Hydra. You will shoot into the air vertically without having to touch any buttons. With the "Cars fly away" code enabled, you will continue to rise past the game's ceiling. PhotoScissors crack serial keygen about five minutes of rising, jump out. Immediately pull and release your parachute so that you are free falling again. While falling, spawn a Jetpack. Note: It will not appear until you hit the ground. Enable the "Health, armor, and money" code. While falling repeatedly, spawn a Hydras as fast as possible until the ground comes into view. Hit the ground with full health and armor and you will survive with almost no health. When you get up, the Jetpack will spawn. Immediately fly away from where you landed and look up in the air where you fell from. A tower of Hydras will soon fall to earth, one after another like a bomb run.

Infernus

Go to Las Ventura and look on The Strip to find the Infernus.

JetMax

Successfully complete boat school with all gold awards to unlock the JetMax.

Jetpack

Successfully complete the Aircraft Boneyard asset and the Jetpack will be available near the entrance to the save area. Alternately, successfully complete the airstrip mission Green Goo for the Truth to gain access to a Jetpack located next to the abandoned airstrip AC tower (the building where you save). When wearing the Jetpack, press A to accelerate. You can strafe with LB or RB. To still in mid air in the Jetpack, hold LB + RB. You will know if you are not moving if the exhaust pipes are circling. To take it off, press Y. To put it back on, just walk or run at it. Note: You cannot save, enter or exit buildings, or shoot with the Jetpack on.

Jet-powered bicycle

While on any bicycle, enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Then, tap A until at full speed then hold the button. You now have a jet powered bicycle that rides fast, until you release A. To repeat the process, tap A again until at full speed and hold A again.

Launch

At the Easter Bay naval station go to the big unit which looks like a port on the third row of water. There is a blue boat which resembles a Coast Guard.

Lawn Mower

Go to your Vinewood safe house. Once there, go east and look for a house that has a winding driveway. Once there, go to the top to find the Lawn Mower.

Leviathan

Go to Easter Bay Airport in San Fierro. Go to its parking garage. Find a sign that reads "Keep Clear" and follow it to reach a pilot entrance and find a Leviathan. Alternately, after you finish the Up, Up, and Away mission for Woozie where you have to get a special Leviathan, a normal Leviathan will spawn at your airport.

Land on water with Leviathan

Go to Easter Bay Airport or the abandoned airfield. Take a Levithan (the large gray helicopter) to any body of water in the area and press X. You will begin to descend. Continue until you are on the surface of the water and press Y. Your helicopter will have landed on the surface of the water and you can swim around. Note: Do not let the helicopter go out of your vision range or it will disappear and spawn back to the airport.

Majestic

You can find a Majestic (two door Balla car) in the parking lot under the Mulholland Intersection in Los Santos. The Majestic should be the easternmost parked car in the lot.

Marquis

Successfully complete boat school with at least all bronze awards to unlock the Marquis.

Maverick

Go to Easter Bay International Airport at San Fierro. Go to the security booth and jump on top of it. Get any kind of vehicle and take it all of the way in the back in the northwest corner. After you are there, go all the way south. You will not make it all of the way because you will see a red Maverick that is unlocked. Also, if you go to the most northwestern city, where the boating school is located, there is a helipad with one on it. The building it is next to is blue, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Additionally, this standard helicopter spawns on the helipad at the police station in San Fierro. Also, look at the airports. You can also get it by entering the races at Las Venturas Airport, then using the "Keep aircraft from races" trick.

Go to the hospital in the Santa Rosa area of San Fierro. Fly up to the roof and there will be a Maverick.

Monster Truck

Finish in first place in the 8-Track. Just remember to not give up, and keep trying again until you get it right, or they do not spin you out. It is useful to never use the brake or the handbrake -- just know when you need to let off the gas and when you can floor it.

Go to Flint Intersection. There is an area that looks like a small impound yard with an entrance that you can just walk through. Inside is a Monster Truck that you can just drive away in. When you drive the Monster Truck, press RT to make all four wheels move (quadra-steer), just like a real monster truck.

Go to the Santa Marina Beach area at the bottom of Los Santos. Go to the lighthouse and stand on the right side of it. Jump over the fence and swim west to the first road you reach. You should be in the Los Santos Inlet area if you look on the map. Once you get there, get a car and drive north up the road until you get to Flint County. From there, you should see a trailer park with a wall around it on the left side of the road. The Monster Truck is located in that trailer park, along with a motorcycle and a truck. It is in the back of the trailer park near a trailer. Note: The road it is next to looks like a pretzel (freeway). If the Monster Truck is not there, then drive away and come back. It should now have respawned.

Collect 5 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to get the Monster Truck.

News Chopper

You can get this helicopter from San News by entering the races at the Las Venturas Airport. Take the second race, then use the "Keep aircraft from races" trick.

Nevada

Go to the Easter Bay Airport. Go to a wall where a utility truck and sometimes a baggage Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen is located. A Nevada is a cargo plane. Note: You must first complete pilot school. Additionally, this large plane also spawns at all airports.

NRG-500

Successfully complete bike school with all gold awards to unlock the NRG-500. Alternately, go to the docks at the Easter Basin area in San Fierro. Go to the yellow crane near the ship (you will have a mission here). On the other side of the yellow crane is a ship dock that is not filled with any water, and has a hanger-type shelter covering it. Inside the shelter near the far wall is an NRG 500. When you get on it, a mission will start. Just ignore the icons, and after a few seconds the mission will fail but you can keep driving the NRG-500. You can return here after some time to get more NRG-500s because they continue respawning.

In Los Santos, go into the yellow territory on the right side of the map. There is a L shape building, and inside is a parking garage. There is an NRG-500 on the second and top floors. The one on the second floor has two tail pipes, and the one on the top has one, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Also, there is a Uzi at the top floor.

Packer

Go to the Ocean Docks in Los Santos and look around. The Packer looks like a truck with a ramp on the back. Get any car and park it on the back. If you run out of room, use the Right-Analog stick and pull back. The ramp on which all of the cars you just positioned will rise, and you can park more cars. Note: If you load cars on the end too far on the edge, they will fall off. Then, you can put it on the bottom.

Patriot

Go to the abandoned air strip near Las Venturas. Go to a desert area, and there will be a military base somewhere south of your location. Enable the "Spawn Rhino tank" code and break through the cage on the southeast side of the base, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Keep driving around until you see a Patriot. Enable the "Lower wanted level" code after you have taken it. If you have reached the part in San Fierro with the wish list, if you export it to the Easter Basin Docks. They will pay you Backup Magic v1.6.5.a by FFF crack serial keygen lot for it. Alternately, enable the "Six star wanted level" code. Tanks, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, flatbeds, and Patriots will appear to chase you. If you want to live, get a tank. When you see a Patriot arrive, enable the "Lower wanted level" code. They will slow down. Get out of your vehicle and steal a Patriot.

Phoenix

In San Fierro, go across the street where CJ's garage is located. There is also a checkered flag on the map that shows where you can race. Enter the race called San Fierro Hills. In that race, you will race in a Phoenix. Just park it in a garage to keep it.

Police Maverick

This helicopter spawns on the roof of the police station in the Pershing X area of Los Santos. When you get a Police Maverick, click Right Analog-stick to turn on its searchlight.

Quadbike

Look at the sides of the houses at the Blueberry Acres area in Red County. The Quadbike will be at the side of a building. Alternately, go to the town nearest the northeast of the airport in the desert. The ATV is at backyard of the closest house towards the bridge in the southeast corner of the town.

Go to the hilltop farm in the Red County area of Los Santos. There are two barns with lofts on them. On the barn to the right, if you jump at the correct moment, you can climb up and get a Quadbike. They respawn there every hour.

Flipping Quadbike without falling off

Spawn or find a Quadbike, then go to a straight and long road. When you are going fast, quickly use the brakes. Note: Sometimes you will not make it.

Raindance

Go to Easter Bay Airport at San Fierro. Go to its parking garage. Find a sign that reads "Keep Clear" and follow it to reach a pilot entrance. The Raindance resembles a Coast Guard helicopter. Additionally, go to the hospital in the Santa Rosa area at San Fierro. Fly up to the roof and there will be a Raindance.

There is also a Raindance on the Santa Monica beach where the Triathlon is located. It is on the west side of the two piers.

Ranger

You can find a Ranger (police SUV) at the garage at the police station in Dillimore.

No Seal in Ranger

Drive around the countryside with no wanted level. Drive around until you see a Ranger (police SUV) going after another vehicle. Follow the police chase and go to the right of the Ranger. Notice that the right side door of the Ranger usually does not have the San Andreas Police Department seal.

Remington

In Los Santos, go to Unity Station where the lowrider competitions are held. At certain times, to the left will be a Remington.

Eyes on Remington

While in San Fierro, steal a Remington. While in the car, turn on your tail lights. In certain lighting you will notice two eyes staring at you (eye brows, eye lashes, and eyes).

Rhino

The Rhino Tank has twelve wheel drive. In a way it is like the Monster Truck -- you can hold RT and it will drive easier in turns. Additionally, go to Area 69 and look in the garages to find Rhino tanks.

Get an aircraft of any kind and fly into Area 69 (Restricted Area). Your aircraft will catch on fire quickly because of high security shooting you down. Try to land as quickly as possible and bail from the aircraft as close to the ground as possible by pressing Y. When on foot, run to a garage with a Rhino. Drive the Rhino to Fort Carson, which is just across the highway where you have a Safe House with a garage. Park the Rhino in the garage and save the game.

Get six stars on your wanted meter and Rhinos will appear.

Faster Rhino

When you get a Rhino tank, look back until the gun is completely facing the rear. Then drive and fire. You will gain speed quickly.

Romero's Hearse

Go to the hospital in Angel Pine and stand outside of the hospital facing the street. Turn left and go into the other building. You will find Romero's Hearse, ready to drive.

Rustler

Successfully complete pilot school with at least all bronze awards to unlock the Rustler. The Rustler is airplane based on the P-51 Mustang. Press LT to fire the wing machine guns. Additionally, the Rustler can be found at several locations. If you finish the pilot school at your airstrip, it will spawn in the first hanger. It also spawns at the airport in Los Santos and San Fierro; look in the hangers there. You can get also it by entering the races at the Las Venturas Airport. Select the race with the Rustler, then ignore the race and instead take it back to your airstrip and park it in your own big hangar. You will fail the mission, but can re-do it. Once you get back to your airstrip and look in your hanger, your Rustler will be there. Save the game to keep it. This trick can also be used for other aircraft.

Bulletproof Sabre

Buy the house in Dillimore and make sure that the garage is empty. In the mission Tanker Commander mission that you get from Catalina, there is a completely armored Sabre available. Instead of getting in the truck, go turn around and go around the side of the gas station. The Sabre that is used to try to disconnect the trailer is sitting there, locked. You can either push it by running into it or push it with the truck. Push it down the street you are on to your garage and kill Catalina. Then, push it into your garage and let it close. When you go back to it, you will find that it is fireproof, bulletproof, and dent-proof.

Sand King

Go near the big satellite dish out in the desert near the abandoned airstrip. Note: This vehicle sometimes has hydraulic springs.

Bulletproof Savanna

After completing the High Stakes, Low Rider mission, Cesar and his Savanna will remain at the finish line, but the doors will be locked. Use another vehicle to push the car to your garage. The doors will now be unlocked and the car will remain bulletproof.

Sea Sparrow

Go to the bottom of the Sherman Dam where the water is lower. It is on your left if you are facing towards the dam, at the end of the short pier-looking structure. You will see both a Sea Sparrow and Skimmer. If you press RT, the guns shoot from the Sea Sparrow. The Sea Sparrow also can be Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen parked on the helipad near the Boat School.

Shamal

Go to any airport except the Abandoned Airstrip to find the Shamal business jet.

Skimmer

Go to the Arco Del Deste area, then go north. Look for a forked road that points to the water. Go out a little, and you will see the Skimmer plane, which is a Dodo with pontoons. Alternately, go to the bottom of the Sherman Dam where the Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen is lower. It is on your left if you are facing towards the dam, at the end of the short pier-looking structure. You will see both a Sea Sparrow and Skimmer. Note: The Skimmer is the only airplane that can allow two players to occupy it.

Sparrow

This helicopter spawns on the roof of Madd Dogg's Crib.

Squallo

Successfully complete boat school with at least all silver awards to unlock the Squallo.

Stunt Plane

Successfully complete pilot school with at least all silver Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen to unlock the Stunt Plane. Alternately, you can get the Stunt Plane by entering the races in Las Venturas airport, then using the "Keep aircraft from races" trick. The controls for the Stunt Plane are as follows:

    Backflip: Get the altimeter to at least half and pull the Left Analog-stick Back, then it should go back to normal.

    Barrel Roll: Get at least 100 feet in the air, then pull Left or Right, then stop to get it back to normal.

    Stunt Smoke: Click Right Analog-stick and smoke will come out. Press it again to stop it. Go to cinematic view and you can write letters with practice.

Super GT

Successfully complete driving school with at least all bronze awards to unlock the Super GT. Alternately, in San Fierro, go to the Easter Bay Airport. There will be a small building next to the entrance near the helipad area. Below that building, you may find an orange Super GT. It does not usually appear as soon as CJ goes there, but should spawn after awhile. It may take some time for it to spawn. It will be locked, but you can open it by towing it to your garage with a tow truck.

Sweeper

From the Xoomer Gas Station in Spinybed, go east on the road until you have to turn right. Instead of turning right, keeping going straight. You will notice there is an entrance to some sort of warehouse parking lot, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. The Sweeper can be seen right when you enter the lot.

Bulletproof Tahoma

In the House Party mission, your hood gets attacked by the Ballas. They will arrive in two Tahoma. Successfully complete the mission without getting too far away from the cars. Then, push either or both Tahomas into the garage of the Johnson house.

Tampa

Go to the Jefferson Motel in the Jefferson area of Los Santos. Go west to the split in the road then go on the road to the left. Immediately afterwards you can see a lot on the left decorated with triangular banners and surrounded with a fence. This is the Coutt and Shutz dealership. A Tampa will be in the lot, along with a Clover and Perennial. If none of those cars are there, drive around and the cars will spawn there.

Tow Truck

Enter the dump at Mt. Chiliad to find a Tow Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. You can steal cars with it by using the Right Analog-stick to lower the hitch, then back up to a car. Raise the car with the Right Analog-stick and drive away. This can be done while the driver and passenger of the other car are still inside.

Tractor

As done with the Tow Truck, you can also tow cars with a tractor. Steal one from a farmer, back into another car, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, then press the Right Analog-stick Back to lift the winch.

Train derailment

Look at your map and locate the nearest train station. Mark it and go to the train station. Wait for a train to stop in front of you. When it stops, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, go to the front of it and press Y to hijack it. Once inside, hold A to go forward. Once you start going fast enough, your controller will start to vibrate. Keep holding A and eventually you will derail in slow motion, and either flip over or glide to a screeching halt.

Turismo

In the Breaking the Bank at Caligula's mission, after you have the parachute intentionally miss the helipad and instead aim for the ground. On the ground, almost everyone will be driving a Turismo (the fastest car in the game). Steal one and go to the airstrip. Park the Turismo in the garage and finish the mission. Alternately, collect 20 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to get the Turismo.

Vortex

Look in one of the buildings at the Panopticon area in Red County. On your map, it will show a brown square with a group of white dots in it. The white dot that is farthest north on the map is the building with the Vortex in it. Alternately, collect 25 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to unlock the Vortex.

Jetpack powered Vortex

Jump into any body of water and enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Then, enable the "Spawn Vortex" code. Get into the Votex and it will be jet powered. Note: Once you leave the Vortex this effect will end.

Flying Vortex

Go to the top of Mt. Chiliad, where there is a Camper and Journey. It is an open area. Enable the "Spawn Vortex" code, then just drive off and hold A. You cannot move up or down, but can steer it.

Note: This trick does not always work. Go to the tall building in Los Santos that has the parachute on top. Go to the top of that building and enable the "Spawn Vortex" code. Drive it off the top and pull back. It will glide down smoothly to the ground.

Windsor

Collect 10 vehicles for the Import/Export dock to unlock the Windsor.

Car counterparts

The following are some vehicles that also have real life counterparts:

    Ambulance (Mule): Chevrolet 3000
    AT-400: Boeing747
    Benson: U-Haul Truck
    Berkley's RC Van (Burrito): Chevrolet 3000 RC Van Edition
    Blade: 1955 Ford Thunderbird
    Bloodring Banger: 2003 Chevrolet Monte Carlo Demolition Edition
    Buccaneer: 1979 Lincoln Mark IV Collector Series
    Buffalo: 1983 Camaro Z28
    Burrito: 2002 Chevrolet 3000
    Cheetah: 1999 Ferrari 456M GTA
    Clover: 1970 Cutlass
    Club: Scion SC
    Combine Harvester: John Deer Combine Harvester
    Comet: 1969 Porsche 911E/S
    Elegant: 2004 BMW M3
    Fortune: 1994 Chevrolet Corsica
    Herms: 1942 Cadillac 63 Series
    Hotknife: 1933 Ford Coupe
    Hotring Racer: 2003 Chevrolet Monte Carlo Racing Edition
    Huntley: 2005 Mercedes-Benz G500
    Hustler: 1936 Ford DLX
    Infernus: 2004 Acura NSX-T
    Jetster: 2003 Aston-Martin DBAR-1 ZAGATO
    Journey: 2004 Chinook Baja
    Landstalker: 1989 Jeep Wagoner
    Mesa: 1997 Jeep Wrangler
    Moonbeam: 2003 Chevrolet 2500
    Mower: John Deer mower
    Mule: CLO Standalone 6.1.186.35272 Crack Free Download 2021 Benson)
    News Van: 2002 Chevrolet 3000 News Edition
    Oceanic: 1958 Ford Thunderbird
    Phoenix: 1979 Pontiac Trans Am
    Pony: (See Burrito)
    Primer: 2005 Bentley Arnange
    Rumpo: (See Burrito)
    Sadler: 1992 Chevrolet Silverado
    Stallion: 1965 Mustang Coupe
    Stretch: 2001 Lincoln Town Car
    Tug: 1992 Airplane Tug
    Windsor: 1967 Ferrari 330 GTC
    ZR-350: Datsun 350Z
Finding Barbara in Dating missions

You can find Barbara at the El Quebrados Sheriff parking lot between 16:00 and 06:00.

Barbara bonuses in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Barbara. After getting busted, you will still have your weapons and not lose money. Reach 100% progress with Barbara. The police uniform will now appear in your wardrobe and you will get the keys to her Ranger.

Finding Denise in Dating missions

Denise is available for dating after saving her in the Burning Desire mission. She appears at her house between 16:00 to 06:00.

Denise bonuses in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Denise. You will get the keys to the Hustler car in her yard. Reach 100% progress with Denise. The pimp outfit will now appear in your wardrobe.

Faster progress with Denise in Dating missions

Enable the "Speed up time" code, then wait outside her house. The red circle will appear quicker, and your bar goes up faster. Additionally, after you play the mission to get Denise, wait until you can go on a date with her. From 60% to 100% sometimes you will have difficult dates (when you dance). Make sure you have already saved the game. If you are not skilled with the dancing, reload the game until you go on the date where all you do is drive. You should get at least 10% for going on the date, because the game gives you an extra 5% for her inviting you in for coffee.

Use the following trick to get a perfect date with Denise. First, get her a gift (either a dildo from the police station or the flowers from the gas station near by). After that, give Denise the gift. Do not press B, press LT instead. If you press B, you will use it as a weapon. Then, drive to Ten Green Bottles nearby on Grove Street. You will then take her home and your progress will go up.

Finding Helena in Dating missions

You can find Helena in the Blueberry area of Red County, taking shooting Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen on top of the Ammu-Nation store from 08:00 to 12:00 and 14:00 to 02:00.

Helena bonus in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Helena to get a flamethrower, 9 mm pistol, chainsaw, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, and Molotov cocktails at her house.

Finding Katie in Dating missions

You can find Katie at the Avispa Country Club in San Fierro practicing T'ai Chi at the edge of the course behind some bushes. She can be seen between 12:00 and 00:00.

Katie bonuses in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Katie. After getting wasted, you will still have your weapons and not lose money. Reach 100% progress with Katie. The paramedic uniform will now appear in your wardrobe and you will get the keys to her Romero.

Finding Michelle in Dating missions

You can find Michelle at the San Fierro Driving School from 00:01 to 12:00.

Michelle bonuses in Dating missions

Reach 50% progress with Michelle. She will mod your car for free. Reach 100% progress with Michelle. The racing outfit will now appear in your wardrobe and Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen will get the keys to her Monster Truck.

Finding Millie in Dating missions

Successfully complete the Key To Her Heart mission to unlock Millie for dating from 02:00 to 10:00 and 14:00 to 18:00.

Faster progress with Millie in Dating missions

Go on a date in your Gimp Suit. You will go directly inside and will not have to go to any dating destinations.

Raising fun meter in Dating missions

To get your girlfriend's fun meter full quickly and easily, find a street with a long strait away. Drive on it at full speed. This will get your fun meter completely full. You can then drive her home and gain a lot more stats with her.

Gifts in Dating missions

The purple dildo found in the police station can also be used as a gift for a girlfriend. It takes the place of the flowers. Flowers can be found at almost any gas station. They are always accepted from girlfriends, unlike the dildo which sometimes may be rejected.

Girls' tastes in Dating missions

The girls you date have different tastes in you. They will comment on your looks. For example, one girl likes you to be about 50% fat.

Jealousy in Dating missions

Be careful when dating other women. For example, if you take Barbara out on a date, Denise may show up in her car and start chasing you. It also lowers your status with the particular woman you are currently with.

8-Track mission

Enable the "Slow motion" code and you will be able to easily take first place. This is helpful if you are trying to get the Monster Truck.

Air Raid mission

Enable the "Slow motion" code to get a better shot at the RC planes. Enable the "Destroy all cars" code repeatedly to pass the mission.

Are You Going To San Fierro? mission

Instead of burning the weed with the flamethrower, use the rocket launcher and shoot the crops; it will destroy them much easier.

Badlands mission

Get to the mountain top and blow up the snitch's car. He will jump off the side of the mountain, committing suicide. Enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code and go down there. Take a picture of him. Take the picture back to the drop point. By doing this, you will not have to chase him back down the mountain on the dirtbike. Additionally, enable the "Spawn Jetpack" code. Fly up the mountain, near the top of the cabin. Do not let the guards see you. Choose the silenced pistol. Enter through the back of the cabin and shoot the snitch. Be prepared to fight it out with the FBI if you get caught. You can now snap a photo of the dead snitch without chasing him. It is important to watch the guards' movement before attempting this.

Beat The Cock mission

This is a triathlon. Go to Santa Maria beach in Los Santos and wait until the weekend (press LT to see the current day). Then, go to the lighthouse. You will see a little red marker which will start the mission. Note: You must be in very good shape to win. The reward is $10,000. Also, next to Palomino Creek is a beach that is part of Fisher's Lagoon. The one attached to that is part of Palomino Creek (if you are looking on a map it is the second largest of them all, and has a dock). Go to it. On there will be a red circle. Enter it to start the mission. You should have full muscle and stamina because it is a swimming race. If you have good stats, you will complete the mission.

Big Smoke mission

Instead of holding A to pedal your bike to get away from the red Ballas car, tap A rapidly. CJ will stand and pump on the pedals, allowing you to ride faster, and keep up with Sweet on the uphill areas.

Black Project mission

This mission starts after a number of Torino missions. Truth is upset with you working with Torino. He abandons you on a road. You are getting into Area 69 and must bring back the Black Project. You must go to the control tower and open the blast doors. You have to avoid the searchlights, but not shoot out more than two of them. You have thermal goggles to see the guards. You must get in before 5:30 a.m. You will begin near body armor if you do not have any. There are guards at mid-level on all of the light towers, plus many that are walking around. Try sniping everybody so that you are not spotted. If you do get spotted, you are told to use a vent to get into the building. In any case, there is armor up on the control tower to replenish with, and a red spot to use to open up the blast doors, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. The blast doors are in the center of the mound. The vent is marked nearby and you can shoot your way in through the grates. There is a health waiting for you inside that room (with the blast doors on the other wall). Go through the hallway and shoot the guards at the other end. There is armor up and to the right in here. There is also a minigun there. This area has bulletproof glass, so you are safe. Go downstairs to the little opening (not the red path to the left). Shoot out more guards in here. At the end of the path is armor. Then, take a right and another right and you can see a radar room. Disable the SAM site. Then, go downstairs and over to the yellow striped area. There is a grate below you. Go to the end where the grate is up and go in for the health and armor that is down there. Move along, as there are more enemies to kill. Then move left -- they say that there is a keycard. Get the armor then touch the scientist to get his keycard. Follow him down the path to the left and you will be in a giant cylinder building. Work your way down all of the stairs, shooting as you go. Get the Jetpack and fly out, heading for the triangle. You can fire a weapon while flying, but you really do not have to. Truth takes it from you, takes off, and abandons you there.

Body Harvest mission

Take a bike to the farm and ride to the back of the farm using an indirect route, bypassing the survivalists in the fields and tractors. Quickly steal the harvester, then run over the survivalists that are on foot between you and the road back. Try to overturn the pickups that are in your way. If they are still following you on the road, do a drive by when one is next to you to kill the gunman on the truck bed. The Harvester can take quite a bit of damage. Hit the pickup until it catches on fire, then get away.

Burglary missions

In the Ganton area of Los Santos, go towards the gym that is just a block south of the Binco store and the bar. Across the street from the gym and to the south, you should see a van parked next to a house. It is a boxcar. After 20:00, jump in and you can go on burglary missions until sunrise.

Go to CJ's garage in San Fierro. Look behind it, and there should be a construction site. Behind the structures of broken down buildings in front of you, there should be an abandoned building with a lop-sided sign that reads "Harry Plumbs" just north of the "Turning Tricks Advanced Driving School". Look to the right of that building to find an alleyway. Walk into the alleyway and look to the right. There should be a black van parked there. Get in sometime before 20:00 and find a nice house you think will make a nice profit. Wait until 20:00, then click Right Analog-stick. You can now do burglary missions until 06:00. Note: When dropping off the cargo, you will return to the garage next to the alleyway that you found the van at.

Steal any burglary van you know of, and travel to any city of your choice. Proceed as usual, and after you have steak the goods, a yellow blip will appear on your map. Pause game play and look at the map. You will see that the blip has jumped from the city you stole the van in, to the city you are currently at. For example, if you steal the van in Los Santos and go to Las Venturas and trigger the burglary missions, the yellow blip will appear in las Venturas, close behind "The Camel's Toe" Casino.

To commit burglaries in San Fierro, go to the Doherty area. Go to the building that has a big sign board, reading "Hairy Plumbs". It is opposite the driving school. Go around the back of the building to find the van.

Infinite time in Burglary missions

Enable the "Always 21:00" code, then find the van, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Additionally, enable the "Always 21:00" and "Wanted level never increases" codes. Find a Boxville and initiate a burglary mission. You should now have as much time as desired to do the mission, and the cops will never chase you if you wake up the people in the houses.

Catalyst mission

When you Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen the train, do not bother getting out of your car. Drive Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen the pinned down Groves and run into the Vagos. Drive into the train tunnel to turn around if needed. After all the ones on the ground are killed, exit the car and shoot the one on the train. Then, get back into your car and run over the arriving Ballas. If your car begins smoking, park it next to the Ballas car to create an explosion that should kill them all, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Then, get on the train as instructed. Quickly toss the ammo crates to Ryder. There is an unlimited number of them onboard so you do not have to waste time getting a perfect target. You may want to change the "Invert Look Controls" setting to make this less confusing. Remember to change the setting back after all the crates are tossed.

Cleaning The Hood mission

Do not bother using fighting moves on the crack dealer outside. A single shot from your pistol will bring him down. Once inside the crack den, use the pistol again to take down the targets quickly. Note: Shoot the man with the bat first.

Cop Wheels mission

Any police motorcycles will not work. You must steal the ones that the game marks for you.

Da Nang Thang mission

When the helicopter gets shot down and you are in the water, do not swim to the ship. Instead, swim to shore, steal a car, and drive to Ammu-Nation to buy weapons and armor. Then, go to the ship. The mission is a lot easier with an AK-47 in your inventory.

Drive-By mission

After approaching each group of targets, just continue to drive around the block normally. There is no reason to damage your car trying to reverse or spin back around. The targets do not run far. Simply drive normally around the block until your partners can start shooting them again. With the last group of Balla's, drive your car down the path and through the tunnel to run them over. Turn around and repeat until they are all dead. Note: Since this mission is not timed, you can drive carefully to a Pay N' Spray between drive-bys to get your car's health bar restored. You will eventually have to go to the Pay N' Spray anyway at the end of the mission to lower your wanted level. Note: That visit will be complimentary, but any others will be charged.

Drive Thru mission
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List of banned video games

Wikimedia list article

This is a list of video games that have been censored or banned by governments of various states in the world. Governments that have banned video games have been criticized for a correlated increase in digital piracy, limiting business opportunities and iTubeGo YouTube Downloader Crack For Pc rights.[1][2][3]

Afghanistan[edit]

During the first reign of the Islamic Emirate government in Afghanistan (1996–2001), Western technology and art was prohibited and this included all video games.[4][5][6][7] Between 2001 and 2021, no video games were officially banned in Afghanistan, except for PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds.[8]

Albania[edit]

No video games are currently banned in Albania. Some games were banned during the Hoxhaist regime for allegedly promoting capitalist values.[example needed] In 2016, the government discussed banning the game Five Nights at Freddy's apparently for its disturbing backstory, though the ban was later[when?] initially dropped over condemnation from Reporters Without Borders and Albanian fans of the game.[citation needed] The ban was enacted later that year.[9] A few days after the ban of the release of Dead Rising 2's release in Albania, retailer Albagame refused to sell the Driver Toolkit 8.5 License Key + Crack Full 100% Working over alleged gambling.[10] In early 2019 Edi Rama, the prime minister, threatened to ban the game after a law was passed by the parliament, banning sports betting.[10]

Argentina[edit]

Name Reason
CarmageddonBanned in the city of Buenos Aires because it depicts people being killed by motor vehicles.[11]
RapeLayBanned because it promotes and supports the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, as well as the exploitation of young people for sexual purposes.[12][13]

Australia[edit]

Main article: List of banned video games in Australia

Originally, video games in Australia could only be rated up to MA15+. At the time, the R18+ classification rating could be given to films, but a video game with content deemed fitting for the R18+ rating would be classed as 'Refused Classification' due to an appropriate classification not being available for the medium.

In July and August 2011, all Australian state Attorney-Generals agreed to instate an R18+ rating for video games, which would be available by the end of 2011.[14] Many games previously refused classification would now fit into the R18+ rating and, if the publisher chose to pay the reclassification fee, would theoretically be able to sell their game in Australia. The date was later changed to allow the rating to be introduced at the beginning of 2013.[15]

With the R18+ rating in place, it is expected fewer video games will be given the Refused Classification rating. Games may still be Refused Classification if deemed to contain material unsuitable for R18+ classification, such as depictions of sexual violence or the promotion of illegal drug use, as well as drug use that is related to incentives and rewards. More specifically, games which may be Refused Classification include:

  • Detailed instruction or promotion in matters of crime or violence.
  • Depiction of rape.
  • The promotion or provision of instruction in paedophile activity.
  • Descriptions or depictions of child sexual abuse or any other exploitative or offensive descriptions or depictions involving a person who is, or appears to be, a child under 18 years.
  • Gratuitous, exploitative or offensive depictions of:
    • (i) violence with a very high degree of impact or which are excessively frequent, prolonged or detailed;
    • (ii) cruelty or real violence which are very detailed or which have an extremely high impact;
    • (iii) sexual violence
  • Depictions of practices such as bestiality
  • Gratuitous, exploitative or offensive depictions of:
    • (i) activity accompanied by fetishes or practices that are offensive or abhorrent;
    • (ii) incest fantasies or other fantasies that are offensive or abhorrent

Classification is compulsory, and games refused classification by the ACB are banned for sale, hire or public exhibition, carrying a maximum fine of $275,000 and/or 10 years in jail. It is, however, legal to possess RC games (except in Western Australia and prescribed areas of the Northern Territory).

Material that is refused classification is put on the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service list of prohibited items. Any copies of such games found at the border will be seized,[16] and the recipient, depending on the number of copies being imported, may receive up to A$110,000 in fines.[17]

Due to the licensing of the International Age Rating Coalition software for developers to rate their own game, several hundred games have been banned from various app stores as of 2015.[18]

Belgium[edit]

Phantasy Star Online 2, FIFA 17, Gears of War 4, Mario Kart Tour, and other games have been banned due to loot boxes and more are expected to be banned.[19]

Brazil[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in Brazil

Brazil has banned many video games since 1999, mainly due to depictions of violence and cruelty,[20] making it illegal to distribute and otherwise sell these games.[21][22]

Additionally, the Brazilian advisory rating system requires that all video games be rated by the organization, where unrated video games are banned from being sold in Brazil.[citation needed] Often, bans do not extend to digital platforms.

China[edit]

A very large number of video games are banned in the PRC. Games that depict drugs, sexual themes, blood, organized crime or defamation of the Chinese government are almost always banned. Because of the large size of the Chinese video game market, many studios edit the content of their games to conform to the government's standards.

Home gaming consoles were banned in mainland China from June 2000[30][31] until 2013; when the ban was lifted, eighth-generation consoles such as the Xbox One and PlayStation 4 were allowed in the country.[32]

As of April 2019, after implementing a new mandatory local rating and approval system, any and all games containing depictions of violence, blood, gambling and imperial history are de facto banned from all accessible platforms in the nation (unless otherwise changed to comply with local standards).[33][34][35][unreliable source?][dubious – discuss]

Notable games banned in this region are:

Name Reason
Alliance of Valiant ArmsBanned because it contains blood, gore and vulgar content.[36]
Animal Crossing: New HorizonsAnimal Crossing: New Horizons was banned in the People's Republic of China since 10 April 2020. The game was pulled from the store Taobao as players created and posted anti-government messages in-game with a custom pattern tool. There has been no official announcement whether the ban was enforced by the Government of the People's Republic of China or by Taobao. However the game is still on-sale on the Chinese grey market.[37]
Battlefield 4Banned for discrediting China's national image as well as threatening national security. The Chinese Ministry claims that the game shows a "cultural invasion".[38]
Command & Conquer: GeneralsBanned for "smearing the image of China and the Chinese army", although the game presents China as a protagonist and glorifies the People's Liberation Army.[39] Additionally, the China campaign has the player destroy questionable targets such as the Three Gorges Dam and the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre in order to snuff out an invading terrorist organization.
DevotionBanned due to an easter egg insulting Wondershare Video to PSP Converter 3.2.47 crack serial keygen Communist Partygeneral secretaryXi Jinping.[citation needed] The easter egg was later removed, but the game remains banned.[citation needed] On 21 February 2019, players discovered a fulu talisman decorating a wall in the game contained the words "Xi JinpingWinnie-the-Pooh" (Chinese: 習近平小熊維尼) in Chinese seal script, referencing a recent Chinese internet meme that compared him to the Disney character.[citation needed]
Football Manager 2005Banned for recognizing Taiwan and Tibet as independent countries. An edited version was later released globally.[40]
FortniteBanned because it contains blood, gore and vulgar content.[36]
Free FireBanned because it overly revealing female characters and because contains blood, gore and vulgar content.[36]
Hearts of IronBanned because it depicted disputed territories such as Tibet and Taiwan as independent nations [36]
I.G.I.-2: Covert StrikeBanned because of "intentionally blackening China and the Chinese army's image".[41]
Knives OutBanned because it overly revealing female characters and because contains blood, gore and vulgar content.[36]
PaladinsA playable character was removed from the game citing gore and his ability to resurrect upon death. The game was later banned outright citing "overly revealing female characters, blood, gore and vulgar content.”[36]
Plague Inc./Plague Inc. EvolvedBanned in China as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.[42]
Quantum MatrixBanned because it contains blood, gore, vulgar content and inharmonious chat.[36]
RapeLayBanned because it promotes and supports the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes.[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: BhikkhuniBanned because of sexual content and glorifying homosexuality.[citation needed]

Cuba[edit]

See also: Censorship in Cuba

No video games have ever been banned in Cuba, but few games were sold in that country until 2007 when restrictions were eased. In 2010, the video game Call of Duty: Black Ops generated a lot of controversy as there is a mission where the player attempts to assassinate Fidel Castro, only to end up killing a double.[43]

Denmark[edit]

EA Sports MMA was not released in Denmark because of a law prohibiting marketing for energy drinks, which EA chose not to remove from the game.[44] Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, distribution is not illegal, as the game can still be found on shelves as an import.

Germany[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in Germany

A video game can be banned in Germany if it is confiscated by court order because it violates a section of the Strafgesetzbuch (criminal code). Private possession (and thus playing it) and acquisition (such as downloading a demo from the Internet) are still legal, but any dissemination is not. The seller would break the law if a sale took place, not the buyer. However, on 10 December 2002, one German court (Oberlandesgericht Hamm) decided that a single sale of a single copy does not qualify as dissemination.[45] Unlike indexing by the BPjM, which restricts the sale of all content-equal versions, the versions that are confiscated are enumerated in the court order. Being put on the index by the BPJM or, since April 1, 2003, being refused a rating by the Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, does not equal a ban. Rather, it imposes strict trade restrictions on the title. While only very few games have been confiscated, the list of indexed games is very long.[46]

In December 2006, just one month after the Emsdetten school shooting, Bavaria and Lower Saxony proposed legislation, to be presented to the national parliament, that would make even playing any game that featured “cruel violence on humans or human-looking characters” punishable by fines and up to a year in prison. [47][48][49]

StGB § 86a outlaws the use of symbols of unconstitutional organisations, StGB § 130 Volksverhetzung (agitation of the people), and StGB § 131 instructions for committing crimes. In the official lists, these three sections are always bundled, so any game that contains swastika flags and/or any depiction of Adolf Hitler is listed alongside racist propaganda pieces.

StGB § 131 outlaws representation of excessive violence in media "which describe cruel or otherwise inhuman acts of violence against human or humanoid beings in a manner which expresses a glorification or rendering harmless of such acts of violence or which represents the cruel or inhuman aspects of the event in a manner which injures human dignity".[50]

StGB § 130 and § 131 make it a criminal offence to do the following with corresponding scriptures:

  1. distribute/sell them
  2. issue in public, demonstrate or otherwise make them available
  3. leave them to a person under the age of 18
  4. produce, buy, deliver, store, offer, announce, praise, import or export them within the meaning of points 1 to 3.

This means that import or purchase and possession for personal use of such games is still legal for persons over 18 years of age.

In the case of video games that contain pornography with children or minors, where a real or realistic event is depicted, the possession of the video game or working towards possessing it would be illegal under StGB § 184b or §184c. Otherwise, if the work depicts a fictitious event, the distribution Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen such material is illegal.

In August 2008, Sega confirmed that The House of the Dead: Overkill and MadWorld would not be released in Germany,[51] due to the likelihood that they would be refused to get a rating by the USK.[52] Sega also announced in November 2009 that they would not distribute Aliens vs. Predator for similar reasons.[53]

A "Beschlagnahmung" (ban) is enforced for a minimum of ten years, after which a request for review may be submitted.[54]

Name Reason
10,000 BulletsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
25 to LifeBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
300: March to GloryBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
50 Cent: Blood on the SandBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
50 Cent: BulletproofBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Afro SamuraiBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Aliens vs. PredatorBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Area 51Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.
Army of TwoBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Army of Two: The 40th DayBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Army of Two: The Devil's CartelBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Beat Down: Fists of VengeanceBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
BioShockNever officially banned, but a censored version was submitted to the USK over fears that the uncensored version would be indexed in Germany. The uncensored version was successfully passed with an 18+ rating in 2016.[citation needed]
BloodrayneBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The banned, uncensored version, with Nazi references removed, was available on Steam and GOG without classification until it was taken down on May 31, 2016.
Bloodrayne IIBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The banned, uncensored version was available on Steam and GOG without classification until it was taken down 31 May 2016.
BulletstormOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2017.[citation needed]
Call of Duty 4: Modern WarfareBanned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards via an unlockable Arcade mode. A censored version was released.
Call of Duty: Black OpsBanned because of high-impact gory violence and Nazi references. A censored version was released.[55]
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2Banned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards via an unlockable Arcade mode. A censored version was released.
Call of Duty: World at WarBanned because of high-impact gory violence and possibly for showing Germany under Nazi rule, a highly taboo and offensive topic to most Germans since the culmination of World War II. A censored version was released.
CarmageddonWas originally released in both cut and uncut versions attaining 18+ and 16+ ratings respectively, before the uncut 18+ version was banned following the 2003 reforms. The banned uncensored version was available on Steam and GOG without classification, until it was taken down 31 May 2016.
Carmageddon II: Carpocalypse NowWas originally released in both cut and uncut versions attaining 18+ and 16+ ratings respectively, before the uncut 18+ version was banned following the 2003 reforms. The banned uncensored version was available on Steam and GOG without classification, until it was taken down 31 May 2016.
Carmageddon: Max DamageBanned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards.
Chili Con CarnageBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Clive Barker's JerichoNever officially banned, but initially the game was not submitted to the USK over fears that it would Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen refused classification and indexed. The game was successfully passed uncut with an 18+ rating in 2008.[citation needed]
Cold FearBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Cold WinterBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.
Condemned: Criminal OriginsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Condemned 2: BloodshotBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Conflict: Denied OpsBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.
CrackdownOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2018.
Crackdown 2Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2018.
Criminal Girls 2: Party FavorsBanned because of sexual activity involving a person who is, or appears to be, under 18 years of age.
Dark Messiah of Might and MagicNever officially banned, but a censored version was submitted to the USK over fears that the uncensored version would be indexed in Germany. The uncensored version was successfully passed with an 18+ rating in 2008.[citation needed]
Dark SectorBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Dead IslandOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2019.[56]
Dead Island: RiptideOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2019.
Dead RisingBanned because of high-impact gory violence. Was later banned in 2018 because of violence in a public mall setting.
Dead Rising 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead Rising 2: Off the RecordBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead Rising 3Banned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead Rising: Chop Till You DropBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead SpaceBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[57]
Dead to RightsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.
Dead to Rights IIBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Dead to Rights: RetributionBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Doom 3: Resurrection of EvilOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. In 2019, its RC rating was appealed and overturned.
Dying LightBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
F.E.A.R.Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
F.E.A.R. 2: Project OriginBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
F.E.A.R. 3Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Fallout 3Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2016.[citation needed]
Fallout: New VegasNever officially banned, but a censored version was submitted to the USK over fears that the uncensored version would be indexed in Germany. The uncensored version was successfully passed with an 18+ rating in 2011.[citation needed]
Far CryOriginally given an 18+ rating. Banned for high-impact violence using realistic ragdoll effects. Game was re-censored to remove the ragdoll effects and re-attain the 18+ rating.[citation needed]
Gal Gun 2Originally banned because of sexual activity involving people who are, or appear to be, minors. The ban was lifted in 2019.[citation needed]
Gangs of LondonNot officially banned, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, but a Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen version was submitted to the USK over fears that the game would be refused classification.[citation needed]
Gears of WarOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2016.[citation needed]
Gears of War 2Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. The ban was lifted in 2016.[citation needed]
The Godfather: Black EditionBanned because of game controls imitating brutality and extortion.[citation needed]
The Godfather 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Goldeneye 007Banned for violence. Ban lifted in 2021, a year ahead of its automatic 25-year review.[58]
Golden Axe: Beast RiderBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City StoriesOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto: San AndreasOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto: Vice CityOriginally given a 16+ rating. However, the game was later banned because of high-impact gory violence. The game was re-censored, re-attaining the 16+ rating. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto: Vice City StoriesOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
GunBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
HellforcesBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
HarvesterBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
HatredBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Hitman: Codename 47Banned for high-impact violence using realistic ragdoll effects. The ban was lifted in 2012.[citation needed]
InversionNot officially banned, but the game was not submitted to the USK over fears that it would be refused classification.[citation needed]
Kane & Lynch 2: Dog DaysBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Land of the Dead: Road to Fiddler's GreenBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Left 4 DeadBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Left 4 Dead 2Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. Uncut DLC was released in January 2021.[59]
Little Britain: The Video GameOriginally given an 18+ before being banned because of a mini-game involving homophobia related to incentives and rewards.[citation needed]
LuciusBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
MadWorldBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
ManhuntBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Manhunt 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Medal of Honor: Heroes 2 (Wii)Banned because of game controls imitating the use of a real-life firearm within a realistic theatre of war.[citation needed]
Mortal KombatOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. Ban was lifted in March 2020.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat (2011 video game)Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat IIOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. Ban was lifted in March 2020.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat 3Originally banned because of high-impact gory violence. Ban was lifted in February 2020.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat: ArmageddonBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat: Shaolin MonksBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Narc (2005 video game)Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
NecroVisioNBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Nitro FamilyBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Omega Labyrinth ZBanned because of interactive sexual activity involving a person who is, or appears to be, a minor.[citation needed]
Patriots: A Nation Under FireBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
PostalBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Postal 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Postal IIIBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Predator: Concrete JungleBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
PrototypeBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Prototype 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Quake 4Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Red Ninja: End of HonorBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Reservoir DogsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Resident Evil 4Banned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards via two unlockable bonus games. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2017.[citation needed]
Resident Evil: Operation Raccoon CityBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Resident Evil: The Umbrella ChroniclesBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Return to Castle WolfensteinOriginally given a 16+ rating with Nazi references censored. Later banned for high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Rogue WarriorBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Rise of NightmaresBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Saints RowBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Saints Row 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Saints Row: The ThirdOriginally banned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released. The ban was lifted in 2019.[citation needed]
Scarface: The World Is YoursBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Shellshock: Nam '67Was originally released unrated in some retail stores in Germany, before being banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Shellshock 2: Blood TrailsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Silent Hill: HomecomingBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Sleeping DogsBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Soldier of Fortune: PaybackBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
SplatterhouseBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
State of EmergencyBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
State of Emergency 2Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
SyndicateBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The ClubBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The DarknessBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
The Darkness IIBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
The House of the Dead IIIBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The House of the Dead: OverkillBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The PunisherBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The Sopranos: Road to RespectBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
The SufferingBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
The Suffering: Ties That BindBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
The WarriorsBanned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six: Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen 2Banned because of high-impact violence related to incentives and rewards. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Total OverdoseWas originally released unrated in some retail stores in Germany, before being banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]
True Crime: New York CityBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Unreal Championship 2: The Liandri ConflictBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Unreal Tournament IIIBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: BhikkhuniBanned because of sexual activity involving people who are, or appear to be, children under 18 years.[citation needed]
Vivisector: Beast WithinBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
WetBanned because of high-impact gory violence. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
WolfensteinBanned because of high-impact gory violence and Nazi references. A censored version was released.[citation needed]
Wolfenstein 3DOriginally banned because of Nazi references. The ban has been overturned in 2019 on grounds of social adequacy.
X-Men Origins: Wolverine {Uncaged Edition)Banned because of high-impact gory violence.[citation needed]

Greece[edit]

See also: Law 3037/2002

No known games have been banned in Greece. Law 3037/2002, which was meant to fight illegal gambling, was deemed controversial due to it being vague in regards to which electronic games were being banned in public places. It mentioned that mechanically executed games for entertainment purposes without betting were allowed.[60][61][62][63]

Guatemala[edit]

Name Reason
RobloxBanned because it can violate the safety of children and adolescents.[64]

India[edit]

Name Reason
Fallout 3Not officially banned, but Microsoft India refused to release it for Xbox 360 due to cultural sensitivities as the game depicts two headed cows named after a community.[65][66]For the same reason, the game is not available on Steam.
Fallout: New VegasNot officially banned, but is not available on Steam for the same reason as Fallout 3.
PUBG Mobile[a]Banned because of extreme violence. The move came after a direction from Gujarat and Jammu and Kashmir state department seeking a ban on the game, as it was claimed to affect the minds of youths, and banned in Jammu and Kashmir.[67] The game was banned in Gujarat, in the cities of Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Bhavnagar and Rajkot and Jammu and Kashmir, but only for the mobile version. Players have also been prosecuted for playing the game.[68] Later completely banned due to mishandling of data on 2nd September 2020.[69][70]
Rules of Survival, Mobile Legends: Bang Bang, Mobile Legends Adventure and Clash of KingsPart of the Indian Government's ban on 59 Chinese-owned apps.[71]

Indonesia[edit]

Video game Reason
Far Cry 3Banned because it was deemed harmful to the country's public image as it portrays the inhabitants of the fictional island it is set in as insane. The ban has since been lifted for digital versions of the game.[citation needed]
Mortal Kombat 11Banned because of excessive violence and gore.[72]

Iran[edit]

Main article: Censorship in Iran

Iran typically bans any game that contains excessive violence, depicts cruelty, features strong sexual content, nudity, or portrays the Middle East negatively.

Iraq[edit]

Fortnite and PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds are banned in Iraq because of negative effects caused by some electronic games on the health, culture, and security of Iraqi society.[81]

Republic of Ireland[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in the Republic of Ireland

The IFCO rarely rates video games, and leaves decisions to PEGI and the BBFC. Manhunt 2 was banned for "gross, unrelenting, and gratuitous violence", but the ban was later lifted and the game was given a PEGI 18 rating.[82]

Italy[edit]

In 2006, following the release of the trailer to the game Rule of Rose, the magazine Panorama ran an article claiming live burials of children at the protagonist's hand. Shortly after, then-mayor of Rome, Walter Veltroni, called for a ban of the game in Italy. The game's European publisher, 505 Games, dismissed these claims,[83] and the game was not banned following Veltroni's comments.

In 2007, following the decision of the governments of the United Kingdom and Ireland, the Minister of Communications Paolo Gentiloni publicly expressed the desire to ban the distribution of Manhunt 2 in Italy, due to the gratuitous violence and excessive cruelty in the video game, but the ban was never put into practice.[84]

In 2008, Counter Strike Source was banned in Genoa, after reports of teenagers in high schoolscutting classes to play the game on Internet cafes. The ban was met with massive support by parents yet was ridiculed by local teens for being a tool to keep the local city hall from puting time and effort on other social problems.

Japan[edit]

Main article: Video games in Japan

Video games are rarely banned in Japan, and it holds the place as one of the top video game producers in the world.[85] However, for some games, usually western, they may edit or censor their games if they appear offensive to Japan; an example being the Japanese release of Fallout 3. "The Power of the Atom" quest was edited to relieve concerns about atomic detonation in inhabited areas and the Fat Man weapon was renamed to the Nuka Launcher due to its relation to the real historic event.[86] Another example is the Japanese version of Crash Bandicoot 2: Cortex Strikes Back in which a death animation that has Crash squashed into a head and feet was altered due to its resemblance to the Kobe child murders. Japan's Spike removed all references to Kim Jong-il and North Korea in Homefront, as well.[87]Resident Evil 4, Call of Duty: Black Ops, Bulletstorm, Gears of War 3, Grand Theft Auto V, Dead Island, Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance and numerous other violent titles[citation needed], distributed physically and digitally, were heavily edited for excessive violence, but only on the localization level; the games can still be played if the locale is switched from Japanese to English. The Mortal Kombat series was subsequently banned in Japan, including its newest release, due to heavy amounts of violence[citation needed]. On 13 March 2019, the sales of Judgment had stopped producing future sales in Japan, following Pierre Taki's arrest on suspicion of cocaine use, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. As a result, Sega had replaced both the voice actor and the character model having been subsequently removed.[citation needed]

Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in Malaysia

Malaysia tends to ban offensive content such as extreme impact violence, depictions of cruelty, any content considered anti-Muslim, sexual content and nudity. In August 2008, after the Grand Theft Auto series ban in Thailand (see below), head of a Malaysian consumer rights organization, Muhammad Idris, called for the ban of the entire Grand Theft Auto series and other similarly violent video games such as the Manhunt series and Mortal Kombat.[88][89] In February 2010, one week after Dante's Inferno was released, the game was banned by Jabatan Agama Islam (JAIS) in Malaysia for offensive depictions of cruelty, hellish visions, sexuality and content that was against Sharia.[citation needed]

In 2016, Pokémon Go was banned by the Federal Territory for Muslims for promoting the search for power, which leads to gambling and safety issues related to playing the game[citation needed] The ban was later lifted following massive backlash on social media and an update that slightly modified security measures on the app.[citation needed]

In September 2017, the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) blocked access to the entire Steam store following the discovery of a controversial fighting game involving religious deities, Fight of Gods.[90] The ban was lifted one day later after Valve agreed to block the game in Malaysia.[91]

Mexico[edit]

Though no video Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen have ever been banned in the country, Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2 was banned in the state of Chihuahua due to Mexican rebels being depicted as antagonists and stereotyping the cities of Chihuahua City and Ciudad Juárez.[92] However, the game can still be found in shelves in other federal entities.

Nepal[edit]

Name Reason
PUBGUsed to be banned because of delinquency issues involving youths.[93] Currently, the ban has been lifted.[94]

North Korea[edit]

North Korea bans all foreign video games as well as almost all foreign products regardless of content.

New Zealand[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in New Zealand

In New Zealand, games are classified by the country's Office of Film and Literature Classification. If they are dubbed "objectionable" in all cases, they are banned. In this case, the game in question is not only illegal to sell, but also to own, possess, or import. Games are typically banned and classified as "objectionable content" when they contain extreme violence, offensive depictions of cruelty, animal cruelty, sexual content involving minors, or graphic depictions of sexual content, including sexual fetishes that are "revolting or abhorrent" (such as depictions of urination, bestiality, necrophilia, urophilia, coprophilia, and/or incest).

Name Reason
Criminal Girls: Invite OnlyBanned because of sexual content that focuses on young persons and elements of sexual violence.[95]
Gal Gun: Double PeaceBanned because "it tends to promote and support both the exploitation of children and young people, and the use of coercion to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct".[96]
ManhuntBanned because of extreme violence and offensive depictions of cruelty.[97]
Manhunt 2Banned because of extreme violence and offensive depictions of cruelty.[98]
Postal 2Banned because of "Gross, abhorrent content: Urination, High Impact Violence, Animal Cruelty, Homophobia, Racial, and Ethnic Stereotypes”.[99]
RapeLayBanned because it "tends to promote and support the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes".[citation needed]
Reservoir DogsBanned because it "tends to promote and support the infliction of extreme violence and extreme cruelty for the purpose of entertainment".[100]
Three Sisters' StoryBanned because it "tends to promote and support the use of violence to compel a person to submit to sexual conduct, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes".[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: BhikkhuniBanned because it "tends to promote and support incest between the two lead focal sisters, and the exploitation of young persons for sexual purposes".[citation needed]

Pakistan[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in the Philippines

In 1981, a presidential decree issued by Ferdinand Marcos outlawed the use and distribution[105] of all video game consoles, arcade games and pinball machines, deeming them as a "destructive social enemy"[106] and "to the detriment of the public interest".[107][108] Despite the law being technically in effect following the EDSA Revolution, it has since been disregarded and unenforced.[citation needed]

While no video games are banned nationwide so far since 1986, at least one title, Defense of the Ancients, has been banned at a barangay in Dasmariñas, Cavite following complaints of delinquency issues, and two murder incidents involving youths in the area resulting from brawls in relation to the game.[109] The ban, however, only covers internet shops and does not extend to computers in private homes.

Russia[edit]

In Russia, games are classified by the "On Countering Extremist Activity" federal law, and are included in the "Federal List of Extremist Materials"

Media in the United States and Europe have incorrectly reported that Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, which features a storyline in which Russian "ultranationalists" take control of the country and invade the United States, was banned in Russia. Activision called these reports 'erroneous'.[110] Instead, a censored version of the game was published, omitting the controversial "No Russian" level. This also presumably prevented the game from being released on consoles in Russian, with only a PC version officially available.

In 2019, Sony Interactive Entertainment Russia refused to sell Call of Duty: Modern Warfare digitally.[citation needed]

Name Reason
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2Not officially banned, but the "No Russian" mission was censored out by the publisher, and no Playstation 3 or Xbox 360 versions were released.
Call of Duty: Modern WarfareNot officially banned, but Sony Interactive Entertainment refused to sell the game digitally on PlayStation 4.[111] The game also never released in Russia on discs.[citation needed]
For Freedom Ichkeriya: BAMUTBanned because of "justifies the implementation of extremist activities: incitement to ethnic and religious hatred, intended to form a hostile attitude towards soldiers of the Russian army as "occupants", "aggressors", and towards Russians by nationality as invaders. has signs of inciting ethnic hatred: Chechens are contrasted with Russians"[112][113]
Tell Me WhyNot officially banned, but Xbox Game Studios decided[114] to not release it in the region (plus in some other regions, including Turkey, Singapore and China). Possible reason — the game was featuring a transgender character as one of its main characters.

Saudi Arabia[edit]

Most banned games can be found in many stores due to a lack of government enforcement of bans (often at a substantial price). However, some major stores will not stock banned titles.[115]

Name Reason
God of War franchiseBanned for a few weeks due to the presence of interactive sex scenes, partial nudity, and sexual themes, as well as the word "God" in the title. In 2018, the newest game in the series was approved for release.[citation needed]
Call of Duty 4: Modern WarfareBanned for a few weeks because of role-playing the Middle East as terrorists.[citation needed]
Assassin's CreedBanned for two weeks because of a perceived negative portrayal of Arabs, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Later completely banned due to its use in the Blue Whale Challenge.[citation needed]
Grand Theft Auto seriesBanned for extreme impact violence and nudity.[citation needed]
Heavy RainBanned because of high impact violence, nudity, and a sex scene.[citation needed]
L.A. NoireOriginally banned because of extreme impact violence and nudity. The ban was lifted in 2017.[citation needed]
The Last of Us Part IIBanned due to homosexual-related content.[116]
Postal 2Banned because of extreme impact violence, nudity and the portrayal of Muslims as terrorists.
Red Dead RedemptionBanned due to nudity, prostitution, violence, and cruelty.[citation needed]
Red Dead Redemption 2Initially banned due to nudity, prostitution, violence, and cruelty. A modified version of the game was launched on May 7, 2020.[117]
Manhunt seriesBanned because of high impact scary violence and cruelty.[citation needed]
Manhunt 2Banned for "gross, unrelenting, and gratuitous violence".[citation needed]
South Park: The Stick of Truth/The Fractured but WholeBanned due to extremely offensive content.[citation needed]
Valkyrie Drive: BhikkhuniBanned due to sexual content and excessive themes of glorifying homosexuality.[citation needed]
Wolfenstein seriesBanned because of the presence of interactive sex scenes.[citation needed]
Metro seriesBanned due to its use in the Blue Whale Challenge.[citation needed]
The Witcher 3: Wild HuntBanned because of the presence of sex scenes.[citation needed]
Watch Dogs 2Banned due to frequent use of sexual expletives, sexual activity with visible genitals, and the motiveless killing of innocent human characters.[citation needed]

Singapore[edit]

Singapore has banned games in the past and still occasionally does (including a ban on arcades nationwide from 1983 to the 1990s). With the implementation of the Video Game Classification in 2008 by the Media Development Authority, most games are widely available for purchase to their Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen age group, such as those containing full frontal nudity or strong graphic violence under an "M18" rating. Games that were previously banned such as Mass Effect were re-rated either "Age Advisory" or "M18" after the implementation of the classification system.

Name Reason
Half-LifeBanned because of violence.[118] The Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen was met with uproar as the local gaming community and retailers scrambled to start petitions to save the game. The government decided to lift the ban after a week, as the game had been released for more than a year and the ban would impact the local LAN gaming and retail market.[119]
Mass EffectBanned because of a homosexual encounter between a feminine alien and female human.[120] The ban was later lifted and the title re-rated M18.[121]
The DarknessBanned because of excessive violence.[122] The ban was later lifted and the title re-rated M18.[citation needed]

South Korea[edit]

See also: Video gaming in South Korea

Since 2006, South Korea has only banned video games on rare occasions. Even before this, games were very rarely banned unless that game mentioned elements of the Korean War in order to avoid tensions between the countries North Korea and South Korea. However, Manhunt, Manhunt 2, and Mortal Kombat are still banned because of violence and cruelty. Grand Theft Auto III, Grand Theft Auto: Vice City and Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction were previously banned, but the bans were later lifted.[123]

The Game Rating Board requires that all video games be rated by the organization. Unrated titles are absolutely banned from being sold in the Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, and websites selling them can be blocked.

Serbia[edit]

Doki Doki Literature ClubBanned because of a scene showing a character doing a pose with her breasts out.[citation needed] The ban only ended when a censored version was released just for Serbia.[citation needed]
MinecraftBanned because of a report by a psychologist in 2016 told that the game was overly addictive.[citation needed] In fact, 2 years before the ban, in 2014, a 15-year-old killed a 9-year-old over him apparently losing a 1v1.[citation needed] This caused the game to be banned. The ban, however, was lifted as they had servers made in this country.[citation needed]
Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six SiegeBanned for reportedly causing mental health problems to the players. Two 16-year-olds commited suicide after playing the game for 14 hours straight. The ban still lasts to this day.[citation needed]

Turkey[edit]

In March 10 2015, Turkish ministry has recommended a ban on Minecraft, a video game in which players construct and protect structures, claiming it encourages violence in children[citation needed]

Thailand[edit]

Thailand will typically ban any games with excessive violence, and sexual content, such as many eroge from Japan, for the same reasons as its ban on any pornographic films.[citation needed]

Additionally, since August 2008, all video game titles of the Grand Theft Auto series have been completely banned in Thailand,[127] because of a case where an 18-year-old Thai player supposedly influenced by Grand Theft Auto killed a taxi driver from Bangkok.[128] The ban, however, does not extend to the digital PC versions of Grand Theft Auto V.[129]

Tropico 5 is yet another banned title. The ruling military junta claims that it could "affect peace and order" within the country.[130]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

In the United Arab Emirates, a branch of the government called the National Media Council (NMC) works to control the media and entertainment industry in the country, and they have the authority to issue bans on any specific media products, including video games, to comply with the country's legal and cultural values. Usually, the NMC do not explicitly state their actual consensus for any kind of issued ban on a product, so official reasons behind their bans remain unclear. However, bans issued by the NMC apply only to the sale of those products through local outlets; they do not make private ownership illegal. There are certain exceptions, notably for Spec Ops: The Line (see below). Some banned games may be available and sold on the nation's grey market.[citation needed]

In 2018, the NMC introduced a localised rating system for various media, including video games.[131]

The following titles are banned from mainstream physical retail. However, unlike Saudi Arabia, most of these games can still be seen on digital storefronts such as the PlayStation Store.

Name Reason
BlazBlue: Continuum ShiftBanned likely due to suggestive and revealing outfits on some characters.[132] However, the ban did not extend to digital versions of the game.[citation needed]
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2This game was banned after players in the GCC noticed that the picture frames in some maps had quotations from the Qur'an, which were very offensive to Muslims.[citation needed] The ban was lifted after the developers removed the text on the frames.[citation needed]
DarksidersBanned likely due to contradicting with customs and traditions.[133] However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.[citation needed]Its sequel, Darksiders II, which features similar themes, was released without issues, and even had a localised print release for the PlayStation 3 version.[citation needed]
Dead Island and Dead Island: RiptideBoth banned likely due to "extreme depictions of violence and scantily-clad game characters".[134] However, the ban did not extend to digital versions of the games.[citation needed]
Dead Rising 2Banned likely due to violence, gambling, and nudity.[135] The ban has since been lifted for newer prints of the game.[citation needed]
Dragon Age: OriginsBanned likely due to sexual themes, including possible homosexual relationships.[136] The ban has since been lifted for the digital versions of the game.[citation needed]
Fallout: New VegasBanned likely due to gambling and sexual themes.[137] However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.
Gal Gun: Double Peace, Gal Gun 2Both banned likely due to sexual themes. However, the ban did not extend to the digital versions of the games.[138][139]
The Godfather IIBanned likely due to nudity.[140]
God of War seriesThe first title in the series was banned after complaints were filed regarding religious and sexual content in the game, and subsequently, the next seven games in the series were banned for similar reasons[citation needed] The 2018 title God of War was the first entry to be legally approved for release in the U.A.E.[141]
Grand Theft Auto seriesBanned likely due to violence, cruelty and sexual content.[citation needed] For unknown reasons, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas has been available via Steam ever since the PC version of Grand Theft Auto V was launched, which itself is openly available on Steam from the debut.[citation needed] Shortly after Steam introduced the dirham as the official currency for U.A.E. user accounts on 10 November 2015,[142] the majority of Rockstar's games became available for purchase for those user accounts, including most Grand Theft Auto titles (For unknown reasons, almost all of Rockstar's games were regionally locked out on Steam, whether banned or not.).[citation needed]
Heavy RainBanned likely due to graphic violence, sexual content, nudity[143] and a sultry seduction scene.[144]
Injustice: Gods Among UsDespite being initially marketed for Middle Eastern distribution under the title of Injustice: The Mighty Among Us, the game failed to surpass the NMC's censors for a period of time,[145] and was banned likely due to the case package and on-disc software title itself being identical to its European release, with the term "God" retained (the official reason was not given).[citation needed] The game had been demonstrated at various events in the U.A.E. without incident for many months before the official release date.[citation needed] However, the ban on the title has since been lifted.[145] The expanded Ultimate Edition was released on schedule and distributed regularly.[citation needed]
The Last of Us Part IIBanned due to homosexual-related content.[116]
Mafia IIBanned likely due to excessive violence and nudity.[146] The ban has since been lifted for digital versions of the game.[citation needed]
Mass Effect 2, Mass Effect 3Both banned likely due to possible homosexual relationships.[136] However, the ban did not extend to the digital versions of the games.[citation needed]
Max Payne 3Banned likely due to excessive violence and sexual themes.[147] The ban was issued Folder Lock Crack 2021 [v7.8] With Serial Key Full Version Free Download three weeks after the official release. The ban has since been lifted for digital versions of the game.[148]
Omega Labyrinth ZBanned likely due to excessive sexual themes, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.[citation needed]
Postal 2Banned likely due to violence against Muslims, as well as excessive violence, sexual themes and other highly questionable content.[citation needed] However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.[citation needed]
Red Dead RedemptionWas initially banned,[149] likely due to nudity. The ban was lifted two months after the official release date.[150][151]
RobloxWas banned in 2018 likely due to content deemed harmful for children.[152] The ban was later lifted.[153]
Saints Row: The Third, Saints Row IVBoth banned because of sexual themes, excessive violence, and use of drugs and alcohol.[154] However, the ban did not extend to the digital versions of the games.[citation needed]
Spec Ops: The LineBanned likely due to the game's fictional depiction of the UAE's real-life city of Dubai in a state of ravage and destruction. Unlike other banned video games, the NMC had extended their focus for this title going far as to issue the TRA to block the game's official website[155] and subsequently prevent the title from being distributed throughout the rest of the GCC, as well as Jordan, and Lebanon.[156] Even local retailers, such as Geekay Games, are unable to sell the game via their online shops to UAE residents.[157] The game remains unavailable via digital platforms such as Steam and PSN.[citation needed] However, the game is still available on PSN in Qatar and Kuwait.[citation needed]
Valkyrie Kitchendraw 5 crack serial keygen BhikkhuniBanned likely due to homosexual relationships between characters and high-impact sexual themes. However, the ban did not extend to the digital version of the game.[158]
Watch Dogs, Watch Dogs 2Unknown reason for ban, possibly due to hacking and nudity.[citation needed]Watch Dogs' ban did not extend to the DLC, [159]and is only available on non-Steam distributors, futhermore, this version of the TeamViewer 15.21.8 Crack With License Key 2021 Free Download extends throughout the GCC[160] while the ban for Watch Dogs 2 has been lifted.[citation needed]

United Kingdom[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in the United Kingdom

Games in the UK usually only receive a ban when they contain real sex scenes and/or gratuitous violence. BBFC age ratings are compulsory and backed by legislation, taking effect 30 July 2012.[161] It is illegal to sell, buy or rent, but not import, a game that has not been classified by an approved age rating organisation in the UK. This only applies to games stored on physical media, not downloadable media.[162]

Name Reason
CarmageddonWas threatened with being refused certification in its uncut form, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Was subsequently altered to replace pedestrians with zombies.[163] The restriction was later lifted, and a patch was released to restore the original human content.[citation needed]
Manhunt 2The uncut version was the only game to be refused classification by the BBFC (therefore banned), due to excessive graphic violence and cruelty.[164] After this, a modified version was made and submitted for certification – this was initially refused classification as well, but was allowed to be sold after an appeal (despite a successful challenge to this ruling).
Omega Labyrinth ZBanned because of interactive sexual activity involving a person who is, or appears to be, a minor.[citation needed]
The PunisherThe version of the game that had been edited for the American market was further censored for the British release.[citation needed] The interrogation scenes were deemed graphically controversial and edits were made at the request of the BBFC to further mask these scenes.[165] The edited version received an 18 certificate.
Sex Vixens from SpaceNot submitted to the BBFC, but in 1989 official shipments of copies were seized by British Customs and destroyed in order to "protect the youth of today".[166][167][168]

United States[edit]

Main article: Video gaming in the United States

In the United States, the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB)—a self-regulatory organization, issues ratings for video games and enforces voluntary regulations on how they are marketed and sold.[169] The Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association—which challenged a California law restricting the sale of "violent video games" (defined using a variation of the Miller test separate from ratings assigned by bodies such as the ESRB) to minors, insisting that video games were considered a protected form of expression under the First Amendment, meaning that federal or state law cannot be used to regulate their distribution based on content.[170][171]

However, games can still be recalled as the result of court orders; a nude model featured in The Guy Game sued its developer and publisher over use of her likeness, as she was underage at the time of filming and thus could not personally consent to her depiction. All remaining copies of the game that contained her likeness were recalled from stores.[172][173] In 2012, a court found that Silicon Knights had plagiarized Epic Games' proprietary Unreal engine, and had used it in Too Human and X-Men: Destiny, along with other unreleased projects. The studio was ordered to recall and destroy all remaining copies, materials, and source code relating to the games.[174][175]

The ESRB's highest rating, "Adults Only", has been considered a total ban on the mainstream sale of certain games, as most retailers refuse to stock games carrying the rating, and they cannot be published on major video game consoles due to company policies.[176][177][178][179] The release of Thrill Kill, an AO-rated fighting game with extreme violence and strong sexual themes, was outright cancelled by Electronic Arts (who had acquired its developer) due to objections over its content.[180] Following the discovery of an incomplete sex minigame that was not included in the final game but was still present in the game's code and could be accessed using a modification or cheating device, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas was re-rated Adults Only and recalled by Rockstar Games, in favor of a new revision of the game that omitted the offending content entirely and carried the original Mature rating.[181][182][183]

Ukraine[edit]

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Unintended Consequences: Fifteen Years under the DMCA

March 2013

This is an old and outdated copy of Unintended Consequences.

Please visit the archive for the most recent version.

This document collects reported cases where the anti-circumvention provisions of the DMCA have been invoked not against “pirates,” but against consumers, scientists, and legitimate competitors. It is updated from time to time as additional cases come to light. The latest version can always be obtained at www.eff.org.

1.   Executive Summary

The “anti-circumvention” provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), codified in section 1201 of the Copyright Act, have not been used as Congress envisioned. The law was ostensibly intended to stop copyright infringers from defeating anti-piracy protections added to copyrighted works.[1]

In practice, the anti-circumvention provisions have been used to stifle a wide array of legitimate activities. As a result, the DMCA has become a serious threat to several important public policy priorities:

The DMCA Chills Free Expression and Scientific Research.

Experience with section 1201 demonstrates that it is being used to stifle free speech and scientific research. The lawsuit against 2600 magazine, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, threats against Princeton Professor Edward Felten’s team of researchers, and prosecution of Russian programmer Dmitry Sklyarov have chilled the legitimate activities of journalists, publishers, scientists, students, programmers, and members of the public.

The DMCA Jeopardizes Fair Use.

By banning all acts of circumvention, and all technologies and tools that can be used for circumvention, the DMCA grants to copyright owners the power to unilaterally eliminate the public’s fair use rights. Already, the movie industry’s use of encryption on DVDs has curtailed consumers’ ability to make legitimate, personal-use copies of movies they have purchased.

The DMCA Impedes Competition and Innovation.

Rather than focusing on pirates, some have wielded the DMCA to hinder legitimate competitors. For example, the DMCA has been used to block aftermarket competition in laser printer toner cartridges, garage door openers, videogame console accessories, and computer maintenance services. Similarly, Apple has used the DMCA to tie its iPhone and iPod devices to Apple’s own software and services.

The DMCA Interferes with Computer Intrusion Laws.

Further, the DMCA has been misused as a general-purpose prohibition on computer network access, a task for which it was not designed and to which it is ill-suited. For example, a disgruntled employer used the DMCA against a former contractor for simply connecting to the company’s computer system through a virtual private network (“VPN”).

2.   DMCA Legislative Background

Congress enacted the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions in response to two pressures. First, Congress was responding to the perceived need to implement obligations imposed on the U.S. by the 1996 World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Copyright Treaty. Second (as reflected in the details of section 1201, which go well beyond anything the WIPO treaty required),[2] Congress was also responding to the concerns of copyright owners that their works would be widely pirated in the networked digital world.[3]

Section 1201 contains two distinct prohibitions: a ban on acts of circumvention, and a ban on the distribution of tools and technologies used for circumvention.

The “act” prohibition, set out in section 1201(a)(1), prohibits the act of circumventing a technological measure used by copyright owners to control access to their works (“access controls”). So, for example, this provision makes it unlawful to defeat the encryption system used on DVD movies. This ban on acts of circumvention applies even where the purpose for decrypting the movie would otherwise be legitimate. As a result, the motion picture industry maintains that it is unlawful to make a digital copy of a DVD or Blu Ray disc you own for playback on your iPad or smartphone.

The “tools” prohibitions, set out in sections 1201(a)(2) and 1201(b), outlaw the manufacturing, sale, distribution, or trafficking of tools and technologies that make circumvention possible. These provisions ban both technologies that defeat access controls, and also technologies that defeat use restrictions imposed by copyright owners, such as copy controls. These provisions prohibit the distribution of software that was designed to defeat CD copy-protection technologies, for example.

Section 1201 includes a number of exceptions for certain limited classes of activities, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, including security testing, reverse engineering of software, encryption research, and law enforcement. These exceptions have been criticized as being too narrow to be of use to the constituencies they were intended to assist.[4]

A violation of any of the “act” or “tools” prohibitions is subject to significant civil and, in some circumstances, criminal penalties.

3.   Chilling Free Expression and Scientific Research

Section 1201 Arquivos Brasil Game Show been used by a number of copyright owners to stifle free speech and legitimate scientific research.

The lawsuit against 2600 magazine, threats against Professor Edward Felten’s team of researchers, and the prosecution of the Russian programmer Dmitry Sklyarov are among the most widely known examples of the DMCA being used to chill speech and research. Bowing to DMCA liability fears, online service providers and bulletin board operators have censored discussions of copy-protection systems, programmers have removed computer security programs from their websites, and students, scientists and security experts have stopped publishing details of their research.

These developments weaken security for all computer users (including, ironically, for copyright owners counting on technical measures to protect their works), as security researchers shy away from performing and/or sharing research that might run afoul of section 1201.

Activision Shuts Down Videogame Tinkerer

In 2011, publisher Activision released a videogame entitled “Skylanders: Spyro’s Adventure.” The main selling point of the game was that it shipped with a USB peripheral called the “Portal of Power,” which allowed users to scan RFID tags found in real-life toys (also sold by Activision) in order to unlock characters and other objects within the game. Hacker Brandon Wilson was interested in the technology used by the scanner, so he reverse-engineered the device to decrypt its protocols.[5] As soon as he posted his preliminary research online, he received a cease-and-desist letter from Activision.[6]

 Activision asserted that Wilson’s research might allow users to emulate the “Portal of Power” technology and use it to unlock game content without purchasing the physical Skylanders toys.[7] Brandon responded that he had never published any actual tools for circumventing the “Portal of Power” access controls, nor did he intend to make such tools available.[8] Nonetheless, Activision’s threat worked: Brandon removed all his research from his blog and ceased all further work on the project.[9]

Sony Threatens Norwegian Website Gitorious

Based in Norway, Gitorious is a platform for open-source programmers to collaborate on new projects.[10] Some projects initiated by Gitorious users involved hacking Sony’s PlayStation 3 videogame console for noncommercial, open-source works. As such, some of the projects required the use of the PlayStation 3’s root keys. Sony of America sent a letter to Gitorious invoking the DMCA and demanding that Gitorious remove these user’s projects from its site.[11] Sony also demanded the identities and private data of the users organizing the projects.[12]

Citing a lack of resources and incentive to fight against Sony, Gitorious complied with the demand, not only removing the targeted projects but also returning an error message for any internal search requests for “playstation,” “sony” or “ps3.”[13]

The Gitorious story demonstrates how Section 1201 can be used by domestic companies as a club to bully international websites.

Texas Instruments Targets Calculator Hobbyists

In 2009, Texas Instruments (TI) threatened three bloggers with legal action after they posted commentary about a hobbyist’s success in reverse engineering the TI-83 Plus graphing calculator.[14] TI’s graphing calculators contain technical measures that prevent users from installing alternative operating systems, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. When a hobbyist reverse engineered this system in order to help others run their own “home brew” operating systems, he wrote about it online. Three bloggers (Brandon Wilson, Tom Cross and Duncan Smith) subsequently posted their own commentary on the results. TI sent the bloggers letters threatening legal action under the DMCA. This despite the fact that there was no hint of “piracy” in the blogger’s activities; in fact, TI made the TI-83 Plus software freely avail­able in unencrypted format both online and in the calculators themselves.

Although the bloggers initially complied with TI’s demands and removed the content, they subsequently reposted it after EFF responded to TI on their behalf.[15]

Apple Threatens BluWiki

In 2009, Apple threatened the free wiki hosting site BluWiki for hosting a discussion by hobbyists about reverse engineering iPods to interoperate with software other than Apple’s own iTunes. Without a work-around, iPod and iPhone owners would be unable to use third-party software, such as Winamp or Songbird, to “sync” their media collections between computer and iPod or iPhone.[16]

The material on the public wiki was merely a discussion of the reverse engineering effort, along with some snippets of relevant code drawn from Apple software. There were no “circumvention tools,” nor any indication that the hobbyists had succeeded in their interoperability efforts. Nevertheless, Apple’s lawyers sent OdioWorks, the company behind BluWiki, a cease and desist letter threatening legal action under the DMCA.

Bluwiki ultimately sued Apple to defend the free speech interests of its users.[17]  In response, Apple dropped its threat, and BluWiki reinstated the deleted pages.[18]

DMCA Delays Disclosure of Sony-BMG “Rootkit” Vulnerability

Professor J. Alex Halderman, then a graduate student at Princeton University, discovered the existence of several security vulnerabilities in the CD copy-protection software on dozens of Sony-BMG titles. He delayed publishing his discovery for several weeks while consulting with lawyers in order to avoid DMCA pitfalls. This left millions of music fans at risk longer than necessary.[19] The security flaws inherent in Sony-BMG’s “rootkit” copy-protection software were subsequently publicized by Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen researcher who was apparently unaware of the legal risks created by the DMCA.

Security researchers had sought a DMCA exemption in 2003 in order to facilitate research on dangerous DRM systems like the Sony-BMG rootkit, but the Librarian of Congress denied their request.[20] In 2006, the Librarian granted an exemption to the DMCA for researchers examining copy protection software on compact discs.[21] However, this exemption, did not protect researchers studying other DRM systems.

In 2009, Prof. Halderman was again forced to seek a DMCA exemption in order to continue his computer security research relating to DRM systems, including the protection mechanisms used on the Electronic Arts videogame, Spore, which has been the subject of class action lawsuits alleging security vulnerabilities.[22] A narrow version of this exemption was granted in 2010.[23] However, the exemption was not renewed in 2012, leaving this research vulnerable to legal action.[24]

SunnComm Threatens Researcher

In October 2003, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, then Princeton graduate student J. Alex Halderman was threatened with a DMCA lawsuit after publishing a report documenting weaknesses in a CD copy-protection technology developed by SunnComm. Halderman revealed that merely holding down the shift key on a Windows PC would render SunnComm’s copy protection technology ineffective. Furious company executives then threatened legal action.

The company quickly retreated from its threats in the face of public outcry and negative press attention. Although Halderman was spared, the controversy again reminded security researchers of their vulnerability to DMCA threats for simply publishing the results of their research.[25]

Cyber-Security Czar Notes Chill on Research

Speaking at MIT in October 2002, White House Cyber Security Chief Richard Clarke called for DMCA reform, noting his concern that the DMCA had been used to chill legitimate computer security research. The Boston Globe quoted Clarke as saying, “I think a lot of people didn’t realize that it would have this potential chilling effect on vulnerability research.”[26]

Professor Felten’s Research Team Threatened

In September 2000, a multi-industry group known as the Secure Digital Music Initiative (SDMI) issued a public challenge encouraging skilled technologists to try to defeat certain watermarking technologies intended to protect digital music. Princeton computer science professor Edward Felten and a team of researchers at Princeton, Rice, and Xerox took up the challenge and succeeded in removing the watermarks.

When the team tried to present their results at an academic conference, however, SDMI representatives threatened the researchers with liability under the DMCA. The threat letter was also delivered to the researchers’ employers and the conference organizers. After extensive discussions with counsel, the researchers grudgingly withdrew their paper from the conference. The threat was ultimately withdrawn and a portion of the research was published at a subsequent conference, but only after the researchers filed a lawsuit.

After enduring this experience, at least one of the researchers involved has decided to forgo further research efforts in this field.[27]

Hewlett Packard Threatens SNOsoft

Hewlett-Packard resorted to DMCA threats when researchers published a security flaw in HP’s Tru64 UNIX operating system. The researchers, a loosely-organized collective known as Secure Network Operations (“SNOsoft”), received the DMCA threat after releasing software in July 2002 that demonstrated vulnerabilities that HP had been aware of for some time, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, but had not bothered to fix.

After widespread press attention, HP ultimately withdrew the DMCA threat. A company statement from HP later said its letter to SnoSoft “was not consistent or indicative of HP’s policy. We can say emphatically that HP will not use the DMCA to stifle research or impede the flow of information that would benefit our customers and improve their system security.” Security researchers got the real message, however—publish vulnerability research at your own risk.[28]

Blackboard Threatens Security Researchers

In April 2003, educational software company Blackboard Inc. used a DMCA threat to stop the presentation of research on security vulnerabilities in its products at the InterzOne II conference in Atlanta. Students Billy Hoffman and Virgil Griffith were scheduled to present their research on security flaws in the Blackboard ID card system used by university campus security systems but were blocked shortly before the talk by a cease-and-desist letter invoking the DMCA.

Blackboard obtained a temporary restraining order against the students and the conference organizers at a secret “ex parte” hearing the day before the conference began, giving the students and conference organizer no opportunity to appear in court or challenge the order before the scheduled presentation. Despite the rhetoric in its initial cease and desist letter, Blackboard’s lawsuit did not mention the DMCA. The invocation in the original cease-and-desist letter, however, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen Avast Cleanup Premium Key 20.1 Crack Version Download | Latest way the statute has been used to chill security research.[29]

Xbox Hack Book Dropped by Publisher

In 2003, U.S. publisher John Wiley & Sons dropped plans to publish a book by security researcher Andrew “bunnie” Huang, citing DMCA liability concerns. Wiley had commissioned Huang to write a book that described the security flaws in the Microsoft Xbox game console, flaws Huang had discov­ered as part of Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen doctoral research at M.I.T.

Following Microsoft’s legal action against a vendor of Xbox “mod chips” in early 2003, and the music industry’s 2001 DMCA threats against Professor Felten’s research team, Wiley dropped the book for fear that the book might be treated as a “circumvention device” under the DMCA. Huang’s initial attempt to self-publish was thwarted after his online shopping cart provider also withdrew, citing DMCA concerns.

After several months of negotiations, Huang eventually self-published the book in mid-2003. After extensive legal consultations, Huang was then able to get the book published in both print and e-book form by No Starch Press.[30]

Censorware Research Obstructed

Seth Finkelstein conducts research on “censorware” software (i.e., programs that block websites that contain objectionable material), documenting flaws in such software. Finkelstein’s research, for example, revealed that censorware vendor N2H2 blocked a variety of legitimate websites, evidence that assisted the ACLU in challenging a law requiring the use web filtering software by federally-funded public libraries.[31]

N2H2 claimed that the DMCA should block researchers like Finkelstein from examining its software. Finkelstein was ultimately forced to seek a DMCA exemption from the Librarian of Congress, who granted the exemption in both the 2000 and 2003 triennial rulemakings. The exemption, however, was not renewed in 2006, 2009, or 2012 leaving future researchers without protection from DMCA threats.[32]

Benjamin Edelman has also conducted extensive research into flaws in various censorware products. Edelman’s research led to evidence used by the ACLU in its constitutional challenge to the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA), which mandates the use of censorware by public libraries.

In the course of his work for the ACLU, Edelman discovered that the DMCA might interfere with his efforts to learn what websites are blocked by censorware products. Because he sought to create and distribute software tools to enable others to analyze the list if it changed, Edelman could not rely on the limited DMCA regulatory exception in place at the time. Unwilling to risk civil and criminal penalties under Section 1201, Edelman was forced to sue to seek clarification of his legal rights. Unfortunately, the court found that Edelman would have to undertake the research and hazard legal reprisals in order to have standing to challenge the DMCA. The case was therefore dismissed without addressing the DMCA’s chill on research.[33]

Dmitry Sklyarov Arrested

In July 2001, Russian programmer Dmitry Sklyarov was jailed for several weeks and detained for five months in the United States after speaking at the DEFCON conference in Las Vegas.

Prosecutors, prompted by software goliath Adobe Systems Inc., alleged that Sklyarov had worked on a software program known as the Advanced e-Book Processor, which was distributed over the Internet by his Russian employer, ElcomSoft. The software allowed owners of Adobe electronic books (“e-books”) to convert them from Adobe’s e-Book format into PDF files, thereby removing restrictions embedded into the files by e-book publishers.

Sklyarov was never accused of infringing any copyright, nor of assisting anyone else to infringe copyrights. His alleged crime was working on a software tool with many legitimate uses, simply because other people might use the tool to copy an e-book without the publisher’s permission.

Federal prosecutors ultimately permitted Sklyarov to return home, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, but brought criminal charges against ElcomSoft. In December 2002, a jury acquitted Elcomsoft of all charges, completing an 18-month ordeal for the wrongly-accused Russian software company.[34]

Researchers Withhold Work on HDCP

Following the Felten and Sklyarov incidents, a number of prominent computer security experts curtailed their legitimate research activities for fear of potential DMCA liability.

For example, when Dutch cryptographer and security systems analyst Niels Ferguson discovered a major security flaw in Intel’s HDCP video encryption system, he declined to publish his results on his website on the grounds that he travels frequently to the U.S. and is fearful of “prosecution and/or liability under the U.S. DMCA law.”[35]

David Wagner, a professor of computer science at the University of California, Berkeley, also found flaws in the HDCP system, but did not publish his findings until several months after the initial discovery.[36] In light of the legal “overhead” associated with his research, Wagner ceased research on copyright protection systems.[37]

Eventually, the HDCP system was cracked, and the master key to the system was posted anonymously to the website pastebin.com, among others.[38] Still, the fear experienced by these researchers was likely justified: in the wake of the crack being posted Intel sent out an angry message threatening anyone, including consumers, who used it.[39] This sort of broad threat against consumers is possible because the DMCA’s provisions apply to all consumers.  

Intel, along with Warner Brothers, followed through on these threats, filing suit against Ohio based Freedom USA, which manufactures devices that decrypt HDCP. Among other legitimate uses, the devices manufactured by Freedom USA allow users with older electronics to connect them to new, HDMI only devices.[40]

Scientists and Programmers Withhold Security Research

Following the arrest of Dmitry Sklyarov, Fred Cohen, a professor of digital forensics and respected security consultant, removed his “ForensiX” evidence-gathering software from his website, citing fear of potential DMCA liability. Another respected network security protection expert, Dug Song, also removed information from his website for the same reason. Mr. Song is the author of several security papers, including a paper describing a common vulnerability in many firewalls.[41]

In mid-2001 an anonymous programmer discovered a vulnerability in Microsoft’s proprietary e-book DRM system, but refused to publish the results, citing DMCA liability concerns.[42]

Foreign Scientists Avoid U.S.

Foreign scientists have expressed concerns about traveling to the U.S. following the arrest of Russian programmer Dmitry Sklyarov. Some foreign scientists have advocated boycotting conferences held in the United States, and some conference organizers have decided to hold events in non-U.S. locations. In 2001, Russia went so far as to issue a travel advisory to Russian programmers traveling to the United States.[43]

Highly respected British Linux programmer Alan Cox resigned from the USENIX committee of the Advanced Computing Systems Association, the committee that organizes many of the U.S. computing conferences, because of concerns about traveling to the United States. He also urged USENIX to move its annual conference offshore.[44]

The International Information Hiding Workshop Conference, the conference at which Professor Felten’s team intended to present its original SDMI watermarking paper, held its 2009 conference outside of the U.S. following the DMCA threat to Professor Felten and his team. It was not until May 2012 that the conference returned to the United States.[45]

IEEE Wrestles with DMCA

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), which publishes 30 per cent of all computer science journals worldwide, has also grappled with the uncertainties created by the DMCA. Apparently concerned about possible DMCA liability, the IEEE in November 2001 instituted a policy requiring all authors to indemnify IEEE for any liabilities incurred should a submission result in legal action.[46]

After an outcry from IEEE members, the organization ultimately revised its submission policies, removing mention of the DMCA. According to Bill Hagen, manager of IEEE Intellectual Property Rights, “The Digital Millennium Copyright Act has become a very sensitive subject among our authors. It’s intended to protect digital content, but its application in some specific cases appears to have alien­ated large segments of the research community.”[47]

2600 Magazine Censored

The Universal City Studios v. Reimerdes case illustrates the chilling effect that section 1201 has had on the freedom of the press.

In that case, eight major motion picture companies brought DMCA claims against 2600 Magazine seeking to block it from publishing DeCSS, a software program that defeats the CSS encryption used on DVD movies. 2600 had made the program available on its web site in the course of its ongoing coverage of the controversy surrounding the DMCA. The magazine was not involved in the development of software, nor was it accused of having used the software for any copyright infringement.

Notwithstanding the First Amendment’s guarantee of a free press, the district court permanently barred 2600 from publishing, or even linking to, the DeCSS software code. In November 2001, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the lower court decision.[48]

In essence, the movie studios effectively obtained a “stop the presses” order banning the publication of truthful information by a news publication concerning a matter of public concern- an unprecedented curtailment of well-established First Amendment principles.[49]

CNET Reporter Feels Chill

CNET News reporter Declan McCullagh confronted the chilling effect of the DMCA firsthand. While researching a story in 2002, he found four documents on the public website of the U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA). The website disclosed that the documents contained information about airport security procedures, the relationship between federal and local police, and a “liability information sheet.” A note on the site stated that this “information is restricted to airport management and local law enforcement.” The documents were distributed in encrypted form and a password was required to open and read them.

McCullagh obtained the passwords from an anonymous source, but did not open the documents, citing concerns that using a password without authorization might violate the DMCA.

“Journalists traditionally haven’t worried about copyright law all that much,” said McCullagh, “But nowadays intellectual property rights have gone too far, and arguably interfere with the newsgathering process.”[50]

Microsoft Threatens Slashdot

In spring 2000, Microsoft invoked the DMCA against the Internet publication forum Slashdot, demanding that forum moderators delete materials relating to Microsoft’s proprietary implementation of an open security standard known as Kerberos.

In the Slashdot forum, several individuals alleged that Microsoft had changed the open, non-proprietary Kerberos specification in order to prevent non-Microsoft servers from interacting with Windows 2000. Many speculated that this move was intended to force users to purchase Microsoft server software. Although Microsoft responded to this criticism by publishing its Kerberos specification, it conditioned access to the specification on agreement to a “click-wrap” license agreement that expressly forbade disclosure of the specification without Microsoft’s prior consent.

Slashdot posters responded by republishing the Microsoft specification in the comments section of the site. Microsoft then invoked the DMCA, demanding that Slashdot remove the republished specifications.

In the words of Georgetown law professor Julie Cohen, “If Microsoft’s interpretation of the DMCA’s ban on circumvention technologies is right, then it doesn’t seem to matter much whether posting unauthorized copies of the Microsoft Kerberos specification would be a fair use. A publisher can prohibit fair-use commentary simply by implementing access and disclosure restrictions that bind the entire public. Anyone who discloses the information, or even tells others how to get it, is a felon.” Slashdot refused to comply with Microsoft’s demand, and the users’ comments remain on the site.[51]

GameSpy Menaces Security Researcher with DMCA

Luigi Auriemma, an independent Italian security researcher, attracted the attention of GameSpy’s lawyers after publishing details on his website regarding security vulnerabilities in GameSpy’s online services, including a voice chat program, Roger Wilco, and an online game finder, GameSpy 3D. Before publishing the information, Auriemma had informed GameSpy and public security mailing lists of the weaknesses. GameSpy, however, had failed to address the vulnerabilities.

In November 2003, GameSpy’s lawyers sent a cease and desist letter to Auriemma, threatening civil and criminal penalties under the DMCA. According to GameSpy, Auriemma was publishing key generators and other piracy tools, rather than simply vulnerability research.

Whatever the merits of GameSpy’s claims, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, the invocation of the DMCA was likely improper in light of the fact that Auriemma resides in Italy and thus is beyond the reach of the DMCA. Nonetheless, the research has since been taken down.[52]

AVSforum.com Censors TiVo Discussion

The Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen of DMCA litigation has chilled speech on smaller web bulletin boards, as well. In June 2001, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, for example, the administrator of AVSforum.com, a popular forum where TiVo digital video recorder owners discuss TiVo features, censored all discussion about a software program that allegedly permitted TiVo users to move video from their TiVos to their personal computers. In the words of the forum administrator, “My fear with this is more or less I have no clue what is a protected system on the TiVo box under copyright (or what-have-you) and what is not. Thus my fear for the site.”[53]

Mac Forum Censors iTunes Music Store Discussion

Macintosh enthusiast website Mac OSX Hints censored publication of information about methods for evading the copy protection on songs purchased from the Apple iTunes Music Store in May 2003, citing DMCA liability concerns. Songs purchased from the Apple iTunes Music Store at that time were wrapped in Apple’s “FairPlay” digital copy protection technology (Apple has since eliminated DRM for digital music downloads and music videos, but has retained it for TV show and movie downloads). As the webmaster for the site noted, even though information on bypassing the copy protection was readily available on the Internet at the time, republishing user hints on work-arounds risked attracting a DMCA lawsuit and harsh penal­ties.[54]

4.   Fair Use Under Siege

“Fair use” is a crucial element in American copyright law—the principle that the public is entitled, without having to ask permission, to use copyrighted works in ways that do not unduly interfere with the copyright owner’s market for a work. Fair uses include personal, noncommercial uses. Fair use also includes activities undertaken for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship or research.

Today, many forms of digital content—including e-books and video—are “copy-protected” and otherwise restricted by technological means. Whether scholars, researchers, commentators and the public will continue to be able to make legitimate fair uses of these works will depend upon the availability of tools to bypass these digital locks.

The DMCA, however, prohibits the creation or distribution of these tools, even if they are needed to enable fair uses. As a result, fair uses have been whittled away by digital locks allegedly intended to “prevent piracy.” Perhaps more importantly, future fair uses may not be developed for restricted media, because courts will never have the opportunity to rule on them. Fair users will be found liable for “picking the lock” and thereby violating the DMCA, whatever the merits of their fair use defense.

Copyright owners argue that these tools, in the hands of copyright infringers, can result in “Internet piracy.” But banning the tools that enable fair use punishes the innocent as much or more than the guilty.

The DMCA provides for exemptions to the rules, but the process for obtaining those exemptions is expensive, technical and often fruitless, particularly for consumer fair uses.[55]

Copy-protected CDs & DRM in Online Music

“Copy-protected” CDs and digital rights management (DRM) for online music illustrate the collision between fair use and the DMCA in the music world. Although major labels abandoned CD copy-protection after the Sony-BMG “rootkit” scandal in late-2005, more than 15 million copy-protected CDs were distributed.

Such CD copy-protection technologies interfered with the fair use expectations of music fans by inhibiting the transfer of music from CD to iPods or other MP3 players—despite the fact that making an MP3 copy of a CD for personal use qualifies as a fair use. Other fair uses impaired by copy-protection technologies include making “mix CDs” or making copies of a CD for the office or car. Unfortunately, companies that distribute tools to “repair” these dysfunctional CDs, restoring to consumers their fair use privileges, run the risk of lawsuits under the DMCA’s ban on circumvention tools and technologies.[56]

Until 2007, authorized digital music download services also utilized DRM systems that frustrated fair use expectations, and technical restrictions remain common for subscription services.[57] And even after music download retailers like iTunes and Amazon.com gave up DRM, consumers who had purchased DRM-restricted files in the past continued to have difficulties as vendors like Walmart shut down the “authentication servers” without which DRM-restricted files could not be transferred to new computers.[58] In other words, rather than prevent piracy, these DRM restrictions have hurt legitimate customers long after they purchased the songs.

Fair Use Tools Banned: DVD/Blu-Ray Copying Tools

There are many legitimate reasons to copy DVDs. Once the video is copied to a computer, for example, lots of fair uses become possible—video creators can remix movie clips into original YouTube videos, frequent travelers can load the movie into their laptops, and DVD owners can skip the otherwise “unskippable” commercials that preface certain films.

DMCA lawsuits targeting makers of DVD copying tools have hampered these and other fair uses. In the Universal v. Reimerdes case, discussed above, the court held that the DMCA bans DeCSS, the first of many widely available free tools for decrypting and copying DVDs. In another case, federal courts ordered 321 Studios’ DVD X Copy product taken off the shelves for violating the DMCA. Major movie studios also used the DMCA to sue Tritton Technologies, the manufacturer of Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen CopyWare, and three website distributors of similar software.[59]

In October 2008, RealNetworks was forced to stop sales of its RealDVD software, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, designed to allow users to copy a DVD and store it on their hard drive. This format-shifting by RealDVD would have enabled DVD owners to create backups, organize a movie collection digitally, and watch a DVD at any time without being tied to a physical disc. Nor did RealDVD represent a “piracy” threat: RealDVD preserved the DVD’s CSS copy-protection system and added numerous additional security measures. RealNetworks also took a license from the DVD Copy Control Association to perform the necessary DVD decryption. Nevertheless, a federal court ruled in August 2009 that, even if the uses enabled by RealDVD were lawful fair uses, the DMCA forbids the distribution of tools like RealDVD.[60]

In light of these rulings, movie fans, film scholars, movie critics, educators, librarians, filmmakers, video remixers, and public interest groups have been forced to ask the Librarian of Congress repeatedly for DMCA exemptions to allow the Lingo Mail v1.0.18 crack serial keygen of DVDs in order to enable noninfringing uses. For example, exemptions have been sought to allow movie critics to post movie clips, DVD owners to skip “unskippable” previews and commercials, and legitimate purchasers to bypass “region coding” restrictions on their DVD players. Every DVD-related request was denied in both the 2000 and 2003 triennial rulemakings.[61] In 2006, a narrow DMCA exemption was granted to allow film professors to create compilations of motion pictures for educational use in the classroom.[62]

In 2009, educators renewed their request for an exemption that would allow film professors, media studies educators, and students to use short clips taken from DVDs for educational purposes.[63] EFF and the Organization for Transformative Works also applied for an exemption to allow remixers to extract clips from DVDs to create noncommercial remix videos.[64] While the motion picture industry endorsed a renewal of the narrow exemption for film professors, it opposed any expansion to permit other noninfringing uses of DVDs, going so far as to suggest that noninfringing users should camcord DVD clips from flat screen televisions.[65] In a major victory for remixers, educators, and other innovators, the Librarian of Congress finally approved the EFF’s request in 2010, and these exemptions were renewed and expanded in 2012.[66]

Even if other exemptions are granted in the future, it is worth noting that the Copyright Office is powerless to grant an exemption to the DMCA’s “tools” ban. As a result, even if fair users succeed in obtaining a DMCA exemption, technology companies will remain reluctant to supply them with the necessary circumvention tools.

Advanced e-Book Processor and e-Books

The future of fair use for books was at issue in the criminal prosecution of Dmitry Sklyarov and Elcomsoft. As discussed above, Elcomsoft produced and distributed a tool called the Advanced e-Book Processor, which translates e-books from Adobe’s e-book format to PDF. This translation process removed various restrictions (against copying, printing, text-to-speech processing, etc.) that publishers can impose on e-books.[67]

The Advanced e-Book Processor allowed those who have legitimately purchased e-books to make fair uses of their e-books, uses otherwise made impossible by the restrictions of the Adobe e-book format. For instance, the program allowed people to engage in the following fair uses:

• read the e-book on a laptop or computer other than the one on which it was first downloaded;

• continue to access the e-book in the future, if the particular technological device for which it was purchased becomes obsolete;

• print an e-book on paper;

• read an e-book on an alternative operating system such as GNU/Linux (Adobe’s format works only on Macs and Windows PCs);

• have a computer read an e-book out loud using text-to-speech software, which is particularly important for visually-impaired individuals.

As described above, Sklyarov was arrested for his work. His alleged crime was his work on a software tool with many legitimate uses, simply because other people mightuse the tool to copy an e-book without the publisher’s permission.

Federal prosecutors ultimately permitted Sklyarov to return home, but brought criminal charges against ElcomSoft. In December 2002, a jury acquitted Elcomsoft of all charges, completing an 18-month ordeal for the wrongly-accused Russian software company.[[68]]

Time-shifting and Streaming Media

As more people receive audio and video content from “streaming” Internet media sources, they will want tools to preserve their settled fair use expectations, including the ability to “time-shift” programming for later listening or viewing. As a result of the DMCA, however, the digital equivalents of VCRs and cassette decks for streaming media may never thrive.

Start-up software company Streambox developed exactly such a product, known simply as the Streambox VCR, designed to time-shift streaming media. When RealNetworks discovered that the Streambox VCR could time-shift streaming RealAudio webcasts, it invoked the DMCA and obtained an injunction against the Streambox VCR product (years later, this ruling would come to haunt RealNetworks when it found itself the target of a DMCA lawsuit over its own RealDVD software, as described above).[69]

The DMCA has also been invoked to threaten the developer of an open source, noncommercial software application known as Streamripper that records MP3 audio streams for later listening.[70] As of January 2013, Streamripper remains available for download.[71]

Agfa Monotype and Fonts

In January 2002, typeface vendor Agfa Monotype Corporation threatened a college student with DMCA liability for creating “embed,” a free, open source, noncommercial software program designed to manipulate TrueType fonts.

According to the student: “I wrote embed in 1997, after discovering that all of my fonts disallowed embedding in documents. Since my fonts are free, this was silly—but I didn’t want to take the time to. . change the flag, and then reset all of the extended font properties with a separate program. What a bore! Instead, I wrote this program to convert all of my fonts at once. The program is very simple; it just requires setting a few bits to zero. Indeed, I noticed that other fonts that were licensed for unlimit­ed distribution also disallowed embedding…. So, I put this program on the web in hopes that it would help other font developers as well.”

According to Agfa, the fact that embed can be used to allow distribution of protected fonts made it contraband under section 1201, notwithstanding the fact that the tool had many legitimate uses in the hands of hobbyist font developers.[72] As of January 2013, the “embed” program remains available for download on the creator’s website.[73]Agfa Monotype brought similar DMCA challenges against Adobe Systems for its Acrobat 5.0’s FreeText Tool and Forms Tool, which allowed so-called “editable embedding.” Agfa claimed that with Acrobat 5.0, the recipient of an electronic document could make use of embedded fonts to change the contents of a form field or free text annotation, thus “circumventing” the embedding bits of some of Agfa’s TrueType Fonts.

Fortunately, in 2005, a federal court found that Adobe had not violated either section 1201(a) or section 1201(b) of the DMCA. The court noted that embedding bits do not effectively control access to a protected work and, moreover, that Acrobat 5.0 was not designed primarily to circumvent TrueType fonts.[74]

Load-’N-Go Space-shifting

In November 2006, movie studios used the DMCA against Load-’N-Go, a small company that loaded DVDs purchased by a customer onto the customer’s iPod. Load-’N-Go would take DVDs purchased by the customer, load them onto her iPod, and then return both the iPod and the original DVDs.

The movie studios claimed this service violated the DMCA because creating a duplicate copy of the movie—even for personal, fair uses—circumvents the DVD’s CSS encryption. Under this theory, any individual attempting to space-shift movies from DVD to iPod or to any other digital media player is violating the DMCA. Conveniently for movie studios, this legal posture enables them to sell consumers the same movies multiple times, for multiple devices.

After some back-and-forth in the courts, the case settled in February 2007. However, the Load-‘N-Go service has since become defunct, and the company’s website no longer exists.[75]

5.   A threat to innovation and competition

The DMCA has frequently been used to deter legitimate innovation and competition, rather than to stop piracy.

For example, the DMCA has been used to block aftermarket competition in laser printer toner cartridges, garage door openers, videogame console accessories, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, and computer maintenance services. Until EFF obtained an exemption for jailbreaking, Apple relied on the DMCA to lock iPhone owners into purchasing software exclusively from Apple’s own App Store. Videogame hobbyists have been sued for trying to improve or extend the capabilities of their favorite game titles. Sony has threatened hobbyists for creating software that enables Sony’s Aibo robot dog to dance, and has sued to block software that allows gamers to play their PlayStation games on PCs.

In each of these cases, it was legitimate competitors and innovators who suffered, not pirates.[76]

Programmer George Hotz Sued By Sony

Prolific hacker George Hotz, a.k.a Geohot, is well-known for being the first to successfully jailbreak Apple’s iPhone. Today, he is perhaps just as famous for his work with Sony’s PlayStation 3 and the subsequent legal battle that ensued. In early 2010, Hotz announced that he had gained hypervisor access to the PlayStation 3, allowing him to read and write to the machine’s system memory.[77] In creating his hack, Hotz had used encryption research from the failOverflow team, which had previously revealed a security exploit in the system.[78] Hotz’s intention in creating this hack was simply to satisfy his own “curiosity” and to play his own homemade games on the PlayStation 3’s hardware.[79] However, Hotz’s hack also allowed users to play pirated games on the system. Sony did not take the news well.

Sony’s initial response to Hotz’s hack was to release a firmware update for all PlayStation 3 consoles. The update, which was mandatory for all users that wished to continue using PlayStation’s online services, removed the PlayStation 3’s “OtherOS” feature that Hotz had exploited for his hack. (Incidentally, Sony’s decision to remove the OtherOS feature led to a separate class action lawsuit initialed against Sony, which has since been dismissed.[80]) In response, Hotz released his own custom firmware, and published the root keys that would allow one to crack even the newest PlayStation 3 consoles. At that point, Sony filed suit against Hotz under both the DMCA and CFAA. The researchers at failOverflow were also targeted.

Sony’s legal strategy in the Hotz case has been described as “scorched-earth.”[81] Not only did Sony seek to impound all “tools of circumvention” (which Sony defined to include even Hotz’s research papers), but it also subpoenaed Hotz’s PayPal, YouTube, Twitter, and other accounts.[82]  Sony also demanded to know the identities of all Internet users who had accessed Geohot’s website or YouTube videos while the jailbreak was posted. EFF filed a letter as amicus opposing this extremely broad subpoena.[83]

Eventually, Sony dropped its case against Hotz and the failOverflow team, after Hotz promised not to hack any Sony products, discuss hacking Sony products, or link to any research related to hacking Sony products.[84] Although Hotz has essentially been silenced, his research (and the PlayStation 3 root keys) remain readily accessible on the Internet.

Craigslist Sues Competitors and Innovators

Using the DMCA, Craigslist has sued several cservices that attempted to offer better ways to post ads on Craigslist. In several cases, these suits have forced the competitor to shut down, depriving consumers of a potentially useful service.

In 2009, for example, Craigslist sued Ivan Gasov and Naturemarket, Inc., operators of the website www.powerpostings.com. Gasov and Naturemarket had developed software that permitted users to automatically post ads on Craigslist, and they also offered, for a fee, to post ads to Craigslist on behalf of users. The court enjoined Gasov and Naturemarket from using or selling their software and services.[85]

Craigslist has filed numerous similar lawsuits against other services that offer automatic or easier ways to post ads, resulting in the shuttering of these services.[86]

Apple Uses DMCA to Lock iPhone to App Store

Apple uses technical measures backed by the DMCA to Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen to lock iPhone owners into obtaining software (“apps”) exclusively from Apple’s own iTunes App Store, where every app must be approved by Apple and Apple retains 30% of revenues generated by app sales. Apple also uses the DMCA to prevent iPhone owners from switching to mobile phone carriers of their choice.

Despite Apple’s efforts, millions of iPhone owners, assisted by independent hobbyists, have “unlocked” or “jailbroken” their iPhones to use the carriers and apps of their choice. Apple, however, continues to argue that these activities violate the DMCA.[87] The negative consequences for competition and speech have been clear; witness, for example, Apple’s rejection of Google’s official Google Voice application,[88] and the rejection of apps from Nine Inch Nails[89] and South Park[90] based on “naughty language.”

IN 2006 the Librarian of Congress granted an exemption that allowed all users to jailbreak their phones for the purposes of switching carriers. In 2009, The Copyright Office broadened the exemption to legalize all jailbreaking for handsets. In 2012, the EFF sought to preserve the previous exemptions, and to extend the exemption to tablets and videogame consoles.[91] The Librarian decided to preserve the exception for smartphone, but declined to extend the exception further.[92]

Microsoft intimidates Kinect innovators, then backpedals

In 2010, Microsoft launched a new peripheral for its Xbox 360 videogame console. Dubbed the “Kinect,” the camera-like USB device was capable of advanced voice and facial recognition, and could capture movement and sound in three dimensions. Given the Kinect’s comparatively low price, innovators immediately expressed a desire to Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen Kinect’s technology for projects outside the realm of videogames. However, the device was not initially compatible with any device other than the Xbox 360.

Recognizing the true potential of the technology, Adafruit Industries created a contest, promising to pay a bounty of $1,000 to the first programmer who created an open-source driver for Kinect.[93] Such a driver would give programmers the ability to write their own programs utilizing the Kinect hardware. Microsoft did not approve of Adafruit’s contest, writing that “Microsoft does not condone the modification of its products,” and that it would “work closely with law enforcement and product safety groups to keep Kinect tamper-resistant.”[94]

Despite this veiled DMCA threat, a brave programmer successfully wrote the necessary driver and opened the Kinect for experimentation.[95] Since then, the Kinect has been used for a staggering variety of innovative, futuristic and artistic projects, arguably creating an entirely new technology market.[96] Meanwhile, Microsoft has “done a complete 180 when it comes to hack[ing],” as one website put it.[97] Microsoft announced that it would not pursue legal action against any Kinect hackers.[98] Furthermore, Microsoft claimed that the Kinect was actually designed to be open all along; Microsoft planned to release its own version of Kinect to be used with Windows.

DMCA Used First to Lock Cell Phones to Carriers; Then, to Hammer Phone Resellers

American cellular phone subscribers have long suffered with phones that are artificially “locked” to a particular carrier’s network. This creates a variety of burdens for consumers, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, including high roaming rates when traveling (by preventing the use of prepaid SIM chips from local carriers) and barriers to switching carriers. In addition, these restrictions make locked phones harder to recycle and reuse. “Locking” phones seems particularly unjustifiable in light of the “minimum term” and “early termination fee” clauses that guarantee carriers will recoup the costs of the phones they are so fond of “giving away” to lure subscribers.

Responding to consumer demand, phone “unlocking” services have become widespread. Unfortunately, carriers have responded by filing suit under the DMCA. Instead of being used against copyright infringers, the DMCA is being used to prop up the anticompetitive business models of cellular carriers.[99]

At the 2006, and 2009, triennial DMCA rulemaking, the Librarian of congress granted an exemption for cell phone unlocking. Despite this exemption, however, DMCA lawsuits persisted. Tracfone, the nation’s largest independent prepaid-wireless provider, aggressively Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen the DMCA to sue phone resellers who purchase and unlock Tracfone handsets. Courts have ruled in favor of Tracfone, allowing the company to continue using the DMCA as a hammer against secondary markets, instead of as a deterrent against copyright infringers.[100] In 2012, the exemption was not renewed; as of January 26, 2013, cell phone unlocking is once against a DMCA violation.

Apple Ties OS X to Hardware, Targets Psystar

Apple uses technical measures to prevent consumers from installing Apple’s OS X operating system onto computers other than those sold by Apple. When Psystar began selling cheaper PCs along with legitimately purchased copies of OS X, it ended up in court facing a DMCA claim by Apple.[101]

In November 2009, a federal judge ruled in favor of Apple on the copyright issues, stating that Psystar’s computer infringed Apple’s copyright and violated the DMCA. After four years of legal battling and an affirmation from the 9th Circuit, The Supreme Court declined to review Psystar’s case.[102] Psystar has now gone out of business, although a number of smaller imitators are springing up to take its place.[103]

Apple Threatens Real over Harmony

In July 2004, RealNetworks announced its “Harmony” technology, which was designed to allow music sold by Real’s digital download store to play on Apple iPods. Until Harmony, the only DRM-restricted music format playable on the iPod was Apple’s own “Fairplay” format. Although the iPod plays a variety of DRM-free formats, Real wanted to ensure interoperability without having to give up DRM restrictions, and thus developed Harmony to “re-wrap” its songs using the Fairplay format.[104]

Within days, Apple responded by accusing Real of adopting the “tactics and ethics of a hacker” and threatening legal action under the DMCA. Over the following months, the two competitors engaged in a game of technological cat-and-mouse, with Apple disabling Harmony in updates of its iTunes software and Real revising its technology to re-enable Tolerance data 2009.2 crack serial keygen. In the words of Real’s filings before the SEC: “Although we believe our Harmony technology is legal, there is no assurance that a court would agree with our position.”[105]

As of January 2013, the music and music videos downloaded from iTunes no longer contain DRM, although DRM is still used for downloaded movies and TV shows.[106]

Tecmo Sues to Block Game Enhancements

Enthusiastic fans of the videogames Ninja Gaiden, Dead or Alive 3, and Dead or Alive Xtreme Beach Volleyball managed to modify their games to create new “skins” to change the appearance of characters who appear in the game (including making some characters appear nude). The modifications were add-on enhancements for the games themselves—only those who already had the games could make use of the skins. These hobbyist tinkerers traded their modding tips and swapped skins on a website called ninjahacker.net.

Tecmo Inc., which distributes the games, was not amused and brought DMCA claims against the website operators and tinkerers who frequented it. The suit was ultimately dismissed after the website was taken down and settlements negotiated with the site’s operators.[107]

Nikon’s Encrypted RAW Format Blocks Adobe

In April 2005, the creator of Adobe’s Photoshop software revealed that camera-maker Nikon had begun encrypting certain portions of the RAW image files generated by its professional-grade digital cameras. As a result, these files would not be compatible with Photoshop or other similar software unless the developers first took licenses from Nikon. In other words, by encrypting the image files on its cameras, Nikon was obtaining market leverage in the image editing software market.

Adobe cited the prospect of a DMCA claim as one reason why it was unwilling to reverse engineer the format to facilitate interoperability, despite the fact that intrepid programmers were able to break the encryption through reverse engineering. Nikon and Adobe ultimately negotiated an agreement, an option that may not be practical for smaller software developers in the future.[108]

StorageTek Attempts to Block Independent Service Vendors

StorageTek sells data storage hardware to large enterprise clients. It also sells maintenance services for its products. Custom Hardware is an independent business that repairs StorageTek hardware. In an effort to eliminate this competitor in the maintenance services market, StorageTek sued under the DMCA, arguing that Custom Hardware had circumvented certain passwords designed to block independent service providers from using maintenance software included in the StorageTek hardware systems. In other words, StorageTek was using the DMCA to ensure that its customers had only one place to turn for repair services.

A district court granted a preliminary injunction against Custom Hardware. More than a year later, a court of appeals vacated the injunction, holding that where there is no nexus with copyright infringement, there can be no DMCA claim. Although this was a victory for competition, it illustrates the ways in which the DMCA continues to be used to impede competition, rather than prevent piracy.[109]

Lexmark Sues Over Toner Cartridges

Lexmark, the second-largest laser printer maker in the U.S., has long tried to eliminate the secondary market in refilled laser toner cartridges. In January 2003, Lexmark employed the DMCA as a new weapon in its arsenal.

Lexmark had added authentication routines between its printers and cartridges explicitly to hinder aftermarket toner vendors. Static Control Components (SCC) reverse-engineered these measures and sold “Smartek” chips that enabled refilled cartridges to work in Lexmark printers. Lexmark then used the DMCA to obtain an injunction banning SCC from selling its chips to cartridge remanufacturers.

SCC ultimately succeeded in getting the injunction overturned on appeal, but only after 19 months of expensive litigation while its product was held off the market. The litigation sent a chilling message to those in the secondary market for Lexmark cartridges.[110]

Chamberlain Sues Universal Garage Door Opener Manufacturer

Garage door opener manufacturer Chamberlain Group invoked the DMCA against competitor Skylink Technologies after several major U.S. retailers dropped Chamberlain’s remote openers in favor of the less expensive Skylink universal “clickers.” Chamberlain claimed that Skylink had violated the DMCA because its clicker bypassed an “authentication regime” between the Chamberlain remote opener and the mounted garage door receiver unit. On Chamberlain’s logic, consumers would be locked into a sole source not only for replacement garage door clickers, but virtually any remote control device.

Skylink ultimately defeated Chamberlain both at the district court and court of appeals, but only after many months of expensive litigation. In the words of the court of appeals, Chamberlain’s use of the DMCA was nothing less than an “attempt to leverage its sales into aftermarket monopolies.”[111]  Now, Chamberlain attempts to limit the use of third party remotes through convoluted “legaleze” printed in its owner’s manual.[112]

Microsoft uses DMCA as Counterclaim for Antitrust Lawsuit

Datel, Inc, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. produces third-party accessories for every major videogame console, including Microsoft’s Xbox 360.[113] As with all third-party manufacturers, Datel must engineer its accessories so that they will be compatible with the chosen first-party console; this frequently requires reverse engineering or other hacking. In 2009, Microsoft issued a mandatory firmware update for all Xbox 360 consoles connected to the Internet: this update had no effect on Microsoft’s own memory cards, but rendered Datel’s memory cards completely unusable.[114] Datel sued Microsoft for antitrust violations; Microsoft counterclaimed by accusing Datel of violating the DMCA.

It is difficult to imagine a clearer case of the DMCA being used to stifle competition than was the case here. Microsoft forced consumers to purchase its own memory cards and then used the DMCA to attack legitimate competitors. The EFF filed an amicus brief in support of Datel, arguing that the DMCA was not designed to be used to hobble competition and user choice.[115] The case ultimately settled in 2012, but third-party memory cards remain incompatible with the Xbox 360.[116]

Sony Sues Connectix and Bleem

Sony used the DMCA to sue competitors who created emulation software that permits gamers to play PlayStation console games on PCs. In 1999, Sony sued Connectix, the maker of the Virtual Game Station, a PlayStation emulator for Macintosh computers. Sony also sued Bleem, the leading vendor of PlayStation emulator software for Windows PCs and Sega’s Dreamcast console.

In both cases, Sony claimed that competitors had violated the DMCA by engaging in unlawful circumvention, even though courts have recognized that the development of interoperable software is a fair use under copyright law. Because courts have suggested that the DMCA trumps fair use, however, the DMCA has become a new legal weapon with which to threaten those who rely on reverse engineering to create competing products.[117]

Neither Connectix nor Bleem were able to bear the high costs of litigation against Sony and eventually pulled their products off the market.

Sony Threatens Aibo Hobbyist

Sony has also invoked the DMCA against a hobbyist who developed custom “dance moves” for his Aibo robotic “pet” dog. Developing these new routines for the Sony Aibo required reverse engineering the encryption surrounding the software that manipulates the robot. The hobbyist revealed neither the decrypted Sony software nor the code he used to defeat the encryption, but he freely distributed his new custom programs. Sony claimed that the act of circumventing the encryption surrounding the software in the Aibo violated the DMCA and demanded that the hobbyist remove his programs from his website.

Responding to public outcry, Sony ultimately permitted the hobbyist to repost some of his programs (on the understanding that Sony retained the right to commercially exploit the hobbyist’s work). Nevertheless, Sony discontinued the Aibo robot in 2006.[118] This incident illustrated Sony’s willingness to invoke the DMCA in situations with no relationship to “piracy.”[119]

Sony Attacks PlayStation “Mod Chips”

Sony has sued a number of manufacturers and distributors of “mod chips” for alleged circumvention under the DMCA. In doing so, Sony has been able to enforce a system of “region coding” that raises significant anticompetitive issues.

“Mod chips” are after-market accessories that modify Sony PlayStation game consoles to permit games legitimately purchased in one part of the world to be played on a games console from another geographical region. Sony complains that mod chips can also be used to play pirated copies of games. As noted above, it is hard to see why an independent vendor of a product with legitimate uses should have to solve Sony’s piracy problems before entering the market.

Sony sued Gamemasters, distributor of the Game Enhancer peripheral device, which allowed owners of a U.S. PlayStation console to play games purchased in Japan and other countries. Although there was no infringement of Sony’s copyright, the court granted an injunction under the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions, effectively leaving gamers at the mercy of Sony’s region coding system.

Interestingly, courts in Australia, recognizing the anticompetitive and anticonsumer ramifications of Sony’s region coding system, came MiniTool Partition Wizard Technician 12.5 Crack a different conclusion under that country’s analog to the DMCA. In Stevens v Kabushiki Kaisha Sony Computer Entertainment, the High Court of Australia held in 2005 that the regional access coding on Sony PlayStation computer games as implemented by the PlayStation console did not qualify for legal protection, as it did not prevent or inhibit copyright infringement.

Sony, like all vendors, is free to attempt to segregate geographic markets. If it does so, however, it should have to bear its own costs for the effort, rather than relying on the DMCA, which Congress plainly did not enact to trump the usual legal regimes governing parallel importation.[120]

US Government Prosecutes Importers and Distributors of “Mod Chips”

In addition to Sony’s attempts to go after manufacturers and distributors of “mod chips,” the US government has undertaken criminal prosecutions of "mod chip" importers and distributors. In 2007, as part of “Operation Tangled Web,” officers from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, with assistance from representatives of the software industry, raided 32 locations in 16 states, seeking evidence of the importation of “mod chips” from China.[121]

Although little information about the case has emerged, in 2012 the U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio indicted 10 people in connection with the case.[122] At least one defendant, William Silvius, charged with violating the DMCA for selling “mod chips,” had his indictment upheld by the courts.[123]

Ironically, these indictments went forward as the Copyright Office was considering extending the jailbreaking exception to game consoles, which would legitimize the sale and manufacture of “mod chips,” Unfortunately, the Copyright Office declined to extend this exemption beyond phone handsets in its 2012 ruling.

Blizzard Sues bnetd.org

Vivendi-Universal’s Blizzard Entertainment video game division brought a DMCA lawsuit against a group of volunteer game enthusiasts who created software that allowed owners of Blizzard games to play their games over the Internet. The software, called “bnetd,” allowed gamers to set up their own alternative to Blizzard’s own Battle.net service.

Blizzard has a policy of locking in its customers who want to play their games over the Internet—it’s the Battle.net servers or nothing. Although access to Blizzard’s Battle.net servers is free, the hobbyists decided to create bnetd to overcome difficulties that they had experienced in attempting to use Battle.net. The bnetd software was freely distributed, open source, and noncommercial.

Blizzard filed suit in St. Louis to bar distribution of bnetd, alleging that the software was a “circumvention device” prohibited by the DMCA. According to Blizzard, the bnetd software could be used to permit networked play of pirated Blizzard games. The developers never used the software for that purpose, nor was that the purpose for which the software was designed.

It is hard to see why a competitor should have to solve Blizzard’s piracy problem before it can offer innovative products for Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen owners of Blizzard games. Nevertheless, Blizzard prevailed on its DMCA claim, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, and the bnetd developers ceased distributing the software.[124]

Apple Harasses Inventive Retailer

When Other World Computing (OWC), a small retailer specializing in Apple Macintosh comput­ers, developed a software patch in 2002 that allowed all Mac owners to use Apple’s iDVD software, they thought they were doing Macintosh fans a favor. For their trouble, they got a DMCA threat from Apple.

Apple’s iDVD authoring software was designed to work on newer Macs that shipped with internal DVD recorders manufactured by Apple. OWC discovered that a minor software modification would allow iDVD to work with external DVD recorders, giving owners of older Macs an upgrade path. Apple claimed that this constituted a violation of the DMCA and requested that OWC stop this practice immediately. OWC obliged.

Rather than prevent copyright infringement, the DMCA empowered Apple to force consumers to buy new Mac computers instead of simply upgrading their older machines with an external DVD recorder.[125] Eventually, Apple released iDVD version 6.0 in 2006, which featured full compatibility with external DVD recorders.[126]

Macrovision Sues Sima for Digitizing Analog Video

In April 2006, hardware manufacturer Sima Products was forced to stop selling various video enhancing products that digitized analog signals from DVD players and VCRs. Wielding the DMCA, Macrovision argued that Sima’s analog-to-digital video enhancements circumvented Macrovision’s analog copy protection (ACP).

Macrovision’s ACP functions by inserting noise into the vertical blanking intervals found in analog video signals. This noise is not displayed on a television set, but it does degrade the recording made by most analog VCRs. Sima’s products simply convert the analog signal into a digital signal, which eliminates additional noise in the blanking intervals, and then converts the signal back to analog. This video enhancement allows consumers to harness digital techniques to make up for a weakness in VCR analog technology, a weakness which could come from age or distortion as well as from techniques like Macrovision’s.

ACP does not prevent digital copies. Moreover, when a digital copy is made, Macrovision’s ACP does not survive. Accordingly, Sima’s products were not “circumventing” anything by performing its analog-to-digital conversion.

Macrovision, nevertheless, was able to convince the court that Sima had violated the DMCA. This unfortunate result indicates that the DMCA can be manipulated to push obsolete analog copy protection systems onto new technology innovators.[127] Although Sima appealed the ruling, it subsequently settled with Macrovision before the appeal was heard.

Blizzard Blocks World of Warcraft Glider

Blizzard, makers the popular online role-playing game World of Warcraft (WoW), sued MDY Industries, the developer of a program which enables WoW characters to continue playing even when the user is away from her computer. These “bot” programs help reduce the time that a user must otherwise spend to progress in the game. MDY’s product, known as “Glider,” proved to be very popular with WoW players, selling about 120,000 units.[128]

The district court ultimately ruled against MDY on Blizzard’s DMCA claims, finding that Glider circumvented technical measures used by Blizzard to control access to copyrighted materials stored on the WoW gameservers.[129] The Ninth Circuit agreed, and entered a permanent injunction against MDY to prevent future § 1201(a)(2) violations.[130]

This ruling is troubling because it suggests that software vendors can deploy mechanisms that monitor user behavior and rely on the DMCA to prevent users from “hiding” from these mechanisms. While the prospect of WoW players “cheating” by using Glider may not elicit much sympathy, this precedent could be used to stymie other kinds of innovation among software “add-ons.”  

Car Product Design Company Attempts to Suppress Competition with the Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen and a EULA

In March 2008, car product design company XPEL Technologies filed suit against American Filter Film Distributors, a rival who provides services for car paint and window film protection. Among a slew of other claims, XPEL alleged that American Filter violated the DMCA by using “Capture” software to copy product images from the XPEL website and distribute the image and product to other auto dealers. XPEL argued the DMCA was violated because (1) the XPEL website is protected by an end-user license agreement (EULA), (2) American Filter clicked that they agreed to the EULA, and (3) the EULA is a technological measure which effectively controls access to the copyrighted design works on XPEL’s website. This was the first case where a “click-thru” EULA has been put forward as an access control protected by the DMCA.

The court rejected a motion to dismiss the DMCA claim, and the parties subsequently settled the case in October 2008.[131]  It remains to be seen whether other plaintiffs follow XPEL’s lead in trying to rely on a EULA as an “access control” under the DMCA.

6.   DMCA Shoulders Aside Computer Intrusion Statutes.

The DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions have also threatened to displace “computer intrusion” and “anti-hacking” laws, something that Congress plainly never intended.

State and federal statutes already protect computer network owners from unauthorized intrusions. These include the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA), the Wiretap Act, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA), Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, and a variety of state computer intrusion statutes. These statutes, however, generally require that a plaintiff prove that the intrusion caused some harm in order to bring a civil suit. The DMCA, in contrast, contains no financial damage threshold, tempting some to use it in place of the statutes that were designed to address computer intrusion.

Some courts have taken steps to rein in this particular misuse of the DMCA, ruling that the use of authentic usernames and passwords to access computers cannot constitute circumvention, even if done without the authorization of the computer owner.[132] Until more judicial precedents are on the books, however, the improper use of the DMCA as an all-purpose computer intrusion prohibition will continue to muddy the waters for lawyers and professionals.

Disgruntled Company Sues Former Contractor For Unauthorized Network Access

In April 2003, an automated stock trading company sued a former contract programmer under the DMCA, claiming that his access to the company’s computer system over a password-protected virtual private network (VPN) connection was an act of circumvention.

Pearl Investments had employed the programmer to create a software module for its software system. In order to complete the work remotely, the programmer used a VPN to connect to the company’s computers. Although Hide All IP 2020.01.13 Crack Incl Portable Full Version contractor created a very successful software module for the company, the relationship turned frosty after the company ran into financial difficulties and terminated the contractor’s contract.

The company sued the contractor when it discovered the contractor’s VPN connection to the its sys­tem, claiming electronic trespass, as well as violations of computer intrusion statutes, the CFAA, and the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions. Pearl claimed that it had withdrawn the authorization it had previously given to the contractor to access its system through the password-protected VPN and that the VPN connection was therefore unauthorized. The Court rejected the company’s electronic trespass and CFAA claims due to lack of evidence of any actual damage done. Even though the second server was not being used by the programmer at the time, and its hard drive had been accidentally wiped, the court agreed with Pearl that the existence of the VPN was a prohibited circumvention of a technological protection measure that controlled access to a system which contained copyrighted software.[133]

At the subsequent trial, the jury found that the contractor did not violate the DMCA, although the jury did award Pearl Investments $54,000 on other grounds.[134]

The website run by Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen Technologies provided tickets to events that were likely to sell out quickly on Ticketmaster. RMG allegedly used software to quickly make bulk purchases of tickets from Ticketmaster, circumventing the limit of four tickets per customer, in order to re-sell the tickets for profit.

Ticketmaster brought suit under the DMCA, the CFAA, the Copyright Act, breach of contract, and under California’s criminal code governing computer crimes. On a motion for preliminary injunction, the court found that Ticketmaster was likely to succeed on its DMCA, Copyright Act, and breach of contract claims; however, Ticketmaster would not have been able to prevail on the CFAA claim. (The court found it did not need to address the claim under California’s criminal code.)

This SKIDROW & CODEX GAMES - Download Cracked PC Games Torrent Skidrow CODEX CPY illustrates how the DMCA has shouldered aside computer intrusion statutes like the CFAA. Because the CFAA requires that Ticketmaster prove it suffered $5,000 in damages during one year, whereas the DMCA contains no financial damage threshold, Ticketmaster was able to succeed under the DMCA while failing under the CFAA.[135]

The DMCA was not intended for this purpose. The DMCA was designed to protect copyrighted works, not ticket vendors. Although the defense made both these arguments,[136] the court nevertheless ruled in favor of Ticketmaster on the DMCA claim.[137]

Cable Provider Blocks Cable Digital Filters

In addition to computer intrusion statues, the DMCA may also be starting to shoulder aside penal statues in other industry areas.

In August 2008, cable provider CoxCom Inc. successfully forced Jon and Amy Chaffee, and their one employee, to stop selling cable digital filters at computer trade shows. These low-frequency digital filters blocked pay-per-view charges from being sent to cable companies, thus giving users free pay-per-view. Not surprisingly, the court granted summary judgment against the Chaffees for violation of the Cable Communications Policy Act, a statute specifically enacted to address theft of cable services to protect the economic viability of cable operators and cable programmers. However, the court also ruled that the Chaffees violated the DMCA.

The DMCA argument is that the Chaffees’ low-frequency filters circumvent CoxCom’s pay-per-view billing mechanism, allegedly a “technological measure” that controls access to copyrighted works. If a billing mechanism has become a “technological measure” within the meaning of the DMCA, it is troubling to think what else may qualify.[138]

7.   Conclusion

Years of experience with the “anti-circumvention” provisions of the DMCA demonstrate that the statute reaches too far, chilling a wide variety of legitimate activities in ways Congress did not intend. As encrypted software finds its way into an increasing number of devices—from phones to tablets to cars—it is likely that the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions will be applied in further unforeseen contexts, hindering the legitimate activities of innovators, researchers, the press, and the public at large.



[1] For examples of Congress’ stated purpose in enacting the DMCA’s anti-circumvention provisions, see 144 Cong. Rec. H7093, H7094-5 (Aug. 4, 1998); Senate Judiciary Comm., S. Rep. 105-190 (1998) at 29; Judiciary Comm., H. Rep. 105-551 Pt 1 (1998) at 18; House Commerce Comm., H. Rep. 105-551 Pt 2 (1998) at 38.

[2] See WIPO Copyright Treaties Implementation Act and Online Copyright Liability Limitation Act: Hearing on H.R. 2281 and H.R. 2280 before the House Subcomm. on Courts and Intellectual Prop., 105th Cong., 1st sess. (Sept. 16, 1997) at 62 (testimony of Asst. Sec. of Commerce and Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks Bruce A. Lehman admitting that section 1201 went beyond the requirements of the WIPO Copyright Treaty).

[3] For a full description of the events leading up to the enactment of the DMCA, see Jessica Litman, Digital Copyright 89-150 (2000).

[4] See Pamela Samuelson, Intellectual Property and the Digital Economy: Why the Anti-Circumvention Regula­tions Need to be Revised, 14 Berkeley Technology L.J. 519, 537-57 (1999), available at http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~pam/papers.html.

[5] Brandon Wilson, Skylanders portal documentation (Oct. 27th, 2011 6:35 PM), http://brandonw.net/.

[6] Russell Holly, Activision Delivers Cease And Desist To Skylanders Tinkerer, Geek (Dec. 28, 2011 2:48 PM),  http://www.geek.com/articles/games/activision-delivers-cease-and-desist-to-skylanders-tinkerer-20111228/.

[7] Letter from Mark E. Mayer, Mitchel Silberberg & Knupp, LLP, to Brandon L. Wilson (Oct. 26, 2011), available at http://brandonw.net/skylanders/activision.pdf.

[8] See Letter from Brandon L. Wilson to Mark E. Mayer, Mitchell Silberberg & Knupp LLP, available at QuickBooks 2020 patch Archives (last visited June 12, 2012).

[10] About Gitorious, Gitorious, https://gitorious.org/about (last visited June 12, 2012).

[11] Christian Johansen, Gitorious receives DMCA takedown notice from Sony, Gitorious (Feb. 2, 2011 1:41 PM), http://blog.gitorious.org/2011/02/02/gitorious-receives-dmca-takedown-notice-from-sony/.

[14] Dan Goodin, Texas Instruments Aims Lawyers at Calculator Hackers, The Register (Sept. 23, 2009), http://www.theregister.co.uk/2009/09/23/texas_instruments_calculator_hacking/.

[15] Letter from EFF to Texas Instruments (Oct. 13, 2009), available at http://www.eff.org/files/filenode/coders/TI%20Claim%20Ltr%20101309.pdf; Link to content: http://brandonw.net/calculators/keys/

[16] Robert McMillan, Apple is Sued after Pressuring Open-Source iTunes Project, PC World (Apr, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. 29, 2009), http://www.pcworld.com/article/163909/apple_is_sued_after_pressuring_opensource_itunes_project.html.

[17] Katie Marshal, Apple Sued for Threatening Wiki Host Over iTunes Code, Apple Insider (Apr. 27, 2009), http://www.appleinsider.com/articles/09/04/27/apple_sued_for_threatening_wiki_host_over_itunes_code.html.

[18] Thomas Clayburn, Apple Drops Complaint Against BluWiki, Information Week (Jul. 22, 2009), http://www.infor­mationweek.com/news/personal_tech/ipod/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=218600244.

[19] Comment of Edward Felten and J. Alex Halderman, RM 2005-11 – Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, Dec. 1, 2005, 6-7, available at http://web.archive.org/web/20061017084037/http://www.freedom-to-tinker.com/doc/2005/dmcacomment.pdf (accessed via the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine).

[20] Recommendation of the Register of Copyrights in RM 2002-4, Oct. 27, 2003, 87-89, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/docs/registers-recommendation.pdf.

[21] Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, 71 Fed. Reg. 68,472, 68,477 (Nov. 27, 2006), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2006/71fr68472.pdf.

[22] Comments of Prof. J. Alex Halderman, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2008/comments/halderman-reid.pdf.

[23] Rulemaking on Exemptions from Prohibition on Circumvention of Technological Measures that Control Access to Copyrighted Works, U.S. Copyright Office, http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/ (last visited May 30, 2012) (exempting video games from section 1201(a) liability in certain circumstances, such as when circumvention is used solely to find security vulnerabilities in the software).

[24] See Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, 77 Fed. Reg. 208 (Oct. 26, 2012) (to be codified at 37 C.F.R. pt. 201), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2012/77fr65260.pdf.

[25] John Borland, Student Faces Suit Over Key to CD Locks, CNET News (Oct. 9, 2003), http://news.com.com/Student+faces+suit+over+key+to+CD+locks/2100-1025_3-5089168.html; Declan McCullagh, SunnComm Won’t Sue Grad Student, CNET News (Oct. 10, 2003), http://news.com.com/2100-1027-5089448.html.

[26] Jonathan Band, Congress Unknowingly Undermines Cyber-Security, San Jose Mercury News, Dec. 16, 2002, available at http://www.policybandwidth.com/publications/JBand-IPCyberSecurity.pdf; Hiawatha Bray, Cyber Chief Speaks on Data Network Security, Boston Globe, October 17, 2002.

[27] Pamela Samuelson, Anticircumvention Rules: Threat to Science, 293 Science 2028, Sept. 14, 2001; Letter from Matthew Oppenheim, SDMI General Counsel, to Prof. Edward Felten, April 9, 2001, available at http://cryptome.org/sdmi-attack.htm; Felten, et al. v. RIAA, et al., EFF, https://www.eff.org/cases/felten-et-al-v-riaa-et-al (last visited Jan. 10, 2013).

[28] Declan McCullagh, Security Warning Draws DMCA Threat, CNET News (July 30, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-947325.html; Kim Zetter, HP, Bug-Hunters Declare Truce, PCWorld (Aug. 9, 2002 3:00 pm), http://www.pcworld.com/article/103853/hp_bughunters_declare_truce.html.

[29] John Borland, Court Blocks Security Conference Talk, CNET News (April 14, 2003), http://news.com.com/2100-1028-996836.html.

[30] David Becker, Newsmaker: Testing Microsoft and the DMCA, CNET News (April 15, 2003), http://news.com.com/2008-1082-996787.html; Seth Schiesel, Behind a Hacker’s Book, a Primer on Copyright Law, N.Y. Times (July 10, 2003), http://www.nytimes.com/2003/07/10/technology/circuits/10book.html; See Hacking the Xbox, No Starch Press, http://nostarch.com/xbox.htm (last visited Jan. 14, 2013).

[31] Mainstream Loudoun v. Bd. of Trs., 24 F.Supp.2d 552 (E.D. Va. 1998), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=13796536557265673818.

[32] Jennifer 8. Lee, Cracking the Code of Online Censorship, N.Y. Times (July 19, 2001), Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, http://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/19/technology/circuits/19HACK.html; Transcript of Hearing in Copyright Office Rulemaking Proceeding RM 2002-04, April 11, 2003, 11, 31, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2003/hearings/schedule.html; Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technolo­gies, 71 Fed. Reg. 68,472, 68,477 (Nov. 27, 2006), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2006/71fr68472.pdf (listing "Other Exemptions Considered, But Not Recommended”); Rulemaking on Exemptions from Prohibition on Circumvention of Technological Measures that Control Access to Copyrighted Works, Copyright Office, http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/ (last visited Jun. 13, 2012).

 

[33] In Legal First, ACLU Sues Over New Copyright Law, ACLU (July 25, 2002), http://www.aclu.org/privacy/speech/15201res20020725.html; See also Edelman v. N2H2 Inc., No. 02-CV-11503-RGS (D. Mass. Apr. 7, 2003).

[34] Lawrence Lessig, Jail Time in the Digital Age, N.Y, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Times, July 30, 2001, at A7, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/30/opinion/30LESS.html; Lisa Bowman, Elcomsoft Verdict: Not Guilty, CNET News (Dec. 17, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-978176.html.

[35] Niels Ferguson, Censorship in Action: Why I Don’t Publish My HDCP Results, Aug. 15, 2001, http://web.archive.org/web/20011201184919/http://www.macfergus.com/niels/dmca/cia.html (accessed via the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine); Niels Ferguson, Declaration in Felten v. R.I.A.A., EFF (Aug. 13, 2001), https://w2.eff.org/IP/DMCA/Felten_v_RIAA/20010813_ferguson_decl.html; Lisa M. Bowman, Research­ers Weigh Publication, Prosecution, CNET News (Aug. 15, 2001), http://news.cnet.com/Researchers-weigh-publication%2C-prosecution/2100-1023_3-271712.html.

[36] See Sara Robinson, Awaiting DMCA Clarification, Researchers Proceed Cautiously, SIAM News, Volume 35, Number 1, available at http://www.siam.org/pdf/news/387.pdf.

[37] See id.; E-mail from David Wagner, Professor of Computer Science, University of California, Berkeley, to Declan McCullagh (Nov. 25, 2002 21:56), available at http://lists.jammed.com/politech/2002/11/0090.html.

[38] HDCP Master Key, http://pastebin.com/SJJELM8S (last visited June 13, 2012).

[39] David Kravets, Intel Threatens to Sue Anyone Who Uses HDCP Crack, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, Wired (September 17, 2010), http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2010/09/intel-threatens-consumers/.

[40] Warner Brothers And Intel Sue Company Over HDCP Circumvention Device, Digital Digest (Dec. 21, 2012, 6:29 PM), http://www.digital-digest.com/news-63556-Warner-Bros-And-Intel-Sue-Company-Over-HDCP-Circumvention-Device.html

[41] Robert Lemos, Security Workers: Copyright Law Stifles, CNET News (Sept. 6, 2001), http://news.com.com/2100-1001-272716.html.

[42] Wade Roush, Breaking Microsoft’s e-Book Code, MIT Technology Review (Nov. 1, 2001), http://www.technologyreview.com/web/12645/.

[43] Jennifer 8 Lee, Travel Advisory for Russian Programmers, N.Y. Times, Sept. 10, 2001, at C4, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2001/09/10/technology/10WARN.html.

[44] Alan Cox, Declaration in Felten v. RIAA, EFF (Aug, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. 13, 2001), https://w2.eff.org/IP/DMCA/Felten_v_RIAA/20010813_cox_decl.html.

[45] Will Knight, Computer Scientists Boycott US Over Digital Copyright Law, NewScientist (July 23, 2001, 5:42 PM), http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn1063-computer-scientists-boycott-us-over-digital-copyright-law.html; Previous Information Hiding Venues, 14th Information Hiding Conference, http://www.ihconference.org/previous_ih.php (last visited May 30, 2012).

[46]IEEE to Revise New Copyright Form to Address Author Concerns, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (April 22, 2002), http://web.archive.org/web/20020424125815/http://www.ieee.org/newsinfo/dmca.html (accessed using the Internet Archive Wayback Machine); Will Knight, Controversial Copyright Clause Abandoned, NewScientist (April 15, 2002), http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn2169-controversial-copyright-clause-abandoned.html.

[47] IEEE Drops Reference to DMCA in Revised Authors' Copyright Form, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, http://web.archive.org/web/20021103042350/http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/INST/jul02/fdrops.html (accessed using the Internet Archive Wayback Machine).

[48] Universal City Studios v. Reimerdes, 111 F. Supp. 2d. 294 (S.D.N.Y. 2000), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=4887310188384829978, aff’d sub nom. Universal City Studios v. Corley, 273 F.3d 429 (2d Cir. 2001), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=5930508913825375010.

[49] Carl S. Kaplan, Questioning Continues in Copyright Suit, N.Y. Times (May 4, 2001), http://www.nytimes.com/2001/05/04/technology/04CYBERLAW.html; Simson Garfinkel, The DVD Rebellion, MIT Technology Review  (July 1, 2001), http://www.technologyreview.com/article/401086/the-dvd-rebellion/; Xenia P. Kobylarz, DVD Case Clash—Free Speech Advocates Say Copyright Owners Want to Lock Up Ideas; Encryption Code is Key, S.F. Daily J., May 1, 2001.

[50] Declan McCullagh, Will This Land Me in Jail, CNET News (Dec. 23, 2002), http://news.com.com/2010-1028-978636.html.

[51] Julie Cohen, Call it the Digital Millennium Censorship Act – Unfair Use, The New Republic Online (May IBeesoft Data Recovery 3.7 With Crack Download [Latest], 2000), http://web.archive.org/web/20051213220803/http://www.law.georgetown.edu/faculty/jec/unfairuse.html (accessed via the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine); Link to specifications: Hemos, Kerberos, PACs And Microsoft's Dirty Tricks, SlashDot (May 2, 2000 03:33PM), http://slashdot.org/story/00/05/02/158204/kerberos-pacs-and-microsofts-dirty-tricks (comments section).

[52] Robert Lemos, GameSpy Warns Security Researcher, CNET News (Nov. 13, 2003, 3:29 PM), http://news.cnet.com/2100-7355_3-5107305.html; See also CodeWarrior, Luigi Auriemma finds bugs in Gamespy- DMCA invoked, Dmusic (Nov. 12, 2003 9:26PM) http://news.dmusic.com/article/8969.

[53] Lisa M. Bowman, TiVo Forum Hushes Hacking Discussion, CNET News (June 11, 2001, 3:15 PM), http://news.cnet.com/TiVo-forum-hushes-hacking-discussion/2100-1023_3-268227.html.

[54] Regarding Hints on Evading iTunes Store Copy Protection, Mac OS X Hints (May 7, 2003 11:29 AM), http://www.macosxhints.com/article.php?story=20030507104823670.

[55] EFF, DMCA Triennial Rulemaking: Failing the Digital Consumer (2005), available at http://www.eff.org/IP/DMCA/copyrightoffice/DMCA_rulemaking_broken.pdf.

[56] Rep. Rick Boucher, Perspective: Time to Rewrite the DMCA, CNET News (Jan. 29, 2002), http://news.com.com/2010-1078-825335.html; Dan Gillmor, Entertainment Industry’s Copyright Fight Puts Consumers in Cross Hairs, San Jose Mercury News, Feb. 12, 2002; Jon Healey & Jeff Leeds, Record Labels Grapple with CD Protection, L.A. Times, Nov. 29, 2002, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, at C1; John Borland, Copy-blocked CD Tops U.S. Charts, CNET News (June 17, 2004), http://news.cnet.com/Copy-blocked-CD-tops-U.S.-charts/2100-1027_3-5238208.html.

[57] The Customer Is Always Wrong: A User’s Guide to DRM in Online Music, EFF, http://www.eff.org/pages/cus­tomer-always-wrong-users-guide-drm-online-music (last visited Jan. 14, 2013). For information on online music vendors abandoning DRM, see Tim Anderson, How Apple is Changing DRM, The Guardian (May 15, 2008), http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2008/may/15/drm.apple.

[58] Mark Hefflinger, Walmart to End Support for DRM-Wrapped Songs in October, Digital Media Wire (June 1, 2009), http://www.dmwmedia.com/news/2009/06/01/walmart-end-support-drm-wrapped-songs-october.

[59] Matthew Mirapaul, They’ll Always Have Paris (and a Scholarly Web Site), N.Y. Times (March 16, 2002), http://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/18/movies/arts-online-they-ll-always-have-paris-and-a-scholarly-web-site.html; Lisa Bowman, Hollywood Targets DVD- Copying Upstart, CNET News (Dec. 20, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-978580.html; Paramount Pictures Corp. v. Tritton Technologies Inc., No. CV 03-7316 (S.D.N.Y. filed Sept.17, 2003); 321 Studios v. MGM, 307 F.Supp.2d 1085 (N.D. Cal. 2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/schol­ar_case?case=8541119834567462882).

[60] Real Networks, Inc. v. DVD Copy Control Ass’n, 641 F. Supp. 2d 913, 942 (N.D. Cal., 2009), available at http://www.eff.org/files/filenode/RealDVD/Real%20v%20DVD-CCA%2C%20PI%20Order%20081109.pdf).

[61] Copyright Office, Recommendation of the Register of Copyrights in RM 2002-4, 109-26 (2003), available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/docs/registers-recommendation.pdf.

[62] Statement of the Librarian of Congress Relating to Section 1201 Rulemaking, Copyright Office (Nov. 27, 2006), http://www.copyright.gov/1201/docs/2006_statement.html.

[63] Comments of Renee Hobbs, Peter Decherney, Library Copyright Alliance, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2008/index.html.

[64] Comments of EFF and OTW, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2008/comments/lohmann-fred.pdf.

[65] Jacqui Cheng, MPAA: Teachers Should Videotape Monitors, Not Rip DVDS, Ars Technica (May 7, 2009), http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2009/05/mpaa-teachers-should-video-record-tv-screens-not-rip-dvds.ars.

[66] 2009 DMCA Rulemaking, Electronic Frontier Foundation, https://www.eff.org/cases/2009-dmca-rulemaking (last visited June 7, 2012); Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, 77 Fed. Reg. 208 (Oct. 26, 2012) (to be codified at 37 C.F.R. pt. 201), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2012/77fr65260.pdf.

[67] US v. ElcomSoft & Sklyarov FAQ, EFF (Feb. 19, 2002, 2:35 PM), https://www.eff.org/pages/us-v-elcomsoft-sklyarov-faq#AboutEBooks

[68] Lisa Bowman, Elcomsoft Verdict: Not Guilty, CNET News (Dec. 17, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-978176.html.

[69] RealNetworks, Inc. v. Streambox, Inc., No. C99-2070P, 2000 WL 127311 (W.D. Wash. Jan. 18, 2000), available at http://legal.web.aol.com/decisions/dlip/realorder.pdf.

[70] Cease and desist letter from Kenneth Plevan on behalf of Live365.com to John Clegg, developer of Streamripper, April 26, 2001, available at http://streamripper.sourceforge.net/dc.php.

[71] Welcome to Streamripper, Streamripper, http://streamripper.sourceforge.net/ (last visited Jan. 10, 2013).

[72] Tom Murphy, embed: DMCA Threats, Truetype embedding-enabler: DMCA threats, http://web.archive.org/web/20020806073714/http://www.andrew.cmu.edu/~twm/embed/dmca.html (accessed via the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine) (last visited Jan. 14, 2013); Cease and desist letter from Agfa to Tom Murphy, available at http://www.chillingeffects.org/copyright/notice.cgi?NoticeID=264.

[73] SeeTruetype embedding-enabler, http://carnage-melon.tom7.org/embed/ (last visited Jan. 10, 2013).

[74] See Agfa Monotype Corp. v. Adobe Sys., 404 F. Supp. 2d 1030 (N.D. Ill. 2005), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=502109184695805642).

[75] Eric Bangeman, MPAA Sues Over DVD-to-iPod Service, Ars Technica (Nov. 17, 2006), http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20061117-8241.html; Fred von Lohmann, Movie Studios Sue to Stop Loading of DVDs onto iPods, EFF Deep Links blog (Nov. 16 2006), http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2006/11/movie-studios-sue-stop-loading-dvds-ipods; See Greg Sandoval, Movie studios sue DVD-to-iPod service, CNET News (Nov 17, 2006 3:30 PM), http://news.cnet.com/Movie-studios-sue-DVD-to-iPod-service/2100-1030_3-6136806.html.

[76] Others have also recognized the anti-competitive effects of the DMCA. See Timothy B. Lee, Circumventing Competi­tion: The Perverse Consequences of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, CATO Policy Analysis, no. 564, Mar. 21, 2006, available at http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=6025.

[77] Jonathan Fildes, PlayStation 3 'hacked' by iPhone cracker, BBC (Jan. 25, 2010), http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/8478764.stm.

[78] George Hotz, Geohot Releases dePKG – Firmware Package Decrypter, PSXScene (Dec. 30, 2010), http://web.archive.org/web/20110715131242/http://psx-scene.com/forums/f6/geohot-releases-depkg-firmware-package-decrypter-74094/?s=22e8521743f1afe445584774f1386361 (accessed via the Internet aAchive’s Wayback Machine).

[79] Fildes, supra note 80.

[80] In re Sony PS3 Other OS Litig., 828 F. Supp. 2d 1125 (N.D. Cal. 2011).

[81] David Kravets, Sony Settles PlayStation Hacking Lawsuit, Wired (Apr. 11, 2011),http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2011/04/sony-settles-ps3-lawsuit

[82] Corynne McSherry & Marcia Hofmann, Sony v. Hotz: Sony Sends A Dangerous Message to Researchers -- and Its Customers, FF (Jan. 19, 2011), https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2011/01/sony-v-hotz-sony-sends-dangerous-message.

[83] Letter from Corynne McSherry, Electronic Frontier Foundation, to Magistrate Judge Joseph C. Spero, United States District Court, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, Northern District of California, (Feb. 24, 2011), available at http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/threatlevel/2011/03/effletter.pdf.

[84] Corynne McSherry, Sony v. Hotz Ends With a Whimper, I Mean a Gag Order, FF(Apr. 12, 2011), https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2011/04/sony-v-hotz-ends-whimper-i-mean-gag-order.

[85] Craigslist, Inc. v. Naturemarket, Inc., 694 F. Supp. 2d 1039, 1050 (N.D. Cal. 2010)

[86] See, e.g., Craigslist, Inc., v. Mesiab, No. C 08–05064 CW (N.D. Cal. 2010); Craigslist, Inc., v. Kerbel, No. C–11–3309 EMC (N.D. Cal. 2012); Craigslist, Inc. v. Hubert, 278 F.R.D. 510 (N.D. Cal. 2011); Craigslist, Inc. v. Branley, No. 11–3545 SC (N.D. Cal. 2012).

[87] David Kravets, Apple v. EFF: The iPhone Jailbreaking Showdown, Wired (May 2, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, 2009), http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2009/05/apple-v-eff-the-iphone-jailbreaking-showdown/.

[88] Jason Kincaid, Apple is Growing Rotten to the Core: Official Google Voice App. Blocked from App Store, TechCrunch (Jul. 27, 2009), http://techcrunch.com/2009/07/27/apple-is-growing-rotten-to-the-core-and-its-likely-atts-fault/.

[89] Chris Matyszczyk, Apple Rejects Nine Inch Nails iPhone Apps Update, CNET News (May 2, 2009), http://news.cnet.com/apple-rejects-nine-inch--nails-iphone-app-update/.

[90] Fred von Lohmann, Another iPhone App Banned: Apple Deems South Park App ‘Potentially Offensive, EFF Deep Links blog (Feb. 17, 2009), http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2009/02/south-park-iphone-app-denied.

[91] SeeRulemaking on Exemptions from Prohibition on Circumvention of Technological Measures that Control Access to Copyrighted Works, Copyright Office, http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/ (last visited Jun. 13, 2012).

[92] See Exemption to Prohibition on Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems for Access Control Technologies, 77 Fed. Reg. 208 (Oct. 26, 2012) (to be codified at 37 C.F.R. pt. 201), available at http://www.copyright.gov/fedreg/2012/77fr65260.pdf.

[93] Daniel Terdiman, Bounty offered for open-source Kinect driver, CNET News (Nov. 4, 2010 12:50 PM), http://news.cnet.com/8301-13772_3-20021836-52.html.

[95] WE HAVE A WINNER – Open Kinect driver(s) released – Winner will use $3k for more hacking – PLUS an additional $2k goes to the EFF!, Adafruit (Nov. 10, 2010 2:51 PM), http://www.adafruit.com/blog/2010/11/10/we-have-a-winner-open-kinect-drivers-released-winner-will-use-3k-for-more-hacking-plus-an-additional-2k-goes-to-the-eff/

[96] Rob Walker, Freaks, Geeks and Microsoft: How Kinect Spawned a Commercial Ecosystem, The New York Times (May 31, 2012), http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/03/magazine/how-kinect-spawned-a-commercial-ecosystem.html?pagewanted=1&_r=2.

[98] Kinect for Windows: Overview, Microsoft, http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/kinectforwindows/purchase/overview.aspx (last visited June 12, 2012).

[99] Jennifer Granick, Free the Cell Phone!, Wired (Sept. 30, 2005), http://www.wired.com/politics/law/commentary/circuitcourt/2005/09/68989; Reply Comments of the Wireless Alliance, Copyright Office, Docket No. RM-2005-11, available at http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2006/reply/14granick_WAreply.pdf.

[100] David Kravets, Ruling Allows Cell Phone Unlocking, but Telco Sues Anyway, Wired (Aug. 8, 2007), http://www.wired.com/politics/onlinerights/news/2007/08/tracfone. For cases brought by Tracfone against phone resellers see, e.g. TracFone Wireless, Inc. v. Dixon, 475 F. Supp. 2d 1236 (M.D. Fla. 2007) (ruling in favor of TracFone), availableat http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=12046901395060506289; TracFone Wireless, Inc. v. GSM Group, Inc. 555 F.Supp.2d 1331 (S.D. Fla. 2008) (ruling in favor of TracFone by denying defendant motion to dismiss), available at Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen TracFone Wireless, Inc. v. SND Cellular, Inc., 715 F. Supp. 2d 1246 (S.D. Fla. 2010) (awarding TracFone statutory damages in the amount of $11,370,000 under the DMCA).

[101] Gregg Keizer, Apple Adds DMCA Charge to Lawsuit Against Psystar, ComputerWorld (Nov. 30, 2008), http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9121798/Apple_adds_DMCA_charge_to_lawsuit_against_Psystar.

[102] Josh Lowensohn, Supreme Court Denies Psystar's Appeal In Mac Clone Case, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, CNET News Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen 14, 2012 8:25 PM), http://news.cnet.com/8301-13579_3-57434212-37/supreme-court-denies-psystars-appeal-in-mac-clone-case/.

[103] Gregg Keizer, Judge’s Ruling Puts Legal Nail in Psystar’s Coffin, ComputerWorld (Nov. 14, 2008), http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9140878/Judge_s_ruling_puts_legal_nail_in_Psystar_s_coffin?taxonomyId=146&pageNumber=1; David Winograd, Psystar Is Dead. Long Live Quo Computer, TUAW (Sep. 10, 2010 9:00AM), http://www.tuaw.com/2010/09/10/psystar-is-dead-long-live-quo-computer/.

[104] Real has since abandoned DRM for its music download service. See Brian Heater & Chloe Albanesius, Update: Rhapsody DRM-Free Music Targets iTunes, PC Magazine (June 30, 2008), http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,2324184,00.asp.

[105] Matt Hines, “Stunned” Apple Rails Against Real’s iPod Move, CNET News (July 29, 2004), http://news.com.com/’Stunned’+Apple+rails+against+Real’s+iPod+move/2100-1041_3-5288378.html; Real Reveals Real Apple Legal Threat, Macworld UK (Aug. 10, 2005), http://www.macworld.co.uk/news/index.cfm?RSS&NewsID=12310; RealNetworks 10-Q filing (May 2005), available at http://docs.real.com/docs/investors/V08778.pdf.

[106] Macworld Staff, iTunes Store and DRM-free music: What you need to know, Macworld (Jan. 7, 2009), http://www.macworld.com/article/1138000/drm_faq.html.

[107] Kevin Poulsen, Hackers Sued for Tinkering with Xbox Games, SecurityFocus (Feb. 9, 2005), http://www.securityfocus.com/news/10466.

[108] Michael R. Tompkins, Nikon Encrypts RAW File Data, Imaging Resource (Apr. 20, 2005), http://www.imaging-resource.com/NEWS/1113977781.html; Declan McCullagh, Nikon’s Photo Encryption Reported Broken, CNET News (Apr. 21, 2005), http://news.com.com/Nikons+photo+encryption+reported+broken/2100-1030_3-5679848.html.

[109] Fred von Lohmann, DMCA Used to Stymie Competition … Again, EFF Deep Links blog (Nov. 4, 2005), https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2005/11/dmca-used-stymie-competition-again; Storage Technology v. Custom Hardware Engineering, 421 F.3d 1307 (Fed. Cir. 2005), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=5265572440015937430.

[110] Declan McCullagh, Lexmark Invokes DMCA in Toner Suit, CNET News (Jan. 8, 2003), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-979791.html; Lexmark v. Static Control Components, 387 F.3d 522 (6th Cir. 2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=18217592195742478731.

[111] Steve Seidenberg, Suits Test Limits of Digital Copyright Act, NAT’L L. J. (Feb. 7, 2003), http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1044059435217; Chamberlain Group v. Skylink Technologies, 381 F.3d 1178 (Fed.Cir.2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=16927618869037195909).

[112] Mike Masnick, Losers Of Garage Door DMCA Case Try To Use Legaleze To Lock Up Your Garage Door Openers Anyway, TechDirt (Dec. 18, 2009 6:35 PM), http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20091217/0152127402.shtml

[113] Ben Doernberg, Microsoft Argues that Third-Party Peripherals are Illegal, Public Knowledge (Jun. 23, 2011) http://www.publicknowledge.org/blog/microsoft-argues-third-party-peripherals-are.

[114] Mike Masnick, Microsoft Still Claiming That It Can Use The DMCA To Block Competing Xbox Accessories, TechDirt (Jun. 21, 2011 7:20 AM), http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20110620/10505614766/microsoft-still-claiming-that-it-can-use-dmca-to-block-competing-xbox-accessories.shtml.

[115] See Brief Of Amici Curiae Electronic Frontier Foundation And Public Knowledge In Support Of Datel’s Motion For Summary Judgment at 3, Datel Holdings Ltd. v. Microsoft Corp., No. 09-cv-5535 (N.D. Cal 2011), available at https://www.eff.org/files/filenode/datel_v_microsof/datelamicus61511.pdf.

[116] Microsoft, Datel Settle Lawsuits, Gamepolitics (Jan. 4, 2012), http://gamepolitics.com/2012/01/04/microsoft-datel-settle-lawsuits.

[117] Pamela Samuelson, Intellectual Property and the Digital Economy: Why the Anti-Circumvention Regulations Need to be Revised, 14 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 519, 556 (1999)available at http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~pam/papers.html; Testimony of Jonathan Hangartner on behalf of Bleem, Library of Congress, Hearing on DMCA, Stanford University, May 19, 2000, at 221-28, available at http://www.loc.gov/copyright/1201/hearings/1201-519.pdf.

[118] John Borland, Sony Puts Aibo to Sleep, CNET News (Jan. 26, 2006 5:11 PM), http://news.cnet.com/2100-1041_3-6031649.html.

[119] David Labrador, Teaching Robot Dogs New Tricks, Scientific American (Feb. 12, 2002), http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=teaching-robot-dogs-new-t&sc=I100322.

[120] Barry Fox, Sony PlayStation Ruling Sets Far-Reaching Precedent, New Scientist (Feb. 22, 2002, 12:14 PM), http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn1933-sony-playstation-ruling-sets-farreaching-precedent.html; Sony Computer Entertainment America Inc. v. Gamemasters, 87 F.Supp.2d 976 (N.D. Cal. 1999), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=8151910487264729114); Stevens v Kabu­shiki Kaisha Sony Computer Entertainment, [2005] HCA 58 (Oct. 6, 2005), available at http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/cases/cth/high_ct/2005/58.html.

[121] Feds' Mod Chip Raid Ended a $2.5 Million Piracy Operation, GamePolitics.com (Nov. 24, 2008), http://gamepolitics.com/2008/11/24/feds039-mod-chip-raid-ended-25-million-piracy-operation#.UO8KVHeCcvk.

[122] Zachary Knight, After Four Years Feds Finally Get Aroung to Prosecuting Ten Mod Chip Sellers, TechDirt (May 2, 2012, 10:02 AM), http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20120430/17092418721/after-four-years-feds-finally-get-around-to-prosecuting-ten-mod-chip-sellers.shtml

[123] U.S. v. Silvius, No. 1:12CR172, slip. op. (N. D. Ohio Nov. 21, 2012), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=7116564093458068957&hl=en&as_sdt=2,5&as_vis=1)

[124] Davidson & Assoc. v. Jung, 422 F.3d 630 (8th Cir. 2005); Howard Wen, Battle.net Goes To War, Salon (April 18, 2002), http://www.salon.com/2002/04/18/bnetd/; Blizzard v. BNETD, EFF, https://www.eff.org/cases/blizzard-v-bnetd (last visited Jan. 14, 2013).

[125] Declan McCullagh Apple: Burn DVDs—and We’ll Burn You, CNET News (Aug. 28, 2002), http://news.com.com/2100-1023-955805.html.

[126] Tony Smith, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, How to Get iDVD to Work with an External Burner, EHow Tech, http://www.ehow.com/how_5244118_idvd-work-external-burner.html (last visited June 7, 2012) (“With the release of iDVD 6.0, as part of iLife '06, Apple finally included the often-requested ability to burn DVDs to an external CD drive.”).

[127] See Macrovision v. Sima Prod. Corp., No. 2006-1441, 2006 WL 1063284 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 20, 2006), reh’g denied, 2006 WL 1472152 (S.D.N.Y May 26, 2006), appeal dismissed 219 Fed. Appx. 997 (Fed. Cir. Mar. 15, 2007); Nate Anderson, Digitizing Video Signals Might Violate the DMCA, Ars Technica (Aug. 16 2006), http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20060816-7517.html; Fred von Lohmann, Another DMCA Misuse: Macrovision v. Sima, EFF Deep Links blog (Aug. 15 2006), http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2006/08/another-dmca-misuse-macrovision-v-sima.

[128] Dan Goodin, Blizzard Awarded $6m in WoW Bot Case, Register Hardware (Oct. 1, 2008), http://www.reghardware.com/2008/10/01/world_of_warcraft_bot_ruling/.

[129] MDY Industries, LLC. V. Blizzard Ent., Inc., 616 F. Supp. 2d 958, 966 (D. Ariz. Jan 28, 2009), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=321636840809513184.

[130] MDY Indus., LLC v. Blizzard Entm't, Inc., 629 F.3d 928, 954 (9th Cir. 2010), as amended on denial of reh'g (Feb. 17, 2011), opinion amended and superseded on denial of reh'g, 09-15932, 2011 WL 538748 (9th Cir. Feb. 17, 2011).

[131] XPEL Technologies Corp. v. American Filter Film Distributors, No. SA08-CA0175-XR, 2008 WL 3540345 (W.D. Tex, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen. Aug. 11, 2008); Rebecca Tushnet, Design, Dastar, (registration) dates and the DMCA, Rebecca Tushnet’s 43(B)log (Aug. 17 2008), http://tushnet.blogspot.com/2008/08/design-dastar-registration-dates-and.html.

[132] See Egilman v. Keller & Heckman LLP, 401 F.Supp.2d 105 (D.D.C. 2005), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=12998125146086841657; I.M.S. Inquiry Mgt. Systems v. Berkshire Info. Systems, 307 F.Supp.2d 521 (S.D.N.Y. 2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=12954155286023485320.

[133] Pearl Investments LLC v. Standard I/O, Inc., 257 F. Supp. 2d 326 (D.Me., Apr. 23, 2003), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=10485186593853024142).

[134] Pearl Investments, LLC v. Standard I/O, Inc., 324 F. Supp. 2d 43, 45 (D. Me. 2004), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=1439987705010697232. 

[135] Ticketmaster L.L.C. v. RMG Techs., Inc., 507 F. Supp. 2d 1096, 1113 (C.D. Cal. 2007) (“. . because [Ticketmaster] has not quantified its harm as required by the statute or even attempted to show what portion of the harm is attribut­able to [RMG], the Court cannot find that [Ticketmaster] has affirmatively shown that its harm caused by [RMG] exceeds the $ 5,000 minimum. Thus, the CFAA claim does not provide a basis for a preliminary injunction.”), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=14769750588422384913.

[136] Id. ”), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=3981873387095830655.

[137] Seeid.; Randall Stross, Hannah Montana Tickets on Sale! Oops, They’re Gone, N.Y. Times (Dec. 16, Xbox 360 Kinect Sports All Access Pass Code crack serial keygen, 2007), http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/16/business/16digi.html.

[138] CoxCom, Inc. v. Chaffee, 536 F.3d 101 (1st Cir. 2008) (affirming CoxCom, Inc. v. Chaffee, No. CA05-107S, 2007 WL 1577708 (D.R.I. May 41, 2007)).

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